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Publication numberUSRE25659 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 13, 1964
Filing dateJun 3, 1949
Publication numberUS RE25659 E, US RE25659E, US-E-RE25659, USRE25659 E, USRE25659E
InventorsMechanical Engineers Handbook
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Non-jamming stop for linear actuators
US RE25659 E
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

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Original Filed June 3, 1949 J E. CHAPMAN ETAL.

NON-JAMMING STOP FOR LINEAR ACTUATORS :Omi

| Oct. 13, 1964 United States Patent O 25,659 NON-JAMMING STOP FOR LINEAR ACTUATORS James E. Chapman and Lloyd D. Bevan, Palos Verdes Estates, Calif., assignors to The Garrett Corporation, Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California Original No. 2,658,407, dated Nov. 10, 1953, Ser. No. 97,054, June 3, 1949. Application for reissue July 24, 1963, Ser. No. 297,473

12 Claims. (Cl. 74-424.8)

Matter enclosed in heavy brackets [l appears in the original patent 'but forms no part of this reissue specilication; matter printed in italics indicates the additions made by reissue.

This invention pertains to extensible struts, and relates particularly to a means for reducing or eliminating a jam which may occur at either of the extreme limits of movement of such a strut.

Extensible struts of the electrically actuated type are extensively used in aircraft, for example, for the remote control of movable airfoil surfaces. In some applications of such linear actuators it has been found that binding or galling of the translatory member with respect to the stationary member occurs at either or both of the fully retracted and extended positions. As a consequence of such a jam, it is not unusual that the motor upon reversal is incapable of both reducing the jam and accelerating the load. The condition is aggravated by virtue of the fact that such a binding or galling jam occurs at surfaces which move relative to each other in both rotary and longitudinal movements. Hence when the members of the strut are extended or retracted to an extreme limit of movement a quantity of kinetic energy is dissipated as heat because of the jam at the surfaces of the moving parts.

It is an object of this invention to provide means for converting at least a part of the kinetic energy of a jam into potential energy available to assist in unjamming the parts. It is a further object to provide a novel stress member associated with one of the jamming members, wherein the greater portion of the jam kinetic energy is converted to and stored as the potential energy of a stress induced in the member in the form of torsional and/ or longitudinal stress, the latter stress being either compressional or tensional.

Further objects will be apparent upon consideration of the preferred embodiment of the invention shown on the drawing and described in detail herein. Since many changes could be made in the preferred embodiment without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the description and shown in the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as being illustrative rather than as being restrictive of the scope of the invention.

The single gure of the drawing is a partially sectioned View of an extensible strut of the electrically actuated type.

The strut, generally indicated at 10, is adapted for pivotal mounting to members (not shown) for inducing relative movement therebetween by means of eye fittings 11 and 12, which are prevented from rotation about the axis of the strut by virtue or their attachment to the aforementioned movable members. Fitting 11 is secured by means of screws 11a to a gear housing 13, within which a train of gears is disposed for transmitting power from F ICC an electric or other type of motor 14 to the relatively movable primary parts of the strut to be described. As shown, the gear train comprises a spur gear 15 driven by the pinion shaft 16 of motor 14, and a spur gear 17 driven by the pinion portion 18 of a countershaft 19 to which the gear 15 is secured, as by splining engagement therewith and by a pin 20. The countershaft 19 is rotatably contained within the housing 13 by means of antifriction bearings 21 and 22.

The spur gear 17 is secured by means of a pin 23 to the reduced portion 24 of a jack screw shaft 25 which comprises one of the two relatively movable primary parts of the strut aforementioned. Anti-friction bearings 26 and 27 support the jackscrew shaft 25 for rotation within the housing 13 on either side of the spur gear 17. Between the gear 17 and bearing 27 a pinion gear 28 is secured to the shaft 25 and adapted to engage a gear 29 which may actuate an electric switching mechanism in the control box 30, the latter forming no part of the invention and hence not being described herein. Distal of the bearing 27 the shaft 25 is threaded to receive a cooperating nut 31 for translational movement thereof when the shaft is rotated, the nut 31 constituting the second of the aforementioned relatively movable primary parts of the strut. A thrust sleeve 32, to the outer end of which the eye fitting 12 is secured, is attached at its inner end to the nut 31 by any preferred means, such as dimpling or brazing. Secured to the housing 13, and overlying the thrust sleeve 32 is a dust tube 33 within which the sleeve 32 is adapted to move axially.

