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Publication numberUSRE19724 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 15, 1935
Filing dateJan 8, 1932
Publication numberUS RE19724 E, US RE19724E, US-E-RE19724, USRE19724 E, USRE19724E
InventorsWendell L. Martin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Other purposes
US RE19724 E
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

2 Sheets-Sheet 1 if Wanclll I Max' tin INvLN'x-:OR

ATIoRNile W. L. MARTIN APPARATUS FOR THERAPEUTIC AND OTHER PURPOSES Original Filed Jan. 8, 19252 *LANE Oct. 15, 1935.

Original Filed Jan. 8, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet INVLNTORJ Reissued Oct. 15, 1935 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Wendell L.

Martin, Cleveland, The Martin Brothers Electric Ohio, assigner to Company, Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Grginal No. 1,858,714, dated May 17,

January 8, 1932.

1932, Serial Application for reissue May 12, 1934, Serial No. 725,393

25 Claims.

My invention relates to apparatus for therapeutic and other purposes, and has particular reference to apparatus for use in steaming hair, or in drying hair or the hands or the like, and the principal object of my invention is to provide a new and improved apparatus of this type. This application is a continuation in part of my previous applications S. N.' 352,429 and S. N. 509,132.

In the drawings accompanying this specification, and forming a part of this application, I have shown, for purposes of illustration, one form which my invention may assume, and in these drawings:

Figure 1 is a side elevation of the embodiment herein illustrated,

Figure 2 is a front elevation of this embodiment, K

Figure 3 is a horizontal section taken on the lines 3-3 of Figures l and 2,

Figure 4 is a vertical section taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 3, and with parts omitted for clarity, while Figure 5 is a diagram to show the electrical connections.

The embodiment of my invention herein shown comprises a supporting ring II carrying within itself an electric motor I2 secured thereto by machine screws I3 passing through apertures I4 in the supporting ring II and seating in cooperating screw-threaded -apertures I5 in the rear end of the frame I6 of the motor I2, while secured to the front end of the motor frame I6 by means of machine screws I1 is a deflector I8 extending diagonally outwardly from the axis of the motor I2, and then diagonally longitudinally of the axis of the motor I2, and terminatingy in an outwardly flared flange I9 forming a seat 29 in which' is received a ring 2l forming part of a face plate 22 provided on its outer periphery with a bead 23 forming an abutment for a shell 24 extending between a bead 92 on the supporting ring II and the bead 23 on the face plate 22 and embracing annular lips 25 and 2B formed respectively on the supporting ring II and the face plate 22.

The face plate 22 broad annular band 21 to which the ring 2l and bead 23 are connected by means of bars 23 forming with the ring 2l an annular grid consisting of an outer row of apertures 29 communicating with the spacing between the deflector I8 and the shell 24, and an inner row of apertures 39 communicating with the spacing just within the deilector I9.

comprises also a relatively' Extending inwardly from the band 21 are i'urther ribs 3l crossing an inner ring 32 to reach a center 33 and forming with the ring 32 and within the band 21 a second grid comprising two annular rows of apertures 34 both communicating 5 with the center of the spacing within the deilector I3.

The apertures 29 provide a first outlet means, and the apertures 30 a second outlet means, while the apertures 34 provide an inlet means, and ac- 10 eordingly the apertures 29 and 3l! and 34 provide two outlet means and one inlet means, each annularly arranged, but in the embodiment herein disclosed each interrupted over the central portion of the annular area, the inlet means by the 15 center 33 lying inside the annular bounding periphery of the apertures 34 and spaced therecenter 33 and apertures 34 and band 21, all lying inside the annular bounding periphery of the apertures 20 3Il and spaced therefrom, and the first outlet means by the center 33 and apertures 34 and band 21 and apertures 39 and ring inside the annular bounding periphery of the apertures 29 and spaced therefrom, so that in 25 the embodiment herein disclosed each annularly arranged outlet or inlet means is not the full area within the periphery of the annulus, but arcuate.

Positioned across all of the apertures ailording access to the interior of the deilector I3 is 30 a screen 35 effective to prevent insertion oi any part of a body into the space within the deflector IB and held in position at its periphery by interposition between the ring 2| of the face plate 22 and the seat 2D of the deflector I8 and at its 35 center by a cupped Washer 36 secured in position by a machine screw 31 received within the center 33 of the face plate 22.

