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Publication numberUSRE22502 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 20, 1944
Filing dateJul 3, 1933
Publication numberUS RE22502 E, US RE22502E, US-E-RE22502, USRE22502 E, USRE22502E
InventorsClyde W. Wood
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Road material mixing machine
US RE22502 E
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 20,1944. 7 c.'w. WOOD Re. 22,502

ROAD MATERIAL MIXING MACHINE Original Filed July 3, 19:55 4 Sheets- Sheet 1 INVENTbR. d ZlfZlfooeZ:

A TTORNE S.

June 20, 1944. c. w. WOOD Re. 22,502

ROAD MATERIAL MIXING MACHINE Original Filed July 5, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 I n nnr HIIIIII!llllllllllllllw JHFD [-nm- I I "u 'INVEN TOR.

June 20, 1944.

C W. WOOD ROAD MATERIAL MIXING MACHINE Original Filed July 5, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. 69d! Z11. Zfodn June 20, 1944. c. w. WOOD R 2 ROAD MATERIAL M-IXING MACHINE Original Filed July 3, 1933 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 llllLlllll 'lllllllllllllflll 0 W w fafaw I ATTORNE s7 Reissued June 20, 1944 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ROAD MATERIAL MIXING MACHINE Clyde W. Wood, Pasadena, Calif. Original No. 1,997,959, dated April 16, 1935, Serial No. 678,913, July 3, 1933. Application for reissue August 24, 1943, Serial No. 499,851

21 Claims.

This invention relates to a road material mixing machine; the invention forming a continuatlon in part of my copending applications entitled Mixing machine for road material filed May 27, 1932, Serial Number 613,887, and Road material mixing machine filed December 2, 1932, Serial Number 645,387.

The object of the present invention is to generally improve and simplify the construction and operation of machines of the character described; to provide a road material mixing machine wherein dirt, sand, gravel, or other material forming the surface or shoulders of a road, or the like, may be thoroughly mixed with oil or any suitable binder for the formation of a road surface, and more particularly, to provide a machine adapted to travel over the road, or surface to be treated, and which is capable of gathering up the material while traveling over the surface and then thoroughly mixing the material with a binder and finally redeposlting the material in a sion supported on the vertically adjustable frame.

Fig. 6 is a side elevation showing the rear end of the road material mixing machine, said view also showing the manner in which a truck or trailer supplying oil or other binding material is attached to the machine.

Fig. 7 is an enlarged central vertical longitudinal section of the mixing cylinder, said view also showing the rotatable conveyor and mixer mounted within the cylinder and the manner in which it is driven.

Fig. 8 is a vertical cross section taken on line VIII-VIII of Fig. 1.

Fig. 9 is a vertical cross section taken on line IXIX of Fig. 1.

Referring to the drawings in detail, and particularly Figs. 1 and 3, A indicates the side bars of a main frame supported at its rear end by a cross axle and a pair of wheels 2, and at the forward end by drawbar coupling 3 which is attached to a tractor B of any suitable type. Suspended between the side bars of the main frame in a manner hereinafter to be described is a vertically adjustable frame. This frame is best shown in Figs. 2 and 9, and as noted,- consists of a pair of horizontally disposed'longitudinally extending channel bars 4 connected at opposite ends by cross bars 5 and 6. Welded. or otherwise secured, to the bars 4 are pairs of vertically-disposed channel-bars 1, and secured-to the-lower ends of the bars 1 are a pair of horizontally disposed I-beams 8, there being one on each side of the frame. I

The vertically adjustable frame forms a support for a mixing cylinder; a rotatable conveyor and mixer which extends therethrough; a housing forming a furnace for the receptionof one or more oil burners whereby the mixingwcylinder is heated and it furthermore carries a pair of ground engaging runners, the function of which will hereinafter be described;

' The mixing cylinder extends substantially from end to end of the vertically adjustable frame, see Figs. 1, 3 and '7, and consists of two sections a lower half section 9 which is permanently secured between thechannel bars 44-of.the vertically adjustable frame and an upper half section In which is removable and functions-as av cover to permit access to the cylinder for clean ing, inspection, repair, etc.

The furnace isdisposed below the lower half section of the cylinder-and consists of a-bottom plate II, see Figs. 1 and 9, which is welded or otherwise secured to the I-beams 8, This plate extends from the forward intake end of the cylinder to the rear end,- and side plates l2l2 are also provided and extend the same distance. These plates,- together with end plates and the bottom plate I I, form a-chamber below the lowor half of the cylinder and a pairof oil burners, such as indicated at l3, are. positioned atopposite sides of the chamber and near the forward end. The flames fromthese burners, are directed rearwardly along opposite sidesof the lower half of the mixing cylinder and finally escape through a pair of stack members Hi -which are disposed one on each side of thefurnace chamber. The material conveying and mixing mechanism is best illustrated in Figs..7 and 9.] It con.- sists of a shaft l5 which extends from end to end of the mixing cylinder. .fIhis shaft is journaled at its forward end in a bearing; which 'is s e-' cured to the lower side of a cross beam l1. The

rear end of the shaft is journaled in a hearing diate the bearings l6 and I8 is preferably square in cross section and a plurality of tubular arms are secured to the shaft throughout its length as shown. These arms are welded to V-shaped clamps generally indicated at l9, one arm to each .clamp. These clamps and arms are placed in opagainst the action of the helical feeder 2| so that I,

a more thorough mixing action will be obtained.

