By grace h
US RE14471 E
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. H. DOBLE & C. M. WHEATON.
c. n. WHEATON. Amymsnzumx 0F c. m. wncnou. nzc'o.
FOLDING BOX 0H SHIPPING CASE.
APPLICATION FILED FEB- 23. l9l8- Reissued May 14, 1918.
Luz/111 11111111111 '1'. II'IIIIIII'I'IIIII INVENJF m5;
7 MM.W.W We Afiys- W. H. DUBLE & C. M. WHEATON. e. H. wanton Aommlsinn'mx or c. n. WHEATON, ozc'o.
FOLDING BOX 0R SHIPPING CASE.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 23. I9I8.
Reissued May 14, 1918.
INVENI'UISI W. H. DOBLE & C. M. WHEATON.
c. u. WHEATON, ADMINISTRATRIX or c. M. WHEATON, ncc'n.
FOLDING BOX 08 SHIPPING CASE.
APPLICATION flLED FEB- 23. 19H].
Reissued May14, 1918.
COVRR E BOTTOM F UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM H. DOBLE, OF QUINCY, AND CARL M. WI-IEATON, DECEASED, LATE OF NEWTON,
MASSACHUSETTS, BY GRACE H. WHEATON, ADMIN ISTRATRIX, 0F NEWTON, MASSA- CHUSETTS; SAID DOBLE AND SAID CARL M. WHEATON ASSIGNORS, BY DIRECT AND MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, OF THREE-FOURTHS T0 SAID WILLIAM H. DOIBLE AND ONE- FOUBTE TO PNEUMATIC SCALE CORPORATION LIMITED, 0F QUINCY, MASSACHU- SETTS, A CORPORATION OF MAINE.
FOLDING BOX OR SHIPPING-CASE.
Specification of Reissued Letters Patent. Reisgued May 14, 1918.
Original llo. 941,018, dated November 28, 1809, Serial No. 448,642, filed August 15, 1908. Application for reissue filed February 23, 1918.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that WILLIAM H. DoBLE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Quincy, in the county of Norfolk, State of Massachusetts, and CARL M. WHEATON, deceased, a citizen of the United States, late of Newton, county of Middlesex, and State of Massachusetts, did invent a certain new and useful Im rovement in Foldin Boxes or Shippingases, of which the fo lowing is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanyi drawings.
The special object of the' invention is to provide a folding box of sufiicient size and strength to serve as a shipping case in which goods may be packed for shipping and the another set of three members are hinged t0- gether, and the two sets thus formed are adapted to be hinged together by a draw hinge when they are set up and are adapted to be separated from each other so that when the box is knocked down, each set may be folded by itself. Preferably also each of said members, that is, each of said side and and pieces, and the top and bottom, .has an inner and an outer wall with an air space between the walls, said inner and outer walls being held together by' strengthening plates or corrugated plates, the inner and outer walls cooperating to help form the hinged 'oints. I
One eature of the invention relates to the form of the corrugated lates which-have broad, flat faces. Other eatures of the invention will be particularly setforth hereinafteri (A':
The invention will be understood froin the followin description when taken in connec-' tion wit the accompanying drawings and the novel features thereof will be pointed Serial No. 218,907.
out and clearly defined in the claims at th I close of this specification.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a box embodying the invention, the. cover being shown locking rod which loc rs the cover to the front wall of the box being shown detached.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the box artially knocked down, before the two sides are separated from each other and with both of the end walls in a vertical position as before being folded.
Fig. 3 isa perspective view'of the bottom,
front and one end which constitute one set and are shown in their fully knocked down position, the end member being folded over onto the front member.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the cover and back and the other end which constitute the secondset, showing them in the knocked down position, the end member folded over onto the back member.
Fig. 5 is a longitudinal vertical section of, the box fully set up and the cover closed.