Attached to the end of nut 31 in any convenient manner is a stress collar 34, preferably of steel, whose purpose Will be hereinafter described. A stress washer 35, likewise preferably fabricated of steel, may be brazed or otherwise aixed to the inner end of tting 12 if desired.

The jackscrew shaft 25 has an axial bore 25a throughout its length and has therewithin a stress rod member 36, of a slightly smaller diameter than the shaft bore, and anchored therewithin at its leftward end by suitable means, such as brazing. An enlarged head 37 on the rightward end of the member 36 is of slightly smaller diameter than the inside diameter of the thrust sleeve 32, whereby it is adapted to contact the stress collar 34 when the strut is in extended position and to contact the stress washer 35 when the strut is retracted.

It is now apparent that extension of the strut to its extreme limit causes the nut 31 to traverse the threads of shaft 25 until the collar 34 contacts the enlarged portion 37 of the member 36, at which time a tendency towards further strut extension will result in (a) tension stress in member 36 by virtue of the linear motion of the nut 31 with respect to shaft 25 and (b) torsion stress in member 36 by virtue of rotary motion of the shaft 25 (and thus of the member 36 and its enlarged head 37) with respect to nut 31.

Likewise it is apparent that retraction of the strut to its other extreme limit causes the nut 31 to traverse the threads of shaft 25 until the washer 35 contacts the opposite face of the enlarged head 37 of the member 36, at which time a tendency toward further strut retraction will result in (a), compression stress, and (b) torsion stress, in member 36.

In either event, the moving parts come to rest in nonam association, since the kinetic energy of the usual jam s now stored as potential energy in the resilience of the itress rod member 36 and is employed to augment the starting torque applied by the motor when reverse movenent is to be effected:

We claim:

1. A non-jamming stop for members movable rota- :ively and translationally of each other to one limit of novement thereof, comprising: a first stress member se- :ured to one of said movable members; a second stress nember secured to the other of said movable members; friction surfaces on said stress members, at least one of said stress members being adapted to convert at least a uortion of the kinetic energy of a jam to the potential energy of a longitudinal and torsional stress in one of said stress members upon frictional engagement of said surfaces; and means for imparting rotative movement to one of said movable members.

[2. The invention of claim 1 further characterized in that the potential energy-storing stress member is secured to the rotative one of said movable members] 3. A non-jamming stop for members movable rotatively and translationally of each other between limits of movement thereof, comprising: a first stress member secured to one of said movable members; a second stress member secured to the other one of said movable members; a third stress member likewise secured to the said other one of said movable members; friction surfaces on said stress members, said second and third stress members being secured in such manner that said second stress member frictionally engages said first stress member by means of said friction surfaces adjacent one limit of movement of said movable members, and said third stress member frictionally engages said first stress member by means of said friction surfaces adjacent the other limit of movement of said movable members whereby at least one of said stress members converts at least a portion of the kinetic energy of a jam to the potential energy of a longitudinal and torsional stress in one of said stress members uon frictional engagement; and means for imparting rotative movement to one of said movable members.

l[4. The invention of claim 3 further characterized in that said rst stress member is the potential energy storing member] [5. The invention of claim 4 further characterized in that said first stress member is secured to the rotative one of said movable members] 6. An extensible strut for Ithe movement of one part relative to another part to one limit of movement therebetween, comprising: a housing; means connecting said housing with one of said parts; a first movable member in said housing; a second movable member in threaded screw relation to said first movable member; means connecting said second movable member with the other of said parts; means associated with one of said movable members for imparting rotative movement thereto; a first stress member secured to one of said movable members; a second stress member secured to the other of said movable members; and friction surfaces on said stress membes, at least one of said stress members being adapted to convert at least a portion of the kinetic energy of a jam to the potential energy of a longitudinal and a torsional stress in one of said stress members upon frictional engagement of said surfaces.

