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Publication numberUSRE27155 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 20, 1971
Filing dateApr 9, 1969
Priority dateOct 30, 1963
Also published asDE1272807B
Publication numberUS RE27155 E, US RE27155E, US-E-RE27155, USRE27155 E, USRE27155E
InventorsGerhard Hansen
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Moulding and sealing machines
US RE27155 E
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 20, 1.71

s. HANSEN HOULDING AND SEALING MACHINES Original Filed Oct. '19. 1964 2 m MW F md 1 z mu? 1? v M u m v 6 L v Y B ..l .I. 5 l 2 /..0I Mr I W 2 M I 7 7 2 m United States Patent Int. Cl. B29d 23/03 US. (:1. 18-5BF 17 Claims Matter enclosed in heavy brackets appears in the original patent but forms no part 0 f this reissue specification; matter printed in italics indicates the additions made by reissue.

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A machine for molding, filling and sealing containers in one operation from a tube of thermoplastic material and having relatively movable mold parts.

This invention relates to machines for moulding, filling and sealing a container made of thermoplastic material in one operation. The machine has an extrusion head which extrudes thermoplastic tubing a section of which, whilst still hot and plastic, is enclosed in a sectional mould and a fluid under pressure is supplied to within the length of tubing in the mould to expand the tube into contact with the mould surface and form a container. The fluid under pressure may be the material with which the container is to be filled or it may be, for example, a gas which is subsequently displaced from within the container when the material with which the container is to be filled is supplied in this case to the blown container.

A machine has previously been proposed in which the mould remains below the extrusion head and the fluid under pressure is supplied to the container either through the extrusion head or through special ducts in the upper part of the mould. In the first case difficulty arises in providing holding jaws for supporting the length of tubing during the filling operation and special mould sections for sealing the top of the filled container. In the second case fluid supply nozzles are passed through the mould section and protrude into the mould in order to pierce through the length of tubing. With this arrangement there is little space available to accommodate the supply nozzles, which may be hollow needles and which become easily blocked as they pierce through the length of plastic tubing in the mould.

In accordance with the present invention a machine for moulding, filling and sealing containers in one operation comprises an extrusion head for extruding thermoplastic tubing, at least one sectional mould assembly which is arranged to enclose a length of the extruded tubing and the sections of which are each formed with lower and upper parts defining lower and upper moulds for shaping the body and for shaping and sealing the top of the container respectively, and a filling nozzle which is arranged to be introduced into the open upper end of the length of tubing within the mould assembly for supplying fluid under pressure to expand the tubing into contact with the lower mould and form the body of the container, the lower part of each section carrying above the upper part of the same section a suction device for applying suction to the outside of the upper end of the length of tubing within the mould assembly to support the tubing during shaping of the container body but with the tubing out of contact with the upper mould, and the upper part of each section being provided with a further suction device for applying suction to the outside of the tubing for assisting in shaping Re. 27,155 Reissuecl July 20, 1971 and sealing the top of the container after the container has been filled through the filling nozzle.

Preferably, the mould assembly is mounted on a slide block which reciprocates between the extrusion head and the filling nozzle, the mould assembly being in two sections, the lower parts of which are slidable relatively to the block and the upper parts of which are slidably relatively to the lower parts both perpendicularly to the direction of reciprocation of the slide block. The sliding movement of the slide block and other operations of the machine may be controlled by means of limit switches.

In order to keep the top part of the length of tubing enclosed in the mould as warm and plastic as possible so that the top of the container can be successfully shaped and sealed after the container has been filled either one or both of the outer surfaces of the filling nozzle and the upper portions of the lower parts of the mould sections may be thermally insulated. For example, the lower parts of each mould section may be lined with a thermally insulating material at their upper ends, and the tip of the filling nozzle which extends down within the length of tubing into the top of the lower mould is covered with a layer of thermally insulated material, the arrangement being such that when the mandrel is introduced into the mould assembly for expanding the body of the container, part of the length of the tubing is gripped between the covering on the tip of the nozzle and the lining of the lower mould. Preferably the part of the length of tubing is gripped between a conical tip on the nozzle and a complementary conical seating at the top of the lower mould when the body of the container is blown.