Fig. 6 is a vertical cross section of the box F and the end D are'all hinged together and form one set-as shown in Fig. 3 when the box is in its knock down form. The back B, cover E and end 0 are all hinged together and when in their knock down form, form the second set as shown in Fig. 4. The bottom F and back B have a draw hinge connection with each other as will be hereinafter described, whereby the two sets may be connected together as/shown in Fig. 2
before the box is set up. Each of the above six members comprises an outer plate and an inner plate with a space between them, and united together by corrugated plates '13 in the space between the outer and inner plates.
.The front A has an outer plate 1 and an artially open and the I55 plate 2.
3. and an inner outer plate an D has an-outer plate 7 and an inner plate 8.
I gated The cover E has an inner late 10 and the bottom F has an outer plate 1 and an inner lates between t e-walls are all substantia 1y alike except at their side edges and are represented by the numeral 13. u r
The corrugated plates 13 between the walls are corrugated or ormed with strut portions to cross between the inner andouter p191 and with flat portions which are secured to the inner and outerplates by suitable fastening, means. e u i 1 The corrugated plates 13 are formed with broad flat faced portions (1 at intervals apart in the same plane with each other which ;con&
tact with theflat outer wall plate and are secured thereto, and are formed with broad flat faced ortions b at intervals apart in the same p ane with each other which contact with the flat inner wall plate and are secured thereto. The flat portions 0 are parallel with the flat portions b. and altertherewith. The flat portions 0 arenate connected wlth the adjacent flat portions 12 by transverse strut portions O Wl'llCh extend crosswise of the space between the inner and outer wall plates. Thus between each pair of inner and outer wall lates there is a corru ted plate having flat aced portions which a ternately contact with the inner and outerwall plates and are secured thereto and are connected together by strut portions.
Preferably the lanes of the strut por-- tions 0 are at an o tuse angle to the planes of the strut portions a an b, and preferably also the corners (1 formed at the bends in the corrugated plate at the juncture of the flat faces a and b with thestrut portions a are all abrupt turns as such a construction not only makes a broader contact of the surfaces a and b with the outer and inner wall plates than if the corners of the ed es of the flat faces were rounded, but it a somakes the entire wall more rigid. The-plane of each strut portlon is at an angle to the plane of each adjacent strut ortion viewed in one direction, but the ongitudinal direction of all of the strut portions of each corrugated plate are parallel with each other. I
These corrugated plates are firmly secured to the inner an outer wall plates by any suitable means so that there shall be no creeping. Any suitable means of securing them may be employed. The means shown consists of eyelets 14 struck u from the outer plate and from the flat aces of the corrugated plate, that is some of the connections are made by striking up the outer wall late to form eyelets which pass throng holes in the flat faces a of the cor- 'rugated plate and late 12. The corru made by striking u b to form eyelets w and 7 Any other suitable means,.however,
may be employed for uniting the corrugated plate'to the wall lates.
The corrugate plates thus formed and united with the inner and outer 'wall plates form a series of flat faced trusses between the inner and outer wall lates which give great rigidity to the wal of the box and which cannot easily be broken down by which'by reason of the broad contact sur-, faces make the wall plates themselves much less liable to be bent or crushed in; by lateral pressure or shocks than if the corrugations were rounded in such manner as to give only a narrow line of contact.
Each of the six members A, B, C, D, E and F is formed with rolls or curls on those edges which are shown free in the knock down position of Fig. 2 which are adapted to interlock the rolls or curls in the ad oining free edges of the other members when the six members are set up, the front edge of the cover E and the top edge of the front fastening, aswill be hereinafter described. The front edge of the outer plate 11 of the bottom F is formed with a series of curled fingers or knuckles 15' and the inner plate 12 of the bottom is formed with a corres 'onding series of curls or knuckles 16 which are curled inside .of the knuckles 15. The outerplate 1 of the front A is formed on its lower edge with a series of curled fingers or knuckles 17 and the inner plate 2 of the front is formed with a corresponding series of curls or knuckles 18 which fit.
inside of the knuckles 17 the knuckles 17 18, being adapted to fit into the spaces between the knuckles 15, 16, .of the bottom as shown in Fig. 1. A rod 19passes through the knuckles of the front A and bottom F to fasten them together as shown in Figs. 1 and 6. This rod. 19 is preferably secured against withdrawal in any suitable manner, preferably b making it fast or fittin tight within the nuckles 16, the knuck es 18 being sufliciently loose on the rod so that the front A may be turned down on the rod as a pivot to bring the front down fiat in plane with the bottom F as shown in Fig.
