|Publication number||USRE29345 E|
|Application number||US 05/679,185|
|Publication date||Aug 9, 1977|
|Filing date||Apr 22, 1976|
|Priority date||Feb 26, 1973|
|Publication number||05679185, 679185, US RE29345 E, US RE29345E, US-E-RE29345, USRE29345 E, USRE29345E|
|Inventors||Robert A. Erb|
|Original Assignee||The Franklin Institute|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Non-Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (84), Classifications (7), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention described herein was reduced to practice in the course of work under a grant or award from the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
1. Field of the Invention
This invention is concerned with a method and apparatus for non-surgical, reversible sterilization of females.
2. Description of the Prior Art
One of the more pressing problems which is encountered in the World today is that of over population. The problem of over population which has been a substantial problem for a considerable period of time in certain highly populated areas, such as Asia and the Indian Sub-Continent is now becoming a problem in less populated areas of the World such as Europe and the Americas. Over population results in such long range problems as pollution, famine and even war.
Birth control has been relied on as the principal means to control over population. In the field of birth control the prevention of conception is considerably more acceptable for controlling population growth than abortion. However, the methods heretofore suggested for contraception have had certain inherent problems which limited the applicability and effectiveness.
The ideal contraception method should be 100 percent effective in preventing conception; should not rely on willpower; should not interfere with the satisfaction of sexual relationships, and should be low in cost taking into consideration the effective life of the contraceptive method. In addition the contraceptive method must not have any harmful psychological side effects. An extremely important feature of an ideal contraceptive method especially for family planning is that it be reversible so that it will be possible to have additional children if desired.
The most common methods of contraception which are currently employed on a mass scale each have certain inherent deficiencies which limit their usefulness. The use of such techniques and devices such as rhythm, withdrawal, condoms and diaphragms and vaginal foams all have been found to be highly unreliable. The more recently promoted methods such as intrauterine devices and use of contraceptive pills likewise have certain defects which limit their effectiveness. The intrauterine devices cannot be utilized by all females and there is some indication that they cause irritation and discomfort and are often rejected by females. The contraceptive pill cannot be utilized by many females due to incompatability with their normal hormone balance. Furthermore, the use of the pill has been found to increase the risks of certain .[.carcigenic.]. .Iadd.carcinogenic .Iaddend.conditions.
There are currently two methods in wide use which are generally considered to be effective contraceptive methods. These are oviduct ligation for females and vasectomy for males. In both these methods the ducts from the reproductive organs are severed and accordingly the contraceptive technique if properly performed and there is no natural regeneration are 100% effective. However, both methods have the defect that it is difficult, if not impossible, to reverse the procedure so as to restore the normal reproductive capacity.
It has been well established by gynecologists that a primary cause of infertility in females is blockage of the oviducts from the ovary to the uterus. The ovum when discharged from the ovaries is absorbed by the body and is prevented from coming in contact with the sperm and accordingly conception does .Iadd.not .Iaddend.occur. Females having this natural condition normally do not even realize it exists and do not suffer any adverse side effect besides being infertile. Having been made aware of this natural condition those skilled in the art have suggested artificial blocking of the oviduct to impart sterility.
It was reported by Corfman et al. in Obstetrices and Gynecology Vol. 27 No. 6 pages 880-883 (June 1966) that various substances could be injected transcervically into the oviducts.
Hefnawi et al. Amr. J. Obst and Gynec, Vol. 99, No. 3 pages 421-427 (Oct. 1, 1967) reported attempts to block the oviducts by the injecting of medical grade elastomeric materials in the uncured state into the oviducts and allowing the material to solidify in the oviducts. The elastomeric material was thinned prior to injection so as to have a relatively fluid mixture for injection. The reported results obtained with rabbits was quite unsatisfactory. The incidence of pregnancy after insertion of the oviduct blocks was quite high. Effective sterilization was only achieved if the plug was placed in the medial portion of the oviduct. To remove the plug it was necessary to conduct laparotomy. A further problem which was reported was the tendency for the plug to migrate from the oviduct into either the uterine cavity or even more dangerously into the peritoneal cavity.
