US RE22782 E
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 20, 1946. E. w. REMBERT Re 22,
4' PIPE COUPLING Original FiledSept. H19, 1942 INVENTOR A ORNEY.
Reissued Aug. 20, 1946 PIPE COUPLING Ernest Wayne Rembert, Hinsdale, Ill., assignor to Johns-Manville Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Original No. 2,379,990, dated July 10, 1945, Serial No. 458,925, September 19, 1942. Application for reissue May 18, 1946, Serial No. 670,698
Claims. 1 The instant invention relates to a pipe coupling adapted for use with many types of pipe, for example, steel or iron pipe, but particularly applicable for coupling pipes or pipe sections composed of a hardened, compressed, asbestos-cement composition.
The principal object of the invention is the provision of an improved coupling finding a principal field of use in sewer systems for the handling of domestic wastes. More particularly, the invention has for an object the provision of such coupling which may be readily assembled in the field with a minimum of equipment and which will be leak-proof under service conditions.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a coupling which eliminates the necessity of pouring or packing the joint in the field.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a coupling including a sleeve having a thin tapered liner of asphalt, or the like, in cooperative sealing relationship with a tapered pipe end. Heretofore, it has been proposed to construct joints, particularly joints of the bell and spigot type, by moulding a liner Within the bell for engagement with the pipe. Th moulding operations have necessarily required the sleeve to have a minimum thickness of V to in order that satisfactory distribution of the material and the elimination of excessive quantities of air could take place. Such prior proposals have not .provided a joint of the required strength due to the thickness of the asphalt layer. As will be understood, the strength of a joint of this type is a definite function of the thickness of the asphalt material. A further object of the invention is the provision of a joint and its constituent parts and the method of making them, employing a tapered sleeve liner of such minimum thickness that flexibility of the joint is retained, but a very substantial increase in strength over the prior proposals results.
My invention will be more fully understood and further objects and advantages thereof will become apparent when reference is made to the more detailed description which is to follow and to the accompanying drawing, in which:
Fig. 1 is a view, partiall in elevation and partially in section, of a tubular section employed in the formation of coupling sleeves in accordance with the invention;
Fig. 2 is a sectional view through a coupling sleeve in one stage of its manufacture;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view, similar to Fig. 2, illustrating a completed coupling sleeve;
Fig. 4 is a view, partially in elevation and partially in section, of an assembled coupling in accordance with the invention; and
Fig. 5 is a View, similar to Fig. 4, depicting a modification of the coupling.
Referring now to the drawing, there is illustrated in Fig. 1 a section of pipe or conduit ID of indefinite length to be employed in the manufacture of coupling sleeves for the coupling as semblies later described. Conduit I 0 may be made of cast iron, steel, or other conventional material employed for such purposes, but is preferably composed of a hardened, compressed, asbestos-cement composition. The conduit is selected to have an inner diameter somewhat greater than the outer diameter of the pipes to be coupled. The inner surface of conduit in is coated with a primer of any conventional type, and the conduit is then placed in an oven and baked, say, for 24 hours at 250 F. to drive out any contained moisture. The ends of the conduit section are then closed, for example, by metal end blocks, one or both of which have a central opening, and after cooling the section is placed on rolls and rotated at a speed, say, of to 200 R. P. M. An asphalt or other thermoplastic material suitable for forming a sleeve'lining is poured in a molten condition into the conduit section through the hole or holes provided in the end blocks. The thermoplastic material may comprise asphalt having a melt point, say, of the order of 200 to 250 F. As a specific example, unfilled asphalt of 225 F. melt point has been found particularly suitable. However, it will be understood that other materials may be employed; for example, other asphalts, coal tar pitches, thermoplastic resins, and the like.
