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Publication numberUSRE24314 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 14, 1957
Publication numberUS RE24314 E, US RE24314E, US-E-RE24314, USRE24314 E, USRE24314E
InventorsJames L. Gefaz
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Knitted hosiery and method of closing
US RE24314 E
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 14, 1957 J GETAZ Re. 24,314

KNITTED HOSIERY AND METHOD OF CLOSING THE TOE 0F SAME I Original Filed Dec. 1, 1954 IIIIIIIIIIMW v NNN R:

/3 JZM 65,42.

BY 4oz, M/o%d ATT United States Patent KNITTED HOSIERY AND METHOD OF CLOSING THE TOE OF SAME James L. Getaz, New York, N. Y.

Original No. 2,740,279, dated April 3, 1956, Serial No. 472,440, December 1, 1954. Application for reissue December 7, 1956, Serial No. 627,086

14 Claims. (Cl. 66187) Matter enclosed in heavy brackets appears in the original patent but forms no part of this reissue specification; matter printed in italics indicates the additions made by reissue.

This invention is related to knitted hosiery and particularly to a novel hosiery construction and to a method of closing the toe of hose which are knitted on circular knitting machines.

As is well known, the manufacture of hosiery is divided into two basic methods, i. e., full fashioned and circular knit. In the former the hose is knitted flat and after the knitting is completed, the two sides of the hose are folded together and the edges are sewn, with a seam which runs lengthwise of the foot and which extends to the end of the toe. The portion of this [This] seam which extends along the foot is located on the bottom of the foot where it is not visible when the hose is worn, and, although it is not a fiat seam, has been found not to cause any discomfort to the wearer. It provides a quick and inexpensive method of closing the toe and is currently used for making most ladies hose.

In the manufacture of circular knit hose, the closing of the toe, according to the method which is now in use, is more difiicult. The seam instead of running lengthwise of the foot, is across the foot near the toes and is at a right angle to the length of the foot. tends halfway around the sides of the foot, and, because of its location, must be a flat seam in order to be comfortable to the wearer and acceptable to the trade. To make this seam in a satisfactory manner it is necessary for the operator to place by hand each loop at the end of the toe portion of the hose on one of the points of the dial of a looping machine. The loops of the instep portion are likewise individually placed on the same points as the loops of the foot portion and these pairs of loops are sewn together to close the toe.

This operation of putting the loops on the points of a looper dial is tedious and requires a long period of training on the part of the operator before sulficient skill can be obtained. In face, this looping of circular knit hosiery is generally agreed to be the most difiicult manual operation presently involved in the commercial manufacture of hosiery.

It is the purpose of this invention to provide a circular knit hose construction wherein the seam which closes the toe, instead of running across the foot, is lengthwise and on the bottom of the foot. In this way the seam is placed in such position that it need not be a fiat seam to be comfortable to the wearer, and it may be made without the tedious manual operation of putting the loops individually on the points of a looper dial.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a side view of the hose as it comes from the knitting machine.

Figure 2 is the side view of the toe portion of the hose after the toe has been closed.

Figure 3 is a bottom view of the toe portion of the hose as it appears on the foot of the wearer.

This seam also ex- Re. 24,314 Reissued May 14, 1957 In the manufacture of circular knit hosiery there are two methods of rotating the cylinder which are used in the same hose. In one method, the cylinder runs continuously in one direction, generally counter-clockwise; in the other the cylinder reciprocates back and forth making less than a complete revolution in each reciprocal movement. The needles in the cylinder consist of two groups, each containing the same number of needles; those which knit the instep portion have long butts and those which knit the bottom of the foot have short butts. v

In making a stocking the knitting begins at the top A (Figure 1) and continues with the cylinder rotating in one direction until the point B is reached. Then the instep needles which have long butts are raised to a height which puts them out of action, the rotation of the cylinder is changed to reciprocation and knitting proceeds to the point C on the short butt needles alone. With each reciprocal stroke, one short butt needle at either side of the the group is raised by a pick so that it is out of action. This process of successively raising the needles narrows the fabric and forms a gore CD. At point D, only a few needles remain in action. Then the short butt needles which have been raised are put into action one at a time and the gore is widened until the line CE is reached, whereupon the knitting of the heel will have been completed. At this point the long butt needles are brought into action and the knitting proceeds on continuous rotation during the knitting of the foot.