Rakshit reported in the Calcutta Med J 65, No. 3 (Mar., 1968) attempts to use various materials to block the oviducts to prevent conception. It was suggested to use a plastic material of a nature which solidifies after being mixed with a catalyst to form the oviduct blocks. Rakshit specifically taught however that because of high viscosity the silicone rubbers could not be injected transvaginally and laparotomies were conducted to inject the material directly into the uterus. The material was then allowed to flow into the oviducts. It was suggested in this article by Rakshit that it may be possible to introduce a plastic material transcervically into the uterus and then to allow it to flow in the oviducts. Using this method however the resulting oviduct blocks would have to be removed surgically to reestablish fertility.
Rakshit further reported in Human Sterilization edited by Ralph Rechart (1971) pages 213-221 the technique of attempting to form oviduct blocks by inserting a cannula directly into the uterus through the cervix and filling the uterus with a curable liquid silicone plastic. The injected silicone plastic was allowed to flow into the oviducts and cure in place to form the desired oviduct blocks. The excess material was then removed from the uterus. The reported results were not promising. On tests reported on 14 women there were nine satisfactory blockages, three doubtful cases and two negative cases. Further, in order to remove the oviduct blocks it was necessary to conduct a laparotomy.
In accordance with this invention a method and apparatus is provided to form oviduct blocks which prevent conception when in place and can be non-surgically removed if desires. The apparatus is inserted through the cervical os into the uterus. The tip on the apparatus is then aligned with the uterine end of the oviduct. A mixture of a fluid elastomeric material and a catalyst for polymerizing the elastomeric mixture is injected through an aperture in the tip into the oviduct. The elastomeric material is allowed to solidify and to adhere to the tip. The tip is released so that it remains with the injected elastomeric material to form the oviduct block of this invention. The apparatus is then removed. The oviduct block can be removed nonsurgically by inserting an instrument into the uterus through the cervix which grips the tip of the oviduct block and then withdrawing the oviduct block which restores normal fertility.
FIG. 1 is an illustration in partial cross-section of an apparatus especially adopted for use in the method of this invention.
FIG. 2 is an illustration in partial cross-section of a uterus, the cervix and a portion of the vagina. The uterus is illustrated with an oviduct block insert in one of the oviduct and the terminal end of the apparatus of FIG. 1 positioned for insertion of an oviduct block into the opposite oviduct.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged illustration taken in partial cross-section of the terminal end of the apparatus of FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is an illustration in cross-section of the terminal end of the apparatus of FIG. 3 shown with fluid uncured elastomeric material shown in the internal feed tube.
FIG. 5 is an illustration shown in cross-section showing the separation of the tip from the apparatus of FIG. 1.
In the method of this invention an oviduct block is formed in situ in the oviduct. The oviduct block is most preferable formed from a medical inert plastic which has approximately the same modulus of elasticity as the oviduct. The selection of material having the proper modulus of elasticity appears to both prevent expulsion of the oviduct block and substantially eliminates any physical discomfort. The materials which have been found most useful in the method of this invention are the commercially available medical grade silicone elastomers. The uncured silicone elastomer in the fluid state is blended with a catalyst for solidifying the elastomer and a dilution fluid to control the viscosity during injection and also to control the modulus of elasticity of the cured solidified material. It is preferable to also include a radiopaque material in the mixture to facilitate the placement of the oviduct block and to facilitate removal of the oviduct block if .[.desires.]. .Iadd.desired.Iaddend..
A tip 10 is molded from an inert plastic material to which the injected elastomeric material will adhere on solidification. In this regard it should be noted that silicone-rubber is ideally suited for this purpose when a silicone elastomer is used for formation of the oviduct block.
