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Publication numberUSRE19015 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 5, 1933
Filing dateApr 10, 1924
Publication numberUS RE19015 E, US RE19015E, US-E-RE19015, USRE19015 E, USRE19015E
InventorsHarry W. Hill
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process of blocking ophthalmic
US RE19015 E
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1933- H. w. HILL PROCESS OF BLOCKING OPHTHALMIC LENSES Original Filed April 10. 1924 I II 4 5 m w w I A TTORNEY Reissued Dec. 5, 1933 PROCESS OF BLOCKING OPHTHALMIC LENSES Harry-W. Hill, Southbridge, Mass, assignor to American Optical Mass., setts Company, Southbridge,

a voluntary association of Massachu- Original No. 1,911,153, dated May 23, 1933,'Seri al No. 417,114, December 28, 1929, which-is a division of application April 10, 1924, Serial No. 705,611, and acontinuation of application June 9, 1926, Serial No. 114,636. Application for reissue August 30,

1933. Serial No. '687,532

5 Claims. '(Cl. 51-278) This invention relates to improved apparatus for holding precision lenses for grinding, and a process for automatically centering and holding such lenses during the various operations of precision lens grinding. 1

This application is a division of my application Serial Number 705,611, filed April 10, 1924, and a continuation of my application Serial Number 114,636 filed June 9, 1926.

The principal object of this invention is to provide means for automatically and precisely centering a lens blank from which a precision lens is to be made, and to maintain the precise center thus obtained throughout the various manufacturing operations of grinding and finishing the lens.

Another object of the invention is to provide means-to secure the. lens so centered in that centered position to holding means that are themselves automatically centered in the various steps of production in order to maintain in such steps the precise centering obtained at the start. 1

Another object of the invention is to provide attaching means for such lens holding means to adapt the holding means tothe various grinding and polishing operations in machines used in the manufacture of precision lenses.

.Still another object of the invention is to provide means for facile gauging of the thickness of the blank at fixed distances from the center thereof. duringthe manufacturing operations so that theblank may be ground to an. exact predetermined center thickness required in precision lenses. 7

Another object of the invention is to provide means to automatically center prism, toric and irregular shaped lenses and to maintain that centering throughout the various manufacturing operations. 1

Another object of the invention is to provide local adhesive means for holding the lens blank to the holder, that will not become displaced during the grinding and polishing operations of the lens. l

' One of the most important objects, of the invention is to provide a process forprecisely grinding one side of the lens blank to finished curvature, from, which the lens blank may be automatically and precisely. centered for precision grinding with localized means for securingthe lens blank to holding means-in such precise centered position throughout the various manufacturing operations that the first precise centering is'never departed from.

With the above andother objects in view the invention consists in the novel features of construction and in the processes herein set forth and described, the preferred constructionand process only being'set forth by way of illustration, it being understood that modifications may be made in the construction or in the process without departing from the spirit of the invention as set forth in the accompanyingclaims.

Referring to the drawing,

Figure 1 is a cross section of the automatic centering device;

Figure 2 is a cross section of a modified form 01' centering device;

Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a top plan view of Figure-4 is a cross section of a lens holding means; v

Figure 5 is a top plan view of Figure 4; Figure 6 is a cross section of the assembled centering device and lens holding means;

Figure 7 is an end-viewof. a grinding center attachment; for the lens holder;

' Figure 8 is abottom plan view of Figure 7;

Figure 9-is across section through the lens holder andthe grinding attachment assembled; Figure 10 is a diagrammatic view of agrinding machine showing the assembled holder and grinding attachment in place on a grinding machine.

Referring now more particularly to the drawing, in which similar reference characters designate similar parts throughout, the numeral 1 indicates the lens blank to be ground. This blank is-of optical glass of suitable refractive'index for ophthalmic lenses, and has one face 2 ground and polished accurately to the desired lens curve for one face of the lens. The other face '3 of this blank is molded roughly to a standardized curve approximating closely the finished curve to which'it is to be eventually ground. The glass blank 1 is molded to a definite fixed diameter in order that the edge thickness at the extremities of its diameter maybe gauged from time to time in order to determine the finished thickness of the lens at the center, which center thickness is of the utmost importance in the finished precision lens and must be accurately ascertained and worked to in order to accomplish 6 to receive the center of the lens when the lens is convex instead of concave on the side that goes down in the centering device as indicated indotted lines in Figure 1.