2 when the box is knocked down.
plates 1, 2,
v The left hand ends of the which form the front A, as viewed in Fig. 1, to which the end D is connected, are formed with inward curls, respectively, the curl of the inner platebeing lnside of the curl 21 of the outer plate, and being curled around the stiffening rod 22. These curls are formed with a series of elongated slots vibration or shock to the wall plates and -A being adapted to be fastened together by a removable locking rod or other suitable through the slots 23 and hook around the' curl 21, thus forming a pivotal connection between the end D and the front A.
One edge of both the inner and outer plates of the bottom F is curled, one withm the other, forming. a roll 26, curled a series of elongated slots 44, as shown in Big 7 Theouter and inner plates 3, 4 of the back B are drawn together forming a neck 45 and then are sread. and turned back upon themselves as s own in Fig. 7,-and have a seriesof pro'ecting portions corresponding in width wit the elon ated slots 44 which are spread and curle back upon themselves as shown in Figs. 4 and 7 forming a series of open eyes 46 which embrace the roll 42. The space 47 formed between the lids of the eyes 46is of a width sufiicient to around the stiffening rod 27 and the eopermit lateralpassage of the neck 41 of the edges of the outer and inner operating p ates o the end D are curled, one within the other, forming a double lip 28 which is adapted to engage the curled roll 26 of the bottom when the box is set up.
The left hand end of both the inner and T outer plates of the back B form a curled roll 29 around a stiffening rod 30 and the coiiperatin edges of the inner' and outer lates of t e end D are formed with a doufile curled lip 31 which is adapted to engage with the curled roll 29 when the box is set The end C is connected with the back B in similar manner to that in which the end D is connected with the front A. The edges of the two plates 3 and 4 oi the back are formed with a curled roll, one within the other, forming a curl 32 around the stiffening rod 33. The roll 32 is formed with a series of elongated slots similar to the slots 23 in the roll 21 of the front to which the end D is connected. The inner and outer plates 5, 6, of the end C are formed with curled tongues, one within the other, forming a series of tongues 34 which curl around the roll 32 and engage with the slots in the roll 32 when the end 0 is folded down over the back B as shown in Fig. 4.
The cover E and the back B have a hinge connection with each other. The inner and outer plates of the back B are formed with outwardly curled rolls 35, 36 the curl of the outer plate being curled within the curl 35 of the inner plate around the stiflening rod 37 The inner and outer plateslO, 9 of the cover are formed respectivel with the curled ton lies 38, 39 one within the other, which cur around the roll formed by the curl 35, 36 of the back B. The roll formed by the curl 35, 36 is formed with elongated slots 40 through which the tongues of the cover pass when the cover is turned back as shown in Fig. 4.
The bottom F and the back B have a.
draw-hinge connection with 'each other. The inner and outer plates 11, 12 of the bottom are drawn together near the ed e,forming a neck 41 and then are curle around forming an eye 42 which is curled around the rod 43. The neck 41 is provided with bottom so that when the back and the bottom are turned down into the same plane, as shown in Fig. 7 the bottom and the back may be separated from each other by a lateral movement as will be obvious. When they are assembled, however, as shown in Fig. 7 if the back B is turned up at right angles with the bottom, the lids of the eyes 46 will engage with the slots 44 and lock the two members together to prevent lateral .disengagement. The portion of the outer plate 3 of the back B between the eyes 46 is turned back to form a clamp 461 which more closely binds together the inner and outer plates and the intermediate corrugated plate as shown in Fig. 4.