Sufficient of the thermoplastic liner material is introduced into the conduit section to provide a layer of maximum thickness somewhat greater than the distance between the inner wall of the sleeve and the outer tapered end of a pipe section to be coupled thereby. During rotation of the conduit section, the asphalt or other liner material is forced out by centrifugal force to form a uniform thickness layer over the entire inner surface of the conduit section. The layer of thermoplastic material molded hy centrifugal force has been found to be substantially free from air bubbles and the like. After the desired amount of material is introduced. rotation is continued until the asphalt is cooled sufiiciently to prevent slumping or flowing. The conduit section defining a plurality of coupling sleeves is illustrated at this stage in Fig. 1, the uniform thickness liner being indicated at l2.
The conduit section, preferably after the liner is completely cooled, is divided, by a saw or the like, on the dotted lines [4 of Fig. 1, into a plurality of individual sleeves. The coupling sleeves at this stage of their manufacture are illustrated in Fig. 21 by reference character I6. Each. individual sleeve l6, with its internal l'ayerror liner I2, is then placed in a suitable device, say a lathe,. 1
. and the liner machined to hav a minimum, but
appreciable, thickness adjacent its ends tapering.
to a maximum thickness adjacent the center. of. the sleeve as illustrated in Fig. 3. Preferabl the" minimum thickness is of the order'of 1 6' to inch- It will be understood that the inner diameter of the liner adjacent the ends of th'esleeve, where the sleeve is of minimum thickness, is preferably slightly less than the outer diametenof the pipe section to be inserted therein. The machinin operation is controlled to provide a smooth, uniform, sloping surface free, as far as possible, from pits, grooves, and the like.
Referring now particularly to Fig. i, a coupling assembly employing a sleeve IE will be described. Inpreparation for. making. the assembly, pipe sections l8.and..2!1, which areto be coupled together, have. their ends. machined to define tapers. 21 and, respectively. Tapers 22.,and 24' are. each preferably of. a. length substantially equal to onehalfi the length. of the coupling, sleeve and are complementary to the tapered. portions of the sleeve. Pipe section 3 and may be made of cast. iron, steel, or other such conventional mat'erial's, but, similarly as the conduitemployed for the sleeves, are preferably composed of a hardened, compressed asbestos-cement composition,
inasmuch as the invention finds a principal field of use. in connection with pipe of this character. A machining. operation may be carried out. on such asbestos-cement materials, as well. as upon iron and, steel pipe, to provide a smooth surface for contact with. the smooth surface of the liner.
In assembling the coupling, the tapered portions of. the pipe sections and. of the. coupling sleeve liner are primed with a. suitable primer, such as an asphalt cut-back with benzol or other solvent, benzol being. preferred. The coupling sleeve- I6 is then placed over the end of one pipe section and pressed firmly home with. a twisting or rotary motion. to bring the complementally tapered portions of the pipe section and liner into close sealing engagement. The second pipe section is then placed with its tapered end" portion in the coupling sleeve and similarly pressed home with a twisting or rotary motion to' likewise bring the contiguous surface of the liner and pipe section into close sealing engagement. Upon completion of the above steps and the lapse of sufficient time to allow the escape of the solvent from the priming material and for the liner to thoroughly harden, the coupling is ready foruse:
A coupling of the type described above has been found to be particularly satisfactory in connecting sewer lines for" the handling of domestic wastes and the like, inasmuch as it is leakproof under service conditions and may be readily assembled in the field. Owing to the manner in which the sleeve liner is prepared, namely, by flowing of material into the rotating sleeve and then, after hardening, machining the liner to exact dimensions, it has the desired thinnness at the sleeve ends, whereby an appreciable flexibility" is preserved and a very strong serviceable 'foint' is obtained. Both the pipe sections and the sleeves are prepared at the factory, the field assembly requiring practically no equipment or any great degree of skill. It will be understood that in the shipping and handling of the coupling sleeves, sufficient care must be employed to prevent damage to the lining of asphalt Or other thermoplastic. material.
