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Publication numberUSRE23261 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 22, 1950
Filing dateAug 28, 1945
Publication numberUS RE23261 E, US RE23261E, US-E-RE23261, USRE23261 E, USRE23261E
InventorsAnthony J. Parissi
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Clock with visible and audible alarm means
US RE23261 E
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 22, 1950 A. J. PARlssl CLOCK wrm vxsmua mo AUDIBLE ALARM mums 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed Aug. 28, 1945 I INVENTOR. inf/ 00g J %r/ss/' BY A g- 2, 1950 A. J. PARISSI Re. 23,261

CLOCK WITH VISIBLE AND AUDIBLE ALARM MEANS Original Filed Aug. 28, 1945' 2 Sheets-sheaf 2 INVEN TOR. Anfbong J 27/735/ BY Reissued Aug. 22,

Anthony J. Pariaai, Cohoes, N. Y.

Original No. 2,444,748, dated Julyl, 1948, Serial No. 613,079, August 28, 1945. Application for reissue March 5, 1949, Serial No. 80,805

i2 Claims. (CI. 58-19) Matter enclosed In heavy brackets II 1 appears in the original patent but forms no part of this rehsue My invention relates to alarm clocks and particulariy but not exclusively to improvements in electric alarm clocks.

Ordinary alarm clocks are equipped with bells or bumers which emit audible signals. Such clocks are of no value whatever to a person who is deaf and in many instances fail to'awaken persons of normal hearing unless the alarm is very loud. In any event, the suddenawakening o! a sleeper by a loud noise, such as the clamorous ringing of a bell, produces a distinct shock on the nervous system and, where other persons are sleeping in proximity to the alarm, they are also awakened. Y

The principal object of my invention is to, provide an alarm clock which will first give a visible alarm signal comprising an electric light and, in the event that said light fails to function, will, after the lapse of a predetermined interval following the time when said light should have begun to'function, give an audible signal. Another object is to provide such an alarm clock having means for effecting an intermittent flashing of the light alarm which many experiments have determined will invariably awaken a normal sleeper within an interval of from one to three minutes. A further object is to provide a, simple device of this character which may. beincorporated in any alarm clock but which is preferably associated with an electric alarm clock.

With these objects in view my invention ineludes the novel elements and the combinations and arrangements thereof described below and illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which- Fig. l is a front elevation view of an electric clock embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view showing a portion of the side and rear of an electric clock mechanism and illustrating the controls for the visible and audible signals;

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view ofthe controls for the signals including a switch; certain parts which would obscure essential details of the control being omitted;

Fig. 4 is a diagram of the electric wiring; and

Fig. 5 is a more orflless schematic view of a thermostat element for alternately making and breaking the circuit through the visible signal to produce a flashing thereof.

Referring to the drawing---v i is the case of an electric clock having a sweep second hand 2, a minute hand '3 and an hour hand 4. The hour hand 4 carries a pointer 5 which indicates on the graduated disc 6 the time for which the alarm is set; it being understood that this disc may be turned independently of the clock hands by means of the alarm setting button I (see Fig. 2) which is understood to proiect through the back of the clock in the usual specification: matter printed In Italics indicates the additions made by reissue 2 way. The clock motor is a synchronous motor and preferably of the self starting type so that, in the event of a power interruption, the clock will start as soon as the power comes on. A small circular opening 8 is provided in the lace of the clock, and pivotally mounted behind this is a red disc 9 which becomes visible only upon an interruption oi the power to indicate that the clock has been stopped and that the time indicated thereby is not the correct time. Mounted on top of the clock is the visible signalling device l0, here shown as an ordinary incandescent lamp bulb which is mounted in the socket ll having the usual switch l2 for turning the light on or oil so that it may be used as a reading lamp if desired. However, it is to be understood that the lamp may be placed anywhere and that the switch l2 need not be associated with the lamp socket. In fact, if the lamp is to be used solely as a signal or alarm, the switch I! may be omitted.

Referring to Figs. 2 and 3, i3 represents generally the clock motor which comprises the coil I4, the pole pieces i5 and I6 and an armature enclosed in the casing i'l. One of the pole pieces it has an extension i8 which alternately attracts and releases the armature I! of a vibrating element 20 to produce a buzzing sound. when. the clock is in operation with the power on, a constant vibration of the element 20 would take place unless it were mechanically restrained and hence means, which will hereinafter be described, is provided, whereby vibration of the element 20 is prevented at all times when the alarm control is in the oil position.

