|Publication number||USRE17577 E|
|Publication date||Feb 4, 1930|
|Filing date||Feb 15, 1924|
|Publication number||US RE17577 E, US RE17577E, US-E-RE17577, USRE17577 E, USRE17577E|
|Inventors||W. Dyrssen heating Air|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
6 Sheets-Sheet 1 Feb}, 1939.
oz iginal Filed Feb. l5' 1924 5r a, w H a 0 f a 4 all m 4.5 m n r 9 A\ H r? y m y My. 4 7 V f .3 W Z w a w/w 7 -1 7 7 7, 2 M a. v 1 y m INVENTOR. HMDEM/Jk 07'E55EN By S. mu mm' ATTORNEY.
w bYR-ssEN v Feb. 4, 1930. HEATING AIR AND? GASES Re. 17,577
urigmaL Files: r'o. 15, 1924 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 60 INVENTOR- W. DYRSSEN I HEATING AIR AND GASES Feb. 4, 1930.
Re. 17,577 1 6 SheetS- -S heet 3 Original Filed Feb. 15, 1924' r INVENTOR. I Mme/m? Dmsszfl A TTORNEY.
W. DYRSSEN HEATING AIR Am GASES Re. 17,577 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 Feb. 4, 1930.
unginal Filed Feb. 15, 1924 If; ENTOR.
mm DYKSSE/V ATTORNEY.
i i w. DYRSSEN Feb. 4, 1930. HEATING AIR AND GASES Re. 17,577
Original Fiied Feb. 15, 1924 6 Sheets-Sheet o o, I o o 200 /98 I g V5 I66 M6 I INVENTOR.' VVHLDEMIR DTKSSEIV -Reissuetl Feb. 4, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT ()FIFICIE WALIlEMAR DYRSSEN, OF SHARPSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOB TO BLAW-KNOX COMPANY, OF PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY HEATING AIR AND GASES Original No. 1,543,909, dated June 30, 1925, Serial No. 693,021, filed February 15, 1924. Application for reissue filed June 24, i927. Serial No. 201,287.
This invention relates to the heating of air and gases and is adapted for'use in connection with combustion furnaces in iron and steel plants or with boiler plants, but is, of course, not limited to such uses.
The apparatus provides means for recovering heat from waste gases by heating the combustion air for the furnace from which the waste gases are obtained or by heating other gases or air for various other purposes.
There are two general types of apparatus' for preheating airnow in use, and my invention is an improvement over such conventional types of apparatus.
The first conventlonal type comprises i a chamber provided with a multiplicity of pipes hrough which the air to be heated flows, the pipes being exposed on the outside to burning gases or to hot waste gases and the heat from these gases being transferred to the air by' conduction of the heat through the walls of the pipes.
In some cases and in other cases the pipes are made of brick and various refractory materials. This gen eral type of apparatusis known in the art as a recuperator.
The second conventional type is known in ,the art as a regenerator or check-chamber and consists of not less than two chambers filled with brick-work laid up in checkerwork fashion. This type is used for instance in connection with open hearth furnaces, and
the bricks in the regenerators are heated up by gases coming from the outgoing end of the open hearth melting chamber, and subsequently the air is passed through the chamber which has ben. prcviously heated up. In order to obtain hot air continuously, the flow of gases is reversed and the chambers are alternately heated by the waste gases and cooled by the air passed through the chambers.
The latter type of apparatus is also used extensively in blast furnace practice. It is ,used where gases of high temperatures are available and where the air is to be preheated to a comparatively high temperature.
The recuperators referred to are used for a large number of purposes both for high and the pipes are of iron or steel low temperatures. For low temperature work, that is, when the gases for heating the air are relatively cool, at the temperature,
for example, of waste gases from boilers, this must travel by conduction through the pipes or other heating elements. This makes the heating element quite ineflicient when soot or dirt is deposited on its surface. The installation is rather expensive and the maintenance is costly and troublesome due to the necessity of keeping the heating surfaces clean in order to maintaln. good efliciency. It is'also necessary to prevent leakage between the two sides' of the heating elements, which often is very troublesome when there is a considerable pressure difference between the airto be heated and the gases giving up their heat. 1
These factors have in the past prevented i the general application and use of air heating apparatus when the hot gases are of a relatively low temperature.
