US RE13433 E
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l w. R. GOMINGS. METHOD 0F MANUFACTURING BEGEPTACLES.
AYPLIOATION FILED MAY 16, 1912.
eiss'ued June 25, 1912.
@wi/immo img? W. R. COMINGS. METHOD 0F MANUFACTURING REGEPTAGLES.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 16, 1912.
Reissued June 25, 1912.
wif/wwwa .Q STATES PATENT OFFICE.
wmmm manina `co 1nmi"s, 'or' wnaaNcLn-IE, wmamino raux, Ameenam?. i f
. origini 11p. 995,959, dated June alo,v 1911, serial 1u.
Be it ,known that I, VILLIAM RIGHTER CoMINGs, a citizen of thev United States, re'- sidin at lVharncliife, Wimbledon Park, Sin'- 5 ley, `ngland, have invented new and useful Improvements inMethods of Manufacturl Ving Receptacles, of which the following is. a specification.- y This `invention relates to, boxes'or other receptacles made from cardboard, softmetal l l.or-other material'capable of bein spun or. compressed in 'dies and of"ret`a,1ning the .shapes so -imparted to it. l f Theinventionbeing tratedv as beingapplied in the construction of a cardboard box of circulan-cross section, the application ofthe inventionftometal .or to receptacles-.of other shapes will'belobvius.
It'has long sincebeen proposed to turn, both cardboard and met-al `over both,.i n wardly and outwardly so as to' form a bead or edging, and also to form ,ledges orL re-v cesses with which a separate piece'may be caused to engag "or be weldedf'on suitable pressure'being ap lied. 'y A 'l Accordingv to t e .present invention' it is proposed to jsecure a more peril,lanentv and eiective locking of the parts' ,thanphas heretofore been; customary,'tlie invention further contemplating certain othei-.det'ail iml provements, such as securing an ease and-V elasticity` of applying a' lid to -the box, s'e--' curing' the top .or 'part commonly used forv a ',1abel, and other details which-will be .better funderstoodon reference to the accompanyindawings, linwhich: i
i re` 1 -represents'the sectionof a tube whic s is to Fform the b ody of theb'ox or lid, as ythe case may be. Fig. 2 shows-thefresllltl 40 of the first operation thereon.'` Fig.' 43, the' dish sha edplece intended to be'usedth'ere- -with. ig. 4 shows such piece when being inserted into the body portion;y Fig. 5, fa." \plan of Fig. 3. Fig. 6 shows the position of the -parts'after the dish sha ed piece has been artially forcedinto the ody/portion. Fig. roughly shows the position .the dif- ,ferent parts assume after the final compression, and how the lid or dishshaped piece becomes locked with the body\port1o"n. Fig.
I 8, a similar view -when the dies are so'formed as to produce an external ring or flange.u Fig.-v 9, a somewhat similar view to Fi 4 'xm'rnon'r mac'runmefaacmacms.
1 Serial No.
'described' and illus- Specication 'of Reissued Letters Patent. Reissued J une 25, 1912,
48ans. Application for reime med nay 11s,` 19111 ried y[somewhat farther inward. Fi .A 10, a view Tof same when fnallv' compress d and showing the lockingofthe parts together. Fig.-1.1, a view with aloose label bn the bot-1 tom ofFt-he dish shaped-,piece fwhich willl 6'3" carry same up andtretch-and liold same in position when'the parts `are .locked 'together. F ig.V 12,45. view Vof the bod portion whenmade of yla'p welded tubes s owingha part cut-away. in order thatA theroll inward maybe on material` of eventhickness. Fig. 13,'-ajsection of a'completed box and lidi 'Insaid drawings the tube or body'4 is marked-1, and, as shown inFig 1 2, if-made of'lap welded or glued cardboard', a section 70 .-,on`1ine` z-z\may be removedl so asto present an/even `thickness of material to be turned ^over or rolled inw'rd,l as' indicated at 2,` -Figsai 2 and 4, although, if'desired, a more complete rollmay be made, as indicated-in Z5 s Fig. 9. Ina; the mbe, 11g inserted the dish shaped"piecef3, as indicated ill-Figs. 3, 4,; 5, 9 and 1'1,A thejtwo -parts beingthencom- 4 pressed'. in suitable d les until they first 'as'-v `sume the position-shown inl Fig. 6.01` F' and on furthercom rlessjon'arey caused to. flow so as toapprox mately assume the' posit-ionsxindiated in. Fi s. 7, 8 or 10,'- asthe caseJma-y be, thuse ecting al-sub'statial Ilocking' together'of the two parts, which arer 85 then adaptedfor .use either asl a. boxl body ,-oralid. ,riff It ifs sometimes diilicult .to satisiactorily apply7 round labels" .to the .tops/of round` boxes, but )this may be, easil accomlplished inth'e present case 'by'y vacing the' the partstogether, an yin this 'case notonll will'the label be securely and centrally hel also be tightly stretchedasl thef parts-are.J forced together;
box of preferred form, wherein I employ an inner tubel6 inserted in one of the outer 10b u" rolled, as shown at S4'so as .notjonly to stiien the tubes, but also to present rounded` vand,somewlatfelasticfit-ting edges, andfsaid'J I tubes 1 may 'also carry" tube sections 5.
' and @except that the curve or rollo the |55` lbody-aud-o the` dish shaped piece arecalr'-V For the purpose of 'securing :the inner .11!)
tube /fthe vboleto the body portion .v a projecting ringorbead 9 is formed, Fig.
i. tion of the article, next, fitting to) saidrollv over/partinternallyn zend//havingiJ turn;
up Harige adapted/iorenter and engage seid` roll-over part of zthetubular body, which acts as a forming ie for such end, f'andv finally applying pressure to the combined parts so as. to cause the roll and the ilange to turn over and llow sol 'as to become molded' together into n locking joint. 2. The method of fixingp ends or bottoms i tion of the article, nextfitting'to-said rollover part internally Aan end having a turnup flange adapted to enter andenga-ge said Kacts `as a forming die for 'such end, and -finallyl :,rpplyingr pressure to the combined parts so as to cause the roll and the flange the receptacle.
In testimony whereof Ivl'havesigned my name to thisl specification in ythe .bf two subscrib1ng-.witness'es.
Witnesses HERBERT D..JAMEso1-i,` O. J. WORTH; J
roll-overl part of the tubular body, which to turn .over 'and' flow so as to 'become molded together -into'a vlocking joint provided With flanges adapted to' strengthen "WILLIAM -RIGHTER C oMINGs.
`to receptacles, which consists in rst for1u` ing a roll-over partupon the tubular porv