US RE28609 E
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Malburet Reissued Nov. 11, 1975 41 APPARATUS FOR HANDLING FRAGILE 3.279664 10/1966 Lynch 11 214/7 x 3,326,547 6/1967 Walters et 81. 214/6 FS x SHEETS  Inventor: Rene A. Malburet,
Villeneuve-Saint-Georges, France  Assignee: Saint-Cobain Industries,
Neuilly-sur-Seine, France  Filed: Dec. 5, 1974  Appl. No.: 529,618
Related US. Patent Documents Reissue of:
 Patent No.: 3,679,073
Issued: July 25, 1972 Appl. No.: 11,096 Filed: Feb. 13, 1970  Foreign Application Priority Data Feb. 13. 1969 France 69.03391  US. Cl. 214/1 Q  Int. Cl. B656 57/28  Field of Search 214/512, 514, 7, 8, 5 D, 214/6 FS, 1 BD, 1 EV, 2.5, 10
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2.935.218 5/1960 Fritz 214/512 3,145,786 8/1964 O'Neill et a1. 214/15 X 3,259,255 7/1966 Cresci 214/512 X Primary Examiner-Frank E. Werner Attorney, Agent, or F1'rmNorman J. OMalley; Thomas H. Buffton', Robert T. Orner  ABSTRACT The handling of fragile sheet, e.g. glass sheet, because of its fragility, is extremely delicate and difficult. The machines for doing it have been complex and difficult to maintain in satisfactory working order. The present invention remedies these disadvantages in both loading and unloading glass sheet from a support by a machine which picks up the sheet from a horizontal conveyor, turns it to a more or less vertical position parallel to the front receiving face of the support, then moves it in a straight line parallel to the sole plate of the support, the starting position of the sheet being chosen in such a manner that its front edge runs along the said sole plate. If a sheet of glass has already been deposited it is not damaged by the edge of the sheet. ln the same way, when this device is unloading, the sheet of glass resting on the support in a more or less vertical position carries out the reverse movement; its first motion is in a straight line. which is followed by a rotating movement onto a horizontal surface. This versatile machine can be economically operated and is manufactured at low cost.
2 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures Reissued Nov. 11,1975 Sheet 1 of6 Re. 28,609
INVENTOR. RENE ALBERT MALBURET 5mm MW ATTOR EYS Reissued Nov. 11, 1975 Sheet 2 of6 Re. 28,609
10 0 1 L I/ 20 I g. INVENTOR.
RENE ALBERT MALBURET ATTORN S Reissued Nov. 11, 1975 Sheet 3 Of6 Re. 28,609
INVENTOR. RENE ALBERT MALBURET 5m MW ATTORNEYS R6iSSUd Nov. 11, 1975 Sheet 4 016 Re. 28,609
ATTOR EYS Reissued Nov. 11, 1975 Sheet 6 0f6 Re. 28,609
RENE ALBERT HALBURET ATTO EYS APPARATUS FOR HANDLING FRAGILE SHEETS Matter enclosed in heavy brackets appears in the original patent but forms no part of this reissue specification; matter printed in italics indicates the additions made by reissue.
The present invention concerns a machine with nozzles permitting glass sheets to be seized on a horizontal carrier, lifted. and deposited in more or less vertical stacks on a movable support called a desk. This machines also permits the carrying out ofthe reverse operation which consists of taking a sheet of glass from a stack on a desk and depositing it on a horizontal surface.
In factories, glass sheets coming from manufacture are carried horizontally on carriers to a storage space. It is known to take glass sheets arriving at the end of the carrier with the help of a machine called a lifter and to place them in stacks on a desk in such a way that the lower edge of one sheet comes in contact with the lower edge of the preceding sheet already in place on the desk. The desk, when loaded, is taken to storage.
This operation of depositing a glass sheet against or in contact with a sheet already in place is very delicate. In fact the sheets must be applied against each other without leaving any empty space at their base; improper placing of one sheet against the other may effect breakage of the glass under force exerted by the sheets subsequently stacked. Further, since the sheets are sharp along the edges formed by cutting them from a continuously-formed ribbon, such edges may, if the sheets are improperly manipulated, cause deleterious scratching of the sheet immediately previously emplaced.