In cases where toric lenses, cylindrical lenses,

prismatic lenses, or lenses of other unequal con} figuration are to be centered, a slightly modified centering device '7, Figure 2,115 utilized. 'This centering device has a cntralraised portion 8,

7 preferably in the form of a portion of a sphere.

It also has a recess 9 for receiving the lens blank.

When the blank is placed in the centering device '7 it is clear that its central portion will rest on V the raised portion 8 instead of-thelens blank bearing on its outer extremities; as in the lens' receiving device 4.

After the lens blank has been placed in the centering device 4, or 7, as the case may be, a ring lens holder 10, Figures 4, '5, 6 and 9,'is placed upon the finished surface of the lens blank -1.- The lens holder 10 1s adapted to fit loosely within the'ce'ntering device 4 so that it may rock to adjust itself to thecurvature of the lens surface. The under side of'the lens holder 10 is made'in the form of a bevelled ring, as at 11, the plane of the bevelled ring beingnormal to the longitudinal axis of the holder 10. Owing to the bevelled ring itis, therefore, possible to get line contact throughout the extent of the ring with the finished surface of the lens blank in its cen tering device, where the finished surface is plano or is sphericalfin contour. This ring, therefore, automatically centers the lens holder to proper center upon the' lens blank libe'cause as is well known a circular ring will contact throughout its lengthlwith a spherioal surface or with a plane surface which is;of course a spherical surface with infinite radius; Wherethe plane of the circular ringis'normal'to the longitudinal axis of the lens holder the saidaxis will be normal to a plane surface on which the ring rests and the said axis will be radial to a spherical surface on which the said ring rests, hence the lens holder when placed on the finished surface-'2 of the lens will have its longitudinal airis normal to the lens surface if it is plane and-radial'if it is spherical, hence the flnished'surface 2' of the lens automatically locatesthe lens holder in axial grinding position on the lens. It 'will be noted from the drawingthat the 'lens' holderlo is in the form of a hollow ring, or annulus having a large central tapered recess tapering from'the bottomof the ring at its widest point to the top. 'This tapered recess 12 is designed to permit -'of an adhesive being'lntroduced into the lens holding ring and into contact} with the lens blank 1. This adhesive is preferably molten pitch 18, Figure 6, which is poured into the tapered hole 12'of the lens holder-and allowed to cool.

Prior to inserting the pitch through the lens holds er onto the face of the blank '1, the face 2 of the blank is preferably treated with a coating of shellacor a relatively soft pitch, to insure the easy separation of the blank from the holder after the'manufaeturing operations have been finishe'd. It also has the advantage of making the pitch now better over the surface and gives a uniform contact between the pitch and. the lens it becomes solidly united to the lens removable therefrom.

'portionslthrough the lip of the lens holder 10. Where spherical lenses are being operated upon it is only necessary to have two of these recesses diametrically arranged. Where toric or other irregular form lenses are used four or more recesses may be utilized.

It will be apparent from Figure 2 that when the ring 11 of the lens holder 10 is placed on the lens blank,. the lens blank will be balanced and will automatically center itself on the raisedportion 8 in those cases where the lens is of a toric-or; prismatic or unequal formation. The recessesbyFigure 1', and 9, Figure 2, are of sum- 'c'ie'nt depth to allow not only the thickness of the lens blank to be accommodated, but also the ring of theholder 10 so as to guide it down onto the le'n's blank w'ithsufiic'ient play for operation.

The lens holder 19 has a reduced ring 15 adapted to receive another flanged ring 16. Figures '7 and 9, which is secured to the holder 10 by means of set screws 17 or other means so'that The object of this ring istc provide a grinding attachment for the lens holder. This grinding "attachment has a countersink 18 adapted to receive the lens pin of a lens grinding machine, giving a universal connection therewith. One preferred way of making this center connection for the lens pin is 'to insert a hardened block 19 in the central recess 20 of the attachment 16 having the countersink recess 18 therein;

-If desired in order to insure a positive locking of the pitch in the holder the tapered hole 'in the holder 10 may have recesses 21, Figure 9,

or'may be otherwise channeled, scored, or ribbed to give the proper engagement,

When the holder 10 and the ring 16 have been secured together the blank is in shape to be ap-' plied to the grinding machine, see Figure 10. The

grinding pin of the" grinding machine is placed holder but in the countersink 18, the glassblank being brought in contact with the lap 22 of the grinding machine for rough grinding, fine grinding, or polishing, as may be required, In the form shown the lap 22 is revolved by a'pulley 23 and belt 24,

and the upper spindle by a pulley 25 and belt 26, the grinding pin of the machine being offset crank 2'7 on the upper spindle 28.' The grinding means shown in Figure 10 is only one of many machines that may be utilized for this purpose and is simply shown by way of illustration to illustrate the adaption of the lens holder to grinding machines. I