One example of a machine constructed in accordance with the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a longitudinal section taken on the line II in FIGURE 2 in the direction of the arrows; and

FIGURE 2 is a section taken on the line IIII in FIG- URE 1 in the direction of the arrows but to a diti'erent scale.

On a table 1 a slide block 2 can be moved by means of a hydraulically or pneumatically operated piston-cylinder unit 3 from a position below an extrusion head 4 of an extruder 5 to a position below a hollow filling nozzle 6 which is secured to the table 1 and which can be raised or loW- ered. The extruder 5 produces a continuous length of thermoplastic tubing 7, such as polythene or polyvinylchloride and is fitted with a cutter 8 for cutting ofi lengths of the plastic tubing 7. The nozzle 6 is connected to a duct 9, which is in turn connected to a source of air pressure and to a filling line 10 for the supply of the material with which the container is to be filled.

The slide block 2 carries the lower parts 12 and 12 of two mould halves which are capable of sliding at right angles to the sliding direction of the piston of the piston/ cylinder unit 3. Fitted to each lower mould part 12, 12' by means of a connecting piece 13, 13 is a vacuum chamber 14, 14'. The side of the vacuum chamber adjacent to the length of tubing is provided with suction nozzles 15, 15. An upper mould part 16 capable of sliding on the lower mould half 12 and for producing the top of the container together with upper part 16' of the other mould half is located between the vacuum chamber 14 and the lower mould part 12. The lower mould part 12 is movable on the slide block 2 by means of a piston/cylinder unit 17, and the upper mould part 16 is movable on the lower mould part 12 by means of a piston/cylinder unit 18. The top inner surface of the bottom mould part 12 and the exterior of the nozzle are provided with a heatinsulating covering 19, 1'9 and 19". The upper mould defined by the parts 16, 16' is, similarly to the vacuum chamber 14, connected to a suction source- (not illusrated), by way of a duct 24 and is provided with suction lozzles 20.

The right-hand mould half shown in FIGURE 2 is dentical to and marked with the same reference numerals [S the left-hand half, except that to the numerals for he former are primed.

FIGURES 1 and 2 show the mould assembly posiioned below the head 4 of the extruder 5. The extruder aroduces a piece of tubing 7, the leading end of which :an just be seen. As soon as the tubing 7 has reached suficient length, the two lower mould parts 12, 12. move to- ;ether and enclose a length of the tubing 7 between them vithin a lower mould. Any of the tubing protruding at he bottom is sheared off by the mould and drops down hrough an opening 21. When the lower mould part 12 moves, the upper mould part 16 is moved with it, however, vith the [upper] lower mould closing completely. The ube piece is held at its upper end by the vacuum in the 'acuum chamber 14, 14', before it is cut off at a certain ength by the cutter 8.

The partially closed mould assembly with the lower nould fully closed then moves under the filling nozzle 6 vhich is lowered coaxially into the length of tubing 7 vithin the mould until the nozzle rests on the lower mould arts 12, 12' with the length of tubing 7 interposed beween the nozzle and the lower mould. For this purpose he lining 19, 19' has a conically shaped extension on its lpper side and the end of the mandrel which is provided vith a heat-insulating lining 19" is of complementary hape. Compressed air is first injected through the duct and nozzle 6 into the tubing 7 within the mould and he air cannot escape unless a certain pressure is over ome, so that at this stage the still plastic tubing 7 is ex anded against the lower mould 12, 12' and forms the |ody of the container. Subsequently the filling material liquid, paste, pulverised or grannular materials etc.) is ed into the body of the already formed container through he duct 10 and nozzle 6 and the compressed air is dis- IIaced from the container. When the container is filled the lOZZlE 6 is lifted and the upper mold 16, 16' then closes ompletely to form and seal the container neck. In order to nsure that the head part of the container is well formed, he corresponding area of the tubing which is, at this tage, still plastic is held against the upper mould parts 16, 6' by suction. The top end of the tube is still in a plastic ondition as the conduction of heat to the lower mould 2, 12 is considerably decreased by the lining 1 9, 1'9", .9. Following .closing of the container on completion of he neck the vacuum source is switched oil? and the halves f the lower mould 12, 12' and the upper mould 16, 16' pen and then revert to their datum position. When the noulds open the filled container falls through holes 22 nd 23 in the slide block 2 and table 1. The mould 12, 2716, 16' again moves under the extrusion head 4 of the xtruder to enclose the next length of plastic tubing 7 nd the operation to produce a filled and closed container egins afresh.