Moreover, when sheets thus stacked on desks are re moved therefrom to feed cutting machines or to ship them to customers. feeding must be rapid to afford economical handling. For this there is usually employed a frame provided with several nozzles. moving on a truck or suspended by a cable from the superstructure. The frame maneuvered by hand by a workman picks up a stacked sheet from the desk due to the vacuum to which the nozzles are subjacted, picks it up and transports it to the packing area or on a conveyor which moves it toward the transforming or cutting machines. This process is expensive because it requires a relative large amount of labor; also, mishaps inherent in any manual operation cause breakage which make the opcration more expensive. Finally the regular and rapid feeding rhythm of the machines is very difficult for a workman to follow. There have been conceived numerous devices to carry out mechanically these various operations. Thus for the operation of loading desks with sheets arriving by a horizontal conveyor, there have been developed machines consisting essentially of a support for nozzles pivoting around a shaft and depositing the sheet at a fixed point. With these machines it is necessary after each sheet is placed to move the receivi ing desk by an amount equal to the thickness of the sheet. To avoid moving the desk, machines have also been developed which effect a movement of the machine itself by a distance which is a function of the thickness of the stack of sheets already in place on the desk.
To unload sheets from the desks, known mechanical devices utilize the principle of a nozzle-d sheet support pivoting around a shaft. It is also necessary for these do vices to move the desk as the thickness of the stack of sheets decreases or conversely to move the machine toward the desk.
The construction. maintenance and operation of these machines is difficult so that they have not been widely used.
The present invention remedies these disadvantages in both the loading and unloading of the desks by pro viding a device which makes it possible to turn a sheet of glass picked up from a horizontal conveyor to a more or less vertical position parallel to the front receiving face of the desk, then to move the sheet in pure translation parallel to the sole plate of the desk. the starting position of the sheet being chosen in such a manner that its front edge then runs along the said sole plate. The sheet of glass already deposited is not damaged by the edge of the sheet being moved. In the same way. when the device of the present invention is unloading, the sheet of glass resting on the desk in a more or less vertical position is given a movement which is the reverse of that just described; in a first motion it carries out a straight-line motion, then is carried by a rotating movement onto a horizontal surface. The invention can be economically operated and manufactured at low cost, the device also has a certain number of other advantages which will appear in the course of the description below of an embodiment given by way ofexample and shown in the accompanying drawing wherein:
FIG. I is an end elevation of the machine shown as horizontally supporting a sheet to be deposited onto an adjacent support or desk;
FIG. 2 is a plan view corresponding to FIG. I but showing the machine about to deposit the sheet upon the support;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view corresponding generally to FIG. 1, to clearly illustrate the manner of operation of the parts;
FIG. 4 is a schematic plan view generally corresponding to FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a schematic end elevation depicting the machine in position supporting a sheet and about to deposit the same upon a desk or support;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view corresponding to FIG. 5 but showing the sheet moved into final position on the support;
FIG. 7 is a detail view to an enlarged scale, of one of the sheet-contacting vacuum nozzles. with a sheet thereon;
FIG. 8 is a detail view similar to FIG. '7 but showing the sheet in a position lower than in FIG. 7, to thereby actuate a control switch;
FIG. 9 is a complete wiring diagram with the parts shown in the positions they assume when the machine is loading; and
FIG. 10 is a view corresponding to FIG. 9 but showing the positions of the parts when the machine is performing an unloading operation.
The device comprises a base 3 on which is mounted the frame 4 composed essentially of vertical standards 61 on which are fastened two parallel, horizontally-disposed bars 5 and 6, journaling between them a plurality of parallel conveyor rollers I, 2, 7, etc., jointly forming a conveyor. The axes of all rollers l, 2, 7, etc. are horizontally coplanar. A motor and speed reducer assembly generally designated at 8, is fixed to base 3. The speed reducer is of the variable speed type and includes an output erank or lever 9. Spaced bearing blocks Illa, b. fixed to base 3 journal between them a shaft II which. as seen upon FIGS. land 2, is parallel with and at about the same level as the output shaft of assembly 8. A crank 14 has one end fixed to shaft 11 in about the same vertical plane as crank 9. As is clear from inspection of FIG. 2. a link is has its respective ends con nected to the distal ends of crank 9 and 14. so that shaft 11 is positively rotated by and in synchronism with rotation of the output shaft of assembly 8.
Shaft II has fixed thereto near its ends. a respective .ine of at least two arms [7. The arms are parallel and in first limiting position of pivotal adjustment of shaft 11. extend beneath the plane of conveyor rollers 1. 2. :tc.. as shown upon FIGS. 1. 2 and 3. In a second or cl :vated position these arms 17 are raised to about the Josition shown in dot-dash lines. FIG. 3. From FIG. 2 it s noted that the lift bar as viewed thereon. is provided with gaps or hiatuses to permit pivoting of the arms to :ssentially vertical position.