' It will bea'pparent from a study of the drawing and the description that the adhesive holding the lens to the lens holder in this process is localiz ed, it-being introduced throughthe opening in the lens holder and being entirely different 7 from the prior art methods wherein pitch was placed overthe face of the entire holder, especially where many lenses were held upon a block. It will also be apparent that'with this method of centering and securing theblank to the lens holder in centered position, that the absolute centering is maintained throughout all the grind ing and finishing operations, especially where the blank may be submitted successively to several different machines or processes. I

The reason for tapering the walls of the hole 12 in the holder 10 is to provide a more rigid support for the central portion of the glass blank and also to give the widest area of pitch contact with the face of the glass blank.

Having described my invention, I claim: I

1. The process of blocking a lens blank having a regular curved surface and a surface to be ground, comprising placing the surface to be ground in aligned position in contact with a contact seat on a support adapted to support the lens blank in the proper position during the blocking operation, and placing a hollow lens holder in contact with the opposite surface of the lens blank with a portion of the lens holder in interengagement with a portion of the support, thereby holding the lens holder in proper position with respect to the support and hence with respect to the lens which is positioned on the support, and injecting an adhesive into the lens holder so that the adhesive will adhere to the surface of the lens blank and to the inner walls of the lens holder and secure the lens blank to the lens holder.

2. The process of blocking a lens blank having a finished optical surface on one side and a surface to be ground axially with the surface on the first side, comprising placing the surface to be ground in aligned axial position with the first surface in contact with a contact seat on a support adapted to support the lens blank in the proper axial position during the blocking operation and placing a lens holder in contact with an aligning surface that aligns the lens holder axially with the said first surface of the lens blank with a portion of said lens holder in interengagement with a portion of the support whereby the lens holder will be held in proper axial position with respect to the support and hence with respect to the lens which is positioned on the support and injecting an adhesive into the lens holder so that the adhesive will adhere to the surface of the lens blank and to the lens holder and secure the lens blank to said holder.

3. The process of blocking alens blank having a finished surface and a surface to be finished to an axial relation with said finished surface to a lens holder, comprising placing the lens blank on a support with its surface to be finished in engagement with a contact seat on said support for locating the lens blank in predetermined relation to the support and to aligning means on said support, placing the lens holder in coopera-.

tive relation with the aligning means and lens blank with the axis of the holder coincident with a line radial with the center of the surface to be finished on the blank so that the holder will be supported in said relation and applying an adhesive to the lens blank and holder while in said relation so that the adhesive will adhere to the surface of the lens blank and the surface of the holder and secure the lens blank to said holder.

4. The process of blocking a lens blank having a regular surface on one side and a surface to be ground axially with the surface on the first side, comprising placing thesurface to be ground in aligned axial position with the first surface in contact with a contact seat on a support adapted to support the lens blank in the proper axial position during the blocking operation and placing a lens holder in contact with an aligning surface that aligns the lens holder axially with the said first surface of the lens blank with a portion of said lens holder in interengagement with a portion of the support whereby they lens holder will be held in proper axial position with respect to the support and hence with respect to the lens which is positioned on the support and injecting an adhesive into the lens holder so that the adhesive will adhere to the surface of the lens blank and to the lens holder and secure the lens blank to said holder.

5. The process of blocking a lens blank having a regular surface and a surface to be finished to an axial relation with said regular surface to a lens holder, comprising placing the lens blank on a support with its surface to be finished in en'- gagement with a contact seat on said support for locating the lens blank in predetermined relation to the support and to aligning means on said support, placing the lens holder in cooperative relation with the aligning means and lens blank with the axis of the holder coincident with a line radial with thecenter of the surface to be finished on the blank so that the holder will be supported in said relation and applying an adhesive to the lens blank and holderwhile in said relation so that the adhesive will adhere to the surface of the lens blank and the surface of theholder and secure the lens blank to said holder.

HARRY W. HILL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3383808 *May 25, 1965May 21, 1968Lunette De Paris IncLens block
US5669807 *May 3, 1996Sep 23, 1997Essilor International Compagnie Generale D'optiquePreform for attaching a holding member to an optical lens, and method of using it