The movement of the upper and lower mould parts 12, 2 and 16, 16', the discharge of the tube 7 from the head i of the extruder 5, the injection of compressed air and lling of the material as well as the necessary lifting and Jwering operations of the nozzle 6 are controlled by leans of limit stops, time delay relays and similar switch quipment so that the process for the production of a conliner and subsequent containers is automatic.

The machine can also be used without supplying comressed air through the duct 9. In this case the tube is xpanded so that it takes up the shape of the mould by me introduction under pressure of fluid with which the ontainer is to be filled. Air trapped in the tube may scape both through the filling nozzle 6 when sufficient ressure has built up.

I claim:

1. A machine for moulding, filling and sealing conainers in one operation and comprising an extrusion head adapted to extrude a length of thermoplastic tubing, at least one sectional mould assembly which is arranged to enclose said length of extruded tubing and. a filling nozzle spaced from the extrusion head adapted to be introduced into the open end of said length of tubing within said mould assembly and to supply. fluid under pressure to expand said length of tubing into contact with a part of said mould and form a body of said container, the sectional mould assembly being movable between the extrusion head and the filling nozzle and which comprises lower parts of said mould sections adapted to shape the body of said container, upper parts of said mould sections adapted to shape and seal the top of said container, first suction nozzles, means applying suction to said first suction nozzles, means mounting said first suction nozzles on said lower parts at a level above said upper parts of said mould sections whereby said first suction nozzles are adapted to apply suction to the outside of the upper end of said length of tubing Within said mould assembly to support said tubing during the shaping of said body of said container with said tubing out'of contact with said upper parts of said mould sections, second suction nozzles carried by said upper parts of said mould sections, and means applying suction to said second suction nozzles for assisting in shaping and sealing the top of said container after said container has been filled through said filling nozzle.

2. A machine according to claim 1, wherein said mould assembly is formed in two sections and said machine further comprises a slide block mounting said mould assembly, means slidably mounting said block for reciprocatory motion between said extrusion head and said filling nozzle, means slidably mounting said lower parts of said mould sections towards and away from one another on said slide block in a direction perpendicular to the dime tion of reciprocation of said slide block, and means slidably mounting said upper parts of the said mould section relatively to the said lower parts also toward and away .from one another in a direction perpendicular to said reciprocation of said slide block.

3. A machine according to claim 1, further comprising a tip on said filling nozzle, upper portions of said lower part of said mould sections adapted to receive said tip during expansion of said length of tubing to form said body of said container, and thermally insulating means carried by at least one of said co-operating tip and upper portions.

4. A machine according to claim 1, further comprising a tip on said filling nozzle, upper portions of said lower part of said mould sections adapted to receive said tip during expansion of said length of tubing to form said body of said container, and thermally insulating means carried by at least one of said co-operating tip and upper portions, said thermally insulating means comprising a lining to said upper portions and a covering to said tip whereby a part of said length of tubing is gripped between said lining and said covering during its formation of said body of said container.

5. A machine according to claim 3, wherein said covering on said tip is conical and said lining forms a complementary conical seating for said tip.

