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Publication numberUSRE20981 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 17, 1939
Filing dateNov 14, 1936
Publication numberUS RE20981 E, US RE20981E, US-E-RE20981, USRE20981 E, USRE20981E
InventorsRalph A. Riesgo
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Beverage serving apparatus
US RE20981 E
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 17,l 1939. Rf A. RIESGO BEVERAGE SERVING APPARATUS original Filed Nov. 14, 1936 2 sheets-sheet 2 Reissued Jang/1 7, 1939 PATENT. ori-lcs BEVERAGE SERVING APPARATUS Ralph A. Riesgo, New York, N. Y.

Original No. 2,082,975, dated June 8, 1937, Serial No. 110,782, November 14, 1936. Application Y for reissue June 6. 1938, Serial No. 212,208

22 Claims.

` This invention relates to beverage serving apparatus and has particular reference to a system for eiilciently and effectively maintaining the predetermined temperature of a beverage from storage to the place where it is to be served,

The invention is equally adaptable to main-l taining the temperature of both hot and cold beverages, and by way offillustration, the application-oi' the invention to maintaining the temi perature of precooled beer will be described.

A common way of cooling beer for serving purposes is to pre-cool the keg of beer in an icebox in the basement or elsewhere and convey the cooled kegs to the bar when a new supply f is required, or, alternatively, to pipe the uncooled beer from the kegs in the cellar to an iced or mechanically refrigerated cooler at the abar. More recently, an arrangement has been provided whereby the beer4 is piped from kegs in a prei coolingchamber in the basement or other nearby place and the air from the pre-cooler is circulated around the pipes within insulated tubes. This system is reasonably satisfactory where the distance from the pre-cooler to the cooler in the 5 bar is very short and direct, but where the distance is relatively longr the circulation of the air has not been suiiiciently uniform or eiective to effectively cool the beer.

In accordance with the present invention, a

, beverage serving apparatus or system is provided in which the tempenature of the beverage, such as beer, is preferably maintained at the proper cool degree by a novel arrangement of circulating icewater which is served at the bar and which is eii'cctive even where the pre-cooler vin the basement or elsewhere ls located at a considerable distance from the bar, and thus not only are aircooling ducts and the like dispensed with but effective cooling is secured without the necessity o`f providing special mechanical refrigeratingsystems for maintaining the beer cool intransit and for keeping the beer cool at the bar until it is served.

More particularly, the apparatus or system of this invention includes the usual pre-cooling chamber in the basement or elsewhere in which the kegs of beer are located and from which the beer is piped from the kegs to thebar, along with continuously circulating' icewater from a suitable cooling source in the pre-cooler or elsewhere, the icewater pipes being nested with the beer pipes within an insulated jacket leading to the usual icewater tap at the bar. With this arrangement, the separately-cooled pre-cooler at the bar is dispensed with and in one form of the arrangement of this invention, the icewater pipes are wrapped around the `pipes leading to the beer faucets within a pre-cooling chamber at the bar so that the continuously circulating icewater maintains the beer cool within the pipes leading 5 to the faucets. In an alternative arrangement, the icewater is circulated through a series of individual jackets for each of the pipes leading to the beer faucet within a pre-cooling chamber.' the series of connections between adjacent jackets being so arranged that the icewater flows longitudinally of the beer pipes, entering each jacket at one end and owing out at the oppositeend.

It will be seen that this arrangement for keeping beer or other beverages cool is simple and particularly economical, as icewater must always be available at the bar. In addltionto the convenience and economy. the use of icewater for the purpose described avoids the objections to cooling with circulating refrigerants, lbrines orA the like, which cause diiiculties in the event of leakage, and with brine and the like additional diiiiculties` are frequently encountered because of freezing of the beer, corrosion o1 the pipes,l precipitation oi.' salts therein, and the like.

For a. more complete understanding 0f the invention, reference may be had to the accom-` A panying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is an elevation of the beer serving system embodying apparatus of this invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged section through the single supply pipe leading to the bar, and containing the icewater and beer lines, as seen along the line 2 2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the interior of the coil compartment at the bar;

Fig. 4 illustrates a modied form of cooling ar rangement at the bar; and

Fig, 5 is an enlarged section through one of the cooling jackets employed in the last named arrangement.