The end 0 and the bottom F are constructed in such manner that the'two may be engaged and the box set up in similar manner to the enga ement of the end D and bottom F; that is, t e inner and outer lates of the bottom are formed-with curled edges, one within gthe other, forming a roll 48 around a rod 49, see Fig. 3, which is adapted to be engaged by the outwardly curled lip 50 formed by the ed es of the inner and outer plates of the end The end C and front A are adapted also to be connected in a similar manner as the end C and the bottom F and the inner and outer plates of the front A are formed with a roll 51 around the rod 52 which is adapted to be engaged by the curled lip 53 formed on the ed es of the inner and outer plates of the emf C. v
The cover E is formed on oneedge with a roll 54 made by the edges of the outer and inner plates 9, 1O curled around the rod 541 which is adapted to engage with an outwardly curled lip 55 on one edge of the end D formed by the combined edges of the .endCmaybe When the box is fully. assembled and filled and the cover is ready to be closed, there should be some suitable loc means. That which I have shown and pre or is as follows The upper edges of'both plates 1, 2, of the front Aiare of corresponding rojections which. are curled over, one wit in the other, forming a series of eyes 58 and the front edge 0 the plates forming the cover E are formed with a series of curled eyes 59 corresponding with.'the spaces between the eyes 58 of thefront so that the eyes-of the cover and the front will match "together when the cover is closed, and aloc'kmg rod 60 is provided, which, when the cover is closed be (passed through the eyes of both the cover an the front. Any other'suitable locking mechanism may be provided.
Assuming the box to be in its knocked down form the set comprising the cover, the back and the end C are folded as shown in Fig. 4, the end being folded back, and the set comprisin the front, the bottom and the'end Dare olded as shown in Fig. 8,- the end I) being folded onto the front A. In order to. set up the box, the
over onto the two sets are first joined together by enga ing the two members of the draw hinge wit each other; that is, of the bottom with B by a lateral sliding movement; then the two ends C and D are turned up into a vertical position as shown in Fig. 2., The front A may then be turned u position, thereby also turning the end D. on edge endwise through ninety degrees, so that the Ii 28 may be s rung into en agement with t e roll- 26 on t e bottom F. he back B may then be turned up so that the lip 31 of the end ma ment with the ro turning up the be turned edgewiseso as to bring the lip 50 to the bottom where it may be sprung into e agement with the roll 48 of the bottom and the lip 53 of the end C maybe sprung into en t e front A. he parts will then all be in the set up osition shown in Fig. 1. When the box is iilled and it is desired to close the box by turning down the cover, the rolls 54 and 56 will spring over the lips 55 and 57 of the ends C, D, the eyes 59, 58, will match together as already described and the lockin rod 60 may be inserted in place.
en knocked down and the two sets are separated, the end D may be folded over flat onto the while the bottom F is left open, and the folded over-flat onto the back B, as shown iniFig. 4, when the cover E is left open. Now one set may be placed on top of the other set, in such manner that the double layer of members of one set will 29 of the back and in ormed with a series:
7 each other and the neck of the b engaging the roll 42 t e eyes 46 of the back into a yertic'albe sprung into engageback B, the end 0 will also gement with the roll 51 of mg connection of all the walls,
slotted hinge knuc es, members having .one' ed front A, as shown in Fig. 3,-
rest on the single layer of the other set, and the singlelayier will rest on the double" layer so as to ma deep in compact form for shipment of the case ack'to the original shipper to'be used again. What I claim isz 1. A knockdown metallic box compris-' in a cover, bottom, front, back and two on walls, one of the end walls and the bottom be hinged to adjacent ed es of the last two members, the other of said two members having a ortion thereof formed as a intle with a s otted neck which has a sli able connection with said knuckles when said two members are in the same plane with intle is in alinement with the said slits, said knuckles and pintle interlocking by engagement of the knuckleswith the slots of the neck to prevent disen agement when said two memers are turne at an angle to each other.