By referring to Fig, 7 in particular, it will be noted that the lower half of the mixing cylinder extends from the point 23 to the rear or discharge end indicated at 24 and that the upper half or cover section extends a considerable distance forwardly of the forward end of the lower half of the cylinder. This is an important feature as a space is thereby provided whereby a feeding mechanism may be introduced to assist delivery of the road material into the mixer. When the machine is in operation a scraper blade 23, which is secured to the forward end of the lower half of the mixing cylinder, extends into the ground anywhere from four to six inches below the surface to be treated. When the machine'is moving, forwardly over the surface, the dirt or material tends to build up to a considerable extent in front of the scraper blade and as such would impose a considerable drag or load on the tractor hauling the machine. Such building up of the material in front of the blade 23 is however avoided by the application to the shaft ii of the arms indicated at 26. These arms carry a pair of helical conveyor bands 21 and as the material gathers in front of the scraper blade 23 it is engaged by the helical conveyor and thrown rearwardly into the front end of the lower half of the mixing cylinder. A section of a helical conveyor, such as shown at 28, is employed at the forward end of the conveyor 2|. This assists in removing the material delivered by the scraper blade andby the conveyor 21. In other words it tends to maintain the space immediately rearwardly of the blade clear and thereby forces the material rearwardly where it is acted upon by the mixing paddles and finally discharged at the rear end. It should also be noted that a space 29 is'formed between the conveyors 21 and 2 I. This is of considerable importance as it often happens that material is encountered which contains fairly large rocks or boulders. If the conveyor band was continuous from the extreme forward end to the rear end there would be a tendency to jam the rocks between the scraper blade and the conveyor band and thus cause bending and breakage but by providing an interruption in the band, or the space indicated at- 29, such danger is entirely avoided.

The material to be mixed may be gathered from a comparatively wide area or strip or from a. narrow strip. For instance, if an entire road surface is to be treated the machine will travel at a comparatively low speed, namely, a quarter ed, a comparatively narrow strip of material will be passed through the mixer and it is then possible to operate at a speed, say for instance, a half mile an hour, as less material will be handled. In actual practice it has been found that the revolutions per minute of the conveyor and mixing blades should not be much in excess of seventy-five revolutions per minute, as any speed beyond that tends to throw the material outwardly by centrifugal action. Plainly speaking, the revolutions must be kept down to a point where the material is not passed through the mixer too rapidly so that a thorough mixing action may be. obtained without throwing the material centrifugally, and inasmuch as the machine is intended to travel at different speeds means must be provided for maintaining the revolutions of the mixer at a constant speed regardless of the speed with which the machine proper is driven. For this purpose an auxiliary transmission is provided which is generally indicated at D, see Fig. '7'.

This transmission is best shown in Fig. 5. Power from the tractor is utilized. The power is taken from the power take-off shaft generally in- .dicatedat 3| at the rear end of the tractor. It is then transmitted through a splined and telescoping shaft 32, which is connected with the transmission D, through a universal coupling 33. If the tractor is traveling at a slow speed, for instance a quarter of a mile an hour, when handlinga wide strip of material the power from shaft 32 is transmitted through the gears indicated at 34 and 35, but when the tractor is driven at a half mile speed the power will be transmitted through the gears 36 and 31; the power from shaft 38 being finally transmitted to the shaft l5 through a reduction sprocket chain drive generally indicated at 40. The shifting of the gears is accomplished by conventional means, the gears 34 and 36 being slidable on a splined shaft 34a so that they may be brought into mesh with the gears 35 and 31, respectively. A sliding shifting bar 35a carries an arm 36a which fits a groove between the gears and moves them in eitherdirection upon sliding of the shifting bar which is fitted with a clevis 31a at its outer end for connection with any suitable operating lever, not shown. Hence, regardless of whether the tractor is operating at its high or low speed, a substantially constant speed of rotation may be maintained within the mixer, this being essential as previousl described to prevent centrifugal throwof a mile. an hour, as a comparatively, wide strip ing'of the material, and it is also essential as it has been found that the best action is obtained if a constant amount of material is maintained in the mixer at all times. In other words if the machine is operating at slow speed and handling a certain strip of material there will be a predetermined amount of material continuously passing through the mixer. Again, if the machine is travcling at half mile speed and handling a narrow strip of material substantially the same amount of material will pass through the machine as the speed of the tractor is doubled. Another advantage of maintaining such a condition is that it substantially eliminates any adjustment of the spray nozzles whereby oil or other binder is delivered. That is, if the amount of material passing through is constant at all times the amount of oil or other binder delivered may be constant. On the other hand if the amount of material varied in proportion to the speed at which the machine was traveling over the surface to be treated, changes in adjustments would be required.

