|Publication number||USRE29536 E|
|Application number||US 05/768,149|
|Publication date||Feb 14, 1978|
|Filing date||Feb 14, 1977|
|Priority date||May 22, 1974|
|Publication number||05768149, 768149, US RE29536 E, US RE29536E, US-E-RE29536, USRE29536 E, USRE29536E|
|Inventors||Donald D. Fearing|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (11), Classifications (7), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a continuation-in-part of my previous application, Ser. No. 216,489, filed Jan. 10, 1972, for "MARKING TAGS" now abandoned.
This invention relates to an improvement in marking tags and deals particularly with an identifying member which may be inserted through the ear of cattle or the like in order to identify them.
For a considerable number of years, the desirability of identifying cattle has been recognized. For many years cattle have been branded to show ownership. More recently the use of markings of one type or another for the purpose of identifying the individual animals has become more important. In some instances, this has been done by tattooing the ear of the animal with individual numbers or other indicia so that each animal may be recognized from the others. Individual metal tags have for many years been clipped to the ears or otherwise anchored thereto. Obviously, if such tags get caught in wire fencing, underbrush or the like, the ear may be seriously damaged and the identification may be lost or destroyed.
In recent years the use of identifying tags made of resilient plastic has become quite common. These tags have the advantage of being legible from a greater distance than tags of most sorts, cause less damage to the animal, and are somewhat less likely to be accidentally removed than the metal tags previously used. One such tag which has been produced in some volume comprises an identifying panel which is marked to provide the identification, the upper portion of this panel being tapered for connection with a relatively narrow neck. This neck connects the identification panel with an anchoring head. The anchoring head is usually of generally triangular form having shoulders which extend laterally from opposite sides of the neck. The identification panel, the relatively narrow neck portion, and the anchoring head are usually of uniform thickness. To insert the tag, the anchoring head is rolled into tubular form of a diameter usually substantially equal to the width of the neck portion. This anchoring head is then inserted through a slit in the ear of the animal. After insertion, the anchoring head is allowed to unroll, leaving the neck extending through the slit in the ear and held from disengagement from the slit by the relatively wide identification panel and the relatively wide laterally extending shoulders on the anchoring head.
To facilitate the insertion, a hollow tubular tool or instrument is provided having a pointed and flattened end which is sharpened for insertion through the ear. The tubular body is designed to accommodate the tubularly rolled anchoring head. The tool is forced completely through the ear and then withdrawn from the anchoring head to permit this head to unroll. While it is possible to insert the tag without this tool or instrument, the operation is somewhat difficult due to the fact that the head must be held in rolled condition during insertion. Probabaly the greatest objection to this type of tag is the difficulty experienced by the rancher in rolling up the anchoring head for insertion into the tubular instrument. The head cannot be very flexible, as this facilitates accidental disengagement. At the same time, the less flexible the head is made, the greater is the difficulty in rolling it up. As constructed, the head is quite stiff to insure retention in the ear. Accordingly in actual practice it is quite difficult to roll it up small enough for insertion into the instrument.
I have found that a tag of improved character may be produced by making a tag with an anchoring head which is thicker and more rigid than the neck portion of the tag. This anchoring head is preferably no wider than the neck and projects on opposite sides of the surfaces of the neck rather than from opposite lateral side edges thereof. This anchoring head is not flexed or rolled during the insertion process. The relatively rigid anchoring head is merely folded in parallel relation to the relatively resilient neck. The anchoring head may be inserted through a slit in the ear of the animal in an end-wide direction. After insertion, the neck of the tag flexes into its normal position and the anchoring head extends upwardly and downwardly above and below the slit rather than laterally therefrom as in the past.
