|Publication number||USRE28936 E|
|Application number||US 05/557,540|
|Publication date||Aug 24, 1976|
|Filing date||Mar 12, 1975|
|Priority date||Jan 18, 1971|
|Publication number||05557540, 557540, US RE28936 E, US RE28936E, US-E-RE28936, USRE28936 E, USRE28936E|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (9), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to carts or pick-up trucks and, more specifically to a cart or pick-up truck having a handle portion which is partially rotatable and a set of wheels which are individually positionable as to height and capable of constant change of height in order to allow the operator to drive the cart or truck on terrain of varying levels, inclines, stairs and the like while walking in an erect position when pushing or pulling same.
Carts or hand trucks have been well known in the art and have found great use therein. Some examples of prior art carts or hand trucks are shown in the patents to Hall (U.S. Pat. No. 1,201,957), Burch (U.S. Pat. No. 2,485,085), Blouin (U.S. Pat. No 2,739,721), Westberg (U.S. Pat. No. 2,869,887) and Uribe (U.S. Pat. No. 3,247,989). While carts or hand trucks of the prior art have performed the function for which they are intended, such devices have been difficult to operate when the terrain is not level such as in going over inclines or in cases where the wheels are at different levels, or in the case of carrying the load on the truck up a set of stairs. In addition, the operator of the prior art carts or hand trucks was often required to bend his body in order to properly push or pull the truck, this causing severe back problems and the like in many cases.
In accordance with the present invention, the above problems which exist in the prior art carts or hand trucks are overcome. Briefly, this is accomplished by the use of a handle attached to the frame of the cart or truck which is capable of rotation in a direction toward and away from the operator but which is always at an angle with respect to the frame of the truck, the angle being acute and the rotatable handle portion always being on the side away from the operator. In addition, the truck includes a pair of wheels, each wheel being individually rotatable and each wheel shaft being individually rotatable by an L-shaped member which is attached and rotatable about a shaft common to the two wheels to allow each wheel to rotate independently and maintain or seek its own operating height or level independently.
It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a cart or hand truck capable of operation at a wide range of angles of inclination wherein the operator operates same while standing in an erect position.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a cart or hand truck capable of operation on flat terrain or terrains of various other shapes as well as stairs wherein the cart or truck operator is constantly in an erect position.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide a cart or hand truck having wheels capable of independently assuming different and constantly varying positions in response to variations in the terrain therebelow.
The above objects and still further objects of this invention will immediately become apparent to those skilled in the art after consideration of the following preferred embodiment thereof which is provided by way of example and not by way of limitation, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a view in elevation of a cart or hand truck in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the handle and a portion of the frame in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a view along the line 3--3 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a side view of the cart or hand truck in accordance with the present invention resting in a vertical position;
FIG. 5 is a view along the line 5--5 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a side view of the bottom portion of the cart or hand truck in accordance with the present invention prior to lifting same up a stair;
FIG. 7 is a side view of the cart or hand truck of the present invention with the truck shown when the wheels are about to rotate to the next level of the stairway; and
FIG. 8 is a front view of the lower portion of the cart or hand truck as the wheels would appear when being operated over terrain of two different levels.
Referring now to FIG. 1 there is shown a cart or hand truck 1 having a body portion or frame 3, a handle 5, wheels 7 and a platform 9 for supporting a load 11. The frame 3 has a plurality of cross members 13 to provide extra strength. The wheels 7 are mounted on an axle system which will be described in detail hereinbelow. An operator 15 is shown in erect position operating the cart over a curb 17.
Referring now to FIG. 2, there is shown the handle portion 5 and a part of the frame 3 with the interlocking mechanism as will be described in detail. The handle mechanism 5 includes a handle portion 17 which is rotatable as shown by the arrows in FIG. 2. The handle mechanism has side members 19, each member 19 having a downwardly extending flange portion 21 on the side closest the operator. The frame portion 3 also has a stop mechanism 23 against which the side member 19 abuts when rotated in a clockwise direction sufficiently. The handle portion 5 is secured to the frame 3 as best shown in FIG. 3 by means of a nut 25 and bolt 27 which pass through both the members 3 and 5 through an aperture in each. The members 3 and 5 are rotatable relative to each other about the nut and bolt 25 and 27.