In order that the amount of material passin through the mixing cylinder may be regulated, apair of gathering blades are placed at the forward end of the machine. These blades are in-- dicated at 4| and 42. They are hingedly secured at their inner ends; as indicated at 43, to the forward end of the vertically adjustable frame. These hinges are furthermore disposed at opposite ends of the transversely disposed scraper blade 25, and if the blades assume the position shown in Fig. 3, material from a comparatively wide area will be gathered inwardly and will thus be delivered to the front end of the mixing cylinder. The forward ends of the blades are connected by means of arms, such as shown at 44, see Fig. 3, and each arm is independently adjustabl so that one or both blades may be swung inwardly or outwardly as conditions may demand. The binder employed may be crude oil or a similar material. It is applied to the material to be mixed at a point forwardly of the scraper blade 23. A pipe 46 extends transversely of the vertically adjustable frame adjacent the forward end thereof. This pipe is provided with a plurality of nozzles 41 and they direct the oil or other binder employed in the form of a spray directly onto the material to be gathered up and mixed. The quantit of oil or other binder thus employed will, of course, be comparatively large and means must be provided for maintaining a continuous supply. This is accomplished as shown in Figs. 1 and 6 by employing a tank'wagon trailer such as shown at 4B. This is connected to the rear end of the road material mixing machine by a drawbar 29 and flexible pipe connections may be made between the tank and a pump generally indicated at '50. This pump has an inlet connection 5| which is connected with the bottom of the tank 48 through a flexible pipe connection 52. The discharge of the pump is indicated at 53 and this is connected through a pipe 54 with one end of a transverse pipe 55, see Fig. 4. The opposite endof this transverse pipe is connected to a pipe 51 and this extends forwardly and is connected with one end of the transverse pipe 46 on which the spray nozzles 41 are mounted. Any suitable valve is provided for opening or closing the flow through the pipe connections described so as to shut off the flow and also to regulate the flow.

B again referring to Fig. '4, it will be noted that the transverse pipe 56 is provided with a plurality of spray nozzles 56a and that these are valve controlled, each valve having an extension rod '58 which is adapted to be pulled or lifted so as to open one or more of the spray nozzles 56a. These nozzles are disposed at a point rearwardly of the discharge end of the mixing cylinder and they are only utilized if it is found that an additional quantity of oil or binder is required.

By referring to Figs. 1 and 6 it will be noted that the supply pipe 54 is provided with a gauge 60 which indicates the pressure on the oil. It is also provided with a meter BI and a thermometer 62. By these means temperature, pressure and the exact quantity of oil employed may be determined. A by-pass connection 63 is formed around the meter and this is valve controlled so that oil may be by-passed around the meter if desired. An automatic relief valve is positioned at the point 84 and this is connected with a valve 55, this valve being in turn connected through a flexible hose 56 with the tank and with a bypass pipe 51, which connects with the suction side of the pump. When the road material mixing machine is in operation, power is delivered to operate the pump 50 from an engine generally indicated at 68, see Fig. 3. With the pump in operation oil will be drawn from the bottom of the tank and will pass through the pipe 54 forwardly to the spray nozzles indicated at 41, and if additional oil is required one or more of the nozzles indicated at 55a may be 'lopened. The capacity of the pump will normally be a little larger than the quantity of oil actually delivered to the nozzles and it is for this reason that an automatic relief valve is employed. That is, the moment the pressure on the oil reaches a predetermined pressure valve 54 opens and the oil thus passes through the valve and the by-pass connection 61 back to the {intake of the pump. The valve 65 is a threeway valve and, if desired, it may be so adjusted that the excess oil may be returned through the hose '66 back to the tank. If it is desired to throw the meter out of operation it is only necessary to open the valve controlled by-pass 63.

By referring to Figs. 1, 3 and 6, it will be noted that a comparatively large fuel tank is placed on the rear end of the road material mixing machine as indicated at 10. This tank may contain a fuel oil, such as distillate, or the like, and it is primarily intended to supply fuel to the oil burners indicated at l3, see Figs. 1 and 9. A pair of pipes such as shown at 1| are connected with the respective burners and with the bottom of the tank 10. These pipes are valve controlled and the size of the flame may thus be controlled. The burners are of the centrifugal atomizing type and are electric motor driven. Current is supplied to each motor through proper wire connections and the current is obtained from .a generator 12 driven by the engine 58, see Fig.

3. The distillate is not only employed for the purpose of supplying the burners but it is also employed for cleanin out the pump, the meter, the spray nozzles and the several pipe connections when a run is completed. That is, the type of binder or oil employed is usually a comparatively heavy grade of oil and flows readily when maintained at the proper temperature. It has a tendency to harden and clog when cool,

,-hence it is advisable when shutting down to clean out the several connections so as to have clear passage when the machine is again to be placed in operation.

To accomplish this a pipe 13 is connected at one end with the fuel tank 10 and at the opposite end with the intake of the pump, see Fig. 1. By shutting th valve 14 on the inlet pipe and by placing the pump 50 in operation distillate will be sucked into the intake of the pump through the pipe 13. By closing the valves 63 and 5411. oil may first be circulated through the relief valve 64, by-pass valve 65 and the by-pass connection 61, and when this is cleaned out the valve 65 may be adjusted to direct the oil into the hose 61 and discharge it into the tank 48. By opening the valve 54a distillate may be directed through the meter and the pipes connected with the front and rear set of spray nozzles. These pipe connections and the spray nozzles may thus be cleaned out, and when this is accomplished the valve on pipe 13 may be closed and the pump shut down.