Mounted within the deflector I8 rearwardly oi the screen 35 is a heating element 3B comprising 40 a coiled resistance wire 39 supported from the deflector I9 intermediate its ends by eyes 40 insulated from the deilector I8 by insulating bushings 4I and at its ends by terminal bolts 42 and 43 insulated from the derlector by insulating bushings 44.

Mounted on the shaft 45 of the motor I2 is a double centrifugal fan 46, the front part 41 formed to draw in air through the aperturing 34 of the face plate 22, force such air centrifugally against the deflector I9, and, by virtue of the the aperturing 39 of the face plate 22 in the general direction of the axis of the Ian 43 and motor I2 and swirling to a marked degree, and a sec- 55 ond part 49 acting to draw air in through the motor I2 thus to prevent overheating of the motor I2, and then to introduce this air into the current set up by the ilrst part 41. Of course the air current from the fan 49 passes over and is heated by the heating element 59, provided that element is energized, and consequently may be caused to emerge from the aperturing 99 warmed to a desired temperature. Furthermore the air emerging from the aperturing 99 creates an eddv which draws in air through the outermost aperturing 29 and thus sets up a iiow of air through the annular spacing 49 between the deector I9 and the shell 24 which when the heating element 99 is functioning absorbs heat from the detiector I9 to prevent overheating of the detlector I9 or objectionable heating of the shell 24. This air therefore reaches the aperturing 29 already heated, so that the co-mingling thereof with the air current from the aperturing 30 will not appreciably reduce the temperature of the total air current.

The supporting ring II is provided with a bracket 55 connected through an adjustable hinge 5l to the adjustable upper section 52 oi' a pedestal 53.

The device herein illustrated also comprises an electric steam generator 15 mounted in a bracket 16 which also supports a reservoir 11 and which is supported on the adjustable section 52 of the pedestal 53.

Extending from the electric steam generator 15 is a duct 19 for conducting steam from the generator 15 into the space 19 within the deiiector I9, the duct 19 terminating in an open end 99 positioned just forwardly 0f the center of the fan 46. Condensation is returned to the reservoir 11 by means of a duct 9i leading from the pocket 82 at the bottom of the shell 24 down to the base 93 of the reservoir 11, and the reservoir 11 is connected to the generator 15 by means of a water feed duct 94.

The steam generator and reservoir Jmay be of any suitable design, as in my previous application 509,132, and the flow of steam through the duct 19 may be controlled by a three-way valve 95 connecting the generator 15 either tothe space 19 or to atmosphere through the vent duct 99.

From the foregoing description it will be obvious that operation of the motor I2 actuates the fan 45 to set up a main current of air from in front of the fan, and an auxiliary current from the rear oi' the fan, both uniting beyond the periphery of the fan. Also that this current will be deflected by the deilector I9, and will emerge from the outlet aperturing 59, and will emerge swirling. It also will be obvious that this current will entrain air from the outlet opening 29, to set up a current of air through the space 49 between the deector Il and the shell 24.

The air flowing through the space 49 enters the shell 24 through apertures l1 in the i'raxne II, while the air moved by the rear fan section 48 enters through the frame aperture Il and reaches the fan section 49 through the motor I2. The air moved by the front fan section 41 enters through the inlet openings 94, and by reason of the proximity of the outlet openings 99. and of the nature oi' the outlet stream, entralns and includes a considerable portion of the outlet stream.

'I'he device therefor is constructed to subject a body placed before the front 22 to the action of a current of iiuidwhich is in part recirculated.

At the same time the device is also adapted to treat the iluid, either by heating the uid, by

means of the heating element 99, or by injecting vapor into the fluid, by means of the generator 15, or by injecting vapor and heating, by employing both the generator 15 and the heating element 39, and therefore is operable for subjecting to the action of an untreated stream of fluid, or of a treated stream of fluid, as may be desired.

And the treatment of course may be other than the heat and vapor herein disclosed.

The operation may be controlled conveniently by a switch 54 mounted on the bracket 59 and arranged to energize the motor I2 either with or without energization of either or both of the heating element 39 and the generator 15, thus to provide a current of air of either normal or raised temperature. and either without or with vapor.