My invention is adapted to'overco me the disadvantages of the conventional types of apparatus heretofore used, and aims to provide means whereby the heat of waste gases of relatively low temperatures can be utilized for heating either air or gas.
My improved apparatus is adaptedto utilize the waste gases from boilers and open hearth furnaces and especially after the waste gases from the open. hearth furnaces have passed through waste heat boilers andhave been somewhat depleted of their heat units.
S'uchwaste gases have usually a temperature of from approximately 500 to 700 degrees Fahrenheit.
The apparatus shown is adapted to preheat air to support combustion of 'fuel in a boiler,
or to preheat ,the'air and moisture blown into the producers used for making fuel for open hearth furnaces. .It is also adapted for pro heating air for supporting combustion in open hearth furnaces, or in regenerative heat ing furnaces, the apparatus whenused in this way being usually so placed that the air is preheated thereby it enters the usual regenerator chambers of the furnace. The apparatus can also be used for heatin the combustion air in heating furnaces o the continuous type. i
The apparatus operates on the regenerative principle, that is, the heat from the waste gases is stored in one part of the apparatus while the air is being heated in other parts thereof. I employ an improved metallic cellular structure for absorbing the heat which is so arranged that a very lar e heat absorption or convection surface can e.provided in a relatively small space.
I also provide means whereby the gas and air are made to alternately traverse different chambers at frequent time intervals which makes it unnecessary to have as large a body of heat absorbing material as would otherwise be necessary.
Two embodiments of the invention are i1- lustrated in the accompanying drawings in' which Figure 1 is a transverse vertical section through one form of apparatus on line- 1.-I of Figure 2;
Figure 2 is a top plan thereof;
' Fi ure 3 is a fragmentary section on the line 11-111 of Figure 2;
F igure'4 is a horizontal section on a reduced scale-on line IVIV of Figure 1;
Figure 5 is a horizontal section on the line V-V of Figure 1;
Figure 6 is an enlarged top plan showing an improved type of cellular heat exchanging structure; 1
igure'7 is a top plan of a modified embodiment of the invention, and
Figure 8 is a vertical section thereof'on line vII1 vnI of Figure 7;
Figure 9 is a diagram showing movements of reversing valves.
Referring first to F igures 1 m6, the apparatus is provided with side walls 10 and 12,-
end walls 14 and 16 and a top wall 18 and a bottom 20. The interior of the apparatus is divided by transverse walls 22 and 24, which With the walls 14 and 16 and the walls 10 and 12 define three chambers 26,28 and 30.- These plates 32 and 34.
"partition42 which divides the lower part of y ing-conduits 44 and 16.
. 'The conduit 38 communicates through a chambers are closed at the top and bottom respectively by longitudinally extending The space between the plate 32 and the top 18.is divided by a longitudinally extending partition 36, which with the other walls defines two longitudinally extending conduits 38 and 40. Similarly the. space between the bottom 20 and the plate 34 is divided by a longitudinally extending the apparatus into two longitudinally extendport 48 with a hot gas inlet pipe 50 and 'the conduit 44 communicates'through a port 52 with a spent gas or outlet pipe 541 Similarlv the conduit 40 communicates through a port 58 with an air outlet pipe 60. The conduit 46 communicates through "a port 62 with an inlet pipe 64. v
With the arrangement described, it will be seen that the longitudinally extending conduits 38, 40, 44 and 46 are -all common to the.
several chambers 26, 28 and 30. The apparatus is designed so that the waste gas which is to give up its heat, and the air to be heated pass alternately through the several chambers 26, 28 and 30. Thatis to say, for a given interval, waste gas passes through a given chamber and then the supply of waste gas is cut off and the air to be heated is passed through the same chamber, and improved means are provided for automatically causing this reversal at determined time intervals and the chambers 26, 28 and 30 are each provided with an improved heat exchanging cellular structure which gives a maximum heat absorbing or heat exchanging surface in a minimum amount of space.
