US RE16869 E
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
RALPH' H. eoLDmAN, or
NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOB. TO HENRY L. HUGHES O0. ING,
A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
Original No. 1,589,839, dated June 15, 1926, Serial No. 37,086, led June 15, 1925. Application for reissue led December 10, 1927. Serial No. 239,243. l
Reference may be had to the accompanying drawings. and the reference characters marked thereon, which form a part of this specification. Similar characters refer to similar parts in the several figures therein.
The principal object of the invention is to provide a manicure instrument which can be safely used for pushing back the cuticle around the nails and for abrading and scraping and brushing away particles of dry cuticle as well as for removing extraneous matter from beneath the nails.
Other objects will appear in connection with the following description:
Figure 1 of the drawings is a view in side elevation of a manicur'ing instrument embodying my invention.
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the same as shown in Fig. l.
Fig. 3 is a view in side elevation of a broken-away portion of a manicuring instrument embodying my invention in another form.
Figures 1 2 and 3 are drawn on an enlarged scale.
still larger scale showing the broken-away bristle-end of the device.
Referring to the drawings wherein the invention is 'shown in preerred form, my improved lnanicuring instrument comprises a shaft or handle 1, terminatingat one end in a tapered cuticle-pusher, 2, similar to the tapered end of an `orangewood stick such as is commonly used for .pushing back the cuticle around the nails and for removlng extraneous matter from beneath the nails and the cre-vices between the sides of: the nails and the cuticle.
The stick or shaft, 1, may be made of wood, Celluloid or other material of whlch cutiele-pushers are ordinaril made.
The shaft, 1, has 'upon its otlier end a compact body, 3, of stubby bristles termlnating in wedge-form as at 4, and preferably of a size and form adapted to enter between the top of the nails and the neighboring cutlcle on the lingers.
K By stubby bristles I mean short tblck bristles which are semi-rigid so that they will not readily 'bend or yield laterally and ma be used in place of a. solid body to lpush back the cuticle in somewhat the manner as, but/with less danger of injury to the nail Figure 4 1s a view similar to Fig. 1 on a^ and cuticle than a cuticle-pusher made of orangewood orvother solid or rigid material.
The wedge-shape form of thevbristles 3, enables the end of the knot or bunch of bristles to enter between the cuticle along the top of the nail and slightly raise the same without injury to either the nail or the cuticle.v
The cut ends of the individual stubby bristles present abrading edges which serve to abrade and wear away portions of dry cuticle while the body of bristles serves to -remove and brush away the abraded particles.
In forming the wedgeshaped end on the body of bristles, I prefer to first trim the body of bristles to general beveled orm, and thereafter to perpendicularly trim the outer -end of the body of bristles so that the longest bristles shall have perpendicularly cutI ends as shown in Fig. 1.
The body of bristles, 3, may be mount/ed upon the shaft, 1, in any known manner.
I prefer however to make the bod of bristles readily detachable from the s aft, and for this purpose'I have shown the bris- .tles mounted in a ferrule, 6, having a screwthreaded socket, 7 adapted to detachably engage a. similarly screw-threaded end, 8, on the shaft.
By this or an equivalent construction, the body of bristles can be readily detached from the shaft and replaced by another body of bristles of the same or somewhat different `character, in adapting the brush to the intended purpose.
The bristles may be 'secured within the ferrule, 6, in any known manner.
In Fig. 1, I have shown the body of bristles ofs1mple wedge-form, but if desired the body of bristles may be of double-wedge or V-formas shown at 3 in Fig. 3.
A brush of the character described will be found to have many uses. It may be used for removal of extraneous matter from between the teeth; removal of soit tartar from the teeth, and removal of pus from sores or wounds etc. In general a brush having the described characteristics may be used wherever a gentle, abrading, scraping or pushing action 1s desired.
In the preferred form of brush shown in the drawings, the body of bristles is per endicularly trimmed to oblique truncated orm at the corners as shown at 3", forming thereat vertical walls composed of the cut ends of the bristles which are well adapted 'to form an abrading axis.
The ends of the body of bristles are thus made of tapered form as viewed from either the side or the top and thusy combines the advantages of a we ge-shaped body with the advantages of fiat abrasivesurfaces whereby the brush is adapted for the above stated I do not wish to be limited to the constructions shown and above described, as for eertain purposes of the invention, various changes may be made in the form and arra ent of various parts of the device wi out departing from the spirit of the invention.
What I claim as new and desire to secure as Letters Patent is i 1. A device of the class described includ.-
1n a shaft havin at one end a compact bo of stubby ristles terminating in wedyge-form. v
I a shaft having) at one end a compact wa.
of `stubby i sentmg er endicularly cut ends.
evlce of the class described comprising a manicure stick terminating at one end in a ta red cuticle pusher, and 1n readil detacha le connection with the other end o said stick a compact body of stubby brisshaft havin Vstubby bri ristles terminating in form, with the longest bristles pretles in wedge-form, said tapered cuticle pusher and said body of bristles being adapted to be used while interconnected.
6. A device of the class described includa shaft having at one end a compact bo y of stubby bristles terminating in wedge-form with obliquely truncated corners.
7. A device of the class described including1 a shaft havin at one end a compact bo y of stubby brlstles tapered to a horizontal edge and having at one end of said edge a. 'vertical abrading surface formed by cut ends ofthe bristles.
8. A manicuring instrument including a at one end acompact body of stubby brist es terminating in a relatively thin compact end providing a substantially unyielding bristle cuticle pusher.`
`9. A manicuring instrument including a shaft havin at one end a compact body of es terminating in a relatively flattened compact end providing a ysubstantially unyielding bristle cuticle pusher.
10. A manicuring instrument including a shaft having at one end a compact body of stubby bristles terminating in a relatively flattened compact end providing asubstantiall unyielding bristle cuticle pusher, said end ing relatively thin whereby to fit bodily ibeneath a finger nail.
11. A manicuring instrument including a shaft having at one end a compact body of stubby bristles terminating in a relatively flattened compact end providing a substantiall unyieldlng bristle cuticle pusher, said end being relatively thin whereby to tit bodily beneath a. finger nail, and the bod having a transversel abrading surface ormed by obliquely cut ends of the bristles.
` In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 9th da of December, 1927. RAL H GOLDMAN.