As shown in the drawing the portion of the tip 10 which will be in contact with uterine end of the oviduct 12 has a spherical configuration. The tip 10 has an aperture 14 which extends throughout the entire length of the tip .[.14.]. .Iadd.10.Iaddend.. In addition the tip as illustrated has a series of annular piston rings 16 molded into the interior .[.portion.]. surface of the aperture 14. The tip 10 further includes a loop 18 which is preferably a thread of a material which is inert in uterine fluids, such as nylon.
The apparatus 20 shown in FIG. 1 is specifically designed for use in the method of this invention. The apparatus 20 includes a tubular extension 22, a dispensing apparatus 24, and a control handle 26 for both operating the dispensing means and positioning the tip 10 on the end of the tubular extension 22.
The tubular extension 22 has a rigid section which is adjacent to the control handle 26. The opposite terminal end portion 28 on which the tip 10 is secured is flexible. One end of each control wire 30, 32 is attached to the end portion of the flexible section 28. The control wires 30, 32 are connected at their opposite ends to a pair of separately controlled drums 34 (only one drum is shown) mounted on the control .[.hand.]. .Iadd.handle .Iaddend.26. By adjustment of the drums 34 to either to collect or release the wires 30, 32 the position of the tip 10 can be adjusted and bent in a curved configuration shown in FIG. 2.
At the flexible terminal end 28 a metal connector 36 is provided which has annular piston .[.ring.]. .Iadd.rings .Iaddend.38 which .[.mates.]. .Iadd.mate .Iaddend.with the piston rings 16 on the tip 10. The metal connector 36 further has defined in it a constricted area having a sharp cut off portion 40.
A tube 42 extends from the dispensing means 24, through the tubular extension 22 to the aperture 14 in the tip 10.
The dispensing means 24 consists of a mixing syringe 44 in which the plunger 46 is adapted to provide mixing of a fluid elastermeric material, a catalyst and other additive as may be required. The syringe 44 is mounted on top of the control handle 26 with the plunger 46 in contact with a rack 48 and a pivotal mounted pawl 50. The pawl 50 is connected to a trigger 52. Squeezing the trigger 52 causes the plunger 46 to be advanced within the syringe .[.46.]. .Iadd.44 .Iaddend.and material within the syringe 44 to be dispensed through the tube 42 to the tip 10.
In the method of this invention the tip 10 is inserted over the end of the flexible portion 28 of the tubular extension. The tip 10 being premolded of a silicone rubber is somewhat elastic and deforms somewhat until the piston ring 16 of the tip of 10 engages and locks with the mating piston rings 38.
The tubular extension .[.20.]. .Iadd.22 .Iaddend.with tip 10 installed is inserted into the vagina 54, through the cervical os 56 into the uterine cavity 58. Then, preferably using .[.flouroscopic.]. .Iadd.fluoroscopic .Iaddend.techniques, the tip 10 is aligned with the uterine end of one of the oviducts 12. It should be noted that because of the shape of the uterine cavity 58 the tip can be guided blindly in the proper position. The relative position of the flexible end 28 is controlled by adjustment of the drums 34.
Once the tip 10 is in position the fluid mixture of the elastomer, catalyst and other additives are injected through the tube 42 to the tip 10 by operation of the trigger 52 as noted above. The uncured fluid elastomeric mixture 60 flows through the aperture 14 in the tip 10 and then into the oviduct 12. A sufficient amount of the mixture is injected to fill approximately one third or more of the length of the oviduct 12. Some of the material will flow back around the tip 10 so that the surface of the tip 10 will conform to the shape of the uterine end of the oviduct 12 as shown in the tip 10 as modified 62 which is shown in FIG. 5.
The injected elastomeric material 60 is allowed to cure and solidify. The cured material will adhere to the tip 10 to make an essential single unit.
