|Publication number||USRE28786 E|
|Application number||US 05/575,774|
|Publication date||Apr 27, 1976|
|Filing date||May 13, 1975|
|Priority date||Oct 12, 1964|
|Publication number||05575774, 575774, US RE28786 E, US RE28786E, US-E-RE28786, USRE28786 E, USRE28786E|
|Inventors||Robert D. MacDonald|
|Original Assignee||Cardinal Of Adrian, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (5), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation of my co-pending application, Ser. No. 203,944 filed June 20, 1962 and now abandoned.
This invention relates to a door hinge and more particularly to a hinge for a latchless cabinet door or the like.
A hinge according to the invention is designed to enable a door with which it is used to be closed tightly without any latch whatsoever. This is made possible by a spring associated with the hinge which is designed to engage a surface thereof in a manner such that the door is urged past its normally-closed position. In this manner, the door, when closed, is always urged tightly against the door stop member. By eliminating the necessity for a latch, the expense of the latch is eliminated along with the cost of installation which requires close alignment of the latch and its striker which requires considerable care and can be quite time-consuming. This resulting reduction in production costs is particularly of importance for kitchen cabinets and the like, which is now highly competitive. Further, with elimination of the latch, the latch members cannot get out of alignment due to such factors as wear, bumping, or changes in the weather which cause contraction or expansion of either the door or door frame, or both. The door also will shut tightly whether it is closed softly or slammed, which is not true of most latches now commercially available. In fact, a door with hinges according to the invention won't even bounce in most instances regardless of how hard it is slammed.
It is, therefore, a principal object of the invention to provide an improved door hinge to enable a door to function without any latch whatsoever.
Many other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed discussion of preferred embodiments thereof, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary view in horizontal cross section of a cabinet and a door employing a hinge according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a greatly enlarged, fragmentary view in horizontal cross section taken through the center of the hinge shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary view in perspective of the hinge and door shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, but with the door in an open position;
FIG. 4 is a somewhat schematic view in cross section of a slightly modified hinge embodying the principles of the invention; and
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary view in horizontal cross section similar to FIG. 1, but showing another modified hinge and a modified door.
Referring to the drawing, and more particularly to FIG. 1, a cabinet indicated at 10 includes side walls 12 and a front cabinet frame indicated at 14, including a hinge member 16 and a door stop member 18. The door stop member 18 includes a suitable door stop bumper 20.
A door 22, which is slightly larger than the cabinet opening has beveled edges 24 which are at an angle of about 60° to major surfaces 26 and 28 of the door. The beveled edges 24 have the advantage that the door handle can be eliminated because one can easily open the door by grasping it at the edges 24. The beveled edges also produce an attractive appearance for the cabinet and any warping of the door, resulting in a non-uniform gap between the door and the frame, also is less noticeable with the beveled edges.
A butt hinge 30 for the door 22 includes a first portion indicated at 32 which is attached to the hinge member 16 and a second portion 34 affixed to the door 22. The first portion 32 includes a fastening flange 36 having openings 38 therein to receive screws 40 which are turned into the hinge member 16 to affix the first hinge portion 32 thereto. The portion 32 also includes pin-receiving ears 42 which are connected to the flange 36 by a web connection 44. At least the middle ear 42, except where connected to the web 44, includes an arcuate surface 46 and a flat surface 48. At least part of the arcuate surface 46 has its center located at the axis of a hinge pin passage 50 which extends through all three of the ears 42. The flat surface 48 of the ear 42 lies at an angle of approximately 3° to a plane perpendicular to the connecting flange 36 or the front surface of the hinge member 16. The angle of the flat surface 48 can vary between approximately 2° and 10° and yet attain satisfactory operation of the hinge 30.