The details of construction of the heat exchanging structure are best shown in Figure 6. These structures vfor each heating chant her are designated as aavhole' in the views of the assembled structure by numerals 27, 29' and 31. Each heat exchanging unit is made up of a great number of metal plates 66 which are bent in zig-zag fashion, as best shown in Figure 6, to form a multiplicity of substantially equilateral cells 68. The neighboring plates 66 are separated by plain or smooth plates 70 so as to give a stable construction. The corrugated and smooth plates are not united, being merely loosely nested in the chambers, it being unnecessary in this form of heat'exchanger to prevent leakage between the different cells. This loose nesting of the plates is of advantage because it permits of their beingmore readily and'more thoroughly cleaned. lVhen dust or soot col- 7 lects on the surface of the plates, the efficiency of the apparatus is reduced. The plates may be cleaned in any desired manner, and the looseness oftheplatcs permits of their vibrating during the cleaning step, thereby materially assisting in the removal of the dirt or soot. I
This zig-zag formation enables me to provide an extremely large heating surface in a relatively small space. For example, if the triangular sides of the cells are approximately one-half an inch in'length, I obtain approximately 140 to 150 square feet of heating surface per cubic foot, which is about six times as much as could be obtained by the use of one inch tubes of an ordinary recuperator. i
It will be understood that as the hot waste gas passes through the heating chambers 26, 28 or 30, they give up the greater part oftheir heat to the metallic heat exchanging elements located in these chambers. Subsequently the air is passed through the cham- V bers whereupon it is heated by contact with continuously flowing through certain of the the cellular heat exchanging members.
The arrangement is such that the gas is chambers and air to be heated iscontinuously flowing through'other chambers. The' control of this How through the various chambers of the apparatus is effected by my improved valve arrangement to be presently described. i i
The passage of hot gas from the conduit 38, to the chambers 26, 28 and 30 is controlled by separate valves 72, 74 and 76'. These valvesare loosely centered on vertically movable rods 73, and 77. Each of these valve rods is'i' provided with a collar 78 which when.
the rods are lifted is adapted to lift the respective valve off its seat and thereby permit the gas to flow from the conduit 38 to the corres onding chamber, the Wall 32 being provi ed with suitable openings to permit passage of the guswhen the valves are lifted.
Communication between the chambers 26, 28 and 30 and the outlet conduit 44 is controlled by. valves 82, 84 and 86 which are loosely centered on the same rods which carry the valves 72,74 and 76, The valve rods 73, 7 5 and 77 are each guided at the top in bushings 88 and. near'thcir lower end in hubs 89' formed in spiders 90 secured. to the wall 34. Each of the rods 73, 75 and 77 carries a collar 91 adapted when the corresponding valve rod is lifted; to lif t the corresponding valve centered thereon.
Communication between the air conduit 40 and the chambers 26, 28 and 30 is controlled by valves 92, 94 and 96, these valves being loosely centered on valve rods 93, 95'
and 97. Loosely centered on the lower part of these rods are air control valves 102, 104 and 106. The rods 93, 95 and 97 are each provided with a collar 108 which is adapted to lift the corresponding valve 92, 94 or 96 when the respective rod is raised,and at their lower ends each of the valve rods 93, 95 and 97 are provided with similar collars 111 arranged to lift the valves 102, 104 or 106 when'a corresponding rod is lifted, the valve'rods .each being guided at the top by a suitable bushing 118, and near its lowerend by a hub 119 formed in the spider 120. r
The valve rods 73 and 93 are connected by chains or cables as shown in Figure 3 with the arcuate ends of a rocker arm. 122 loosely mounted on a trunnion 123 carried by a bracket 125 so that when one of the rods is lifted the other red is lowered. The rods 75 and 95 are similarly connected to a rocker arm 124 and the rods 77 and 97 are likewise connected with a rocker arm 126. The arms 122, 124 and 126 are connected respectively by links. 128, 130 and 182 which are connected respectively with cranks 134, 136 and 138, which as shown in Figure 1 are set 120 degrees apart, said cranks all'being carried by a common crank shaft 140 having a driving gear 142 fixed thereon adapted to be driven by a pinion 144 through a worm gear 146 which meshes with a,,worm 148 driven by a motor 150.