2| is'the alarm gear which is driven by the clock motor and is to be understood as making one turn in [2 hours. Mounted upon the alarm gear shaft 22 is a cam 23 having a, notch 24 therein (see Fig. 3). [The cam 23 cooperates with. [normally engages] the extension 25 of .the armature portion IQ of the vibrating element 20, as a follower and prevents it from vibrating unof the clock is the ofi and on control forjth'e alarm. Thus, in the position of the bnttb "11,25 shown in Figs. 2 and 3 the alarm will as unded when the proper time is indicated byitheclock.

- In other words, the button 25 is shown in alarmon position. The button 26 is connected to the lever 21 which is slidably mounted in the clock frame members 28 and 25 and carries a cam 30 which is adapted to pass under and engage the end of the armature l9 when the button 26 is pushed inwardly, or to the left as shown in Fig.

3 and thus to maintain the armature 19in non- .vi brating position. The flat spring memberisl which is secured to the frame member 29,; as

in switch 42 which forces the 3 shown at 32. is provided with a spherical depression 38 therein which is designed to coop r with the opening 34 in the lever 21 to form a stop motion for the lever when it is pressed inwardly.

So far, the clock mechanism "which I have described is a standard mechanism forming part of almost all electric alarm clocks as now man-' ufactured. To this mechanism I propose to add my visible alarm signal and so to incorporate it with the audible alarm signal given by the element it that my. visible signal will first be given and then, after any predetermined interval to be fixed by the manufacturer of the clock. will be followed by the audible signal. To do this I fix a second cam 3| having a notch 35' therein tothe shaft 22 of the alarm gear II as shown in Figs. 2 and 3. Cooperating with the cam I! is a pawl or follower II which, as illustrated, is part of the bell crank 31 which is mounted to rotate freely on the shaft 38. The other arm 3! of the bell crank is provided with a threaded passage ll adapted to receive the adjusting screw ll. 42 is an electric switch of the single pole, doublethrow type having the terminals 0, 4t and I. The switch is adapted to be actuated by the push button it which is spring biased by meansof' the compression spring ll, shown schematically in Fig. 4, to maintain the terminal it normally in electrical contact with the terminal ll. However, when the button it is pressed against the compression of spring ll by means of thecoopwhich may be. and preferably is, a so called flasher "button which will begin, in effect, alternately to make and break the electrical circuit in whichit is installed within a few seconds alarm goes oil, the lamp is not lighted it will beeration of the adjusting screw Ii therewith, the

terminal 43 is held in electrical contact with th terminal.

Referring now to Fig. 4,4! and are main power lines to which the clock it may be connected by a plug and socket in the usual manner. Bearinginmindthattheterminalflis normally held in contact with the terminal 44 by means of the coaction of the follower [pawl] bell crank with the button ll, the light ll may be turned on oroif by means of the switch II. Thusitmaybeusedasareadinglamp.

Inoperation,thecam ll,insteadof thecam It. issocorrelatedwiththealarmsettingdiscl that if, for example, the 10th hour graduation onthediscissettocoincidewiththepointer I on the hour hand, the follower [pawl] II will fall into the notch 36' when the hands on the face of the clock indicate 10 o'clock. It is to be understood that the spring which normally forces the button 46 downwardly, as viewed in Pig. 3,

into the notch w itwillbeforced into this notchby the release of comprusion on the spring button 48 downwardly.

Now. referring more particularly to Fig. 4, when thefollower[pawl] flentersthenotchinthe cam ll, the bell crank will allow the button 0 to move to the right, as viewed in Fig. 4, thus breaking the contact between terminals 43 and 44 and establishing contact between the terminalllandtheterminaltl. Ifthelamp "were lighted at this time it would be momentarily extinguished by the breaking of its normal lighting circuit. However, the terminal 4| is simultaneomlyelectricallyconnectedtotbeterminalllof the lamp through the thermostatic element ll sin to flash within a few seconds after terininals It and are brought into contact.