It was previously stated that the mixing cylinder, th furnace cooperating therewith, and so on, were supported in a vertically, adjustable frame which was suspended between the-side bars ble frame.

A of the main frame. This method of suspension will-now be described and particular referencewill be made to Figs. 1, 4 and 8. By referring to these figures it will be noted that a pair of hydraulic cylinders 80 are secured to the side bars A -Aon th main frameat a point? adjacentthe rear end. Each cylinderca-rries a piston; 8| and these pistons are connected by a cross bar 82. This crossbar carries a pai-r of chains 83 and'these are connected to the rear cross bars of the vertically adjusta- A pair of cylinders 84 are secured to the side bars A-v-A of the main frame at apoint adjacent the forward'end of the same, A piston 85 is mounted in each cylinder andthe pistonsare connected by a crossbar 86, this crossbar also carries a pair of chains 81 and these chains are connected to the forward cross bar of the vertie cally adjustable frame, see Fig.. 8. Means are employed for actuating each individual hydraulic cylinder, hence making it possible to. raise or lower any of the corners of the vertically adjustable frame or to raise and lower the frame as a whole. This is accomplished by providing aseries of hand pumps, one for each cylinder. These pumps are indicated at 88, see Figs. 1 and 4. Each pump is provided with a hand lever 89 topermit it to be operated by hand and each pump is provided with an inlet pipe 90 and a discharge pipe -9I, there being one discharge pipe from each pump to each hydraulic cylinder and there being one intake pipe for each hand pump, said intake pipes being all connected to a common reservoir or tank 92 which contains oil for operation of the hydraulic cylinders or jacks. Each hand pump is also provided with a return pipe 94 and a valve 95. By closing the valves 95' and operating the pump handles or levers 89 oil is pumped from the tank 91 to the respective hydraulic jacks'or cylinders indicated at 80 and 84 supplying them with oil and causing the pistons to raise. If it is desired to lower any one of the hydraulic jacks, it is only necessaryto open one or more of the valves 95. This permits the oil to flow back through the pumps to the supply tank 92, thus manually actuated means are provided for raising and lowering the vertically adjustable frame as a whole. Either end may be lifted or lowered, or any corner may be lifted and lowered. Vertical adjustment of the frame is: essential as it controls the depth to which the scraper blade 23 enters the material to be treated. If it is desired to treat the material to a depth of approximately six inches the frame is lowered until th lower face of the blade 23 is six inches below the surface. If a greater depth is required it can be'further lowered and so on.

The gathering blades 4| and 42 are also supported by the adjustable frame and are raised and lowered with the scraper blade and as such will sink into the material to be treated the same depth as the scraper and they will direct the material toward the scraper blade where it will be engaged by the conveyor and thrown rearwardly into the front portion of the mixing cylinder and then fed through as previously described.

It was previously stated that a pair of ground engaging runners were employed. These runners are best illustrated in Figs. 1, 7 and 9, and are indicated at 92'. These runners extend from the scraper blade to the rear end of the mixing cylinder, there being one runner at each side and they are welded or otherwise secured to the I- beams 8. The runners are not intended to carry the weight of the adjustable frame and the IIIBCh-e anism carried thereby, as the weight is. carried by the hydraulic jacks and the chains83 and 81.

Acertain amount of. weight, however,,.i s. carried by the runners but that isnottheir main function.. It is obvious that when a largebodyof material is passing through the mixing. cylinder and when the conveyor-is rotating there. will be a tendency to transmit a turning torque to the mixing cylinder and the adjustable frame. This torque is taken careof by the runners and twisting of the vertically adjustable frame is thereby relieved to a very considerable extent. The pairs of vertical channel bars I on the vertically adjustable frame form guide members between the side bars AA ofthe .main frame; that is,. th e vertical channel bars of the vertically adjustable frame engage the inner .faces' of the bars A-.A and thus guide the vertically adjustable ,frame when it is being raisedor lowered by thehydraulic jacks and they also assistin taking up part of the turning torque transmitted through the rotating mixer and conveyor when themachine is in operation. It might be said. that the vertically adjustable frame and all the mechanism carried thereby floats as it is hung from the chains 83 and 81. In view thereof:v it is essential that the drive to the mixer be mounted on the same frame. It is for this reason thatthe auxiliary transmission D is supported directly on-the cross beams on the forwardend ofthevertically adjustable frame, see Fig. '7. Hence, no adjustment or disconnection of the drive is necessary when vertical adjustment is made between the main frame and the vertically adjustable frame. The drive shaft 32 connected with the auxiliary transmission D is of a telescoping nature and universal joints are also employed hence permitting any adjustment desired between the main frame and the vertically adjustable frame and. between the power take-off shaft of the tractor. In view of the fact that the vertically adjustable frame is suspended by the chains 83 and 81, it is essential to employ a radius rod connectionsuch as indicated at 98, see Figs. 1 and 3. There are. two radius rods employed and they are pivotally connected to the forward end of the frame and to opposite sides of the vertically adjustable frame,