Before describing the operation, attention is called to the' fact that the arrows on the drawings, designated by G, represent the hot waste gases, while those designated by 9 represent the spent gases or the waste gases which have given up their heat to the heat exchanging elements in the various chambers of the apparatus. The arrows indicated at a represent cool or incoming air, and the arrows desigated by A represent the air which is heated in its passage through the cells of the heat exchanging units.
The hot waste gas is introduced through the pipe 50 to the longitudinal conduit 38, and with the parts in the. position shown in the drawings, the valves 72 and 76 being open, the hot waste gas passes down into the chambers 26 .and 30. In their passage through the heat exchanging elements 27 and 31 in these chambers, the waste gases contact with the vast area presented by the cellular heat exchanging units and the spent gases pass to the conduit 44 past the valves 82 and.
86 which at this time are open; the gases passing outward to a suitable stack or exhaust fan through the pipe 54.
While the hot gases were taking the course above described, air flows in through the pipe 64 to the conduit 46 and past the open valve 104 (the valves 102 and 106 being closed at this time), and upward through the cellular heat exchanging unit 29 to the top of the chamber'28, the heated air flowing outpast the valve 94 to the outlet conduit 40 and thence to the hot air pipe 60.
As the shait 140 rotates slowly around (clockwise) the'valves for the three chambers 26, 28 and 30 open and close successively and periodically. The motion of the valves is shown in Figure 9. From this figure it can be seen that the valve motions during .one revolution of the shaft 140 can be dividedup in six periods in which the waste gases and air flow as follows:
Period I, waste gases flow through 'chambers 26 and 30; air flows through chamber 28. f Period II, waste gases flow through chamber 26; air-flows through chambers 28 and 30.
Period III, waste gases flow through charm bers 26 and 28; air flows through chamber 30.
Period IV, waste gases flow through chamber'28; air flows through chambers 26 and 30.
Period V, waste gases flow through chambers 28 and 30; air flows through chamber 26.
Period VI, waste'gases flow through chamber 30; air flows through chambers 26 and 28. In the diagram, one revolution of the valve operating shaft is shown'as divided into intervals of 30 degrees by vertical lines, each period being nnmberediwith a numeral f of the figure.
from 1 to 6 inclusive, one half of the first period being shown at the left of the figure and the other half being shown at the right Legends have been applied to the diagram and detailed description seems to be unnecessary, further than to say in passing, that the horizontal portion of the heavy lines indicating the valve movements represent the position of the valve when it rests on its seat, that is to say, when it is closed; while the curved lines represent the open movements of the valves. The space between the broken lines parallel to the vertical lines dividing the different periods in each case,
represents an interval of time during which all of the valves, that is the gas valve and air valve for any one chamber are closed.
It will be appreciated that during such intervals there will be no communication between the gas and air chambers associated with these valves. This interval, of time is secured by the provision of means of lost motion transmitting mechanism such as the collarscarried'by the valve rods.
As the crank shaft 140 rotates, it is clear that the several valve rods 73, 75, 77-, 93, 95 and 97 are reciprocated at regular intervals.