When the device is to be employed for drying hair a variable air stream is desirable, and accordingly the embodiment herein shown comprises also a rheostat 99 connected in circuit with the motor I2, mounted on the shell 24 with its handle 99 projecting through the shell 24 readily accessible exteriorly of the shell 24. 'I'he rheostat 99, however, is disposed generally within the shell 24, protected by the shell 24, and in the air current flowing through the space 49 between the shell 24 and the defiector I9, whereby the heat from the rheostat 99 serves to heat the air iiowing through the space 49 and at the same time the air owing through the space 49 serves to maintain the rheostat 99 against overheating.

In the embodiment herein disclosed I include another resistance 94 also connected in circuit with the motor I2 but arranged to be short-circuited by a switch 95, and I form this resistance 94 of a value such that the motor I2 will operate at the same speed on direct current with the resistance 94 in circuit as on alternating current with the resistance 94 short-circuited by the switch 95. The resistance 94 is located adjacent .f

the heating element 3B, so that its heat serves to additionally heat the main air current and at the same time the main air current serves to prevent overheating of the resistance 94, while the switch 95 is mounted on the bracket 59 above the switch 54.

Under these circumstances I find it convenient to connect the parts as shown in Figure 5, wherein a rst line conductor 5I is connected to the arm 59 of the control switch 54. The switch 54 is provided with a contact arm 59 adapted in its iirst position to engage only a contact bar 91 connected by a conductor 99 to the motor I2, to energize only the motor I2, but in its second position to engage both the contact bar 91 and also a contact bar 99 connected by a bridge 19 to a contact bar 1I and then by a conductor 12 to the heating element 99, to energize both the motor I2 and the heating element 99. In a third position the contact arm 65 engages both the contact bar 61 and also a contact bar 12 connected by a conductor 14 to the steamer 15, thus to energize both the motor I2 and the steamer 15, while in a fourth position the contact arm 55 engages the contact bar 51 and the contact bar 1I and the contact bar 12, to energize the motor I2 and the heater 99 and the generator 15.

In the iirst position the subjection is to a stream of untreated fluid, in the second position to a stream of heated uid, in the third to a stream of vapor laden fluid, and in the fourth to a stream of heated vapor laden iluld. With air as the uid, in the tlrst position the device operates as a cold drier, in the second as a hot drier. in the third, with steam as the vapor, as a relatively cold steamer, and in the fourth, as a hot steamer. With other fluid, and/or with other treatment, the eiect of course would be different, depending on the other fluid and/or treatment.

The valve 85 is provided merely to insure against inilow of vapor when it is desired to use the device as a drier just after it has been used as a steamer, and the vent B6 is provided to aiord relief if the valve 85 is turned While the generator 15 is energized.

The heating element 3B is connected to the return line conductor B by a conductor B2, and the generator by a conductor 83, while the motor I2 is connected by a conductor 6l to the rheostat 9B, and the rheostat 98 is connected by a forked conductor B9 to the resistance 9| and switch 95 in parallel, and the resistance 94 and switch 95 are connected by a. forked conductor 90 to the return line 65.

Under these circumstances it becomes obvious that by means of the switch 95 the device may be operated under the same conditions on either direct current or alternating current, and that by means of the rheostat 98 the speed of the motor may be varied, thus to vary the volume and speed of the fluid stream.

From the construction of the device it will be apparent that at all times there will be some recirculation of air, that is some of the air drawn in by the primary fan 41 through the central aperturing 34 will be air which has just been expelled by the fan through the intermediate aperturing when the device is actually in use, however, that is when a body as a persons head or hands are adjacent the tace plate 22, this recirculation will be greatly increased, in many cases to an extent where more than half of the air drawn in by the primary ian is recirculatory.

Obviously this recirculation of air greatly reduces the total treatment required for the circulated fluid, whether from the heating element 38, or from the generator 15, or from both, or from any other treating means, or from any combination of treating means, and constitutes an advantage of the device herein disclosed.

Under all these circumstances it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that the embodiment of my invention herein shown and described accomplishes at least the principal object or my invention. At the same time it also will be apparent that this particular embodiment may be put to other uses, and may be variously changed and modiiied, all without departing from the spirit oi l y invention or sacricing the advantages thereof, and accordingly it will be understood that the disclosure herein is illustrative only, and that my invention is not limited thereto.

I claim:

1. A drier, comprising: a casing provided with an inlet and with an outlet: a circulator for drawing a stream of air in through said inlet and expelling such air through said outlet; a heater for heating such air; and a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and with said casing defining a passage opening into the stream of such air, whereby additional air is drawn through between said casing and said shell into said stream, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and joining said stream only when at least partially heated.