thereby permitting free vertical movement but preventing endwise movement. f

In actual operation the road material mixin machine is pulled ahead by the tractor shown in Fig. 1; the vertically adjustable frame being lowered until the scraper blade 23 reach-es substantially to the bottom of theloose material forming the road surface, this material having previously been loosened by road breaking machines, scarifiers, etc.,. and reduced. to proper consistency for mixing with oil or the like. As the machine advances the loosened material is engaged by the gathering blades {H and 42 and by these blades directed toward the scraper bladeand partially elevatedby the same. The material has a tendencytopile up in front of the scraper blade and as such would produce a drag and materially increase. the load or pull imposed on the tractor. f

To prevent piling up of thematerial and to insure positive feeding into the forward end of the mixing cylinder'the double helical feeder, shown at 26 and 21, is employed. This feeder is disposed ahead of the scraper blade and as such engages the material and throws it rearwardly and to the front end of the mixing cylinder. The material is thus prevented from piling up in front of the machine and is furthermore positively delivered into the forward end of the cylinder. Afterthegmaterial has entered the cylinder positive movement of the material in a rearward direction is insured by the double arrangementof the helical conveyor indicated by the numerals 2| and '28, but once the material has started in a rearward direction the single helix, which continues to the rear end of .the cylinder, is all that is required. Space must be allowed for the arms on which the mixing paddles are secured. These paddles, as previously stated, are arranged at different angles to insure an efiective mixing action, the last few paddles being set on an angle to retard discharge of the material and to throw a portion of the material forwardly. This ar rangement of the paddles insures a thorough mixing of the materials passing through the cylinder and, furthermore, insures a positive and continuous movement and a uniform deposition at the rear or discharge end of the cylinder.

The oil or other binder employed is discharged or sprayed on top of the loosened material through the nozzles 41, the oil being drawn from the trailer tank 48 by the pump 50 and delivered to the spray nozzles under pressure. The oil contained in the tank 48 is hot to insure thorough mixing with the material but experience has shown that there is a tendency for the oily mass to chill and adhere to the Walls of the mixing cylinder, particularly as the material approaches the rear or discharge end. It is for this reason that a furnace chamber has been arranged along i of the mixer at a constant speed regardless of the tractor speed. The tractor is capable of traveling either at a high or low speed; approximately a quarter of a mile an hour being the low speed and half a mile per hour the high speed. When traveling at the low-er speed the gathering blades 4| and 42 are set to gather material from a strip of maximum width. A substantially predetermined quantity ofmaterial will then pass through the mixing cylinder. The spray nozzles are regulated to give the proper mixture, etc.

If the tractor speed is increased to the high speed or half mile an hour, the gathering blades must be adjusted to gather a strip of approximately half the width formerly handled. The quantity of material passing through the high speed will,

however, be the same even though the strip gathered in is only half of that formerly handled, this being due to the fact that the machine is traveling at double the speed. 'Under the high speed condition the rotating speed of the mixer would tend to double as the tractor speed has doubled, but by using the two to one reduction obtained by the auxiliary transmission the rotating speed of the mixer will be reduced to half or to the identical speed maintained when the tractor was traveling at low speed. Hence, the conditions in the mixer will be constant regardless of tractor speed as the quantity of material passing through will be substantially the same, the revolutions of the mixer will be maintained constant and the quantity of oil delivered by the spray nozzles will be constant, thereby avoiding continuously changing and adjusting during operation.

The material, passed through the mixing cylinder is deposited at a uniform rate at the rear endof themachineand may here be engaged by a leveling blade, such as shown at 99, and it may then be rolled or otherwise compacted to form a finished roadsuriace. All pipe connections whereby the oil or-other binder employed is handled may bereadily cleaned due to the connection between the fuel tank 10' and the pump and remaining piping system. The cover forming the upp r half ofthe] mixing cylinder may be quickly and readily removed at any time for inspection, cleaning,- and repair by employing a stanchion such asindicated at l0Il,see Figs. 1 and 3, by hooking a chain block to the stanchion'and swinging it over the cover, connection may be madewith the handle of the cover and it may be elevated and then swung to one side.- By thus removing the cover all parts are rendered accessible and adjustments or repairs may be quickly made.

' Individual adjustment offthe gathering blades 4| and 42 is a" desirable feature." For instance, when treating the shoulders on the side of a paved'highway, oneoi' the gathering blades will 1 be set in aposition to parallel with the edge of the pavement While the other blade will be angularly' adjusted to reachout and gather in as wide a strip of shoulder as desired, and as either gathering blade may be adjusted independently of the other the machine is both'right and left handin operation; that is, it'may'be run'along the shoulder of-a highway on either side of the road and it may travel in either direction with relationto the road when operating.

' I claim: Y 1. A road material mixing machine comprising a wheel supported main -frame'ada'pted to beconnected to a tractor to be pulled over a road to be surfaced, a mixing cylinder carried bythe frame, means for gathering up material from the road-and for deliveringit to the'cylinder, a rotatable conveyor and .mixer in the cylinder for mixing, conveying and discharging the material at the rear end of the cylinder, and

to drive the mixer and-conveyor.