[7. The invention of claim 6 further characterized in that the potential energy storing stress member is secured to the rotative one of said movable members] 8. An extensible strut for the movement of one part relative to another part between limits of movement thereof, comprising: a housing; means connecting said housing with one of said parts; a first movable member in said housing; a second movable member in threaded screw relation to said first movable member; means connecting said second movable member with the other of said parts; means associated with one of said movable members for imparting rotative movement thereto; a iirst stress member secured to one of said movable members; a second stress member secured to the other one of said movable members; a third stress member likewise secured to said other one of said movable members; and friction surfaces on said stress members, said second and third stress members being secured in such manner that said second stress member frictionally engages said yfirst stress member by means of said friction surfaces at One limit of movement of said movable members, and said third stress member frictionally engages said first stress member by means of said friction surfaces at the other limit of movement of said movable members whereby `at least one of said stress members converts at least a portion of the kinetic energy of a jam to the potential energy of a longitudinal and .torsional stress in said one of said stress members upon frictional engagement of said surfaces.

[9. The invention of claim 8 further characterized in that said first stress member is the potential energy storing member] [10. The invention of claim 9 further characterized in that said first stress member is secured to the rotative one of said movable members] [11. An actuator comprising members movable relative to each other to a limit of movement, a torsion stress member connected with one of said members and having a surface frictionally engaging a surface on the other of said members at the region of said limit 0f movement, said stress member being torsionally stressed after engagement of said surfaces at said limit of movement] [12. A gearing comprising screw and nut members movable relative to one another, said members having portions limiting said relative movement, one of said portions comprising a torsion stress means having a friction surface, the other of said portions also including a friction surface arranged to slidably engage the first friction surface at the limit of movement of the nut member relative to the screw member, said stress means becoming stressed after said surfaces are engaged] 13. An actuator comprising:

(a) members movable rotatively relative to each other to a limit of movement;

(b) a substantially straight rodlike torsion stress member connected with one of said members and having a surface frictionally engaging a surface on the other of said members at the region of said limit of'movemzent, said stress member being torsionally stressed after relatively rotative engagement of said surfaces at said limit of movement.

14. A gearing comprising.'

(a) screw and nut members movable rotatively relative to one another, said members having portions limiting said relative movement, one of said portions comprising a substantially straight rodlike torsion stress means having a friction surface;

(b) the other of said portions also including a friction surface arranged to slidably engage the first friction surface at the limit of movement of the nut member relative to the screw member, said stress means becoming torsionally stressed after said surfaces are rotatively engaged.

I 5 A non-jamming linear actuator comprising:

(a) a screw member;

(b) a nut member in threaded engagement with said screw member;

(c) means for rotating one of said members to move both of said members rotatively and translationally relative to each other to one limit of movement;

(d a substantially straight elongated torsion. stress member having one end secured to one of said membersand having d friction face on its opposite end; and

(e) a friction face on the other one of Said members adapted to slidably engage said friction face on said torsion stress member upon movement of said members to said limit,

(f) whereby after engagement of said friction faces said torsion stress member is stressed both longitudinally and torsionally to convert at least a portion of the kinetic energy of a jam to the potential energ)7 of a longitudinal and torsional stress.

16. A non-jamming linear actuator particularly adapted for airborne use, comprising:

(a) a screw member;

(b) a nut member in threaded engagement with said screw member;

(c) means for rotating one of said members to move both of said members rotatively and translationally relative to each other to one limit of movement;

(d) a torsion stress rod having one end secured to one of said members and having an enlarged head on its opposite end;

(e) said enlarged head of said stress rod having a friction face; and

(f) a friction face on the other one of said members adapted to slidably engage said friction face on said enlarged head upon movement of said members to said limit;

(g) whereby after engagement of said friction faces said stress rod is stressed both longitudinally and torsionally to convert at least a portion of the kinetic energy of a jam to the potential energy of a lngitudinal and torsional stress.

17. A non-jamming linear actuator comprising:

(a) a hollow screw member forming an elongated interior chamber;

(b) a nut member in threaded engagement with said screw member;

(c) means for rotating one of said members to move both of said members rotatively and translationally relative to each other to one limit of movement;

(d) a torsion stress rod disposed in said interior chamber and having one end secured to said screw member and having an enlarged head on its opposite end extending beyond said screw member;

(e) said enlarged head of said stress rod having a friction face; and

(f) a friction face on said nut member adapted to slidably and frictionally engage said friction face on said enlarged head upon movement of said members to said limit;

(g) whereby after engagement of said friction faces said stress rod is stressed both longitudinally and torsionally to convert at least a portion of the kinetic energy of a jam to the potential energy of a longitudinal and torsional stress.