In Fig. 5 I have shown in a diagrammatic manner how the thermostatic element ll operates. 55 and It are the terminals of the device. The terminal II is electrically connected to a fixed contact point 51 and is also connected to terminal 58 through the high resistance coil 58 which is wound about the bimetallic element 59 [39] carrying the contact point ll adapted to cooperate with contact 51. When the points are separated current flowing through the resistance heating coil it heats the bimetallic element 59 causing it to flex or warp and bring contacts BI and ill together. When this occurs, terminals 55 and it are directly connected through a resistance of negligible magnitude, the high resistance coil BI is shunted, and the bimetallic element to cools and assumes its original form, thus separating contacts I1 and 80. Current then flows only through the heating coil 58 and the cycle is repeated. It will be apparent that the circuit through the lamp and the thermostatic switch is never completely opened by the action of said switch because, when this circuit is otherwise closed by switch 42, current will always flow through the resistance heating coilll. However, the practical effect of theoperation' of the thermostatic switch, as evidenced by the flashing of lamp II, is the same as though the lamp circuit were alternately closed and opened, and I have referred throughout the specification and claims to the thermostatic switch as a circuit making and breaking means. The thermostatic switch does actually make and break the circuit which lights the lamp although another circuit of .very high resistance is immediately established through the lamp filament when the lighting circuit is broken.

Many tests have indicated that the flashing of the light II will awaken the average sleeper within an interval of three minutes or less. However, in the event that the lamp has burned out or has been removed from the socket, the cam which turns continuously in the direction of the arrow It will shortly release the audible alarm which will continue to function until the extension passes out of the notch 24 in cam 23. Obviously, the notches in the cams 2.3 and 35 may be disposed at any desired time interval apart so that the light signal may continue for any desired interval before the audible signal is released.

Unless some means were provided for preventing the follower [cam] 36 from dropping into the notch 35' in cam I! when the alarm control is in the off-position, the flashing signal would be given every 12 hours; the time depending upon the settin of the alarm. To prevent this I provide the bell crank 31 with an arm 53 which cooperates with a cam N on the alarm control lever 21 when said arm is pushed inwardly. Thus, when the button It is pushed in, the cam holds the vibrating armature II in inoperative position and the cam 54 cooperating with the arm It holds the follower [pawl] 38 in inoperative position.

From the foregoing it will be apparent that I have provided, by a rather simple modification of .the ordinary electric alarm clock, an alarm clock giving both a visible and an audible signal and while, as illustrated, the invention is shown as incorporated in an electrical clock, it may be incorporated in any alarm clock.

In addition to its utility asan ordinary alarm clock the device may be used as a desk or reading lamp, and when so used it may be set to give a flashing signal at any desired time. It makes no difference whether the lamp I is lighted or out at the time the signal is given because, the light control switch II is automatically shunted and a new circuit established through the lamp.

The device, whether it be used as an alarm for awakenin a sleeper, an appointment signal, or

otherwise should prove aboon to persons who are v nervous and detest noiseot any kind.

By the term electric clock" as used in the claims, I mean to include only clocks in which the timing mechanism is actuated by a synchronous motor.

While I have described my invention in its preferred embodiment it is to be understood that the words which I have used are words of description rather than of limitation and that changes within the purview of the appended'claims may be made without departing from the true scope and spirit of my invention.