The second hinge portion 34 includes a face flange 52 which has a longitudinally-extending arcuate groove 54 (FIG. 1.) to receive the ears 42 of the first hinge portion 32. The face flange 52 also has two ears 56 of any suitable configuration which are positioned along the groove 54 in a manner to be inserted between the first ears 42, as shown in FIG. 3. The ears 56 also have a second hinge pin passage which is aligned with the first passage 50 to enable the first and second portions 32 and 34 to be pivotally attached by a hinge pin 58. A spring cylinder 60 extends from the rear of the face flange 52 and at an angle of approximately 60° so that the cylinder 60 will be parallel to the door when the face flange 52 lies parallel to the beveled edge 24 of the door 22. The spring cylinder 60 forms an inner guide passage 62 which terminates in a front opening 64 at the point where it intersects the face flange 52. The opposite end of the cylinder 60 terminates in an end wall 66 having a screw-receiving opening 68 therein which receives a screw 70 to affix the cylinder 60 in a door bore 72. The screw-receiving opening 68 has a bevel 74 which enables the screw head to lie flush and provide a flat end surface for a hinge spring 76. The spring 76 extends into a plunger .[.or pressure member.]. 78 which is located in the guide passage 62 and can move longitudinally therein. The plunger 78 has a flat outer end 80 which lies at a slight angle to the flat surface 48 of the ear 42 when the door 22 is closed.
When the door 22 is open, as shown in FIG. 3, the plunger 78 contacts the arcuate surface 46 and has no appreciable affect upon the opening and closing of the door 22. Only a slight drag results from the contact of the plunger 78 and the arcuate surface 46, which drag is minimal because the plunger 78 is made of a plastic material such as nylon or Teflon. This keeps friction to a minimum and also prevents marring of the metal hinge portion 32 which would otherwise occur if the ear 42 were engaged by a metal plunger in place of the plastic plunger 78. A noticeable streak would soon appear on the arcuate surface 46 of the ear 42.
As the door 22 is moved toward the closed position and reaches an angle of about 25 to 30° to the front cabinet frame 14, the face 80 of the plunger 78 will contact only a projecting edge or engageable part 82 of the ear 42 which is formed at the meeting line of the flat surface 48 and the arcuate surface 46. When this occurs, the force of the spring 76, which can be about thirty-five pounds for a cabinet door, will act entirely on the projecting edge 82 and the line of the force will pass outside the hinge pin 58. When this point is reached, torque is produced which urges the door 22 toward the closed position. This torque increases as the door continues to close since the line of force extends farther to the side of the pin 58 so that the effective lever arm of the force is increased. The lengthening of the lever arm more than overcomes any slight decrease in the spring force as the plunger 78 moves slightly outwardly. Consequently, when the door 22 reaches the door stop member 18 or the bumper 20, it stays closed no matter how softly or strongly the door is shut. Tests indicate that the door will not bounce no matter how hard it is slammed, although this might occur to a slight extent if a highly resilient bumper were employed.
In assembling the hinge 30 with the door 22 and the frame member 16, the door bore 72 is first drilled in the hinge edge 24 of the door. In this instance, the bore 72 is slightly closer to the outside major surface 26 than the inside major surface 28 so that the inner major surface 28 lies close to the hinge member 16. The cylinder 60 is then inserted into the bore 72 until the face flange 52 is contiguous with the beveled edge 24 and the screw 70 is inserted into the hole 68 and turned into the wood to hold the cylinder 62 and the face flange 52 securely with respect to the door. The cylinder and face flange cannot turn even though only one screw is used, because the face flange 52 lies contiguous with the beveled edge 24 and would be distorted if turning were attempted. The first portion 32 of the hinge 30 is then positioned and affixed to the frame member 16, after which the spring 76 and the plunger 78 are pushed into the guide passage 62. The ears 56 and 42 are then assembled with the pin passages aligned, after which the hinge pin 58 is inserted to complete the assembly.
A slightly modified hinge is shown somewhat schematically in FIG. 4. In this instance, a hinge indicated at 84 includes a slightly modified first portion 86 and a modified second portion 88. The first portion 86 is substantially the same as the first portion 32 of the hinge 30 except that a flat surface 90 of an ear 92 lies perpendicular to the flange 36 or the frame member 16 rather than at a slight angle thereto. The second portion 88 is similar to the second portion 34 of the hinge 30 except that a cylinder 94 forms a non-circular guide passage 96 containing a non-circular plunger 98. The plunger 98 has a slightly slanted surface 100 which lies at an angle of about 3° to a plane perpendicular to the flange 36 or the members 16, an angle between 2° and 10° being suitable.