2. A drier, comprising: a casing provided with an inlet and with an outlet; a circulator for drawing a stream of air in through said inlet and expelling such air through said outlet; a heater for heating such air; an electric motor ior operating said circulator: a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and opening into the stream of such air, whereby additional air is drawn through between said casing and said shell into said stream, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and joining said stream only when at least partially heated; and a resistance, connected in the circuit of said motor, located in the path or such additional air, serving to additionally heat such additional air, and maintained by such additional air against overheating.

3. A drier, comprising: a casing provided with an inlet and with an outlet; a circulator for drawing a stream of air in through said inlet and expelling such air through said outlet; a heater for heating such air; a universal electric motor for operating said circulator; a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and opening into the stream of such air, whereby additional air is drawn through between said casing and said shell into said stream, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and joining said stream only when at least partially heated; a resistance unit, for inserting a resistance into circuit with said motor when said motor is operated on direct current, having its resistance located in said stream of air to additionally heat the air of said stream and at the same time be held thereby against overheating; and a rheostat, for controlling the speed of said motor, having its resistance located in the path of such additional air to additionally heat such additional air and at the same time be held 35 thereby against overheating.

4. A recirculating drier comprising: having an inlet through which air is drawn, and an outlet through which air is expelled, said inlet and outlet being arranged in juxtaposition; means carried by said casing for drawing a stream of exterior air and at least some of the air as expelled from said outlet inwardly into said casing and redirecting at least some of the same air of said stream outwardly and expelling it from said outlet; a heater for heating such air; and a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and defining a passage opening into the stream of such air, whereby additional exterior air is drawn between said casing and said shell, absorbing heat from said casing fo maintain said casing against overheating, and joining said stream only when at least partially heated 5. A recirculating drier comprising: a casing having annularly arranged inlet means through which air is drawn, and annularly arranged outlet means through which air is expelled, said inlet and outlet annular means being of different sizes and both providing passage for air through and within the compass of the larger annular means; means carried by said casing for drawing a stream of exterior air and at least some of the air as expelled from said outlet inwardly into said casing and redirecting at least some of the same air of said stream outwardly and expelling it from said outlet; a heater for heating such air; and a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and defining a passage opening into the stream of such air, whereby additional exterior air is drawn between said casing and said shell, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and joining said stream only when at least partially heated.

6. A recirculating drier comprising'. a casing having annularly arranged inlet means through which air is drawn, and annularly arranged outlet means through which air is expelled, said inlet and outlet annular means being of different sizes, and both providing passage for air Ythrough and within the compass oi' the outer annular means, said outlet means being arranged exteriorly of said inlet means; means carried by said casing for drawing a stream of exterior air and at least some of the air as expelled from said outlet inwardly into said casing and redirecting at least some of the same air of said stream outwardly and expelling it from said outlet; a heater for heating such air; and a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and defining a passage opening into the stream of such air, Whereby additional exterior air is drawn between said casing and said shell, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and joining said stream only when at least partially heated.

'7. A recirculating drier comprising: a casing having annularly arranged inlet means through which air is drawn, and annularly arranged outlet means through which air is expelled, said inlet and outlet annular means being of different sizes and both providing passage for air through and within the compass of the larger annular means; means carried by said casing for drawing a stream of exterior air and at least some of the air as expelled from said outlet inwardly into said casing and redirecting at least some of the same air of said stream outwardly and expelling it from said outlet; a heater located in said outlet meansl for heating such air; and a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and defining a passage opening into the stream oi' such air. whereby additional exterior air is drawn between said casing and said shell, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and joining said stream only when at least partially heated.

8. A recirculating drier comprising: a casing having annularly arranged inlet means through which air is drawn, and annularly arranged outlet means through which air is expelled, said inlet and outlet annular means being of different sizes, and both providing passage for air through and within the compass of the outlet means; said out- `let means being disposed exteriorly of said inlet means; means carried by said casing for drawing a stream of exterior air and at least some of the air as expelled from said outlet inwardly into said casing and redirecting at least some ot the same air of said stream outwardly and expelling it from said outlet: a heater located in said outlet means for heating such air; and a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and defining a passage opening into the stream of such air, whereby additional exterior air is drawn between said casing and said shell, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and Joining said stream only when at least partially heated.