It is customary to knit the toe in exactly the same man ner as described above for knitting the heel. There is one exception: in the manufacture of circular knit ladies hose, the short butt needles which knit the bottom of the foot are raised out of action in the knitting of the toes and the looper seam is on the bottom of the foot to make it less noticeable, however, it runs across the bottom of the foot and shown on both sides, coming halfway up the sides of the foot.

In this invention, the procedure in knitting the toe is quite different. Instead of raising half of the needles out of action, only a few needles are raised, being those which knit the portion of the foot between the points 10 and 11 in Figure 2. The reciprocating movement begins at this point 10 and the arc of reciprocation is increased so as to knit a long course from the point 10 past the point 18 and to the point 10 on the other side of the foot. Beginning at 10 a narrowing gore 10-1312 is formed, which is about twice as long as the usual gore, by raising one or more needles [needle] at a time at either [each] side of the group upon each stroke 0 the reciprocation, and as this gore is knitted the instep portion of the toe is formed from 18 to 12. After the narrowing side of this gore is completed, instead of widening it by putting the raised needles into action, one needle at a time, all the raised needles are put into action at once, then continuous rotation is resumed and the toe portion 131114-17 is knitted. When the opening 1516 has been reached, the hose is cast from the knitting machine and the seam 17-11 is sewn lengthwise of the foot to close the toe. The narrow piece 1715-161l is cut off and discarded. The seam 17-11 is shown more clearly in Figure 3, wherein it may be seen to lie in the center of bottom of the foot of the wearer.

The method described above is preferred, but there are many variations thereof within the scope of this invention. After the gore 1013--12 is completed, instead of putting all of the needles into action at once, they may be brought into action one or more at a time on successive reciprocations of the cylinder [or two at a time] until all of them are back into action except the needles which knitted the portion of the foot between the points and llfwhich needles are then put back intonation simultaneously. If his desired to shorten the seam 17-11 this gnay be done by incorporating a non-stretchable cordin the seam as it sewn, or an elastic y'arn may be used in theut oe p liiQh 14.17. An elastic yarn may be used at the opening 157 .6 a e h cur cm! f the n abr and iasil tate the sewing of seam 17- 11. On account of the location of scam 17TH on the bot om f lik PQ i not necessary for it to be a flat seam, u a fl seam is desired it may be obtained by making the toe PQrliQn ,3*. 1. 4.l 7 o ana nd w n n lq se ing thread in scan-i 17,1 1. Then the searri'rnay'be manently flattened by pre-boardihgthe'hose with pressure on the seam. Other vari ations' may he developed as this method is put into volume production.

1. A method of knitting the toe portion of hose in a circular knitting machine which comprises raising out of t c a r p of eed e on th s d o t e needl l der which knitted the select the foot portion of 'said hose, reciprocating said cylinder while raising'some of the remaining needles out of'action one or mumps few] at a time on successive reciprocations of said cylinder, ultimately placing all of said needles back into action, and completing the knitting of the sole portion of said hose by continuous rotation of said cylinder.

2. A method of knitting the toe portion of hose in 'a circular knitting machine which comprises raising out of action a group of needles on the side of the needle cylinder which knitted the bottom of the foot portion of said hose, reciprocating said cylinder while raising some of the remaining needles out of action one or more [a few] at a time on successive reciprocation of said cylinder, placing all of said needles back into action simultaneously and completing theknittir g of said hose by continuous rotation of said cylinder.

3. A method of knitting the toe portion of hose in a circular knitting machine which comprises raising out of action a first group of needles on the side of the needle cylinder which knitted the bottom of the foot portion of said hose, reciprocating said cylinder while raising a second group of needles out of action one or more [a few] at a time and then placing this second group of needles back into action one or more [a few] at a time on successive reciprocations of said cylinder, placing said first group of needles back into action simultaneously, and completing the knitting of the sole portion of said hose by continuous rotation of said cylinder.

4. A method of knitting the toe portion of hose in a circular knitting machine which comprises raising out of action a group of needles on the side of the needle cylinder which knitted the bottom of the foot portion of said hose, reciprocating said cylinder while raising some of the remaining needles out of action one Or more [a few] at a time on successive reciprocations of said cylinder, ultimately placing all of said needles back into action, and completing the knitting of said-hose by continuous rotation of said cylinder to form a marginal fabric around a toe openingof said hose,-incorporating an elfectively non-stretchable cord in said marginal fabric.