Once the elastomeric material has cured, the tube .[.40.]. .Iadd.42 .Iaddend.and the terminal end .[.36.]. .Iadd.28 .Iaddend.are withdrawn within the tubular extension 22. The edge 40 cuts the cured material which remains in the tube 42 from the cured material in the aperture 14 of the tip 10. Continued withdrawal of the terminal end .[.36.]. .Iadd.28 .Iaddend.results in the tip 10 being stripped from the terminal end as shown in phantom in FIG. 5.
The procedure noted above is repeated for the opposite oviduct to complete the sterilization procedure.
The solidified oviduct blocks each has a configuration which conforms to the interior of the oviduct in which it is cast, thus effectively preventing conception.
.Iadd.The shaped tip member has an aperture defined therein and a configuration such as to fit in substantial sealing contact adjacent to the uterine end of the oviduct of the female. It has a size larger than the lumen of said oviduct and is positioned within the uterine cavity of said female adjacent to the uterine end of said oviduct with the aperture of said tip member being in axial alignment with the lumen of said oviduct, whereby the tip member remains within the uterine cavity where it can be gripped by mechanical means to remove the oviduct block nonsurgically. .Iaddend.
The oviduct block can remain in place until it is desired to remove it. The use of a material having approximately the same modulus of elasticity as the oviducts assists in maintaining the oviduct blocks 64 in position. The natural convolution of the oviduct likewise results in stabilization of the oviduct blocks 64. The tip 10 serves a most important function of preventing the oviduct block 64 from migrating into the intraperitoneal cavity, a problem that was a serious and relatively common problem with other similar prior art .[.technique.]. .Iadd.techniques.Iaddend. .
As noted above the oviduct block is inserted nonsurgically. The method is relatively simple to learn by those skilled in the medical art. The time required is likewise quite short with a skilled person being able to block both oviducts in about 15 to 30 minutes.
As noted above the oviduct block can be removed nonsurgically if desired. An instrument of the type shown in FIG. 1 is used for this purpose. The tip 10 is replaced with a hooked member which is adapted to engage the loop 18. Once the loop 18 is engaged the oviduct block 64 is withdrawn. It is also possible to use a pronged member to grip the tip and then pull out the oviduct block.
Both the insertion and removal of the oviduct block 64 are relatively painless. However a local anesthetic can be used if desired.
The effectivenes of the contraception method of this invention was found to be excellent. On rabbit tests it was found that the method is 100% effective if the oviduct blocks are properly placed. In further rabbit tests it was found that after the oviduct blocks were removed that fertility was restored. There was no indication of expulsion of the oviduct blocks either in the uterine cavity or in the intraperitoneal cavity. Histologic examination and scanning election microscopic examination have not indicated that there is any adverse reaction to the tissue of the oviducts.
The apparatus of this invention has been described in .Iadd.the .Iaddend.preferred embodiment. It should be appreciated that .[.the.]. various modifications can be made to the apparatus without departing from the scope of this invention. For example, the control handle 26 has been provided to enable a simple one handed operation of the apparatus. .[.If.]. .Iadd.It .Iaddend.is possible, however, to simply use control wires which are operated by the fingers of the hand rather than the drums. Further, the dispensing apparatus consisting of the trigger 52, rack 48 and pawl 50, could likewise be removed and the syringe operated manually. Furthermore, the configuration of the tip 10 can be modified to a different shape such as a conical configuration .[.of.]. .Iadd.or .Iaddend.other suitable shapes and still be satisfactory for use in this invention. These and other modifications which would be obvious to those skilled in the art are included within the scope of the subjoined claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US854399 *||Apr 18, 1906||May 21, 1907||Walter G Bridge||Syringe.|