' Referring to Fig. l of the drawings, numeral Iii designates an insulated pre-cooling chamber. located in the basement or elsewhere and suitably cooled by mechanical refrigeration of a known type, one ofK which is herein indicated symbolically by a compressor a, valves b and c constituting temperature regulating means, a blower d, coil e or the like. The kegs Il containing beer or other beverage to be served are located 50 within precooler I0. A conventional pressure pump I2, suitably positioned.. on the wall of the precooler I0 as shown or elsewhere, maintains through pipe I3 and connections I4 to the kegs i I a pressure of vair or other -gas on the beer in the lated jacket 2l which leads to the compartment y kegs II so that the beer is forced through pipes I5 to the bar I5 located on the iloor above the `pre cooler or elsewhere in the usual way. The beer pipes preferably lead through an insulated compartment I1 at the bar and the beer is served from tbeusual .faucets I9. v y

Preferably located within the pre-cooler III is a suitable icewater cooler I9 of considerable cooling capacity and provided with a circulating pump 20. 'I'he icewater cooler.I9` may be located elsewhere and be separately cooled if desired, or the icewater may be cooled by coilsrunning along the wall of the pre-cooler III, or

A in any other suitable way. The circulating icewater-pipes 2I and 22, one of which, 2l, may be the supply and the other, 22, the-return, are bunched with the beer pipes I5 within an. insu- I1 at the bar as indicated in Figs. 1 and 3. Y

As illustrated in the enlarged section oi Fig. 2,

the beer lines I5, which may be four in number, are positioned in close contact with and surround the icewater circulating pipes 2l and 22, and all pipes I5, 2l and 22, are surrounded by insulating material 2l, such as cork, mineral wool, or the like, packed' within jacket plpe23. The pipes I5, 2I and 22, enclosed in a preformed 'insulating jacket of any conventional `within pipes `2| and 22 circulates continuously atv a rate such that its temperature is substantially uniform, and its average temperature is at or below thatdesired for the beer at the bar.

. The icewater pipes 2I and 22 leadto the compartment I1 at the bar and one of them is connected to the usual icewater tap 25 at the bar.

In a. preferred arrangement, the icewater pipes 2| and 22 terminate in a coil 25 of high conducting. material, such as iiexible copper tubing and lis wrapped around and in close contact with the beer pipes .21 extending between supply pipes I5 and faucets I9. Thev material of which. pipes 21 are made is also highly heat-conductive,

I such as block tin, and as the tubes forming coil ment I1 through pipe 2| is introduced into one 2G are in close heat-transferring contact with pipes 21 and form a long narrow chamber 28 in which pipes 21 are located, the beer in the latter is effectively and uniformly cooled. The radiating area of coil 2B is relatively great in respect to the cubical content' of compartment I1, so that the latter is also uniformly cooled, whereby the beer in that portion of .the pipes .I5 between the jacket 23 and the pipes 21 is also kept cool.

In the modified arrangement oi' the bar compartment I1 illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5, the individual beer pipes 21 leading to-the faucets I8' are enclosed in jackets'29, which may 4be cast.` aluminum or the like, and threaded on to the pipes 21, as is illustrated in the enlarged section of Fig.' 5. vThe icewater entering the compartend of oneof the jackets 29 in the manner ll- 'lustrated in Fig. 4. The icewater is led from the opposite end of ljacket 29 by pipe 2| to the corresponding end of adjacent jacket 29 and so on to the icewater discharge pipe 22, the waterv circulating longitudinally of the pipes 21 as it enters one end of` the jacket and discharges at the other end. The ice water tap 25 is connected to a separate container 3l! similar to jackets 29 but of course containing no pipe to be cooled and serving merely as a reservoir for the circulating ice Water. In this way the ice water circulates constantly around the pipes 21 and the cooling action is very effective for removing the` heat that is ordinarily absorbed by the beer in transit to the serving place, so that the beer is supplied and maintained cool at the serving p1ace. The cooling ice water; both supply and return, is circulated at such a rate that its average temperature is at or below that desired at the serving place. If desiredVbaiiles such as spiral-strips wound around pipe 21 or spiral ns within jackets 29 may be provided to direct thel cooling water in a particular path.

Although there has' been illustrated and described herein only one method of precooling the beer, i, e., in a precooler III, the invention is equally applicable for maintaining the beer cool after it has been precooled by other common means, such as running a cooling medium through a coil thrust into the keg andthe like, where the cooling medium may be ice water or other fluid, the circulating pipes of which may be run in,A heat-transferring contact with the beer lines to the serving place in the manner described. l

Operation of the apparatus of this invention will be readily-understood from the foregoing explanation. Although certain preferred embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described herein, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited thereby but is susceptible of changes in form and detail within the 'scope of the appended claims. Thus, inasmuch as the system maintains the temperature of a` beverage, it may be adapted for maintaining the j original temperature of warm or hot beverages as well as cool or cold beverages during their transit through a medium which ordinarily abi sorbs some heat therefrom or adds heat thereto.