What I claim is: v

[1. An alarm clock having an electric light mounted thereon, a switch foroperating said light, circuit forming means adapted to connect said light through said switch to a source of power to fo'rma normal lighting circuit, a shunt circuit in said clock around said switch and including said light and a thermostatic element adapted automatically to make and break said shunt circuit to produce a flashing of said light, and clock controlled meansfor breakin said normal lighting circuit .and establishing said shunt circuit as'a lighting circuit] [2. An alarm clock combination comprising a clock, releasable means for giving an audible alarm, an electric alarm circuit including a switch, a pair 01 automatic release mechanisms, both operated by said clock, one for releasing said audible alarm giving means and the other for closing said switch, common means for adjusting said release mechanisms for the purpose of determining the time when the audible alarm will sound and the time the switch will be closed automatically, means for at will preventing the soundin of the audible alarm when it would otherwise sound, and means for at will preventing the closing of the switch when it would otherwise close in response to automatic clock operation] [3; An alarm clock combination comprising a clock, releasable means for giving an audible alarm, an electric alarm circuit including a switch, two separate automatic release mechanisms, both operated by said clock, one for normally holding said releasable alarm giving means inoperative and releasing it at a predetermined time and the other for closing said switch, common means for adjusting said release mechanisms to determine the times when they will perform their automatic operations, manually 'operable means for at will preventing the automatic sounding of the audible alarm when it would otherwise sound and to stop its operation when sounding, and manually operable "means for at will preventing the automatic closin of said switch when it would otherwise closeand to open the switch when closedJ [4. In an alarm clock, the combination with a clock mechanism, of an electric lamp, an electric circuit including said lamp, means for connecting said circuit to a source of power, means for automatically making and breaking said lamp circuit to eflect a flashing of said lamp, clock actuated means for producing an audible alarm, and clock controlled mechanism for actuating said lamp circuit connecting means and putting said circuit making and breaking means and said audible alarm producing means into operation in sequence, in the order last named with an interval connecting means and putting said circuit making and breaking means. into operation, releasable meansfor putting said audible alarm producing means into operation, clock actuated means for first releasing said means for actuating said lamp circuit connecting means and putting said circuit making and breaking means into operation and, after the expiration of an interval oi. substantial duration .positively timed by the opera,- tion of said clock mechanism, releasing said means for putting said alarm producing means into operation] I [6. An electric alarm clock comprising clock mechanism, a. vibrating element adapted to produce an audible alarm, an electric light, an electrical circuit including said light, means for connecting said clock mechanism and said circuit to a source of power, means i'or automatically making and breaking the circuit through said light to produce a flashing thereof, clock controlled means for putting said circuit making and breaking means into operation at a predetermined time and said vibratin element into operation following the lapse thereafter of an interval positively timed by the operation of said clock mechanism, and a single manually actuated means for stopping the operation of said vibrating element and said circuit breakingmeans] 7. An electric alarm clock comprising a clock mechanism, a vibrating element adapted to produce an audible alarm, an electric light, a first electrical circuit including said light and a switch for turning said light on andofi, means for connecting said clock mechanism and said circuit to a source of power, a second circuit lay-passing said switch but including said light and means for automatically making and breaking said second circuit, means controlled by said clock mechanism for breaking said first circuit and connecting said second circuit to a source of power at a predeterminedtime, and clock controlled means for putting said vibrating element into operation following the lapse of an interval positively timed by the operation of said clock mechanism aiter the breaking of said first circuit.

[8. In an alarm clock, the combination with a casing, of a clock mechanism in said casing,

- to, a source 01 power, means controlled by said mechanism for giving an audible alarm after the expiration of an interval positively timed by the operation oi said clock mechanism following the actuation of said switch, and means for setting said mechanism to actuate said switch at a predetermined time.]

. [9. In an alarm clock, the combination with an electric lamp, of a first electric circuit including said lamp, means for connecting said circuit to a source of power, a normally open second electric circuit including said lamp and a thermostatic switch for automatically making and breaking said second circuit to eflect a flashing of said lamp, and means controlled by said clock for breaking said first circuit and closing said second circuit at a predetermined time.]

[10. In an alarm clock, the combination with a casing, oi. a clock mechanism in said casing, electric circuit forming means including a socket, adapted to connect an electric lamp in said circuit, and also a thermostatic switch for auto-, matically making and breaking said circuit, a switch controlled by said clock mechanism for connecting said circuit forming means to a source of power,,and means for setting said clock mechanisin to actuate said clock controlled switch at a predetermined time.]

11. In an electric alarm clock, the combination with an electric clock mechanism, of releasable means, automatically operable when said mechanism is connected to a source of power, forgiving a signal, a switch having terminals electrically connected to said source of power when said switch is closed and said clock mechanism is connected to said source of power, a first means controlled by said clock mechanism for closing said switch, a second means controlled by said clock. mechanism for normally holding said releasable signal givin means inoperative but adapted to release said signal giving means at a predetermined time; the operation of said two clock controlled means being separated by an interval of predetermined duration positively timed by the operation of said clock mechanism; a single manually operable means for preventing the release of said releasable signal giving means and. also the closing of said switch when said signal giving means would otherwise be released and said switch would otherwise be closed in response to the normal operation of said clock mechanism and means for setting said clock controlled means to operate at predetermined times; whereby, a second, electrically controlled, signal giving means may be connected to the terminals of said switch and controlled thereby in positively tim'ed relation to the operation of said releasable signal giving means.

