|Publication number||USRE28846 E|
|Application number||US 05/451,307|
|Publication date||Jun 8, 1976|
|Filing date||Mar 14, 1974|
|Priority date||Apr 9, 1968|
|Publication number||05451307, 451307, US RE28846 E, US RE28846E, US-E-RE28846, USRE28846 E, USRE28846E|
|Inventors||Hershey L. Wait|
|Original Assignee||Rockaway Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (5), Classifications (19)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 163,511, filed July 16, 1971, now abandoned. .Iaddend.
The present invention relates to collapsible containers, and more specifically to an improved collapsible pallet box.
A pallet box is used in conjunction with a pallet to transport loads with a fork lift. The box comprises four side walls which fit on top of the pallet in order to retain bulk materials. A disadvantage with pallet boxes presently available is that they take up a great deal of space in storage. Although some currently available boxes may be collapsed, this is a time-consuming procedure, often involving partial disassembly. Designs have been produced which do not require partial disassembly to collapse the box, but these boxes are generally complicated and expensive to produce.
Generally, the present invention relates to a collapsible pallet box of simple design which is relatively inexpensive to produce. The box is of generally rectangular configuration in plan when erected, and has four side walls as is conventional in the art. The side walls are each in lapped relationship with the ends of the adjacent side walls when the box is erected. Each of the side walls has a horizontal cleat secured to its exterior, so that there is at least one set of four such cleats which are aligned and extend the width of the side walls. Each cleat also extends over the ends of the lapped adjacent side walls so that, where necessary, it will extend beyond the end of the side wall to which it is attached a distance equal to the thickness of the adjacent side wall. Of course, where the side wall to which the cleat is attached overlaps the end of the adjacent side wall, this extension is not necessary. The cleats have aligned longitudinal channels, and an endless strap is slidably located in the channels, passing around the periphery of the box. The cleats are formed so that the strap will fit tightly around the box when it is in the erected position and also when the box is in the collapsed position.
The invention, both as to its organization and method of operation, together with the objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood by reference to the following detailed description taken together with the drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is an elevation view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention, partially cut away to show the manner in which the box fits over a pallet;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the box shown in FIG. 1, also partially cut away;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 3--3 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the pallet box of FIGS. 1 and 2 in collapsed position; and
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary plan view of a second embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 1 shows a pallet box constructed in accordance with the present invention and generally indicated by reference numeral 10. The pallet box comprises a set of four side walls 12, each made up of a plurality of adjacent vertical slats 14. Each of the side walls 12 has three horizontal cleats 16 secured to its outer side. Each of cleats 16 is a member of a set of four aligned cleats 16, one secured to each of the four side walls 12, as may be seen in FIG. 2. The cleats 16 are all of similar shape, and preferably have inwardly beveled ends 17.
Each of the cleats 16 has a longitudinal channel 18 running its entire length, with the exception of the beveled portion 17. These channels 18 in each set of four cleats 16 are aligned and carry an endless strap 20 running around the periphery of the box 10. In the embodiment shown, the strap 20 is conventional steel strapping, the ends of which are secured together by suitable fastening means 22. It will, of course, be understood that other strong, flexible materials may be used to form the strap 20. As shown in FIG. 3, although it is not essential, the strap 20 is preferably retained in the channel 18 by overlying staples 24. These staples 24 do not interfere with the sliding movement of the strap 20 in the channel 18.
Referring again to FIGS. 1 and 2, it will be seen that in the most preferred embodiment of the present invention each of the side walls 12 overlaps the end of one adjacent side wall indicated by reference numeral 12', and is overlapped by the end of the other adjacent side wall, indicated by reference numeral 12". As may be seen from FIG. 2, when the box 10 is erected, this lapping relationship is true of each of the side walls 12. However, such an overlapping relationship is not essential to the present invention. In any event, each of the cleats 16 extends over the entire width of the side wall 12 to which it is attached, and also over the ends of the lapped adjacent side walls. It may therefore be seen that the length of each cleat is equal to ID+2tw where ID is the internal dimension of the box along the side wall to which the cleat is attached and tw represents the thickness of each adjacent side wall 12 at the lapped ends.
As shown in FIG. 1, the pallet box 10 of the present invention conveniently fits over a pallet, indicated generally by reference numeral 30. The pallet 30 comprises horizontal floor slats 32, the ends of which are secured to transverse supports 36. The floor slats 32 are thereby supported off the floor (not shown), so that the fork of a lift truck (not shown) may penetrate underneath the pallet 30 to lift and transport it. In the embodiment shown, the floor slats 32 of the pallet 30 are sized to fit within the side walls 12, while the box 10 rests upon the supports 36. However, it will be understood that many pallets and methods of securing a pallet box thereto are well known in the art, and it is not desired to limit the present invention to the particular construction shown.