9. A recirculating drier comprising: a casing having annulariy arranged inlet means through which air is drawn, and annulariy arranged outlet means through which air is expelled, said inlet and outlet annular means being arranged in luxtaposition; a centrifugal fan for drawing a stream of exterior air and at least some of the air as expelled from said outlet yinwardly into said casing and said casing being formed for redirecting at least some ol the same air of said stream outwardly and in a direction substantially parallel with the axis of said fan and expelling it from said outlet; a heater i'or heating such air; and a. shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and dening a passage opening into the stream of such air, whereby additional exterior air is drawn between said casing and said 5 having annularly arranged inlet means through 10 which air is drawn, and annularly arranged outlet means through which air is expelled, said inlet and outlet annular means being of diierent sizes and both providing passage for air through and within the compass of the outer annular means, 1|

said outlet means being disposed exteriorly of said inlet means; a centrifugal fan for drawing a stream of exterior air and at least some of the air as expelled from said outlet inwardly into said casing and said casing being formed to deflect the air emerging from said fan into a stream moving in a direction substantially parallel to the axis of said fan, outwardly and expelling it from said outlet; a heater for heating such air; and a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and defining a passage opening into the stream of such air, whereby additional exterior air is drawn between said casing and said shell, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and joining said stream only when at least partially heated.

11. A recirculating drier comprising: a casing having annularly arranged inlet means through which air is drawn, and annularly arranged outlet means through which air is expelled, said inlet and outlet annular means being of different sizes and both providing passage for air through and within the compass of the larger annular means. said outlet means being disposed exteriorly of said inlet means; means carried by said casing including a centrifugal fan for drawing a stream o! exterior air and at least some of the air as expelled from said outlet inwardly into said casing and said casing being formed for redirecting at least some of the same air oi' said stream outwardly in a direction substantially parallel to the axis of said fan and expelling it from said outlet; a heater in said outlet means for heating such air; and a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and defining a passage opening into the stream of such air, whereby additional exterior air is drawn between said casing and said shell, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and

joining said stream only when at least partially 55 heated.

12. A drier, comprising: a casing provided with an inlet and with an outlet and with an auxiliary inlet; an electric-motor driven circulator for drawing a stream of air in through said inlet and expelling such air through said outlet, and for drawing auxiliary air in through said auxiliary inlet, over the motor of said circulator to maintain said motor against overheating, and then into the stream oi' air drawn in through said inlet; a heater for heating said air; and a shell surrounding said casing, but spaced therefrom, and opening into said stream, whereby additional air is drawn through between said casing and said shell into said stream, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating. and joining said stream only when at least partially heated.

13. A recirculating drier comprising: a casing having an inlet through which air is drawn, and

an outlet through which air is expelled, said inlet and outlet being arranged in juxtaposition and said casing also having an auxiliary inlet; means carried by said casing and including an electric motor driven circulator for drawing a stream oi exterior air and at least some of the air as expelled from said outlet inwardly into said casing and redirecting at least some of the same air outwardly and expelling it from said outlet, and for drawing auxiliary air in through said auxiliary inlet, over the motor of said circulator to maintain said motor against overheating, and then into the stream of air drawn in through said inlet; a heater for heating such air; and a shell surrounding said casing but spaced therefrom and defining a passage whereby additional air is drawn through between said casing and said shell into said stream, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and joining said stream only when at least partially heated.

14. A recirculating drier comprising: a. casing having an inlet through which air is drawn, and an outlet through which air is expelled, said inlet and outlet being arranged in juxtaposition and said casing also having an auxiliary inlet; means carried by said casing and including an electric motor driven centrifugal fan for drawing a stream of exterior air and at least some of the air as expelled from said outlet inwardly into said casing and said casing being formed to deflect the air emerging from said fan into a stream moving outwardly in a direction substantially parallel to the axis of said Ian and expelling it from said outlet, and for drawing auxiliary air in through said auxiliary inlet, over the motor of said circulator to maintain said motor against overheating, and then into the stream of air drawn in through said inlet; a heater for heating such air; and a shell surrounding said casing but spaced therefrom and defining a passage whereby additional air is drawn through between said casing and said shell into said stream, absorbing heat from said casing to maintain said casing against overheating, and joining said stream only when at least partially heated.