|US3042021 *||Nov 25, 1958||Jul 3, 1962||Thane Read||Bypass type insert plug for body passageway|
|US3182662 *||Jul 25, 1962||May 11, 1965||Shirodkar Vithal N||Plastic prosthesis useful in gynaecological surgery|
|US3422813 *||Jun 21, 1965||Jan 21, 1969||Dow Corning||Method for sterilization of males|
|US3648683 *||Jun 29, 1970||Mar 14, 1972||Brodie Nathan||Reversible intra-vas device|
|US3680542 *||May 11, 1970||Aug 1, 1972||Cimber Hugo S||Device for occlusion of an oviduct|
|US3707146 *||Mar 7, 1967||Dec 26, 1972||Prod Res & Chem Corp||Means to inject a plastic into a cavity to produce a replica thereof|
|US3918443 *||Aug 27, 1973||Nov 11, 1975||Ethyl Corp||Method for birth control|
|FR819629A *||Title not available|
|1||*||Rakshit - Human Sterilization - 1971, Charles C. Thomas - Pub. Chapt. 20, pp. 213-221.|
|2||*||Stevenson et al., Jour. Obstet. & Gynec. of Gt. Brit., Nov. 1972, vol. 79, pp. 1028-1039.|
|3||*||Thompson et al., Human Sterilization - 1971 - Charles C. Thomas, Pub. Chapt. 30, pp. 353-359.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5888220 *||Jan 23, 1996||Mar 30, 1999||Advanced Bio Surfaces, Inc.||Articulating joint repair|
|US6176240||Jun 7, 1995||Jan 23, 2001||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and their delivery|
|US6248131||Sep 5, 1997||Jun 19, 2001||Advanced Bio Surfaces, Inc.||Articulating joint repair|
|US6346102||May 26, 2000||Feb 12, 2002||Adiana, Inc.||Method and apparatus for tubal occlusion|
|US6357443||Nov 9, 1999||Mar 19, 2002||Synergyn Technologies, Inc.||Removable fallopian tube plug and associated methods|
|US6526979||Jun 12, 2000||Mar 4, 2003||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US6634361||Jun 1, 1999||Oct 21, 2003||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US6679266||Mar 28, 2002||Jan 20, 2004||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and their delivery|
|US6684884||Jul 23, 2001||Feb 3, 2004||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US6705323||Jun 8, 1998||Mar 16, 2004||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US6709667 *||Aug 22, 2000||Mar 23, 2004||Conceptus, Inc.||Deployment actuation system for intrafallopian contraception|
|US6712810||Mar 16, 2001||Mar 30, 2004||Adiana, Inc.||Method and apparatus for tubal occlusion|
|US6726682||Feb 12, 2002||Apr 27, 2004||Adiana, Inc.||Method and apparatus for tubal occlusion|
|US6763833 *||Aug 22, 2000||Jul 20, 2004||Conceptus, Inc.||Insertion/deployment catheter system for intrafallopian contraception|
|US7001431||Feb 13, 2003||Feb 21, 2006||Disc Dynamics, Inc.||Intervertebral disc prosthesis|
|US7077865||Feb 13, 2003||Jul 18, 2006||Disc Dynamics, Inc.||Method of making an intervertebral disc prosthesis|
|US7220259||Apr 26, 2004||May 22, 2007||Adiana, Inc.||Method and apparatus for tubal occlusion|
|US7237552 *||Jul 15, 2004||Jul 3, 2007||Conceptus, Inc.||Insertion/deployment catheter system for intrafallopian contraception|
|US7428904||May 14, 2004||Sep 30, 2008||Alien Technology Corporation||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and their delivery|
|US7506650 *||Feb 23, 2004||Mar 24, 2009||Conceptus, Inc.||Deployment actuation system for intrafallopian contraception|
|US7582085||Aug 24, 2004||Sep 1, 2009||Cytyc Corporation||Catheter placement detection system and operator interface|