Referring now to FIG. 4, the pallet box 10 of the present invention may be collapsed without any requirement for disassembly. Furthermore, the box in its collapsed position retains the proper relationship among the parts so that it may be very quickly and simply erected. Basic to the retention of the proper relationship among parts in both the collapsed and erected positions is the requirement that the strap 20 fit tightly in both the erected and collapsed positions, as may be seen from a comparison of FIGS. 2 and 4. When the box is collapsed the strap 20 will slide in the channel 18 to make up for the increased distance it must traverse at the ends of the collapsed box and the decreased distance it must traverse at the midpoint. It is thus an important feature of the present invention that the increase in distance at the ends when the box is collapsed be approximately equal to the decrease in distance at the midpoints. Of course, it is not essential that these distances be precisely equal since it is acceptable for the box to be slightly looser in either the collapsed or erected position as compared to the other position.
As may also be seen from FIG. 4, the inside vertical edges of the side walls 12 are rounded. This facilitates their assuming the proper lapped orientation when the box is erected as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2.
FIG. 5 shows a second embodiment of the present invention wherein the cleats 16 have butt ends 38. In the case of a pallet box wherein the cleats have butt ends as shown in FIG. 5 the calculation of the proper dimensional relationships between the cleats 16 and the side walls 12 is a relatively simple matter. Recalling that it is desired that the strap 20 be tight in both the erected and collapsed positions, the following calculations may be made:
tw =thickness of side walls;
tc =thickness of cleat from outside surface of side wall to base of channel; and
L=length of each channel.
When erected, each strap must traverse the following distance:
When collapsed the cleats will abut at the midpoint of the structure, and the distance the strap must span in zero. At each end the distance the strap must span is 2tc +2tw. So the total distance the strap must span is:
Equating the distance the strap must span in erected and collapsed positions:
4L+4t.sub.c +4t.sub.w =4L+4t.sub.c √2
t.sub.c +t.sub.w =√2
Thus, if the thickness of the side walls 12 is approximately equal to 0.4 time the thickness of the cleat, measured to the bottom of the channel 18, the strap 20 will traverse approximately the same distance in both the erected and collapsed positions.
The above mathematical relationship is modified where beveled rather than butt ends are employed on the cleats, as shown in FIGS. 1-4. However, by varying the thickness of the cleat (measured to the bottom of the channel), it is possible to insure that the strap 20 will traverse approximately the same distance in both the erected and collapsed positions. A particular advantage of beveled ends on the cleats 16, as shown in the embodiment of FIGS. 1-4, is that they will not as readily be worn down by the continuous sliding of the strap 20 as the box 10 is repeatedly erected and collapsed.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2042323 *||Nov 4, 1931||May 26, 1936||Acme Steel Co||Ready bound crate|
|US2042329 *||Dec 28, 1932||May 26, 1936||Acme Steel Co||Ready bound crate|
|US2042339 *||Dec 27, 1932||May 26, 1936||Acme Steel Co||Ready bound crate|
|US2808956 *||Aug 19, 1954||Oct 8, 1957||Bigelow Garvey Lumber Co||Two-way collapsible container|
|US3159300 *||Sep 19, 1961||Dec 1, 1964||Marinette And Menominee Box Co||Bulk bin|
|US3262597 *||Jul 6, 1964||Jul 26, 1966||Marinette And Menominee Box Co||Demountable and returnable bulk bin|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7337908||Nov 10, 2005||Mar 4, 2008||Franklin Dedmon||Container for bulk handling of fluids|
|US7958995||Feb 26, 2009||Jun 14, 2011||Franklin Dedmon||Bag-in-bag container for bulk handling of fluids|
|US8689992 *||Feb 3, 2011||Apr 8, 2014||Suncast Technologies, Llc||Wood and resin deck box|
|US20070102314 *||Nov 10, 2005||May 10, 2007||Franklin Dedmon||Container for bulk handling of fluids|
|US20120199600 *||Feb 3, 2011||Aug 9, 2012||Torrence Anderson||Wood And Resin Deck Box|
|U.S. Classification||217/16, 217/43.00R, 217/65|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D2519/00502, B65D2519/0091, B65D2519/00293, B65D9/18, B65D2519/00273, B65D19/14, B65D2519/00323, B65D2519/00641, B65D2519/00029, B65D2519/00333, B65D2519/00601, B65D2519/00169, B65D2519/00064|
|European Classification||B65D19/14, B65D9/18|