2. A road material mixing n'iachi ne' comprising a wheel supported main frame adapted to be connected to a tractor to be-p'ulled over a; road to be surfaced, a mixingcylinder carried by the frame, means for gathering up material from the road and for delivering it to the cylinder, a rotatable conveyor and mixer 'in' the cylinder for mixing, conveying and discharging" the material at the rearend of the cylinder, a vertically ad- 'iustable frame mounted in the main frame and forming a support for the cylinder, together with the earth'gathering mixing and conveying mechanism, a multiple speed transmission on the vertically adjustable-frame and connected to drive the rotatable conveyor and mixer," and means for transmitting power from'the' tractor to drive the multiple speed transmission. I

3. A road-material mixing'machine comprising a wheel supported main frame'adapted to be connected to a tractor'to be pulled over a road to be surfaced, a mixing cylinder carried by the frame,- means for gathering up material from the road and for delivering it to the cylinder, a rotatable conveyor-and mixer in the cylin- "der'for conveying and discharging the materialat the rearjend of the cylinder, 2. verti. cally adjustable fra'memounted. in the .main ,frame and i'orniing' a support .for the cylinder.

' means for transmitting power from the tractor together with the earth gathering mixing and conveyingmechanism, a multiple speed trans mission on the vertically adjustable frame and connected to drive the rotatable conveyor and mixer, and a telescoping shaft universally con; nected atone end with the multispeed transmission and adapted to be universally connected to a power take-off shaft on the tractor to transmit power from the tractor to the multispeed transmission. I l

4. A road'material mixing machine comprising a;m;ain frame mounted to travel over a road to be surfaced, a frame supported at each end by the main frame, means for variable vertical adjustment overa predetermined range of each end of said frame with relation to the main frame,,a cylinder supported in the vertically adjustable frame,,-a conveying and mixing mechanism rotatablymounted in the cylinder, a scraper blade and a pairof gathering blades carried by the vertically adjustable frame and disposedin front of the cylinder, and a rotatable conveyor disposed in front-of the cylinder vertically adjustable therewith and adapted to engage material piling up between the gathering blades and the-scraper and for delivering said material into the front end of the cylinder.

5. A road material mixing machine comprising a main frame mounted to travel over a road I v to be surfaced, a frame supported by the main frame, means for vertically adjusting said frame with relation to'the main frame, a cylinder supported in the vertically adjustable frame, a conveying and mixing mechanism rotatably mounted in the cylinder, means carried by the vertically adjustable frame for gathering and delivering road surfacing material to be treated to the front end of the cylinder, said vertically adjustable framehaving means engageable with the road surface ;on each side of the cylinder to support-said frame-and the cylinder when-in operation adapted and arranged to hold said cylinder against rotation when subjected to the turning torque of the conveying and mixing m h n w @Q v.

6. A med material mixing machine com-prim ing a main framejmounted to travel over a road to be surfaced, a framesupported by the main frame, meansfor-vertically adjusting said frame, H

with relation to the main frame, acylindersupported in the vertically adjustableframe, a conveying and mixing mechanism rotatably mount-- ed in the cylinder, means carried by the verttcally adjustable frame for gathering and delivering road surfacing material to be treated to the front end of the cylinder, and a pair of runners, one on each side of the vertically adjustable frame, said runnersextending substantially from end to end of the frameand being-engageable with the road surface to partially, support said frameand the cylinder mounted therein and partially to resist rotational movement of the frame ,when' subjected to the turning torque of the conveying mechanism.

7;. A road materialmixing machine comprising .a main frame mounted for travel over a road tosybe surfaced, vertically adjustable support ng means disposed adjacent opposite ends of the main frame, a frame su p nd r h c 1 adjustable supporting means radius rods cgii iectingvthe suspended frame, to the frame. 'to secure the. suspended frame against longitudinal movement with relation to -the mainframe, a 1 cylinder supported in the cally adjustable frame, a conveying and mixing mechanism mounted in said-cylinder, and means carried by the vertically adjustable frame for gathering and delivering road surfacing material to be treated to the cylinder.

'8. A roadmaterial mixing machine comprising a main frame mounted for travel over a road to be surfaced, a pair of hydraulic jacks secured to the main frame adjacent the forward end, a second pair of hydraulic jacks secured to the main frame adjacent the rear end, cross beams connecting the respective pairs of hydraulic jacks, a frame suspended from said cross beams, radius "rods connecting the suspended frame 'to the main frame to secure the suspended frame against longitudinal movement with relation to the main frame, means for actuating the hydraulic jacks to raise and lower the suspended frame with relation to the main frame and the road surface over which it travels, a cylinder supported in the suspended frame, conveying and mixing mechanism rotatably mounted in the cylinder, and means carried by the suspended frame for gathering and delivering road surfacing material to be treated to the cylinder.