I claim: 1. In a beverage serving apparatus, the combination of a plurality of beverage supply pipes,

cooling medium supply and return pipes in heattransferring -contact with said beverage supply pipes, and a heat insulating jacket jointly en closing said beverage and cooling medium supply and return pipes.

2. In a. beverage serving apparatus, the combination of a plurality of beverage -SllPply pipes, cooling medium supply and return pipes in heattransferring contact with said beverage supply pipes, an insulated serving compartment into which said pipes lead, cooling means surrounding fsaid beverage pipes within said compartment, and connections between said cooling means and said cooling medium supply and return pipes.

3. In a beverage serving apparatus, the combination of a plurality of beverage supply pipes,

cooling medium supply and return pipes in heattransferring contact with said beveragesupply pipes, an insulated serving compartment into which said pipes lead, a cooling coil surrounding said beverage pipes within said compartment, and connectionsbetween said coil and said cooling medium supply and return pipes.

4. In a beverage serving apparatus, the com bination of a plurality of beverage supply pipes, cooling medium supply and return pipes in heattransferring contact with said beverage supply pipes, an insulated serving compartment into which said pipesv lead, individual serving pipes connected to said beverage pipes and located within said compartment, a coil within said compartment jointly surrounding said serving pipes and in heat-transferring contact therewith, and connections between opposite ends of said coil and said cooling medium supply and return pipes.

5. In a beverage serving apparatus, the combination of a plurality of beverage supply pipes, cooling medium supply and return pipes in heattransferring contact with said beverage supply pipes, an insulated serving compartment into which said vp-ipes lead, individual serving pipes connected to said beverage pipes and located within said compartment, a coil within said compartment extending around the outermost serving pipes and enclosing other serving pipes within its interior, and connections between opposite ends of said coil and said cooling medium supply and return pipes.

6. In a beverage serving apparatus, the combination of a plurality of beverage supply pipes, cooling medium supply and return pipes in heattransferring contact'with said beverage supply pipes, an insulated serving compartment into which said pipes lead, jacket means enclosing said beverage pipes within said compartment, and connections between said jacket means and said cooling medium supply and return pipes.

7. In a beverage serving apparatus, the combination of a plurality of beverage supply pipes, cooling medium supply and returny pipes in heattransferring contact with said beverage supply -pipes, an insulated serving compartment into which said pipes lead, a jacket enclosing each beverage pipe within said compartment, connec` tions between said jackets, and connections between said jackets and said cooling medium supply and return pipes.

8. In a beverage serving apparatus, the combination of a plurality of beverage supply pipes, cooling medium supply and return pipes in heattransferring contact with said beverage supply pipes, an insulated serving compartment into which said pipes lead, a jacket enclosing each beverage pipe within said compartment, series connections between said jackets, a connection between the flrst jacket of said series and said cooling medium supply pipe, and a connection between the last jacket of said series and said cooling medium return pipe. v f

9. In a beverage serving apparatus, the combination of a plurality of beverage supply pipes, cooling medium supply and return pipes in heattransferring contact with said beverage supply pipes, an insulated serving compartment into which said pipes lead, atleast two individual serving pipes connected to said beverage pipes and located within said compartment, an elongated jacket enclosing each of said serving pipes, a connection between one end of one of said jackets and said cooling medium supply pipe, a connec- 'tio between the opposite end of said one jacket and one end of the other jacket, and a connection between the opposite end of said other jacket and said cooling medium return pipe.

10. In a beverage serving system, the combination of a source of beverage supply, pipes leading therefrom to the serving place, a source of ice water supply, a supply pipe leading from said ice water source to the serving place, 'a return ice water pipe connected to said ice water supply pipe and leading from the serving place to said ice water source, and insulating means enclosing said beverage and ice water pipe in intimatev heat-transferring contact, whereby the circulating ice water cools the beverage in said pipes.

1l. In a beverage serving system, the combination of a, source of beverage supply, pipes leading therefrom tothe serving place, a source of ice water supply, a supply pipe leading from said ice Water source to the serving place, a return ice water pipe connected to said ice water supply pipe and leading from the serving place to said ice water source; and an insulating jacket for said pipes in which the ice water pipes are nested between`said beverage pipes and in heat-transferring contact therewith.

12. In a beverage serving system, the combination of a source of beverage supply, pipes leading therefrom to the serving place, a source of ice water supply, a supply pipe leading from said ice water source to the serving place, a return ice water pipe connected to said ice water suppipes being positioned in heat-transferring contact, a coil surrounding said beverage pipes at the serving place, and connections between said coil and said ice water supply and return pipes.