.Bythe provision of the collars 78, 91, 108 and 111 on the valve rods, a certain amount of lost motion is provided for so that one set of,
valves, for example, say the gas .valves, re-
main seated for a short interval while the air valves are also seated. I possibility of passing hot waste gas directly This prevents the from the pipe 50 through any of the cham- ,bers 26, 28 or 30 to the hot air pipe 60. It
will be understood that the collars may be adjustably mounted on the valve rods so as to secure any desired dwell of the valves in their closed position. V
The rotating speed of shaft 140 which oper; ates the valves may vary considerably and maybe as high as two'or three revolutions per minute and as low as one-fifth or onetenth revolution per minute. The heat transfertakes .place more efliciently witlrhigher speed, but at the same time there 1s a certain amount of mixing of gases and air due to the volume of the chambers containing the heating elements. This unavoidable mixing is less with lower speed. The wear of all moving parts and valves makes it also desirable to use a low shaft speed. In practice the advantages and disadvantages must be Weighed against each other for determining upon the proper speed for shaft 140.
In theapparatus shown in Figures 7 and 8, the valves are all located above the heating chambers, the hot gases entering through a pipe 160 passing toa hot gas conduit 162 past one of the valves 16 1 to the chamber 166 through the heat exchanging unit 168 and around the wall 170 through a second heat exchanger unit 172 and out past one of the open valves 174 to a conduit 176 to the spent gas outlet pipe 178. The cool air from an inlet pipe 180 enters a conduit 182 past one of the open valves 184: to the upper part of the heating chamber 186 through the heat pivoted on longitudinal shafts 19st and having arms 196 provided with lugs 198 adapted to cooperate with an arm 200 which is oscillated by a link 202 which receives its motion from a crank 204: carried on the crank shaft 206 driven through suitable reduction gearing by a motor 208.
The operation of this apparatus is very similar to that above described, and it is not thought that further description is necessary, it being evident from the drawings that the crank shaft 206 is revolved, the various valves will be so manipulated that the waste gases and air will be passed alternately through the different chambers shown in Figure '7. The lugs 198 on. the hell crank arms 196 are so positioned with respect to the arms 200 that a certain amount of lost motion provided for in order to prevent the dii'cct passage of from the gas inlet pipe to the air outlet pipe and vice versa, or the passage of air from theair inlet pipe 189 to the gas outlet pipe'178.
In the foregoing I have described an apparatus having three chambers, as this s the minimum number at which a. continumis flow of waste gases and air can be obtained. It
is to be understood that if necessary or desirable more chambers may be used, it being merely necessary to provide one valve operating crank for each chamber, and to so set the cranks with respect to one another that their angular relation is equal to 360 degrees divided by the number of chambers or the number of cranks.
Vith three chambers there are slight fluctuations in the How of air and gas due to the variation in resistance encountered by the latter in passing through the heat exchangers and the heatingunits located therein. It is apparent that at times the gasesand air re spectively pass through t'w'ochambers and at times through only one chamber. These fluctuations are minimized, however, by the variation in the opening of thevalves.
In most cases these fluctuations are of little consequence. .However, it is to be understood that the fluctuations can be entirely eliminated by employing a greater number of chambers. V v y Throughout the foregoing description and in the claims, I have referred to the terms limit the application to the heating of air,
that I am limited thereto as various changes in arrangement and substitution of equivalents. may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the invention as defined in the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. An apparatus of the class described comprising at least three chambers each having a metallic heat exchanging structure therein, hot gas and spent gas conduits common to said chambers, cool air and heated air conduits common to said chambers, separate gas valves and a1r valves for the several chambers controlling the passage of gas and air to and from their respective chambers and a mechanism for each chamber for automatically opening and closing its valves in a regular sequence so that gas and air respectively are alternately passed through each of said chambers, the mechanisms for different chambers being so related as to operate out of time with one another.
2. An apparatus of the class described comprising at least three transversely extending chambers each having a metallic heat exchanging structure therein; longitudinally extending gas inlets and gas outlets, air inlet and air outletconduits servingsaid chambers, separate valves for the several chambers controlling. the supply and discharge of gas and air, to and from. their respective chambers and means for automatically opening and closing said valves in a determined sequence so that a continuous unidirectional stream of gas and a continuous unidirectiona1 stream of air are passed through the apparatus.