9. In a machine ofthe character described an elongated open ended cylinder, a shaft extending through the cylinder and journaled at opposite ends thereof, a plurality of radially disposed arms secured at spaced intervals along the shaft, a helical shaped conveyor band secured to said arms and extending from end to end of the cylinder, mixing paddles secured on the outer ends of said arms, a scraper blade disposed in front of the cylinder, a pair of adjustable gatherirrg blades disposed one at each end of the scraper blade, means disposed forward of the cylinder adapted to engage material piling up between the gathering blades and the scraper and for delivering the material to the front end of the cylinder, means for spraying hot oil on the surface of the material ahead of the scraper while the material is being gathered for delivery to the cylinder, 'and means for heating the cylinder to maintain the mix of material and oil in a ready flowing condition,

10. A dirt mixing machine comprising a wheel supported frame, an 'open ended cylinder supported in the frame, a scraper blade fixed to the cylinder to scrape material from a road surface during forward movement of the frame and "to deliver such material into the cylinder, a material mixing and conveying unit in the cylinder, longitudinally extending radius rods pivotally connected to the cylinder and to the wheel supported frame at a point ahead of the cylinder, suspension members supporting opposite ends of the cylinder in the wheel supported frame, and means on the Wheel supported frame for raisin and lowering the suspension means and the bylinder'supported thereby.

11. A road material mixing machine of the character described comprising an open ended cylinder adapted to receive material to be mixed in'its frontend, means to discharge oil ontosaid material, means in the cylinder to mix the oil and material and to discharge the mixture from the rear endof the cylinder, a furnace'unc'ier"-the cylinder having chambers extending lengthwise of the lower portion of the cylinderand'on opposite sides thereof, the cylinder forming one of ing the combination of a wheeled vehicle, an open ended cy1inder mounted thereon and parallel therewith, a scraper for scooping up the material from the'roadway into the cylinder as the machine progressesover the roadway, a screw conveyor within the cylinder and of greater length than the cylinder, with the forward end of the conveyor extending over the scraper and providing means to engage the scooped-up ma terial and conveying it into the cylinder and mixing ittherein, and means carried upon the Vehicle for applying oil .to the material to be treated before the material reaches the cylinder.

13. Aroad material mixing and delivering machine comprising in combination a main frame mounted to travel over a road to be surfaced, a cylindercarrying frame supported by the main frame, means for vertically adjusting said cylinder frame with relation to the main frame, a horizontally-disposed,. open-ended, non-rotatable mixing cylinder supported in the vertically adjustable frame, a shaft with helically arranged blades rotatably mounted in the cylinder for conveying and. mixing surfacing material, a scraper arranged adjacent to the front end of the cylinder: and movable therewith as the machine travels over the road for gathering and delivering roadsurfacing material to be treated to the front end of the cylinder, said conveyor shaft and blades having an extension beyond the front end of the cylinderv and extending over and in proximity to the scraper to engage with, and initially act upon,; the scooped up material on the scraper, and to assist in feeding said material into thecylinder as the machine progresses, meansto mix oil with the material on the scraper, and means to heat the material as it goes through the machine.

14. A road material mixing and delivering machine comprising, in combination, a main frame mounted to travel over a road to be surfaced, a cylinder carrying frame supported at each end by the main frame, means for vertically adjusting each end of said cylinder frame with relation to the main frame, a horizontallydisposed, open-ended, non-rotatable mixing cylinder supported in the vertically adjustable frame, a shaft with helically arranged blades rotatably mounted in the cylinder for conveying and mixing surfacing material, a scraper arranged adjacent to the front end of the cylinder and movable therewith as the machine travels over the road for gathering and delivering road surfacing material to be treated to the front end of the cylinder, said conveyor shaft and blades having an extension beyond the front end of the cylinder and extending over and in proximity to the scraper to engage with, and initially act upon, the scooped up material on the scraper and to assist in feeding said material into the cylinder as the machine progresses, and means for applying an oil binder to the material adjacent to the point of entry of the material into the mixing cylinder.

15. A road material mixing and delivering machine comprising, in combination, a main frame mounted to travel over a road to be surfaced, a vertically adjustable frame supported at each end by the main frame, means for variable vertical adjustment over a predetermined range of each end of said frame with relation to the main frame, a horizontally-disposed, open-ended, nonrotatable cylinder supported in the vertically adjustable frame, a conveying and mixing mechanism rotatably mounted in the cylinder, a scraper carried on and extending forward of the cylinder, a pair of gathering blades carried by the vertically adjustable frame and disposed in front of the cylinder, and. a supplemental conveying means in front of the-cylinder and vertically adjustable therewith adapted to engage material piling up on the scraper and between the gathering blades for delivering said piled up material into the front end of the cylinder to be there acted upon by the conveying and mixing means in the cylinder.

- 16. A road material mixing and surfacing machine comprising, in combination, a vehicle mounted to travel over the road to be surfaced, a horizontally-disposed, open-ended, non-rotatable cylinder mounted on the vehicle, with its axis in the line of travel of the vehicle, means for independently raising and lowering each end of the cylinder bodily to and from the road surface to be treated, a scraper on the advance end of the cylinder to scoop up the material to be treated, means to apply an oil binder to the material adjacent to the front end of the cylinder, a screw conveyor within and extending lengthwise of the cylinder and having its forward end projecting beyond the front end of the cylinder and over the scraper and adapted to engage the scooped-up material thereonbefore the latter enters the cylinder, and means for operating the conveyor to cause the scooped-up material to be passed through the cylinder and discharged at the open rear end of the latter.