[12. The structure set forth in claim 11 together with manually actuated means for holding said releasable signal giving means inoperative when it would otherwise be released by said second clock controlled means.]

[13. An electric alarm clock comprising a clock mechanism, a vibrating element adapted to sound an audible alarm and automatically operable' when said clock mechanism is in operation, an-electric light, an electric circuit including said light and a releasable switch for closing said circuit to. light said light when said clock mechanism is in operation; means driven by said clock mechanism: and normally cooperating with said vibrating element to prevent vibration thereoi' but adapted to release said element at a prede- 8 termined time, to sound said audible alarm, means, including means driven by said clock mechanism, normally maintaining said switch open but adapted to release said switch to close said circuit; said switch releasing means and said vibrating element releasing means operating in sequence with an interval of predetermined duration positively timed by said clock mechanism therebetween; and manually operable means .ior setting said releasing means to operate at predetermined timea] e [14. In an alarm clock, the combination with a casing, of an electric clock mechanism therein, means adapted to connect said mechanism to a source oi power, a vibrating element normally operable when said clock mechanism is so connected to sound an audible signal, a normally open switch in said casing having terminals which are connected to said source of power when said mechanism is so connected and said switch is closed, means controlled by said clock mechanism for closing said switch, means controlled by said clock mechanism for normally holding said vibrating element inoperative and releasing the same upon the expiration oi a predetermined interval of substantial duration positively timed by the operation 01' said clock mechanism following the closing of said switch, and means for setting said clock controlled, switch closing means to operate at a predetermined time; whereby a second, electrically operated, signal giving means may be connected to the terminals of said switch and set to operate at a predetermined time prior to the operation of said audible, signal sounding means.]

[15. An alarm clock, comprising the combination with a casing, of an electric clock mechanism therein, means adapted to connect said mechanism to a source of power, a vibrating element normally operable when said clock mechanism is so connected to sound an audible signal, a first, electric circuit forming means including a socket adapted to connect an electrically operated signal giving means exterior 01' said casing in said circuit and a manually operable switch on said casing for connectin said socket to and disconnecting it from said source of power when said clock mechanism is connected to said source of power, a second, electric circuit forming means including said socket and a second switch for connecting said socket to said source of power, means controlled by said clock mechanism for effecting a closing of said second switch, means controlled by said clock mechanism for holding said vibrating element inoperative and releasing it upon the expiration of an interval positively timed by the operation of said clock mechanism following the closing of said second switch, and means for setting said clock controlled means for closing said second switch to operate at a predetermined time.] V

16. An alarm clock comprising the combination with a casing, of an electric clock mechanism therein, means adapted to connect said mechanism to asource of power, a vibrating element normally operable when said clock mechanism is so connected to sound an audible signal, a first, electric circuit forming means including a socket adapted to connect an electric light exterior oi said casing in said circuit, and a manually operable switch on said casing for normally controlling the operation of said light by connecting said socket to and disconnecting it from said source or power when said clock mechanism is connected to said source of power; a second electric circuit forming means including said socket,

a second switch for connecting said socket to said source of power, and a thermostatic element adapted automatically, to make and break said second circuit when said second switch is closed; means controlled by said clockmechanism for closing said secondswitch, means controlled by said clock mechanism for holding said vibrating element inoperative and releasing it upon the expiration of an interval positively timed by the operation of said clock mechanism following the closing of said second switch, and means for setting said clock controlled means for closing said second switch to operate at a predetermined time.

[17. In an alarm clock, the combination with a casing, of a clock mechanism therein, a socket on said casing adapted to have an electric light electrically connected thereto, a first, circuitforming means, including a manually-actuated switch for connecting said socket in said circuit and disconnecting it therefrom, means for electricallyconnectingsaid first circuit to a source I 01 power; means forming a second circuit includ-- ing said socket,means for automatically making and breaking said second circuit, when energized, and a second switch for connecting said second circuit to said source of power independently of the position of said manually actuated switch; means controlled by said clock mechanism for actuating said second switch, and means for setting said clock-mechanis'm-controlled means to actuate said second switch at a predetermined time] [18. An alarm clock combination comprising a clock, an audible alarm, an electric alarm circuit including a switch, two separate automatic release means operated by'said clock; one co-' operating directly with said audible alarm and normally holding it inoperative, but adapted to release said audible alarm to permit it to sound, and the other for closing said switch; and means for adjusting the time of day at which said automatic operations will be performed] 19. An alarm clock combination comprising a clock, a casin therefor, a pair of rotary diskshaped cams fixedly mounted on a common shaft in said casing and driven by said clock at the rate of one turn in twelve hours, a pair of cam followers bearing against said cams, means opernted by said cam followers for controlling the automatic operations of separate alarms, and means manually, operable exterior of said casing for adjusting the rotary position of said cam shaft relative to the clock for determining the time of day the automatic alarm operations will be performed.