Referring now to Fig. 4', a somewhat modified form of the invention is disclosed. In this embodiment, sleeve 28 is provided with a tapered liner 30 on one side only. The liner is preferably formed. similarly a above, although in this case each sleeve; is individually made and the lining material; controlled. to extend over the interior surface of only a portion of the sleeve. say onehalf, as shown in. Fig. 5. In the machining operation the liner is uniformly tapered to have a minimum thickness at one end, the end adjacent the end of the sleeve, and a maximum thickness at the other end. The sleeve 23 is permanently attached to one pipe section 32 as by an. adhesive 34; While at the factory. In assembli'ng the coupling; on the job, the other. pipe section 36, including a tapered end' portion as in the other form, is inserted into the open end of the sleeve with a twisting or rotary motion" to bringtheadjacent .surfacesof the liner and the sleeve into close sealingcontact. I
Having thu described my invention in rather full detail, it will be understood that these details need not be strictly adhered to but that various. changes and modifications will suggest themselves to one skilled in the art, all falling within the scope of the invention a defined by the subjoined claims.
What I claim is:
l. A pipe. coupling assembly comprising a rigid pipe section having, an end portion smoothly tapared to have a minimum diameter at the endof the pipe, a tubular sleeve surrounding, said tapered end portion, a liner in said sleeve composed of a hardened, yieldable plastic material and having a preformed taper complementary to said tapered end portion. and in close sealing contact therewith, said liner terminating in a thin edge adjacent the endof'the sleeve, whereby said plastic liner resists blowing upon application of pressure from within said. pipe. 7
2. An assembly comprising a pipe composed of a hardened, compressed, asbestos-cement mate rial having. a smooth taperedportion extending a substantial distance from. the end of the. section, said tapered portionhaving a minimum diameter atthe end of. the pipe section, a tubular sleeve composed of. a hardened, compressed, as-
bestos-cement materialand having'an inner liner comprising a hardened asphalt, said liner having a tapered portion complementary to said tapered portion of said pipe section and extending: uniformly to an end of said sleeve, the tapered portion of the liner having a minimum thickness of the order of 1% to /8 inch, said complementa-lly tapered portions being in close sealing contact, whereby said asphalt liner resists blowing out upon the application of pressure from within said pipe.
3. A pipe coupling assembly comprising opposed rigid pipe sections defining a joint therebe- 'for a substantial distance to both sides thereof,
a liner in said sleeve composed of a hardened, yieldableplastic material; said liner tapering from a minimum thickness of the order or 1 s to /8 inch adjacent the ends of the sleeve to a maximum thickness adjacent the center thereof to define tapered portions complementary to the tapered portions of said pipe sections, said complementally tapered portions of said pipe sections and liner engaging in close sealing contact, whereby said plastic liner resists blowing out upon the application of pressure from within said pipe sections.
4. A coupling sleeve for assembly With pipe sections having end portions tapering to have a minimum diameter at the ends of the pipe sections, said sleeve comprising a tubular member, and an inner liner therefor composed of a hardened, yleldable thermoplastic material, said liner having a minimum thickness of the order of T15 to inch adjacent the ends of the sleeve and tapering uniformly therefrom and complementally to the taper of said pipe sections to a maximum thickness adjacent the center thereof whereby when said sleeve is assembled with said pipe sections said liner resists blowing out upon the application of pressure from within said pipe sections.
5. A coupling sleeve for assembly with Pipe sections having end portions tapering to have a minimum diameter at the ends of the pipe sections, said sleeve comprising a tubular member composed of a hardened, compressed, asbestoscement composition, and an inner liner therefor comprising a hardened asphalt, said liner havin a minimum thickness of the order of r e to /8 inch adjacent the ends of the tubular member and tapering substantially uniformly therefrom and complementally to the taper of said pipe sections to a maximum thickness adjacent the center thereof whereby when said sleeve is assembled with said pipe sections said liner resists blowing out upon the application of pressure from within said pipe sections.
ERNEST WAYNE REMBERT.