|US7591268||Jun 15, 2005||Sep 22, 2009||Conceptus, Inc.||Deployment actuation system for intrafallopian contraception|
|US7686020||Aug 31, 2006||Mar 30, 2010||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US7713301||Mar 29, 2006||May 11, 2010||Disc Dynamics, Inc.||Intervertebral disc prosthesis|
|US7766965||Jun 30, 2006||Aug 3, 2010||Disc Dynamics, Inc.||Method of making an intervertebral disc prosthesis|
|US7842035||Mar 29, 2004||Nov 30, 2010||Cytyc Corporation||Method and apparatus for tubal occlusion|
|US7905880||May 22, 2007||Mar 15, 2011||Cytyc Corporation||Method and apparatus for tubal occlusion|
|US7921848||Aug 13, 2003||Apr 12, 2011||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US7934504||Jul 21, 2009||May 3, 2011||Conceptus, Inc.||Deployment actuation system for intrafallopian contraception|
|US8048086||Feb 24, 2005||Nov 1, 2011||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for conduit occlusion|
|US8048101||Sep 29, 2008||Nov 1, 2011||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for conduit occlusion|
|US8052669||Sep 29, 2008||Nov 8, 2011||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for delivery of compositions to conduits|
|US8066007||Jul 31, 2006||Nov 29, 2011||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and their delivery|
|US8079364||Mar 28, 2011||Dec 20, 2011||Conceptus, Inc.||Deployment actuation system for intrafallopian contraception|
|US8171936||Oct 20, 2010||May 8, 2012||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US8217219||Dec 29, 2003||Jul 10, 2012||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Anatomically conforming vaginal insert|
|US8226645||Oct 26, 2010||Jul 24, 2012||Cytyc Corporation||Apparatus for tubal occlusion|
|US8231619||Jan 22, 2010||Jul 31, 2012||Cytyc Corporation||Sterilization device and method|
|US8316853||Jul 17, 2009||Nov 27, 2012||Femasys Inc.||Method and devices for conduit occlusion|
|US8316854||Oct 31, 2011||Nov 27, 2012||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for conduit occlusion|
|US8324193||Oct 31, 2011||Dec 4, 2012||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for delivery of compositions to conduits|
|US8327852||Nov 11, 2011||Dec 11, 2012||Conceptus, Inc.||Occlusion devices and methods|
|US8336552||Oct 31, 2011||Dec 25, 2012||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for conduit occlusion|
|US8356599||Nov 11, 2011||Jan 22, 2013||Conceptus, Inc.||Occlusion devices and methods|
|US8381733||Nov 11, 2011||Feb 26, 2013||Conceptus, Inc.||Deployment actuation system|
|US8506543||Jun 11, 2012||Aug 13, 2013||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Anatomically conforming vaginal insert|
|US8550086||May 4, 2010||Oct 8, 2013||Hologic, Inc.||Radiopaque implant|
|US8584679||Feb 8, 2012||Nov 19, 2013||Conceptus, Inc.||Deployment actuation system|
|US8613282||May 7, 2012||Dec 24, 2013||Conceptus, Inc.||Occlusion devices and methods|
|US8695604||May 10, 2012||Apr 15, 2014||Bayer Essure Inc.||Deployment actuation system|
|US8695606||Nov 24, 2012||Apr 15, 2014||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for conduit occlusion|
|US8702727||Nov 22, 2006||Apr 22, 2014||Hologic, Inc.||Delivery catheter with implant ejection mechanism|
|US8726906||Nov 25, 2012||May 20, 2014||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for conduit occlusion|
|US8733360||Aug 20, 2012||May 27, 2014||Bayer Essure Inc.||Occlusion devices and methods|
|US8733361||Nov 19, 2012||May 27, 2014||Bayer Essure Inc.||Occlusion devices and methods|
|US9034053||Nov 24, 2012||May 19, 2015||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for conduit occlusion|
|US9220880||Nov 25, 2012||Dec 29, 2015||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for delivery of compositions to conduits|
|US9238127||Sep 19, 2013||Jan 19, 2016||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for delivering to conduit|