2. A knock down metallic box comprising a cover, walls, one of the end walls and the bottom being hinged to adjacent edges of the front wall, the other end wall, and the cover being hinged to adjacent edgesof one edge of the bottom havin connection .with the back wa last two members having slotted knuckles the back wall, a draw hinge which project therefrom and the other of said two members having a portion thereof formed as a pintle which has a slidable connection with said knuckles thereby forming the draw-bin e connection, other edges of said end wal s being formed with curled spring lips and other edges of the top, bottom, front and back being formed with curled rolls with which said go when the box is set up forming a lockparts. knock down metallic box having six combined in sets of three each, one wall of one set havin its edge formed with the other set of e of one wall terminating in a slotted nec and a curled roll forming a pintle which is adapted to engage with t e slotted knuckles of the other set, whereby the two sets may be hinged together, the
1 cover, bottom, two ends and two sides all e a level pile three layersuckles formed with longitudinal slits therein which project from one of said contiguous edges which are free when the box front wa the other end wall an ,thecover ,being hinged to adjacent ed bottom, front, back and. two end 1, one of said spring lips en-' curled lips and the pivotally connected together and adapted to s read out in sing e layer when in the knoc ed down position and opened out, the edges which are free when in the knocked down position being adapted when the box is set up, to interlock with each other, the six members being divided into two sets of three each, one set having on the edge of one of its members a series of bin e knuckles with longitudinal slits therein, t e
- other set having on the edge of one of its members a slotted neck and a curled roll formin a hinge pin which is ada ted to be enga with the slotted knuck es of the other set by a sliding movement when the two sets are spread out and which will lock the two sets together when the said two members are turned at an angle to each other. Y
5. In a knock down box formed of metallic plates, a wall plate having one of its edges formed with a curled roll with a series of slots, another wall plate having one of its edges formed with a series of curled tongues which are adapted to engage with the slots in the roll of said first plate and form a hinge connection therewith, the other edge of said second plate being formed with curled lips, the contiguous edges of the other wall plates which are tobe connected with said second plate being formed with curled rolls with which said curled lips are adapted to be engaged when the 'box is set up.
6. A knock down box having double walls composed of sheet metal plates. spaced apart from each other, and a corrugated strengthening plate of sheet metal between the inner and outer plates composing said walls, said corrugated plate havin its corrugations contacting alternately with said inner and outer walls and secured thereto in the lines of contact.
7. A knock down box having double walls composed of sheet metal plates spaced apart from each other, and a corrugated strengthening plate of sheet metal between the inner and outer plates composing said walls, said corrugated plate having its corrugations formed with fiat surfaces contacting alternately with said inner and outer walls and secured thereto in the planes of contact.
8. A knock down box having double walls consisting of inner and outer sheet metal plates parallel with and spaced'apart from each other and interposed truss plates each having fiat faces which are in parallel planes and havin strut-portions connecting said flat faces, t e faces in the two planes respectively contactin with the said inner and outer plates an being rigidly and permanently secured to the respective plates with which they contact.
9. A knock down. box having double walls each composed of sheet metal plates spaced apart from each other, and corrugated strengthening'plates of sheet metal between said two plates, said corrugated plateseach having flattened surfaces which contact alternately with said inner and outer wall plates and arerigidly and permanently secured to the respective wall plates with which'they contact and having strut portions which connect said contacting faces of the corrugated plates.
10. A knock down box having double walls each composed of inner and outer sheet metal plates spaced apart from each other and strengthening plates of sheet metal between said inner and outer plates, said strengthening plates each having flattened surfaces in two different planes which respectively contact with said inner and outer plates and are rigidl and perma-. nently secured to the respective wall plates with which they contact and have strut portions which extend across the space between the wall plates and connect together said flattened inner and outer contacting surfaces, the strut portions which are adjacent each other being at an obtuse angle to the cgntacting faces of said strengthening p ates.
11. A knock down box having double walls throughout formed of inner and outer plates with an air space between them and aving corrugated strengthening plates between the inner and outer wall plates, the said plates being formed with eyelets integral therewith which secure the wall plates and stengthening plates together.