Referring now to FIGS. 4 and 5, there is shown the cart or hand truck in a vertical position resting on the load support or platform 9 and the wheels 7. The wheels 7 are attached to the frame 3 via an L-shaped lever 29 with one portion of the L extending through the center of the wheel 7 and being secured thereto by a cap 31 or the like and a washer 33 between the wheel and the cap 31. A bearing 35 is positioned about the lever portion 29 passing through the wheel to provide easy rotation of the wheel about the lever. The lever 29 is also rotated about a shaft or axle 37 extending through the frame 3 and passing through both of the wheels 7 as best shown in FIG. 8. The axle 37 extends outwardly beyond both ends of the frame 3 and through sleeve 39 attached to the other portion of the lever 29 by welding or the like. The shaft 37 is secured within the sleeve 39 by means of a washer 41 and a pin or the like 43 extending through an aperture in the shaft 37. The sleeve 39 is rotatable about the shaft 37 over a bearing 45 positioned over the shaft 37 and beneath the sleeve 39. It can be seen that this arrangement will allow the lever 29 to rotate about the shaft 37 independently of the movement of the wheels 7. Likewise, the wheels 7 can rotate about the lever 29 independently of movement about the shaft 37. The lever 29 is capable of 360° rotation about the shaft 37.
Referring now to FIG. 6, there is shown a cart or hand truck in accordance with the present invention showing the position that would be taken prior to pulling the same over a step 47. It can be seen that the cart or hand truck frame will be moved along the path of the arrow on the frame, the lever 29 being positioned in a substantially downwardly extending position. As a force is provided along the arrow 49, the lever 29 will rotate about the shaft 37 in the direction of the arrow in FIG. 6 so that it is in a somewhat vertically extending position as best shown in FIG. 7. From this position, the wheels 7 will rotate upwardly in the direction of the arrow in FIG. 7 over the step 47 to the position as shown in dotted lines in FIG. 7 It can be seen that in this form of operation the angle of the frame 3 remains constant, thereby allowing the operator to operate the cart or hand truck without changing from erect or standing position.
Referring now to FIG. 8 there is shown the operation of the cart or hand truck in accordance with the present invention when operating same over terrain of varying heights. It can be seen that the terrain 51 has a higher level to the left of FIG. 8 and a lower level to the right of FIG. 8. Accordingly, the wheels 7 will rotate in normal manner, however the levers 29 will rotate about the shaft 37 in order to provide the cart with the upright position as shown in FIG. 8. It can be seen that the left hand wheel has been positioned whereby the lever 29 extends upwardly whereas the right hand lever extends downwardly, each lever having taken its position independently of the other.
Though the invention has been described with respect to a preferred embodiment thereof, many variations and modifications thereof will immediately become apparent to those skilled in the art. It is therefore the intention that the appended claims be interpreted as broadly as possible in view of the prior art to include all such variations and modifications.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2123707 *||Jun 26, 1937||Jul 12, 1938||Arthur Bloch||Wheel device|
|US3052480 *||Oct 28, 1959||Sep 4, 1962||Grant H Sanstrom||Wheeled carrier|
|US3350797 *||Nov 25, 1964||Nov 7, 1967||Dassinger Carl C||Set of interchangeable utility apparatuses|
|DE64822C *||Title not available|
|FR57893E *||Title not available|
|FR886929A *||Title not available|
|IT312337A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6273438 *||Aug 5, 1999||Aug 14, 2001||Vuthisit Prapavat||Hand truck|
|US6364330||Feb 25, 2000||Apr 2, 2002||Problem Solvers Co.||Ergonomic platform truck|
|US6899347||Apr 1, 2002||May 31, 2005||Matthew Z. Neal||Ergonomic merchandiser|
|US7481440||Apr 19, 2005||Jan 27, 2009||Weber Dennis R||Biasing means adjustment mechanism and method|
|US8303261 *||Jan 29, 2010||Nov 6, 2012||Hawkins Bobby L||Wheeled, manually moveable air compressor|
|US8303262 *||Jan 29, 2010||Nov 6, 2012||Hawkins Bobby L||Wheeled, manually moveable trash pump|
|US8313309 *||Jan 29, 2010||Nov 20, 2012||Hawkins Bobby L||Wheeled, manually moveable pressure washer|
|US8616159 *||Jun 17, 2010||Dec 31, 2013||Bobby L. Hawkins||Wheeled, manually moveable, propane fueled electric generator|
|US8935995 *||Jan 8, 2010||Jan 20, 2015||Bobby L. Hawkins||Wheeled, manually moveable electric generator|
|U.S. Classification||280/5.2, 280/5.28, 280/47.21, D34/26|
|International Classification||B62B5/06, B62B5/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B62B5/06, B62B5/064, B62B5/028|
|European Classification||B62B5/06, B62B5/02X|