3. In an apparatus of the class described, at least three chambers each having a metallic heat exchanging unit therein, a gas inlet and a gas outlet conduit common to said chambers, an air inlet and an air outlet conduit common to said chambers,- separate 'valves for the several chambers controlling the passage of gas and air to and from their respective chambers, and means for automatically actuating said valves so that a unidirectional flow of gas and a unidirectional flow of air is maintained through the apparatus.
from such 0 conduit, a gas outlet conduit, an air outlet conduit, separate gas and air valves controlling communication between the chamber and said supply and outlet conduits, a valve moving member for simultaneously closing or opening both gas valves, a valve moving member for simultaneously opening or closing both air valves, and means for actuating the valve moving members, the last mentioned means being so timed that both the gas and air valves remain closed for ashort time interval before their positions are reversed.
5. In an apparatus of the class described, a chamber having a heat exchanging element therein, a gas supply conduit, .an air supply conduit, a gas outlet conduit, an air outlet conduit, separate gas valves controlling communication between the chamber and the su pply and outlet conduits respectively and separate air valves controlling communication between the chamber and said am supply'and outlet conduits, valve actuating mechanism including a lost-motion device whereby the gas andair valves both dwell in closed position for a short interval before their positions are reversed.
6. In an apparatus of the class described, a chamber having a heat exchanging element therein, a gas supply conduit, an a1r supply conduit, a gas outlet conduit, an airoutlet conduit, separate gas valves controlling communication between the chamber and the supply and outlet conduits respectively and sep arate air valves controlling communication between the chamber and said air supply and outlet conduits, valve actuating mechanism.
including a constantly driven member and a lost-motion device whereby. the gas and air valves both dwell in closed position for a short interval before their positions are re versed.
7. In' an apparatus of the class described, at least three chambers having a heat storage capacity, means whereby gas may be passed through the chambers, means whereby air may be passed through the chambers, and valves controlling the passageof gas and air to and from the chambers, the valves bein so timed as to ensure passage of air throug 1 at least two chambers during a period when an air valve for one of said two chambers is at least three 0 amber-s having a heat storagecapacity, means whereby gas ma be passed through the chambers, means w ereby air may be passed through the chambers, and valves for each of the three chambers controlling the assage of gas and air to and hamber, an air valve for one chamber being so timed with respect to an air valve for another chamber that as one of said valves is opening another of said valves is closing.
whloh comprises admitting air to the chain 9. The method of operatin a heat regenerative device having at least t hree chambers, which comprises passing air through the several chambers through successive and .overlapping time periods, passing gas through the severalv chambers through successive and overlapping time periods, and so timing the gas and air admission periods that air and gas are never simultaneously admitted to any one chamber.
10. The method of operating a heat regenerative device having at least three chambers,.which comprises admitting air to the chambers successively in a cycle and admit ting gas to the chambers. successively in a cycle, air being admitted to one chamber before being shut off from the chamber preceding it in the cycle of operation, and gas being admitted to'said' chamber before being shut off from the chamber preceding it inthe cycle of operation, the gas being admitted to each chamber betweenthe times when air is admitted thereto. 7
'11. The method of operating aheat regenerative device having at least three chambers,
hers successively in a cycle and admitting gas to the chambers successively in a cycle and admitting gas to the chambers successively in a cycle, air being admitted to one chamber before being shut off from the chamber preceding it in the cycle of operation, and gas being admitted to said chamber before be-' ing shut cit from the chamber preceding it.
ing the valves open or closed over an ex tended period of time, said controlling means being so constructed and arranged that they are effective for operating the chambers in overlapping ,phase relationship with one another so as to provide a substantially continuous supply of heated air.
13. An apparatus of the class described comprising at least three chambers each having a heat storage capacity, and means for the several chambers for controlling the alternate fiow of heating gases and air to be heated through'each of the chambers, the
controlling means for the several chambers being out of time with one another whereby they are efi'ective for operating the chambers ,in overlapping phase relationship with one another so as to provide a flow of air at all times through at least one chamber, and a flow of gas at all times through at least one chamber, said controlling means being further so related that the flow of air through one chamber is initiated over a time period and the flowof air through another chamber is terminated over the same time period.