|US9308023||May 6, 2015||Apr 12, 2016||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for conduit occlusion|
|US9402762||Mar 31, 2014||Aug 2, 2016||Femasys Inc.||Methods and devices for conduit occlusion|
|US9492291||Mar 28, 2014||Nov 15, 2016||Kunovus Pty Ltd.||Systems, methods and apparatuses for formation and insertion of tissue prosthesis|
|US9554826||Aug 27, 2011||Jan 31, 2017||Femasys, Inc.||Contrast agent injection system for sonographic imaging|
|US20040079377 *||Jun 20, 2003||Apr 29, 2004||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US20040159324 *||Feb 12, 2004||Aug 19, 2004||Conceptus, Inc.||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and their delivery|
|US20040163650 *||Feb 23, 2004||Aug 26, 2004||Conceptus, Inc.||Deployment actuation system for intrafallopian contraception|
|US20040163651 *||Feb 23, 2004||Aug 26, 2004||Conceptus, Inc.||Transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and their delivery|
|US20040204720 *||Apr 26, 2004||Oct 14, 2004||Adiana, Inc.||Method and apparatus for tubal occlusion|
|US20040206358 *||May 14, 2004||Oct 21, 2004||Conceptus, Inc., A California Corporation||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and their delivery|
|US20040255958 *||Mar 29, 2004||Dec 23, 2004||Adiana, Inc.||Method and apparatus for tubal occlusion|
|US20050033281 *||Aug 24, 2004||Feb 10, 2005||Adiana, Inc.||Catheter placement detection system and operator interface|
|US20050061329 *||Sep 18, 2003||Mar 24, 2005||Conceptus, Inc.||Catheter for intrafallopian contraceptive delivery|
|US20050232961 *||Jun 15, 2005||Oct 20, 2005||Conceptus, Inc.||Deployment actuation system for intrafallopian contraception|
|US20060144406 *||Mar 2, 2006||Jul 6, 2006||Nikolchev Julian N||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US20070000496 *||Aug 31, 2006||Jan 4, 2007||Nikolchev Julian N||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US20070023534 *||Jul 24, 2006||Feb 1, 2007||Mingsheng Liu||Water-source heat pump control system and method|
|US20070062542 *||Nov 20, 2006||Mar 22, 2007||Nikolchev Julian N||Contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices and methods|
|US20070215163 *||May 22, 2007||Sep 20, 2007||Adiana, Inc.||Method and Apparatus for Tubal Occlusion|
|US20090036840 *||Sep 25, 2008||Feb 5, 2009||Cytyc Corporation||Atraumatic ball tip and side wall opening|
|US20090125023 *||Nov 13, 2007||May 14, 2009||Cytyc Corporation||Electrosurgical Instrument|
|US20090277463 *||Jul 21, 2009||Nov 12, 2009||Conceptus, Inc., A California Corporation||Deployment Actuation System for Intrafallopian Contraception|
|EP1800611A1 *||May 21, 1996||Jun 27, 2007||Conceptus, Inc.||Expandable contraceptive transcervical fallopian tube occlusion devices having mechanical fallopian tube attachment and delivery system|
|WO2001013832A1 *||Aug 22, 2000||Mar 1, 2001||Conceptus, Inc.||Insertion/deployment catheter system for intrafallopian contraception|
|WO2001013834A1 *||Aug 22, 2000||Mar 1, 2001||Conceptus Inc||Deployment actuation system for intrafallopian contraception|
|WO2001013835A1 *||Aug 22, 2000||Mar 1, 2001||Conceptus Inc||Insertion/deployment catheter system for intrafallopian contraception|
|U.S. Classification||128/831, 128/840, 606/157, 128/887|
|Mar 7, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CALSPAN CORPORATION, 4455 GENESSE ST., BUFFALO, NY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:FRANKLIN INSTITUTE;REEL/FRAME:004379/0744
Effective date: 19850109
|Jul 1, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: FRANKLIN INSTITUTE, 20TH STREET AND THE PARKWAY, P
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:CALSPAN CORPORATION, AN OH CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004747/0260
Effective date: 19860604