18. A non-jamming linear actuator comprising:

(a) a screw member;

(b) a nut member in threaded engagement with said screw member;

(c) electric power means for selectively rotating one of said members in opposite directions to move both of said members rotatively and translationally of each -other between two limits of movement thereof;

(d) a substantially straight rod-shaped stress member having one end secured to one of said members and having an enlarged head on its opposite end;

(e) said enlarged head having friction faces onA opposite sides thereof; and

(f) two spaced friction faces on the -other one of said members, each face being adapted to slidably and frictionally engage one of the friction faces of said enlarged head upon movement of said members to one or the other limit thereof while being rotated by said power means;

(g) whereby said stress member converts at least a portion of the kinetic energy of a iam created by the engagement of a pair of cooperating friction faces due to the movement of said members to one of said limits by said power means to the potential energ of a longitudinal and torsional stress upon said slit able frictional engagement between each pair of cc operating friction faces.

19. A non-jamming linear actuator comprising:

(a) a screw member;

(b) a nut member in threaded engagement with sai screw member;

(c) means for selectively rotating one of said member in opposite directions to move both of said member rotatively and translationally of each other betwee two limits of movement thereof;

(d) a stress rod having one end secured to said scre member and having an enlarged head on its opp( site end extending beyond said screw member;

(e) said enlarged head having friction faces on opp( site sides thereof; and

(f) two spaced friction faces on said nut membe each being adapted to slidably and frictionally ei gage one of the friction faces of said enlarged hea upon movement of said members to one or the oth: limit thereof;

(g) whereby said stress rod converts at least a portio of the kinetic energy of a fam to the potential energ of a longitudinal and torsional stress upon said sli able frictional engagement between each pair of ci operating friction faces.

20. A non-jamming linear actuator particularly adapte for airborne use comprising:

(a) a screw member, said screw member being hollo to provide a hollow chamber;

(b) a nut member in threaded engagement with saz screw member;

(c) electric power means for selectively rotating sai screw member in oppositey directions to move bo: of said members rotatively and translationally each other between two limits of movement thereo (d) a stress rod disposed in said hollow chamber 1 said screw member and having one end secured z said screw member and having an enlarged head c its opposite end extending beyond said screw men ber;

(e) said enlarged head having friction faces on oppl site sides thereof;

(f) two spaced friction faces on said nut member, eat being adapted to slidably and frictionally engage o1 of the friction faces of said enlarged head upc movement of said members to one or the other linf. thereof caused by the rotation of said screw memb` by said power means to create a jam;

(g) whereby said stress rod converts at least a portic of the kinetic energy of said jam to the potenti energy of a longitudinal and torsional stress up( said slidable frictional engagement between eat pair of cooperating friction faces.

References Cited by the Examiner The following references, cited by the examiner, are 1 record in the patented le of this patent or the origin patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 514,307 2/94 Crapp 248-41 1,824,679 9/31 Morris 268-1 1,906,365 5/33 Burkholder 254-11 2,182,584 12/39 Fitz Gerald 74- 2,187,152 1/40 Gwinn 244-1 2,319,463 5/43 Lear 123-41-1 2,349,332 5/44 Angell 74-424 2,398,841 4/46 Morris 74--424 2,407,537 9/46 Chapman 192-1' 2,410,695 11/46 Werner 192--1A 2,417,434 3/47 Mead et a1. 192--1A (Other references on following page) UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,599,251 3/52 Hoover 74-428.8 6/47 Jackson 192 142 2,660,281 11/53 OChIIlall 192--141 7/47 Morris 74-4243 OTHER REFERENCES 3/49 Ochtman 192-.02 p ggu Mechanical Englneers Handbook, Wllham Kent, 10th 8/49 ochtma 'i4-424i? editi0n,1923,page 370.

9/49 Werner 74-785 3/50 Lear 74-424.8

1'0 DON A.v WAITE, Primary Examiner.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3206994 *Nov 19, 1963Sep 21, 1965Angsten Robert JScrew jack brake device
US3344867 *Apr 20, 1965Oct 3, 1967Khg AssociatesBottom brace for pile hammer leads
US5346045 *Jan 7, 1993Sep 13, 1994Link-Miles LimitedElectrically powered actuator
US6250170 *Sep 15, 1999Jun 26, 2001Emerson Electric Co.Load directing trunnion mount for linear actuator
EP0551197A1 *Jan 7, 1993Jul 14, 1993Link-Miles LimitedElectrically powered actuator