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Publication numberUSRE24423 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 4, 1958
Filing dateJul 19, 1957
Priority dateMay 27, 1954
Publication numberUS RE24423 E, US RE24423E, US-E-RE24423, USRE24423 E, USRE24423E
InventorsFrank D. Oesterle
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Votive candle
US RE24423 E
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1953 F. D. OES-TERLE ELTAL} 24,423

VOTIVE CANDLE Originai Filed May 27, 1954 V INVENTORJ flan/ Dwight 055mm Law-fer BA/LLAPGEON W man:

Re. 24,423 Reissued Feb. 4', 1958 United States latent Ofifice 24,423 VOTIVE CANDLE Frank D. Oesterle, West Englewood, N. J., and Laurier Baillargeon, St. Constant, Quebec, Canada Original No. 2,713,256, dated July19, 1955, Serial No. 432,848, May 27, 1954. Application for reissue July 19, 1957, Serial No. 674,005

6 Claims. (Cl. 67-21) made by reissue.

The present invention relates to votive candles.

" Existing votive candles are manufactured with a metal detail in the base of the candle to support the wick. After the candle has burnt out these metal details remain in the bottom of the glass container or cup and the accumulation of said metal details cause the succeeding candles to tilt so that the flame .is thrown onto the side of the glass cup which results in glass breakage.

Accordingly, the general object of the present invention is the provision of an improved votive candle so constructed as to eliminate glass breakage and the necessity of a constant cleaning of the glass cup.

A more specific object of the present invention is the provision of an adapter insertable into a cup for votive candles and provided with means to support the wick of the candle until the latter has completely burnt out thereby leaving no wax or'wick residue in the cup and thus enabling a new candle to be inserted into the cup without having to remove the adapter.

Still another important object of the present invention is the provision of an adapter [to] of the character described comprising a non-burning or non-combustible disk with a centrally projecting tube adapted to engage a recess made in the base of the candle body so as to hold the wick in upright position until the latter has completely burnt out.

Yet another important object of the present invention is the provision of an adapter of the character described having a projecting tube provided with lateral openings for admission of combustion air during the last stage of burning of the candle body.

Yet another important object of the present invention is the provision of a votive candle assembly of the character described in which the several component parts are relatively inexpensive and simple to manufacture.

The foregoing and other important objects of the present invention will become more apparent during the following disclosure and by referring to the drawings in which:

Figure l is a. perspective view of one embodiment of the adapter according to the invention;

Figure 2 is a longitudinal section showing part of the cup and the adapter according to Figure 1 in position in the bottom of said cup;

Figure 3 is a longitudinal section showing how the candle body is inserted into the cup;

Figure 4 is a longitudinal section showing the candle in proper position in the cup;

Figure 5 is a section of a second embodiment of the adapter according to the invention;

Figure 6 is an exploded perspective view of the adapte shown in Figure 5;

Figure 7 is a section of a third embodiment of the adapter according to the invention; and

Figure 8 is an exploded perspective view of the third embodiment.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings 11]. which like reference characters indicate like elements throughout, the letter A indicates a cup shaped container made of glass or transparent plastic and preferably coloured. The cup or container A is outwardly tapered to receive the tapered body of fuel or candle B.

According to the invention, the candle B is provided at its base 1 with an annular recess 2 defining a tapered central body projection 3 which depends from the bottom 4 of the annular recess 2 and which has its outer end 5 disposed at a point that is lying above the base 1 of the candle B.

The candle B is provided with a wick 6 extending centrally through the body and through the projection 3 to terminate at the outer end 5 of said projection 3.

A first embodiment of the adapter, according to the invention, is shown in Figures 1 to 4. This adapter consists in a substantially thick disk 7 made of non-combustible material and having a side 8 which may be tapered or straight depending upon whether the side of the candle body B is tapered or straight. Said disk 7 has a central hole for receiving a tight fitting short tube 9. The tube 9 is provided with a plurality of lateral circular openings 10, some of them disposed adjacent the outer end 11 of the tube 9 and others disposed adjacent the top face 12 of the disk 7.

As shown in Figure 2, the top face 12 of the disk 7 is slightly concave and the outer end 11 of the tube 9 is outwardly flared to receive the tapered projection 3, of the candle body B.

Into the bottom of the tube 9 may be packed a permanent wicking 13 preferably made of entangled Nichrome wire or a combination of wire and asbestos.

The wick 6 is preferably of a type which burns out completely and leaves no residue.

The adapter 7 remains permanently in the bottom of the cup A. The votive candle B is dropped into the cup A and its projection 3 engages within the tube 9 of the adapter. When the candle B has burnt down to the level of the tube 9, the latter maintains the wick 6 in upstanding position and prevents it from tilting over to cause breakage of the cup A by the flame. During the last stage of burning, combustion air enters the tube 9 through the lateral openings 10. The concave or inclined top face 12 of the disk 7 causes the flow of the melted wax towards the tube and into the wicking 13 where it is burnt. Therefore, burning does not stop until the wax has completely disappeared, and the cup is then ready to receive a new candle body B because the necessity of cleaning the cup is eliminated.

Figures 5 and 6 show another embodiment of the adapter, according to the invention, which consists in a thin metal disk 14 provided with a central hole 15 for removably receiving a nipple 16 provided with an end flange 17 adapted to abut the edges of the hole 15. The nipple 16 is provided with longitudinally extending slots 18 opening at the outer end 19 of the nipple 16 and extending downwardly to a point adjacent the flange 17. The nipple 16 is surrounded by a coiled wire 20 abutting at one end against the disk 14 and having its outer spiral 21 projecting beyond the outer end 19 of the nipple 16. The outer spiral 21 of the coiled wire 20 serves to guide the tapered projection 3 of the candle body B during insertion of the latter into the cup without scraping the wax of the lateral faces of said projection 3. The longitudinal slots 18 admit combustion air to the wick 6 when the level of the candle B is down to below the outer end of the nipple 16.

