|Publication number||USRE29494 E|
|Application number||US 05/754,604|
|Publication date||Dec 13, 1977|
|Filing date||Dec 27, 1976|
|Priority date||Feb 8, 1973|
|Also published as||US3836036|
|Publication number||05754604, 754604, US RE29494 E, US RE29494E, US-E-RE29494, USRE29494 E, USRE29494E|
|Inventors||Allan M. Hodge|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (7), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a trash container lid assembly, and more particularly to a trash container lid assembly having a stabilized partially open position.
According to the invention, a trash container lid assembly is provided having a raised back portion which is rotatably coupled to the trash bin via an elongated aperture or slots and axles. The elongated slot allows the axis of rotation of the bin lid to shift after a partial opening which further allows a curved surface at the rear bottom section of the lid to contact the top of the bin, resulting in a stabilized partially opened position of the lid. This facilitates the depositing of garbage or trash without the necessity of simultaneously holding the lid open. The trash containers or bins that the lid is designed for are the large commercial bins utilized in apartment houses, hotels, restaurants, etc., and normally have lift pocket tubes along their sides for receiving the lifting forks of a garbage truck which lift the entire assembly over the cab of the truck, inverting it and allowing the lid assembly to swing open and the trash to fall into the truck bed. Further features of the instant invention are the utilization of a counterweight asembly which shifts through a portion of the lid assembly's arch of rotation and a vapor seal sealing the mating surfaces of the trash bin assembly and the lid assembly.
An object of the present invention is the provision of an improved trash container lid assembly.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a trash container lid assembly having a stabilized partially open position.
A further object of the invention is the provision of an improved trash container lid assembly utilizing a counterweight.
Yet another object of the present invention is the provision of a trash container lid assembly having a removable plastic liner.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of a trash container lid assembly having a vapor seal.
Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of the invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings in which like reference numerals designate like parts throughout the Figures thereof and wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective cutaway view of the lid assembly in situ;
FIG. 2 is a side elevation of the interior structure of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a side elevation partially sectioned of an upper portion of the interior structure of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a front elevation of a section of the upper back portion of the embodiment of FIG. 1 partially broken away;
FIG. 5 is a side elevation illustrating the counterweight feature of the invention with the lid section closed;
FIG. 6 is a side elevation of the structure of FIG. 1 with the lid opened;
FIG. 7 is a sectional view of the counterweight;
FIG. 8 is a top view of the counterweight and pivot pin assembly partially sectioned;
FIG. 9 is a side elevation of the lid assembly in the down position;
FIG. 10 is a side elevation of the lid assembly in its open position;
FIG. 11 is a side elevation of the lid assembly inverted for dumping; and
FIG. 12 is a side elevation of the lid assembly without the counterweight feature.
Referring to FIG. 1, the lid and mounting assemblies are shown generally at 11 rotatably coupled by pivot bolt 12 to outboard pivot support 14 which is fixedly attached as by welding to prior art trash container 15. It is pointed out that on the drawing the prior art implements are identified as p/a. Trash bin 15 has sides 16 with upper side ledges 17 and lift pocket tube 18 having a continuous inner aperture 19. Inner mounting plate 21 is also fixedly attached to trash container 15 as by welding. Rear plastic liner 31 is coupled to inner mounting plate 21 and to trash bin 15. Counterweight assembly 40 is also rotatably mounted at pivot bolt 12 and will be described with reference to other figures. Rotating lid assembly 50 consists of a pivot plate 51 carrying a counterweight engagement pin 52 (to be described later). Frame members 53 and 54 couple to the top and bottom portions as by welding to pivot plate 51 and a plastic lid liner 55 which is coupled to the frame members at front lid edge 55A, rear ledge 55B, side lid ledge 55C. The plastic lid side 55D is sealed against inner mounting plate 21 by a wiping seal which will be described below. The plastic liner is attached at screw locations 55E to frame members 53 and 54. Lid edge seal 56 is coupled to the bottom of the plastic liner ledges 55A and 55C.