12. A knock down box having double walls throughout formed of inner and outer plates with an air space between them and having corrugated strengthening plates between the inner and outer wall plates, the said lates being formed with eyelets integra therewith which secure the wall plates and strengtheni plates together, said eyelets being forme by swaging the outer plate through the corru ted plate and swaging the corrugated p ate through the inner plate.
13. A knock down box having double walls composed of sheet metal plates with a space between the inner and outer plates and corrugated metallic plates between the inner and outer plates riveted thereto, said corrugated plates being formed to contact alternately with the inner plate and the outer plate.
14. A knock down box having one of two adjacent members formed with a curled lip with a series of slots therein, the other ment and form a hinge connection therewith and lock thetwo members together when one is turned up at an angle to the other and which are separable only b turning them into the same plane wit each other.
15. In a knock down box one wall thereof having one edge formed with a series of projecting tubular knuckles with longitudinal slots therein, and an adjoining we I having one ed e formed with a projectin neck portion a a ted tobe passed throng the slots in said nuckles len hwise of the slots and terminating in a rol forming a pintle adapted to loosely fit in said knuckles, said neck bein formedwith slots with which the edges of t e knuckles are adapted to enga e to permit the member with w ichthe pint e portion is connected to turn with relation to the other member. I
16. A knock down box having a front, back, bottom, two ends and a cover, one of said members having a se arable drawhinge connection with one o the others so constructed that said connected together or separated from each other onl when in the same plane with each other an which interlock to prevent separation when turned at an angle to each other. I a
17. A knock down box having a front, back, bottom, two ends and a cover, each of said six members having formed by an inner and an an air space between them, means for-uniting together the inner and outer plates of wall, the frontand bottom havin on their contiguous edges curled knuckles which break joints and inter-enouter plate with gage with each other and-a hinge pivot connecting them, the back and cover having a hinge connection with each-other similar to the hinge connection of the front and bottom, the front having on one edge an incurled roll with a series of slots, and one of the ends having on one edge a series of outwardly curled ton es which are adapted to engage with sai slotted roll and form a hinge connection therewith, the back and the other end having a slotted. roll and tongue connection similar to that of) the front and first end, a draw-hinge connection between the back and the bottom, whereby the back and bottom may be hinged together or separated from each other when in the knocked down position, the two ends having on those edges which are free in the knocked down position outwardly. curled lips, and the cover, back, bottom and front having on those free edges which, when the box is set up, are conti ous to the-curled lips of the'ends, inward y curled rolls with gaged when the box is set up. a
two members may be a double wall 18. A knock down box having a front,
back, bottom, two ends and a cover, the, front and bottom having on their-contiguous edges curled knuckles which break and interengage with each other and a ivot connecting them, aving a hinge connection with each othersimilar to the hingeconnection of the front and bottom, the ront having on one edge an incurled roll with a series of slots, and.
. whereby the back and bottom may be hin' ed together or sega'rated from each other w en in the knocks down position, the two ends having on those edges which are free in the knocked down position outwardly curled lips, and the cover, back, bottom and front having on those free edges which, when the box is set up, are contiguous to the curled lips of the ends, inwardly curled rolls with w ich the curled lips are adapted to be ened when the box is set up.
19. A knock down box having double walls with an air space between the .walls, means for uni-ting tofgether the inner and outer walls of each 0 the six members which form the top, bottom, ends andsides of the box, the top, end and one side being pivotally connected to other formin one set, the bottom, end an the other si e being pivotally connected together and forming a second set,.each set belng adapted to be laid out in a flat position and one set having a drawhinge connection with the other set, the inner and outer plates which form one of the walls of one set having projecting flanges which are sha ed to form a series of slotted eyes, and the inner and outer plates of one of the walls of the other set having flanges which are adapted to, form a neck terminating in a roll whereby the two sets ma hinged together by siding the said rol of one member laterally into the eyes of the other member when the neck is in alinement with the opening between the lids of the the back and cover es which are eyes, and the two sets may then be locked together by turning the two hinged members at an angle to each, other.
In testimony whereof we hereto afiix our