6. A machine for producing, filling and sealing containers from a tube of thermo-plastic material comprising a pair of relatively movable mold forms for forming a main body portion of the container including the bottom part of the container, a pair of slidable upper mold forms to form the head of the container, divided holding members for the tubing whereby the upper mold forms when the relatively movable mold forms are closed will maintain and form the head of the container, said holding members each having a chamber therein, with suction nozzles therein to hold the tube and said upper mold forms each having a chamber with suction nozzles for the head to form closing parts which during filling are spaced form the tubing and after filling are closed.

7. A machine for manufacturing a closed container filled with a flowable material comprising a mold, means for extruding a length of heated thermoplastic material in the shape of a hollow tubular body into said mold, means for establishing a predetermined length of thermoplastic material in the form of a tubular body, means for closing said mold, the bottom of said tubular body being closed by said mold, means for applying a vacuum to support and hold the upper end of said tubular body, and a nozzle adapted to be introduced into the open end of said hollow tubular body, means for applying a difierential pressure through said nozzle to the interior of said heated tubular body to cause it to be expanded to conform to the shape of said mold thereby forming a container body and means for filling said container body through said nozzle with a flowable material, a tip on said nozzle, said mold being formed to accommodate said tip, thermally insulating means carried by at least one of said tip and the portion of said mold formed to accommodate said tip to minimize heat transfer from the adjacent plastic, means for closing the expanded and filled container body after removal of said nozzle, and means for removing said closed container from said mold.

8. The machine of claim 7, wherein said insulating means is applied to said tip.

9. A machine for manufacturing a closed container filled with a flowable material comprising a mold, means for extruding a length of heated thermoplastic material in the shape of a hollow tubular body into said mold, means for establishing a predetermined length of thermoplastic material in the form of a tubular body, means for closing said mold, the bottom of said tubular body being closed by said mold, means for applying a vacuum to support and hold the upper end of said tubular body, and a nozzle adapted to be introduced into the open end of said .hollow tubular body, means for applying a differential pressure through said nozzle to the interior of said heated thermoplastic tubing to cause it to be expanded to conform to the shape of said mold thereby forming a container body and means for filling said container body through said nozzle with a flowable material, a tip on said nozzle, said mold being formed to accommodate said tip,

means for closing the expanded and filled container body after removal of said nozzle, said closing means comprising vacuum jaws which form and shape a cap on said container body to close and seal it, and means for removing said closed container from said mold.

10. The machine of claim 9, further including thermally insulating means carried by at least one of said tip and the portion of said mold formed to accommodate said tip to minimize heat transfer from the adjacent plastic.

11. A machine for manufacturing a closed container filled with a flowable material comprising a mold, means for extruding a length of heated thermoplastic material in the shape of a hollow tubular body into said mold, means for establishing a predetermined length of thermoplastic material in the form of a tubular body, means for closing said mold, the bottom of said tubular body being closed by said mold, and a nozzle adapted to be introduced into the open end of said hollow tubular body, means for applying a differential pressure through said nozzle to the interior of said heated tubular body to cause it to be expanded to conform to the shape of said mold thereby forming a container body and means for filling said container body through said nozzle with a flowable material, a tip on said nozzle, said mold being formed to accommodate said tip, thermally insulating means carried by at least one of said tip and the portion of said mold formed to accommodate said tip to minimize heat transfer from the adjacent plastic, means for applying pressure differential means to support and hold the upper end of said tubular body, means for closing the expanded and filled container body after removal of said nozzle, and means for removing said closed container from said mold.

12. The machine of claim 11, wherein said insulating means is applied to said tip.

13. The machine of claim 11, wherein said means for applying pressure difierential means to support the upper end of said tubular body is a vacuum.