Referring to FIG. 2, the inner mounting assembly is shown generally at 20 which would be seen by cutting the assembly of FIG. 1 vertically in half and looking toward the pivot corner not illustrated in FIG. 1 which, of course, is identical thereto. Inner mounting plate 21 has a threaded aperture 22 for receiving pivot bolt 12 (FIG. 1). Mounting holes 23 are utilized for bolting inner mounting plate 21 to side 16 of trash bin 15. Apertures 24 are mounting holes for rear plastic liner 31. Lower stop pin 25 and upper stop pin 26 are utilized with counterweight assembly 40 (FIG. 1), which will be described below. Side support member 28 supports rear plastic liner 31. Wiper seal 35 is attached by wiper screws 36 and wiper retainer strip 37 to wiper standoff bar 38 which, in turn, is attached to inner mounting plate 21 by standoff screws 39. Plastic lid liner 55, together with front lid ledge 55A, are shown by dotted lines.
Referring to FIG. 3, inner mounting plate 21 is shown with intermediate support member 29 and upper attachment 30 supporting rear liner 31 which is held to inner mounting plate 21 by side attachment screws 32 and to upper attachment 30 by upper attachment screws 33 which also position and retain upper seal stop 34 which seals against the inner surface of plastic lid liner 55 which is also sealed by wiper seal 35.
Referring to FIGS. 5, 6 and 7, counterweight arm 41 has a bearing lined pivot aperture 42 for cooperation with pivot bolt 12 and a weight saddle 43 with steel reinforcing bars imbeded in counterweight material 45 such as cement which is contained by rear saddle wall 46 and front saddle wall 47 which are welded at each end to counterweight arm 41. The line of arcuate motion of lid ledge 55B is illustrated at 48. Lower stop pin 25, upper stop pin 26, and counterweight engagement pin 52 are all illustrated with reference to pivot arm 41 when lid 55 is in the closed position in FIG. 5 and in the open position in FIG. 6.
Referring to FIG. 8, pivot bolt 12 has a shoulder 12A and a bolthead 12B. The distance between shoulder 12A and bolthead 12B is slightly larger than the difference between the outer surface of inner mounting plate 21 and the outer surface of outboard pivot support 14 so that none of the moving parts are squeezed when the retaining lock nut 13 is cinched upon pivot bolt 12. Pivot slot 57 in pivot plate 51 has an upper rear rounded edge 57 and a lower front rounded edge 57B when the lid assembly 50 is in the closed position, as shown in FIG. 9. When pivot bolt 12 is riding against upper rear rounded edge 57A, a separation is created between trash container 16 and arcuate drag surface 58 of pivot plate 51. However, when the lid is raised (FIG. 10), lid assembly 50 slips down on bolt 12 and surface 58 contacts the top surface of bin 16 to create a frictional stability holding the lid in this partially opened position.
The counterweight assembly consisting of a U-shaped member 41 which stands at the near and far side of the trash container as shown in FIGS. 5, 6, 7 and 8, contains a bushed hole 42 for cooperative engagement with the pivot bolt 12. A plurality of reinforcing steel rods 44 run from one side of the counterweight arm 41 to the opposite side as shown in FIGS. 5, 7 and 8. A weight saddle 43 is positively coupled to arm 41 by welding of a rear section 46 to the arm 41 at the outer surface as shown in FIG. 7, and an inner wall for the weight saddle 43 is created by welding 47 to the arm 41 at both ends of the "U" and near the face of the "U" shape. The counterweight can be considered as a free pivoting body around pivot bolt 12, however, this free motion is limited by lower stop pin 25 which projects outward from inner mounting plate 21 and prohibits counterweight assembly 40 from impinging on the trash container from prior art 16. The counterweight motion is similarly limited when the system is inverted, as in the FIG. 11, by upper stop pin 26 which also projects outwardly from inner mounting plate 21. A counterweight engagement pin 52 projects inward from the end plate 51 of lid assembly 50 through the plastic lid side 55D and stops short of contact with the inner mounting plate 21.