15. Apparatus, as of the type described, for subjecting a person to the action of a stream of vapor-carrying gaseous-like fluid, comprising: an open-front casing, including fluid-directing means, and having its mouth formed to be directed toward and partially receive the subject to be treated, said mouth having an inlet area and an outlet area, and said outlet area embracing said inlet area; vapor injecting means, operating within said casing, for inserting vapor into the fluid circulated by said apparatus; means for preventing accidental contact of said subject with said vapor-injecting means; and fluid-circulating means within said casing; said fluid-circulating means and said fluid-directing means operating together to indraw through said inlet area an inilowing stream of fluid, and to double back said fluid upon itself and expel said fluid through said outlet area, and said apparatus comprising means whereby said fluid is expelled about said subject, and in proximity to said inflowing stream, to be in part entrainai in said inflowing stream, whereby part of said fluid is recirculated, to reduce the amount of vapor required to be inserted to maintain said fluid at desired condition.

16. Apparatus, as of the type described, for subjecting a person to the action of a stream of vapor-carrying gaseous-like uid, comprising: an open-front casing, including fluid-directing means, and having its mouth formed to be directed toward and partially receive the subject to be treated, said mouth having an inlet area and an outlet area, and said outlet area embracing said inlet area; vapor injecting means, operating within said casing, for inserting vapor into the fluid circulated by said apparatus; means for preventing accidental contact of said subject with said vapor-injecting means; and fluid-circulating means within said casing; said fluid-circulating means and said fluid-directing means operating together to indraw through said inlet area an inllowing stream of fluid, and to expel said fluid through said outlet area, and said apparatus comprising means whereby said fluid is expelled about said subject, and in proximity to said iniiowing stream, to be in part entrained in said inflowing stream, whereby part of said fluid is recirculated, to reduce the amount of vapor required to be inserted to maintain said uid at desired condition.

17. Apparatus, as ol.' the type described, for subjecting a person to the action of a stream of heated vapor-carrying gaseous-like fluid, comprising: an open-iront casing, including fluiddirecting means, and having its mouth formed to be directed toward and partially receive the subject to be treated, said mouth having an inlet area and an outlet area, and said outlet area embracing said inlet area; vapor injecting means, operating within said casing, for inserting vapor into the fluid circulated by said apparatus; an electric heater, operating Within said casing, for heating the fluid circulated by said apparatus; means for preventing accidental contact of said subject with said vapor-injecting means and said heater; and huid-circulating means within said casing; said fluid-circulating means and said fluid-directing means operating together to indraw through said inlet area an inflowing stream of fluid, and to double back said fluid upon itself and to expel said fluid through said outlet area, and said apparatus comprising means whereby said fluid is expelled about said subject, and in proximity to said inflowing stream, to be in part entrained in said inilowing stream, whereby part of said fluid is recirculated, to reduce the amount of vapor and heat required to maintain said uid at desired condition and temperature.

18. Apparatus, as of the type described, for subjecting a person to the action of a stream of heated vapor-carrying gaseous-like fluid, comprising: an open-front casing, including fluiddirecting means, and having its mouth formed to be directed toward and partially receive the subject to be treated, said mouth having an inlet area and an outlet area, and said outlet area embracing said inlet area; vapor injecting means, operating within said casing, for inserting vapor into the iluid circulated by said apparatus; an electric heater, operating within said casing, for heating the fluid circulated by said apparatus; means for preventing accidental contact of said subject with said vapor-injecting means and said heater; and fluid-circulating means within said casing; said fluid-circulating means and said fluid-directing means operating together to indraw through said inlet area an infiowing stream of fluid, and to expel said fluid through said outlet area, and said apparatus comprising means whereby said fluid is expelled about said subject, and in proximity to said inflowing stream, to be in part entrained in said inflowing stream, whereby part of said fluid is-recirculated, to reduce the amount of vapor and heat required to maintain said fluid at desired condition and temperature;

19. An apparatus for drying by iluid circulation comprising an outer shell open at its i'ront and rear ends, hollow supporting means for said shell engaging the rear end thereof, and in communication with the open atmosphere, a motor supported by said means in axial alignment with said shell, an inner shell axially aligned with and supported by said iirst shell, said inner shell being spaced from the inner wall of said rst shell for forming a substantially ring-shaped passage between said shells, and a circulator supported and driven by said motor in axial alignment with said shells, said circulator being a centrifugal fan adapted to draw air into said inner shell, and said outer and inner shells being in open communication at their front ends to permit oi fresh air being drawn from said ring-shaped passage into said inner shell.