14. In an apparatus of the class described, at least three chambers each having a heat storage capacity,.gas inlet and gas outlet conduits common to said chambers, air inlet and airoutlet conduits common to said chambers, valves controlling the passage of gas and air to and from said chambers, and means for actuating the valves, the valve actuating means for different-chambers being out of time with one another and being efiective for maintaining the valves open or closed over an extended period oftime, said valve actuating means being so constructed and arranged that gas and air are caused to pass alternately through each of the chambers with the chambers in overlapping phase relationship with 7 one another so as to, provide a substantially continuous supply of heated air.
15 In an apparatus of the class described, at least three chambers each having a heat storage capacity, connections whereby heated gases andair to be heated may be passed through said chambers, valves controlling the passage ofgas and air, and means for automatically actuating said valves, the valve actuating means being ofsuch character as to effect actuation of the valves for one chamber at a diiferent time than the actuation of the valves for another chamber, and the several valve mei ianisms being effective for main taining the valves open or closed over an extended period of time, said valve actuating means being so constructed and arranged that the chambers are operated in overlapping phase relationship and a substantially constant unidirectional flow of gas and a substantially constant unidirectional flow of air is maintained through the apparatus.
16. In an apparatus of the class described, at least three chambers each having a heat storage capacity, connections whereby heating gases and air to be heated may be passed through said chambers, valves controlling the passage of gas and air, means associated with the valves for each chamber for actuating the same, and a common drive-means therefor, the valve actuating means for the different chambers being out of time with one another and'being effective for maintaining the valves open or closed over an extended period of time, saidv valve actuating means being so constructed and arrangedv that the chambers are operated-in overlapping phase relation so as to provide a substantially continuous supply of heated air. I
17. The method of heating air which comprises passing air and gas alternately through a first chamber, passing air and gas alternately thrbugh asecond chamber, passing air and gasalternately through a third chamber, initiating the flow of air through the several chambers atdifierent times, maintaining such flow through the severel chambers over time periods of suflicient len th'so that the air flow period of one chain r overlaps the air flowperiod of another chamber, and admitting air only or gas only .to any one chamber m at any time. p f
18.' The method of heating air which comprises passing air and gas alternately through a first chamber, passing air and gas alternately through a second chamber, passing air and as alternately through a third chamber, initiating the flow of air through the several chambers at different times, and maintain ing such flow through the several chambers over time periods of suflicient length'so that the air flow period of one chamber overlaps the air flow period of another chamber.
' 19. The method of heating air which comprises passing air and gas alternately througha first chamber, passing air and gas alternate- 1y through a second chamber, passing air and gas alternating through a third chamber, air flow periods for-the several chambers being of substantially equal duration and the gas flow periods for the several chambers be-' :0 ing of substantially equal duration, and in'itiating the fiow of air through the several chambers at time intervals so spaced that the air flow period of any one chamber overlaps the air flow period of another chamber.
. as 20. The method of heating air which comprises passing air andgas alternately through a first chamber, passing air and gas alternately through a second chamber, passing air and gas alternately through a third chamber,
40 the air flow periods for the several chambers being of substantially equal duration, and the gas flow periods for, theseveral chambers being of substantially equal duration, initiating the flow of air through the several chambers at time intervals so spaced that the air flow period of any one chamber overlaps the air flow period of another chamber, and maintaining an idle period between the air flow and gas flow periods of each of the chambers.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set m hand.
y WALDEMAR DYRSSEN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2925254 *||Jun 2, 1953||Feb 16, 1960||Parsons C A & Co Ltd||Regenerators|
|EP0192318A1 *||Jan 8, 1986||Aug 27, 1986||British Gas Corporation||Improvements in regenerative heating systems|