When the lid is closed as in FIG. 5, this counterweight engagement pin 52 is underneath the counterweight arm 41 and the counterweight is acting by virtue of gravity to raise the lid assembly 50. In normal use, the lid assembly would be heavier at its edge 55A than the effect of counterweight 40 and the lid would remain closed, however, it could be opened with minor energy to the position shown in FIG. 6. At the point of raising the lid, as shown in FIG. 6, the counterweight is supported by lower stop pin 25 and any further effort to raise the lid would not be assisted by the counterweight effect because counterweight engagement pin 52 would move away from the counterweight in a counterclockwise direction around pivot bolt 12.
With reference to FIGS. 5, 6 and 8, a clearance zone exists between the rear members of inner mounting assembly 20 and between the circular line of motion of lid edge 55B shown as arch 48. These clearances and figures appear in FIG. 8 to illustate the total freedom of motion without interference in the system. The bushed hole 42 in the counterweight arm 41 is appreciably wider than the thickness of metal comprising the arm and provides a non-scraping clearance for the arm and the counterweight itself. Counterweight material 45 may be any material of reasonably high density such as lead, brass, or concrete (as shown). By virtue of its open upper construction, the weight saddle may be filled to any convenient level and could even be filled so deeply that it would retain the lid in open position (shown in FIG. 6). In this latter case, a latch would be required to hold the front lid edge against the upper wall edge 17 of the prior art trash container 16.
Referring to FIGS. 9 and 11, a prior art pickup assembly 60 consists of a fork 61 with a rounded nose 62 and a slide stop 63. A lid retaining hook 64 overlaps front lid frame 53 (FIG. 9). This assembly is shown being received by lift pocket aperture 19 and lift pocket tube 18. If the insertion is complete the container will slip down and to the right as pickup assembly 60 is lifted and rotated 180° clockwise to invert the container over the bin of the dump truck. When the pickup assembly reaches an inverted horizontal position and abruptly stops, container 16 slides out (as shown at 66 in FIG. 11), being stopped by slide stop 63. This slides lid frame member 53 free of hook 64 and allows the lid to drop down along path 67 to empty the contents. Since the rear upper end 57A of pivot slot 57 is in contact with pivot bolt 12, there is no drag between surface 58 and the top of bin 16.
Referring to FIG. 12, a side elevation of the embodiment of FIG. 1 is shown without the counterweight assembly 40. This embodiment operates exactly as the embodiments described in FIGS. 1-11 with the exception that the counterweight stop pins 25, 26 and 52 have been eliminated along with the entire counterweight assembly of which necessitates the placement of spacer washer 49 in place of counterweight arm 41. With reference to FIG. 8, this will be seen as necessary to maintain the proper spacing of the rotating parts.
It should be understood, of course, that the foregoing disclosure relates to only a preferred embodiment of the invention and that it is intended to cover all changes and modifications of the example of the invention herein chosen for the purposes of the disclosure, which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3136575 *||Jun 11, 1962||Jun 9, 1964||Byron M Kolling||Refuse container|
|US3567062 *||Oct 7, 1969||Mar 2, 1971||Kruse James D||Refuse container having safety lid|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5085341 *||Sep 12, 1990||Feb 4, 1992||Hodge Allan M||Trash bin system|
|US5595317 *||Jun 2, 1995||Jan 21, 1997||Hodge; Tony||Lid prop for commercial trash bin|
|US6276562||Nov 29, 1999||Aug 21, 2001||Hodge Products, Inc.||Lid rod support assembly for trash bin|
|US7341165 *||Aug 27, 2004||Mar 11, 2008||Universal Lid Corporation||Lid for a container|
|US7810854||Oct 12, 2010||Hodge Products, Inc.||Trash container locking apparatus|
|US20050045650 *||Aug 27, 2004||Mar 3, 2005||Tippman Vincent P.||Lid for a container|
|US20080257887 *||Apr 18, 2007||Oct 23, 2008||Hodge Allan M||Trash container locking apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||220/812, 294/68.26, 220/828, 414/411, 220/908|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S220/908, B65F1/1623|