20. An alarm clock comprising clock mechanism, means for giving an'audible alarm, means for giving a visible alarm, a shaft driven by said mechanism at a rate of one turn intwelve hours, a first cam on said shaft, means controlling the operation of said visible alarm cooperating with said first cam and normally maintaining said visible alarm inoperative, a second cam on said shaft cooperating with said audible alarm giving means and normally maintaining said audible alarm inoperative; said cams being provided with means adapted to cooperate with said audible alarm giving means and said visible alarm controlling means, respectively, at predetermined times to put said visible alarm first into operation and, after the expiration of a predetermined interval of substantial duration positively timed by the operation of said clock mechanism, to release said audible alarm for operation.

21. A unitary electric alorm'clock comprising the combination with a casing having an electric clock mechanism therein, of means for connecting said mechanism to a source 0! power; means in said casing forming an electric circuit including a first switch for connecting said circuit to said source of power when said clock mechanism is so connected and a thermostatic switch for automatically opening and closing said circuit; a socket on said casing and forming a. part of said circuit for connecting an electrically operated signaling device exterior of said casing to said source of power when said mechanism is so connected and said switch is closed; releasable means wholly within said casing for giving an audible signal and normally operable at all times, unless restrained, when said clock mechanism is in operation; means actuated by said clock mechanism normally restraining the operation of said audible signal means and normally maintaining said first switch open; said last mentioned means including means for eflecting a. closing of said switch, and, after a predetermined interval of time of substantial duration positively timed by said clock mechanism following the closing of said switch, for releasing said audible signalgiving means; and means for setting said mechdnism to efiect a closing of said first switch at a predetermined time. I

22. A unitary electric alarm clock comprising the combination with a casing having an electric clock mechanism therein, 0 means for connecting said mechanism to a source of power; means in said casing forming an electric circuit including a first switch for connecting said circuit to said source of power when said clock mechanism is so connected and a thermostatic switch for automatically opening and closing said circuit; a

socket on said casing and forming a part of said circuit for connectin an electrically operated signaling device exterior of said casing to said source of power when said mechanism is so connected and said switch is closed; releasable means wholly within said casing for giving an audible signal and normally operable at all times, unless restrained, when said clock mechanism is in operdtion; means actuated by said clock mechanism normally restraining the operation of said audible signal means and normally maintaining said first switch open; said last mentioned means including means for effecting a closing of said switch, and, after a predetermined interval of time of substantial duration positively timed by said clock mechanism following the closing of said switch, for releasing said audible signal-giving means; means for setting said mechanism to eflect a closing of said first switch .at a prede termined timep and manually operable means for preventing the closing of said first switch when it would otherwise close in response to the normal operation of said mechanism.

23. A unitary electric. alarm clock comprising a. casing, having an electric clock mechanism therein; means for connecting said mechanism to a source of power; a vibrating element in sdid casing for producing an audible signal and normally operable, unless restrained, at all times when said mechanism is connected to a source of power; means in said casing {aiming an electric circuit including -a normally open switch for connecting said circuit to said source of power when said clock mechanism is connected to said source, a socket on said casing, and, a thermostatic switch for intermittently breaking said circuit when closed by said normally open switch:

means in said casing controlled by said clock mechanism for eflecting a closing of said normally open switch at a predetermined time; means in said casing controlled by said clock mechanism and normally restraining said vibrating element for releasing said element following the lapse of a predetermined interval positively timed by said clock mechanism following the closing of said switch; and manually operable means for setting the time when said switch will be closed,- whereby an electric lamp may be connected in said circuit through said socket to give an intermittently flashing signal when said switch is closed.