Figures 7 and 8 show still another embodiment of the adapter according to the invention. Said embodiment 3 \gggsis s in ,a thin n gtal disk 22 provided with a central hole ,2; ada ted to .reee the plants 2%! which i provided at one end with a flange 25 for abutting the edge of the hole 23. The nipple 24 is provided with two lateral reet n n r Qneaiass 2, and 7 o eeznlsnst air, which ar disposed near the outer end Q5 of {the sl aale A4 and adj cent the di k 22, espe ti el T a sister emb diments shows Figu e ,5 t a e les ex ensi to msnul a ure than th am le? emb ds-nes i ur s 3 an .4, be ause it is net n ce ary to make he .1 s .15 a d can th n le l nd .14 wit as small eietane s as th s needed i 'q he u e 9 n disk 7 and a o because he disks 14 an :22 need not be as t i e the disk 1 e P efe ed mbodimen s aeectdins o be presen inven ion have been iHus a, d and des r bed it is usel sstead tha serious modifiea icns may be resorted t without departing from the spirit and scope of the ,apendedel ims We cla m t e qt eantl e in epmlsl i tisn a conta ne a bo t tuel a ick s id b d the base of said bo y hav n an ,liese ne sil annular ee ss ts de ne. a b dy p i e tendin rom the b om of said re es an se t?! s a pa at sa d W193, and a P ate memb r ad p e to be dis sed i the bottom f sa d ta ne an aving es pstandin ubula Pr ie tien adapte to r msvebl enga e vsa d d reeess a d t sur ound said had) Preieetid Z In otive andle in ss nbinstiqn a co t ner, a b o f e ad ted to be is o e n. sa d on ainer, a wick in said body, the base of said body having a deep nnu r re es t defin a od P ojec o extendin ro e bc tem 9 e t re e and c nta n n P r of said w ck and a Plate membe ada t to be dispvsed in the,

bottom of the container and having an upstanding tubular p sieetisn ad ted o en a e s d o y e e s a s q ad sa d Qdv P oject on, a bu Projection ing lateral lonenin fo a ssion of combustion air.

3. In a votive candle, in combination, a container, a body of fuel, a wick in said body, the base of said body having a deep ,annnlar recess to define a tapered body RIQiFFiiQP extendin f om the bottom .of said recess to a point short of said base, said body projection containing a part of said wick, and a plate member adapted to be disposed at the bot-tom of the container and having an upstanding tubularprgiestonada te tnenaase sa d body recess and surround said tapered body projection, and having lateral openings therein for admission of combustion air.

4. In a votive candle, in combination, a container, a body of fuel adapted to be disposed in said container, at wick in said body, the base of said body having a deep annular recess to define a body projection extending from the bot om at sa d recess downwa d y to. a poin short of the base of said body and containinga part of said wick, sk ha n an op nin in th c nte the of, said dis adapted to be disposed in the bot m of th contain 1 and a flanged nipple remoyably engaging said disk hole and upstanding within said body recess to surround said body projection.

n a ot v andle, vt e combina ion of: an op pped cont ner ha in a otto v a l a d an im pe forat tra s arent s de wall; means in the bo tom of the container defining a centrally disposed upstanding socket which projects upwardly from the bottom of the container a distance considerably less than the height f the :QQntaincrSide vwall and is spaced inwardly of the id wallna body of fuel .in the container with a portion thereof received in the socket; a wish in the body of fuel extending all the way down through that portion of the fu l body which is received in vthe socket; said body of fuel having a height less than that of the container side wall; 11nd the Socket having an air inlet port leading to the bottom thereof to gonduct air for combustion into the socket to ,qssure that the socket will be empty upon complegion of combustion.

6,. The combination set forth in claim 5 further characterized by the fact tho! the rneans defining the socket C mJZ iSBS 1 metal disk ,Ofo size to cover substantially the entire bottom of the container, and a tubular element fixed to the center of the vdis/c and projecting upwardly therefrom, sgid tubular element having an opening in its bottom portion it? provide the air inlet port.

Rei e -lu y 8 1. Woosler Oct. 28, 1919

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6241513Apr 7, 2000Jun 5, 2001John A. JeneralCandle cup
US6409501 *Jun 7, 1999Jun 25, 2002Lumi-Lite Candle Company, Inc.Candle with surrounding decorative combustible material
US7229280Nov 1, 2004Jun 12, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder magnetic retention means
US7247017Feb 17, 2004Jul 24, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Melting plate candles
US7287978May 6, 2005Oct 30, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle holder with improved air flow
US7318724May 6, 2005Jan 15, 2008S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US7413435Sep 10, 2004Aug 19, 2008S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle
US7442036May 6, 2005Oct 28, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight
US7467944Aug 9, 2005Dec 23, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
US7467945May 6, 2005Dec 23, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US7497685Jul 20, 2005Mar 3, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick-holder assembly
US7524187Sep 10, 2004Apr 28, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder locking mechanism
US7591646Jul 17, 2007Sep 22, 2009S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7607915Dec 15, 2004Oct 27, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7654822Jul 15, 2005Feb 2, 2010S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US7731492Aug 5, 2005Jun 8, 2010S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
US7922482Sep 28, 2006Apr 12, 2011S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle and wick holder therefor
US8573967Oct 1, 2010Nov 5, 2013S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
Classifications
U.S. Classification431/291
International ClassificationC11C5/00
Cooperative ClassificationC11C5/008
European ClassificationC11C5/00F