-5. A method of knitting the toe portion of hose in a circular knitting machine which comprises raising out of-iaction a group of needles on-the side of the needle cylinder which knittedthe bottom of.the foot portion of said hose, reciprocating'said cylinder while raising some of :theremaining needles out of action one or moreIa few] .at a time onsuccessivereciprocations of said cylinder, ultimately placing all of said needles back" into action, and completing the knitting of saidhose by continuous rotation of said cylinder :toform a marginal fabric :around a 'toe :opening of said hose, incorporating A method of forming the toe -o f=hose using a circular knitting machine which comprises raising out of action a group of needles on the side of the needle cylinder which knitted the bottom of the foot portion of said hose, reciprocating said cylinder while raising some of the remaining needles out ,of action one. or more [a few] at a time on successive rciprocations of said cylinder, utimately placing all of said needles back into action, completing the knitting of said .hose'by continuous rotation of said cylinder to form a marginal fabric around a toe opening of'said' hose, castir'i'gsaid hose from said needles, flattening saidhose to bring its two side portions together, sewing a seam through the two side portions of said hose along a'li'iie ektending longitudinally of said hose across saidtoeopeuing, and remoying the marginal fabric beyond said seam.

-7. Arnethod of forming the toe of hose using a circular knitting machine, which comprises knitting two" narrowing gores across the sides of s'aid'ho'sel' knitting additional sole portions of said hose adjoining said g'ores, closing said too by bringing said additional sole portions in who wit hid he a s r Said a di l-1 sole artials p e h i i t u lie x ea njs en wiseof said hose. i i

8. Amethodof forming the toe of hose using a circular knitting which" comprises knitting'two gor'cs across'the sides of said hose, forming the" sole portion of said toe by knitting addi' onal fablric' adjoining said gores, bringing tae'twe sidesof said additional fabric' in Contact with each other' and closing ,s'aid'ioe by sewing said two sides of said fabric together with a seam of stitche 'rul fiing lengthwise of said nose.

' 9. A method of forming thetoe of'hose using a circular knitting machine, which comprises forming an instep portion of said toe by knittinggores across .the sides of said hose from paints marine" centftfofTtlie' sole portion of said hose, rer m" sole ortion dfsaid toe by knitting additional fabric adjoining said 'gore's and sewing a seam ofistitche's wliichexte'nds from a point near the end of said to e along said soleportioniin a direction away fromsaid to e to a point in the lateral center of said sole portion.

10. In circular knit hose, a toe portion having a gore extending from near the bo'ttorn center of the foot of said hose obliquely upward and forward along either side of said toe portion to a point near the toe end of said hose, said toe portion being closed by a seam of stitches extending longitudinally of the foot portion of 'said hose and along the bottom thereof. l

11-1 11 circular knit hose, a toe portion having a gore extending obliquely upward and forward along either side of said toe portion, said toeportion being closed by a seam of stitches extending longitudinally of the foot portion of said hose and along the botton'rthereof.

l2. In circular-knit hose, a toe portion constructed of courses of loops o fyarn, a gore in said courses, said. courses on the instep side of saidtoe portion extending obliquely to said gore, and said courscs on the bottom side of said too portion extending generally parallel with said gore, and a seam of stitches extending longitudinally of said hose along the bottom of said'to'e portion to close the same i 13. In circular knit hose, a toe portion closed by a seam of stitches extending longitudinallyof said toe p01- rion along the bottom thereof, courses adjacent said seam extending generally parallel to said seam, and courses on the top of said toepcrtion extending generally transversely of said toe portion.

14. In circular knit hose, t n-instep portionand a toe portion which is joined tOsc z'dinsteppQrii n by knitted stitches, courses of knitted stitches in said toe portion running longit uo inally ofv sa idthose, said toe p orti on being closed by a seam running longitz dinqlly ond .along the ,lyo ttom thereof.

(References on following page) References Cited in the file of this patent 2,130,018 Lochhead Sept. 13, 1938 or the original patent 2,384,079 Davis Sept. 4, 1945 UNITED STATZS PATENTS 2,423,744 WhitlOCk July 8, 1947 372309 Gourd H Nov 1 1887 2,699,056 Margulies Ian. 11, 1955 1:752:52 Butz p 1930 5 2,703,972 Reymes-Cole et a1 Mar. 15, 1955 1,789,494 Page Jan. 20, 1931 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,841,205 Page et a1. Ian. 12, 1932 413,279 Great Britain July 10, 1934 1,945,227 La Montagne et a1 Jan. 30, 1934

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US7487555 *Jul 3, 2002Feb 10, 2009Takeda Leg Wear Co., Ltd.Socks