As is true of the hinge 30, the hinge 84 operates in a substantially normal manner when the door is open, only a slight drag resulting between the contact of the plunger 94 and the ear 92. However, as the door is moved toward a closed position, the plunger 98 contacts a projecting edge or engageable part 102 between the arcuate and the flat surface 90 of the ear 92. The force of the spring 76 then acts through the plunger 96 and the projecting edge 102 on a line outside the hinge pin, thereby again establishing a torque which tends to close the door 22 with the torque increasing as the door closes further. The guide passage 96 and the plunger 98 are non-circular so that the slanted end 100 of the plunger will always remain in the proper position with respect to the edge 102.
If desired, both the flat surface of the ear and the end surface of the plunger can be slightly slanted to produce the diverging relationship of the two surfaces with an angle of about 2° to 10° between them.
An offset hinge 104 embodying the principles of the invention is shown in FIG. 5. The hinge 104 is used with a cabinet frame member 106 and an offset door 108 which has an edge groove 110 to fit with the frame member 106 in a manner well known in the art. The hinge 104 includes a first portion 112 and a second portion 114 corresponding to the two portions 32 and 34 of the hinge 30. The first portion 112 has an L-shaped fastening flange 116 having openings therein for screws 118. The first portion 112 also has ears 120 connected to the flange 116 by a web connector 122. Each of the ears 120, except where attached to the web connection 122, includes an arcuate surface 124 and a flat surface 126. The center of at least part of the arcuate surface 124 is at the axis of a pin-receiving passage 128 which extends through all of the ears 120. The flat surface 126 diverges from the frame member 106 in the direction of the door opening at an angle of about 3°, although 2° to 10° is satisfactory.
The second portion 114 of the hinge 104 includes a face flange 130 positioned against the face of the frame member 106 with an arcuate groove 132 to receive the ears 120. The second portion 114 also has ears extending between the ears 120 of the first portion with hinge pin passages aligned with the passages 128 to receive a hinge pin 134 which provides a pivotal connection between the two portions 112 and 114. A cylinder 136 extends rearwardly from the face flange 130 and, in this instance, is perpendicular thereto, being fastened in a bore 138 by an end screw 140. The cylinder 136 forms a guide passage 142 in which is located a spring 144 and a plunger 146. The plunger 146 has a flat end 148 which contacts a projecting edge or engageable part 150 as the door 108 is moved toward its closed position. The force of the spring 144 is along a line on the right hand side of the pin 134 to produce a torque tending to close the door, this torque increasing as the door moves toward its closed position. As in the previous embodiments, the door remains tightly closed because the torque is still applied, even when it is closed, and the door will not bounce back, no matter how hard it is slammed.
It may be noted that in all embodiments, either the end of the plunger or the flat surface of the ear of the first portion lies at an angle to a plane perpendicular to the direction of movement of the plunger in the guide passage formed by the cylinder. Further, the configuration is such that the plunger will contact the engageable part in a manner such that the force of the spring will be directed to one side of the hinge pin axis so as to produce a torque which tends to close the door.
Various modifications of the above described embodiments of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art and it is to be understood that such modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention, if they are within the spirit and the tenor of the accompanying claims.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6526627 *||Sep 21, 2001||Mar 4, 2003||Fanny Chiang||Hinge auto-return device for a glass door|
|US7780201||Oct 13, 2006||Aug 24, 2010||Medela Holding Ag||Tube connector with three part construction and latching component|
|US8096824||Jul 28, 2010||Jan 17, 2012||Medela Holding Ag||Tube connector with a latching component to secure a receptacle to a plug|
|US20080090445 *||Oct 13, 2006||Apr 17, 2008||Luzbetak Mark A||Tube connector|
|US20100289259 *||Jul 28, 2010||Nov 18, 2010||Medela Ag||Tube Connector with Three Part Construction and Latching Component|
|U.S. Classification||16/278, 16/327|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T16/54025, Y10T16/5381, E05Y2900/20, E05D11/1064, E05D11/1014|