Referring in particular to FIG. 3. each arm 17 sup- )orts a respective one of a pair of bars 20. by means of i cross-link assembly consisting of links l8, l9. pivotilly interconnected at 23 intermediate their ends. One :nd of link 18 is pivoted to its bar 20 at 183 while its ither end is connected with arm 17 at 24. for guided .liding parallel therewith. Likewise. link 19 has one end )ivoted to arm [7 at 22 and its other end connected to Jar 20 at 19a for pivotal sliding with respect thereto. By he construction just described each bar 20 is contrained to rotate as a unit with the assembly comprisng shaft 11 and arms 17, and may also be translated to ary its distance from arm 17 while retaining its essenial parallelism therewith. In this regard. compare IGS. 5 and 6. Parallel bars 20 are rigidly interconiected so that the plane determined thereby is at all imes essentially parallel with the plane determined by rms 17. A number ofcoplanar vacuum cups or nozzles 3 are carried by each of the bars 20. preferably as hown, adjacent the ends thereof. In the aforesaid first miting position the construction and arrangement are uch that the coplanar suction cups lie just below the )wer surface of a sheet If). as shown upon FIG. 1. but re elevated into contact with the sheet immediately pon initial rotation of shaft 11.
The rotation ofthe speed reducing assembly 8 rotates ie shaft 11 via the linkage 9. l4. 15. As bars 20 on hich there is the glass sheet 16 pivot as a unit with iaft 11 they move the sheet into a more or less vertical osition parallel to the surface of the desk 31. at the Ioment when shaft 9 reaches its rear neutral or dead :nter position as shown upon FIG. 5.
At a location near shaft 1]. each of the arms 17 has respective bearing block 25a. 25b. FIG. 2. fixed iereto. Each of these blocks journals the outer end of respective one of aligned shafts 26a. 26b. The inner contiguous ends of these shafts extend into and are iven by the output of a speed reducer 28 rigidly cared and fixed with shaft I] by a bracket 27 and therere pivoting as a unit with this shaft.
The free or outer ends of the shafts 26a. 26b have (Cd thereto respective crank arms. that for shaft 263 ring identified at 30a. FIG. 1. The two crank arms are irallel and the free or distal end ofeach is connected a pitman such as 29, FIGS. 5 and 6. with a respective 1c of the slidable pivots such as 24.
Upon HG. l. cranks 30 are shown in one limiting po sition wherein they extend essentially horizontally leftwardly so that pivots 24 are in their extreme leftward positions in their slots in arms 17. and bars 20 are in their closest position to these arms. As speed reducer 28 is operated, it rotates shafts 26a and 26h. synchrt nously. and correspondingly rotates cranks 30 clock wise as viewed upon FIG. 1. Thereby. pivots 24 are slid equally each along and with respect to its arm 17. and the linkage 18. I9. etc. previously described. acts to move arms 20 as a unit in pure translation to increase their distance from the arms. while retaining exact par allelism therewith. as is clear front comparison of FIGS. 5 and 6.