20. An apparatus for drying by uid circulation comprising an outer shell open at its front and rear ends, hollow supporting means for said shell provided with openings in its wall portion and in communication with the rear end of said shell, a motor supported by said supporting means opposite the rear end of said shell, an inner shell axially aligned with and supported by said rst shell, said inner shell being spaced from the inner wall of said first shell for forming a substantially ring-shaped passage between said shells, and a circulator supported and driven by said motor in axial alignment with said shells, said outer and inner shells being in open communication at their front ends to permit of fresh air being drawn from said ring-shaped passage into said inner shell.

2l. An apparatus for drying by fluid circulation comprising an outer shell open at its front and rear ends, hollow supporting means for said shell provided with openings in its Wall portion and secured to and in communication with the rear end of said shell, a motor supported by said supporting means opposite the rear end of said shell, an inner shell within said first shell spaced from the front end thereof and supported thereby, said inner shell being also spaced from. the inner wall of said rst shell for forming a substantially ring-shaped passage between said shells, and a circulator supported and driven by said motor, said outer and inner shells being in open communication at their front ends to permit of fresh air being drawn from said ring shaped passage into said inner shell.

22. An apparatus for drying by iluid circulation comprising an outer shell open at its front and rear ends. chambered supporting means for said shell provided with openings in its wall for free communication with the open air and secured to and in communication with the rear end oi said shell, a motor mounted within said supporting means opposite the openings thereof in axial alignment with said shell, an inner shell within said rst shell spaced from the front end thereof and supported thereby, said inner shell being also spaced from the inner wall of said rst shell for forming a substantially ring-shaped passage between said shells, and a circulator supported and driven by said motor, said outer and inner shells being in open communication at their front ends to permit of fresh air being drawn from said ring shaped passage into said inner shell.

23. An apparatus for drying by fluid circulation comprising an outer shell open at its front and rear ends, hollow supporting means for said shell engaging the rear end thereof and in cornmunication with the open atmosphere, a motor supported by Said means in axial alignment with said shell, an inner shell axially aligned with and supported by said first shell, said inner shell being spaced from the inner wall of said rst shell for forming a substantially ring shaped passage between said shells, a motor controlling rheostat arranged within said ring-shaped passage for preheating air passing therethrough and a circulator supported and driven by said motor, said outer and inner shells being in open communication at their front ends to permit of fresh preheated air being drawn from said ring-shaped passage into said inner shell.

24. An apparatus for drying by fluid circulation as described in claim 23, wherein said shells are connected with each other by a third shell having perforated areas opposite said inner shell and the said ring shaped passage.

25. An apparatus for drying by fluid circulation comprising an outer shell open at its front and rear ends, hollow supporting means for said shell provided with openings in its wall portion and secured to and in communication with the rear end of said shell, a motor supported by said supporting means opposite the rear end of said shell, an inner shell Within said first shell spaced from the front end thereof and supported thereby, said inner shell being also spaced from the inner wall of said first shell Vfoi* `forming a substantially :ring-shaped passage between said shells, a motor controlling rheostat arranged within said ring-shaped passage for preheating air passing therethrough, a circulator 'supported and driven by said motor and heating means for the air circulating through said inner shell, said heating means and said motor being independently operable and said outer and inner shells being in open communication at their front end to permit of fresh preheated air being drawn from said ring-shaped passage into said inner shell.

WENDELL L. MARTIN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2762133 *Sep 10, 1953Sep 11, 1956Jean LeclabartHair drier
US3058233 *Sep 4, 1958Oct 16, 1962August GuhlActive-oxygen treatment for human head hair
US3495343 *Feb 20, 1968Feb 17, 1970Rayette FabergeApparatus for applying air and vapor to the face and hair
US5107832 *Mar 11, 1991Apr 28, 1992Raul GuibertUniversal thermotherapy applicator
US5190031 *Feb 3, 1992Mar 2, 1993Raul GuibertUniversal thermotherapy applicator
US5315994 *Mar 5, 1993May 31, 1994Raul GuibertCombined thermotherapy and electrotherapy technique
US5443487 *Dec 20, 1993Aug 22, 1995Guibert; RaulCombined chemo-thermo therapy technique