24. In an alarm clock, the combination with a casing, of an electric clock mechanism in said casing, electric circuit forming means in said casing, including a socket on said casing adapted to connect an electric lamp in said circuit and means in said casing repeatedly -making and breaking said circuit to effect a repeated lighting and extinguishing of said lamp when connected in said circuit, a switch controlled by said mechanism for connecting said circuit forming means to a source at power, manually operable means accessible exterior of said casing for preventing the closing of said switch when it would otherwise close in response to the normal operation of said mechanism, means controlled by said mechanism for giving an audible alarm after the expiration of an interval positively timed by the operation of said clock mechanism following the actuation of said switch, and means for setting said mechanism to actuate said switch at a predetermined time.

25. An electric alarm clock comprising in combination an electric clock mechanism; means for connecting said mechanism to a source of power; a releasable vibrating element normally operable, unless restrained, to sound an audible signal at all times when said mechanism is connected to said source of power; means forming an electric circuit adapted to have a second, electrically controlled, signal-giving means connected therein, and including -a normally open switch for connecting said circuit to said source of power when said clock mechanism is so connected; two cams driven by said clock and making one turn in twelve hours; one of said cams cooperating with said vibrating element and normally restraining the vibration thereo; but provided with means adapted to effect a release of said vibrating element; a follower cooperating with the other cam for electing a closing of said switch; manually operable means for preventing the closing of said switch when it would otherwise close in response to the normal operation of said clock mechanism; and manually operable means for adiusting the time of day at which said switch will be closed and said vibrating element released.

26. A unitary electric clock comprising the combination with a casing having an electric clock mechanism therein; of means for connecting said mechanism to a source of power; a socket on said casino: circuit-forming means in said casing includinq said socket and a manually operable switch on said casing for connecting said socket to and disconnecting it from said source of power, when said clock mechanism' is connected to said source of power; whereby, an electric lamp may be electrically connected to said socket and said circuit may be utilized as a normal lighting circuit; a second circuit-forming means in said casing, including said socket. a

normally open second switch for connecting said second circuit-forming means to said source of power when said second switch is closed and said mechanism is so connected, and a thermostatic switch for automatically making and breaking said second circuit when closed by said second switch; whereby an electric lamp when electrically connected to said socket may be caused to flash intermittently when said second circuit is closed by said second switch; a vibrating element in said casing normally operable, unless restrained, at all times when said clock mechanism is connected to 'said source of power to give an audible alarm; a first means controlled by said clock mechanism for eflecting a closing of said second switch; a second means controlled by said clock mechanism for normally restraining said vibrating element and for releasing said vibrating element after the expiration of an interval positively timed by said mechanism following the closing of said second switch; and means for setting said olrst means to efiect a closing of said second switch at a predetermined time.

27. An electric alarm clock comprising an electric clock mechanism, a vibrating element for sounding an audible alarm and automatically operable at all times when said clock mechanism is in operation an electric light, on electriccircruit including said light and a releasablevswitch for closing said circuit to light said light when said clock mechanism is in operation, means driven by said clock mechanism and normally cooperating with said vibrating element to prevent vibration thereof but adapted to release said element ANTHONY J. PARISSI.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the tile or this patent or the original patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,057,668 Porter Apr. 1, 1913 1,542,275 Rodrigues June 16, 1925 1,648,748 Traub Nov. 8, 1927 1,651,408 Peacock Dec. 6,. 1927 1,672,791, Thlmblethorpe June 5, 1928 1,730,276 Kollman Oct. 1, 1929 1,801,129 Warren Apr. 14, 1981 1,943,598 Gourley Jan. 18, 1934 2,026,070 Sholden Dec. 31, 1935 2,039,194 Simon Apr. 28, 1936 2,238,756 Steeneck Apr. 15, 1941 2,239,160 Newman Apr. 22, 1941 2,421,986 Bohman 1 June 10, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 8,258 Netherlands Feb. 15, 1923 699,666 Germany Dec. 4, 1940

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3011303 *Nov 20, 1956Dec 5, 1961Dickinson Wilbur CMenstrual cycle indicator
US3545195 *Apr 11, 1968Dec 8, 1970Blessing Werke KgElectrical and mechanical alarm clocks with pulse-controlled position lamp
US5402396 *Feb 18, 1993Mar 28, 1995Sony Electronics Inc.Sunrise alarm clock radio