The general opeation of the machine is carried out in the following manner:
The glass sheet advancing on conveyor rollers l, 2. 7, etc. in the direction of the arrow F as shown in FIG. 4 to conveyor 2 ofthe machine. On arriving at the proper position with respect to desk 31, the leading end of the sheet activates the double contact R3 which stops the motor driving the conveyors rollers. starts the motion reducer 8 and connects the vacuum to nozzles 13. The two arms hearing the glass sheet pivot around the axis of shaft 11. When the crank 9 actuated by motor re ducer 8 acts on contact R7, FIG. 6, the latter shuts off the current feeding motion reducer 8; the sheet is then in a more or less vertical position parallel to the receiving surface 31a ofthe desk 31 on which the sheets are stacked. At the same time as it stops motion reducer 8. contact R7 starts motion reducer 28 which. via the articulated system l7, l8. l9 and 20 advances the sheet parallel to itselfalong the sole plate 3th. On one of the bars 20 carrying telescopic nozzles 13 supporting the sheet there is a sensor connected to microcontact R8. When the sheet being deposited touches the sheet previously placed on the desk. the nozzles l3 slide into the supporting sleeves and activate microcontact R8 which stops motion reducer 28, puts the nozzles in the open air and engages a delayed-action relay; this relay is regulated in such a way that after a sheet is placed on the desk. it activates the simultaneous reverse motion of motion reducers 8 and 28. The sheet support returns to its initial position pivoting around the axis of shaft 1]. During this movement, the supports 20 of the nozzles return to contact with arms 17; when they reach the end of their cot sc they activate contact R4 which shuts offthc circuit of motor 8. Finally. when the arms have reached their starting position. they activate a contact R9 which shuts off motion reducer 28. The machine is then in a position to receive a new glass sheet. The machine may serve to unload glass sheets placed on the desk and place them on a conveyor feeding for example a cutting installation. in this case the machine operates in the following manner:
The desk to be unloaded is placed beside the ma chine as before. The arms of the machine in a horizontal position pivot around the axis of shaft 11 and are placed parallel to the surface ofthc glass sheets; the ar tieulatcd system supporting the nozzles advances. seizes a sheet and retracts. The arms 17 then pivot in the opposite direction around their axis II and return to a horizontal position. The nozzles are returned to normal pressure and drop the sheet which is moved away on rollers 7 of conveyor 2. This embodiment described above represents an example of advantageous operation. However. it will be noted that it is possible to employ other solutions to arrive at the same goal without departing from the scope of the invention; particularly it is possible to replace one or several of the motion reducers by pneumatic or hydraulic jacks. The movement of table parallel to the sole plate of the desk may be obtained directly with the aid of a jack replacing the articulated system. In the same way the rollers supporting the glass sheet in the receiving conveyor may be replaced by an aircushion support. In the same way the machine described for unloading a desk and placing the sheets in a horizontal position may also be provided to place the sheets on a receiving device at any angle to the horizontal.
ELECTRIC CIRCUIT-MACHINE LOADING (FIG.
The loader is turned on; the desk to receive the glass is in the proper position and activates circuit-breakers R1 and R2; the relay rl is activated and closes contact Rl-I (raising of the arms) and Rl2 (empty).
The arms of the loader, in a horizontal position. activate circuit-breaker R4 which activates relay r4 which closes contact r4-1 and opens r4-2 and r4-3; the loader is in a functioning state when a load arrives.
Switch V permitting a choice of the speed ofthe machine is for example in the slow-speed position. The slow-speed relay v is activated and the slow-speed relay V is closed.
ARRIVAL OF THE LOAD The load enters the loading section; it activates cir cuit'breaker R3b which activates relay r3b. Contact r3b-l opens; contactor strops the high speed of the conveyor.
Contact r3b-2 closes; contactor C'l starts the slow speed of the conveyor.
The load activates circuit-breaker R3 activating relay r3 which is then self-fed by R3-0. Contact R3-I opens. cutting offC'l, which stops the slow speed of the conveyor.
The load is then stopped against a mechanical check.
ROTATION OF THE ARMS Contact r32 is closed; contactor C2 is excited. Contact C2-2 opens to put out of circuit circuitbreaker R8 so as to avoid its premature action. Motor 8 turns at slow speed. Contact r3-3 closes; contactor E1 is activated and swings the switch controlling the electric vacuum valve. Circuit-breaker R4 reopens. preventing the arrival of a new load.
At 30 from the horizontal the arms activate circuitbreaker R5 which stops the rotation and R6 (vacuostat) is not activated by a vacuum sufficient to hold the glass sheet.
STOPPING ROTATION When the arms are parallel to the glass sheets on the desk, they activate circuit-breaker R, which activates relay r7. Contact r7l opens; relay r3 no longer being self-fed opens self-activating contact r30, closes contact r3-l of the conveyor and opens contact r3-2;
C2, no longer being activated. stops the rotation motor and recloses contact C2--2.
ADVANCE OF THE NOZZLES Contact R72 closes; contactor C3 is activated and controls the advance of table 20.
STOPPING THE NOZZLES When the load arrives against the desk or against the loads already in place. the nozzles drop and circuitbrcaker R8 is activated; it activates relay r8 and. after a certain regulatable time. the delayed-action relay r8T. Contact r8-0 closes; relays r8 and r8T are self-fed. Contact r8-I opens; C3 is deactivated and causes the advance of table 20 to stop.
PLACEMENT OF THE LOAD Contact r8-2 closes, activates contactors E2. which reopen the circuit of vacuum electric valves and E3 allows the nozzles to reach normal pressure.
RETURN OF THE LOADER TO THE HORIZONTAL Contact r8TI closes and activates C'Z which controls the motor 8 which this time by its rotation causes the arms to redescend at high speed.