13. In a beverage serving system, the combination of a source of beverage supply, pipes leading therefrom to the serving place, a source of ice water supply, a supply pipe leading from said ice water source to the serving place, a return ice water pipe connected to said ice water supply pipe and leading from the serving place to said ice water source, said beverage and ice water pipes being positioned in heat-transferring contact, jacket means enclosing said beverage pipes at the serving place, and connections between Said 'jacket means and said ice water supply and return pipes.

14. In a beverage serving system, the combination of a source of beverage supply, pipes leading therefrom to the serving place, a source of ice water supply, a supply pipe leading from said ice water source to the serving place, a return ice water pipe connected to said ice water supply pipe and leading from .the serving place to said ice water source, an insulated compartment at the serving place into which said 'pipes lead, cooling means in said compartment for said beverage pipes, and connections between said cooling meansand said ice water supply and return pipes.

15. In a beverage serving system, the combination of a source of beverage supply, pipes leading therefrom to the serving place, a source of ice water supply, a supply pipe leading from said ice water source to the serving place, a return ice water pipe connected to said ice water supply pipe and leading from the serving place to said ice Water source, said ice water and beverage pipes being substantially in coextensive heat-transferring contact to the serving place, an insulating jacketenclosing said pipes, an insulated compartment into which said pipes lead a cooling means for said beverage in said'compartment,

and connections between said ice water supply f and return pipes and said cooling means for cooling the latter.

16. In a beverage serving system, the combination of a source of beverage supply, means for cooling the beverage at said source, a beverage supply pipe leading from said sourceto the serving place,- cooling medium supply and return pipes leading from said cooling means -tc said serving place, said cooling medium supply and return pipes both being in heat-transferring contact` tion of a source of pre-cooled beverage supply, a

beverage supply pipe leading from said source to the serving place, cooling medium supply and return pipes, insulating jacket means inclosing said beverage and cooling medium supply and return pipes in coextensive heat-transferring association, and means for circulating a cooling medium through said cooling medium supply and return pipes.

18. In a system for supplying a beverage at a selected temperature to a serving place, the combination of a remote source of supply of the beverage at approximately said selected temperature, a beverage pipe leading from said source to the serving place, a supply pipe and a return pipe, both in heat-transferring contact with said beverage pipe, an insulating covering for all of said pipes, and" means for circulating through said supply and return pipes a iluid for maintaining the beverage in said beverage pipe atapproximately said selected temperature from said source to the serving place.

19. In a device of the class described, the combination of a serving compartment provided on its outer side with a plurality of faucets, an insulated conduit leading yinto one side of the compartment and including a plurality of beverage lines, one leading to each of said faucets, a coolingcoil located in said compartment and in heat exchanging relation to the discharge end portions of the beverage lines immediately adjacent their connections with their respective faucets, means forming a liquid containing cooling system and including. a supply pipe and a return pipe both contained with the beverage pipes in said conduit and in iluid communication with the coil to cause the'cooling liquid to traverse the coil'and thus keep the beverage in the beverage lines cool substantially up to the faucets. y

20. In a device of the class described. the cornbination of a serving compartment, a beer line having its discharge end passing through the compartment, temperature controlling means including an endless conduit in parallel and heat exchanging relation toA the portion of the beer line exteriorly of said compartment, said conduit including a coil in the serving compartment having a radiating areaexposed to the interiorl of the serving compartment relatively great in respect to the cubical contents of the compartment so that the latter and its contents are uniformly cooled. a-

21. In a device of the class described, the combination of a supporting wall, a faucet mounted on the outer side of said wall, a beverage supply pipe leading to said faucet, extending through the Wall and projecting rearwardlyfrom the rear sideof said wall, a metal jacket having 4its iorward end at said rear side and enclosing a portion of said rearwardly projecting supply pipe, said jacket provided with an outlet at the end nearest the wall and with an inlet at the opposite end and means for circulating a cooling liquid through the metal jacket.

. 22. In a system of the type, a `plurality of cooled liquid conveying pipes extending from a cooling chamberto a remote cooling tank, said dium thro-ugh said conveying and return pipes and also through said cooling tank and cooling chamber and a dead air insulating pipe surrounding said return pipe and extending the entire.

distance between said cooling chamber to said remote cooling tank. f

RALPH'. A. RIESGO.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7032781 *Jun 18, 2004Apr 25, 2006Heineken Technical Services B.V.Drink dispenser assembly and container for drink and drink dispensing line
US7661556May 29, 2001Feb 16, 2010Heineken Technical Services B.V.Tapping device and container therefor, and method for the manufacture thereof