14. A machine for manufacturing a closed container filled with a flowable material comprising a mold, means for extruding a length of heated thermoplastic material in the shape of a hollow tubular body into said mold, means for establishing a predetermined length of thermoplastic material in the form of a tubular body, means for closing said mold, the bottom of said tubular body being closed by said mold, and a nozzle adapted to be introduced into the open end of said hollow tubular body, means for applying a difierential pressure through said nozzle to the interior of said heated thermoplastic tubing to cause it to be expanded to conform to the shape of said mold thereby forming a container body and means for filling said container body through said nozzle with a flowable material, a tip on said nozzle, said mold being formed to accommodate said tip, means for applying pressure difierential means to support and hold the upper end of said tubular body, means for closing the expanded and filled container body after removal of said nozzle, said closing means comprising vacuum jaws which form and shape a cap on said container body to close and seal it, and means for removing said closed container from said mold.

15. The machine of claim 14, further including thermally insulating means carried by at least one of said tip and the portion of said mold formed to accommodate said tip to minimize heat transfer from the adjacent plastic.

16. The machine of claim 14, wherein said means for applying pressure differential means to support the upper end of said tubular body is a vacuum.

17. The machine of claim 15, wherein said means for applying pressure diflerential means to support the upper end of said tubular body is a vacuum.

References Cited The following references, cited by the Examiner, are of record in the patented file of this parent or the original patent.

UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,959,812 11/1960 Allen 18-5 3,048,889 8/1962 Fischer et a1. 18-5 3,251,915 5/1966 Pechthold 53-140X 3,358,062 12/1967 Lemelson 53-140X 3,423,495 1/1969 Bachner 185X 2,503,171 4/1950 Power 53140X 2,978,745 4/1961 Langecker 185X 3,016,669 1/1962 Grosclaude 185X FOREIGN PATENTS 704,758 3/1965 Canada 18-5BF J. SPENCER OVERHOLSER, Primary Examiner M. O. SUTTON, Assistant Examiner

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5000674 *Jun 13, 1989Mar 19, 1991Automatic Liquid Packaging, Inc.Manufacture of humidifier container and mold assembly therefor
US5409125 *Dec 3, 1993Apr 25, 1995Aktiebolaget AstraUnit dose container
US5759218 *Oct 24, 1996Jun 2, 1998AllerganPoint of fill air system
US6426035 *Jan 9, 1991Jul 30, 2002Bernd HansenProcess for producing hollow plastic receptacles
US7789853May 18, 2007Sep 7, 2010Bioquiddity, Inc.Infusion apparatus with constant force spring energy source
US7828772Mar 14, 2007Nov 9, 2010Bioquiddity, Inc.Fluid dispensing device
US7993304Mar 14, 2007Aug 9, 2011Bioquiddity, Inc.Fluid dispensing apparatus
US8057435Jul 31, 2007Nov 15, 2011Kriesel Joshua WFluid dispenser
US8211059Jun 30, 2008Jul 3, 2012Kriesel Marshall SFluid dispenser with additive sub-system
US8292848Jun 25, 2007Oct 23, 2012Bio Quiddity, Inc.Fluid dispensing device with additive
US8661869 *Nov 30, 2009Mar 4, 2014Cyril Bath CompanyStretch forming apparatus with supplemental heating and method
US8672885 *Nov 3, 2010Mar 18, 2014Marshall S. KrieselFluid dispensing device
US20100071430 *Nov 30, 2009Mar 25, 2010Cyril Bath CompanyStretch forming apparatus with supplemental heating and method
US20110092904 *Nov 3, 2010Apr 21, 2011Kriesel Marshall SFluid dispensing device
US20110282284 *Dec 29, 2010Nov 17, 2011Kriesel Marshall SFluid dispensing apparatus
EP0702974A2Jul 12, 1989Mar 27, 1996Automatic Liquid Packaging, Inc.Humidifier container
Classifications
U.S. Classification425/524, 425/532, 425/526
International ClassificationB65B3/00, B65B3/02, B29C49/48
Cooperative ClassificationB65B3/022, B29C49/48, B29C49/4817
European ClassificationB65B3/02B, B29C49/48, B29C49/48B