At the same time r8T2 closes and activates C'3 which causes the retraction of the table supporting the nozzles.
When the support of the nozzles activates circuitbreaker R8, C'3 is deactivated; motor 28 stops.
When the arms activate the circuit-breaker R4. relay r4 is activated; contact r4-I closes; the conveyor can start if a load waiting on the preceding conveyor has closed regulator Al. Contact r4-2 opens; C2 is is deactivated; rotation motor 8 stops; r4-3 opens and deactivates r8 and r8T. The loader is then ready to start on a second cycle.
ELECTRIC CIRCUIT-MACHINE FUNCTIONING AS UNLOADER (FIG. l(]) The desk being in a position for unloading activates circuit-breakers R1 (R2). If there is glass on the desk. circuit-breaker RIO is activated and activates relay rl.
ROTATION OF THE ARMS Contact rl-l closes; contactor C2 is activated: motor 8 turns.
STOPPING THE ARMS The arms being in a high position parallel to the glass on the desk activate circuit-breaker R7 which activates relay r7.
ADVANCING THE NOZZLES Contact r7-2 closes; contactor C3 is activated; the motor for advancing the nozzle support 28 starts.
STOPPING THE NOZZLES When the nozzles come into contact with the glass a circuit-breaker R8 is activated which activates relay r8. Contact r8-I opens. C3 is deactivated, and the motor advance the support stops.
PICKING UP THE GLASS Contact r8-2 closes; since contact r7-4 is already closed, El is activated and controls the electric vacuum valve of the left nozzles.
The upper nozzle. which serves to loosen the glass is mounted on a jack so that it draws back and loosens a corner of the glass load; circuit-breaker R11 then controls the right electric valve by activating B1- The right unsticking nozzle by dropping in its turn activates the circuirbreaker R12. When the vacuum is 7 sufficient. it activates circuit-breaker R6 (vacuostat); the delayed action relay r61 is activated after a regulat able time.
DEPOSITING THE LOAD The arms of the unloader pass between the rollers of the conveyor and activate circuit-breaker R4. which activates relay r4. Contact r4-2 opens; contactor C2 is deactivated; the rotation of the arms is stopped. The load of glass then activates a eircuit-breaker R3 which activates relay r3; contact r3-2 opens; motor 8 can no longer operate.
EVACUATION OF THE LOAD Contact r4l closes and. if the conveyor down stream is free. Cl is activated; the motor actuating the conveyor is started; the load is discharged.
After evacuation of the load. circuit-breaker is no longer activated; the unloader automatically begins a new cycle.
1. Apparatus for handling sheets of material. in particular [.1 glass. comprising [.1 a pair of spaced parallel arms connected for movement as a unit and delining a first plane. means mounting said arms at one end thereof for pivoting about a generally horizontal fixed first axis parallel with said first plane and normal to said arms. first power means operable to pivot said arms about said first axis 90. from a generally horizontal first position to a generally vertical second position, a pair of spaced parallel bars interconnected for movement as a unit and conjointly defining a second plane, said bars being adapted to support a sheet to be han dled. [a pair 1 two pairs of crossed links each associuted with one ofsaid bars and one ofsut'd arms. the links ofeuch ofsaid pairs being pivoted together intermediate their ends with one link [each said link being pivoted at one end to I: one arm and one bar. respectively] a bar and slidably and pivotally connected at its other end to I: said bar and arm. respectively] an arm and with the other link pivoted at one end to an arm and .ilidabt'y and pivotally connected at its other end to a bar, and second power means connected at each ofsat'd pairsoflt'nks with the I: end of the link slidable on and with respect to said one arm. 1 link end which is slidahly connected to an arm to translate [the pivot therealong and I that link end along such arm. said second power means thereby selectively [vary] varying the separation of said planes while retaining them parallel.
2. The apparatus of claim 1, including means respon sive to positioning of said arms in said first position. to control said second power means to maintain the separation of said planes at a limiting I: miniumum 1 mini mum. operation of said second power means to selectively increase the separation of said planes being effected by and in response to pivoting of said arms and bars as a unit out of said first position. toward said second position.
UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION PATENT NO. :Re. 28,609
DATED November 11, 1975 INVENTOR(S) Rene A. Malburet It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Col. 7, line 12, "30" should read 30 Col. 8, line 5, "90" should read 90 Signed and Scaled this A ttesl:
RUTH C. MASON Arresting Officer C. MARSHALL DANN Commissioner oj'larenls and Trademarks