17. In a road material mixingand surfacing machine, the combination of a wheeled vehicle adapted to travel over the road to be surfaced, an open-ended, horizontally-disposed, non-rotat able mixing cylinder on the vehicle and in substantially parallelism with, and disposed adjacent to, the surface to be treated, supporting runners on the cylinder, means for independently raising and lowering the opposite ends of the runners and cylinder, a scraper carried by, and movable with, the vehicle for scooping upthe material from the roadway preparatory to its delivery into the cylinder as the machine progresses over the roadway, a screw conveyor within the cylinder with its forward end projecting beyond the front end of the conveyor and extending over the scraper to engage the scoopedup material, said screw conveyor and its forward extension providing means for delivering the material to be treated into and then through the cylinder and discharging it from the rear thereof as the vehicle progresses, and means located adjacent to the forward end of the cylinder for treating the material with a binder.

18. A road material mixing and surfacing machine comprising, in combination, a main frame mounted to travel over the road to be surfaced, a vertically adjustable frame mounted on the main frame with means for effecting such adjustment, a horizontally-disposed, elongated, open-ended, non-rotatable cylinder mounted on, and movable with, the adjustable frame and normally arranged to be positioned in close proximity to the roadbed under treatment and approximately level with the road surface, with means to raise and lower the rear end of the cylinder, the latter having a forwardly extending scraper section to scoop up the material and to feed positively the scooped-up material on the scraper into the front end of the cylinder, and a screw propeller within and extending substantially the length of the cylinder to pick up the material delivered from the scraper and to convey and mix it in transit through the cylinder and discharge it at the rear end of the cylinder upon the roadbed.

19. A road material mixing and surfacing machine comprising, in combination, a main frame mounted to travel over the road to be surfaced, a vertically adjustable frame mounted on the main frame with means :for effecting such adjustment, a horizontally-disposed, elongated,

open-ended, non-rotatable cylinder mounted on,

and movable with, the adjustable frame and normally arranged to be positioned in close proximity to the roadbed under treatment and approximately level with the road surface, with means to raise and lower the rear end of the cylinder, the latter having a forwardly extending scraper section to scoop up the material and to feed positively the scooped-up material on the scraper intothe front end of the cylinder, a screw propeller within and extending substantially the length of the cylinder to pick up the material delivered from the scraper and to convey and mix it in transit through the cylinder and discharge it at the rear end of the cylinder upon the roadbed. and means to regulate the rotational speed of said screw propeller in accordance with the speed of travel of the machine whereby substantially constant speed of agitation is maintained.

'20. Aroad material mixingiand surfacing machine comprising, in combination, a vehicle mounted to travel over a roadway to be surfaced,

a horizontally-disposed, open-ended, non-rotatable, mixing cylinder mounted on the vehicle with means for independently effecting the bod- 11y adjustment vertically of each end of the cylinder with respect to the surface to be treated, means to apply heat to the cylinder during the travel of the machine, a screw conveyor mechanism within and extending lengthwise of the cylinder, whereby material introduced into the forward end of the cylinder is conveyed and mixed during its movement through the cylinder and thence discharged at the rear, a scraper at the forward end "of the cylinder to gather the surfacing material from the roadbed, ,an extension of the screw conveyor over the scraper and engageable with the material on the scraper to advance it into the cy'lindenland means for applying oil to the material undergoing mixing operation.

'21. A road material rm'ixing surfacing machine comprising, in combination, .a vehicle mounted to travel over a roadway to :be fsurfaced, a horizontally-disposed, opn-endeinonrotatable, mixing cylinder mounted the vehicle, with means for independently effecting the bodily adjustment vertically :of each .end :of :the cylinder with respectto the surface'toibe-treated, means to apply heat to the cylinder during the travel of the machine, a screw conveyor mechanism within and extending lengthwise of the cylinder, whereby material introduced into the forward end of the cylinder is conveyed and mixed during its movement through the cylinder and thence discharged at therear, a scraper at the forward end of the cylinder to gather the surfacing material from the r'o'adbed, an extension of the screw conveyor over the scraper and engageable with the material on 'the scraper to advance it into the cylinder, means for applying oil to the material undergoing mixing "operation, and means for maintaining the rotation of the screw conveyor at substantially constant speed regardless of the rate of travel of the vehicle.

CLYDE W. WOOD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2951426 *Sep 3, 1957Sep 6, 1960Iowa Mfg Company Of Cedar RapiSurfacing machine with heated deflector plate
US3076391 *Feb 15, 1957Feb 5, 1963Calfee Virgil TMaterial working machines
US3096696 *Mar 5, 1957Jul 9, 1963Reisser Vernon HMotor grader frame extension
US5538340Dec 14, 1993Jul 23, 1996Gencor Industries, Inc.Counterflow drum mixer for making asphaltic concrete and methods of operation