This arrangement has numerous advantages over previous tag construction. If tags are being inserted by hand without the use of an insertion tool, the slit may vary in length. In the past, the shoulders of the anchoring head are parallel to the slit, and the tag may be accidentally pulled loose if the slit is excessively long as from natural growth of young livestock. Furthermore, by having the anchoring portion of the head at right angles to the direction of the slit, the anchoring head will not irritate the surface of the ear adjoining the slit. Due to the fact that the anchoring head need not be held in a rolled up form during insertion, the present tag may be much more easily inserted without an insertion tool than in the past. Furthermore, within reasonable limits, the thickness of the anchoring head has no effect on the ease of insertion.
These and other objects and novel features of the present invention will be more clearly and fully set forth in the following specification and claims.
FIG. 1 is a view showing the identification tag in the ear of an animal.
FIG. 2 is a rear elevational view of the animal's ear with the tag inserted showing the rear side of the tag.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view showing the anchoring means in place in the ear.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the tag.
FIG. 5 is a plan view of the insertion tool.
FIG. 6 is a side elevational view of the tool shown in FIG. 5.
FIG. 7 is a longitudinal sectional view of a portion of the tool with the anchoring end of the tag in place therein.
FIG. 8 is a plan view of the insertion tool and tag as it is inserted into the ear of the animal.
FIG. 9 is a diagrammatic view showing the insertion tool as it is being removed from the identification tag.
As is indicated in FIG. 4 of the drawings, the tag is indicated in general by the letter A and includes a body portion or display panel 10 which is connected by converging upper end portions 11 to a neck 12 of relatively narrow width. In the particular arrangement illustrated, the neck portion 12 is connected to a neck section 13 which is of generally similar width to the short neck portion 12 which is coplanar with the body portion 10. The neck 13 is connected to an anchoring head 14 along a generally right angular line of connection 15. The head 14 is preferably slightly concave on the surface which is connected to the neck 13 and correspondingly convex on its outer surface. As is indicated in FIGS. 3 and 9 of the drawings, the anchoring head 14 is somewhat thicker at its point of connection with the neck section 13 so that this anchoring head is somewhat more rigid than the remainder of the tag body. The body is formed of a resilient plastic or other rubberlike material . .,.!. and it is preferable that the anchoring head be somewhat more rigid than the neck 13 or the body portion 10. As is indicated, the head is generally ovular in shape and includes rounded ends 16 which will bear against the ear of the animal when inserted, but will not cause any abrasion thereto.
The body portion 10 is shown in FIG. 1 of the drawings as depending from the ear 17 of the animal 19. The body 10 is provided with indicia such as 20 which may be in the form of a number, letter, or other symbol to designate the ownership as well as the individual identity of the animal. In view of the fact that the tag is quite large, the identification may be made from somewhat of a distance from the animal.
While the tag may be manually inserted through a slit in the ear of the animal, an insertion tool which is indicated in general by the letter B may also be employed to simplify the process. The insertion tool B is provided with a sharply pointed end 21 which is strengthened to some extent by a longitudinally extending central rib 22. Rearwardly of the head 21, the side edges of the tool are bent upwardly as indicated at 23 to form a generally channel shaped or U-shaped form which serves to cut a similarly shaped slit in the ear of the animal. Rearwardly of the channel shaped portion 24, the side flanges are folded inwardly as indicated at 25, the flanges 25 extending substantially parallel to the base 26 of the tool. The flanges 25 are designed to retain the anchoring head of the tag during its insertion through the ear of the animal.
FIG. 7 of the drawings indicates the manner in which the anchoring head 14 is inserted into the tool. The generally oval shaped head is merely inserted between the flanges 25 and the base portion 26 of the tool. This is accomplished by bending the neck portion 13 along or adjoining the line 15 which is the line of connection with the head. The anchoring head itself is not deformed or changed in shape to any material extent, the relatively rigid head normally maintaining its form during the insertion operation. When the anchoring head of the tag is inserted into the instrument B as indicated in FIG. 7 of the drawings, the pointed end 21 of the instrument is inserted through the ear of the animal until the anchoring head is virtually through the ear as indicated in FIG. 9 of the drawings. Further movement of the tag through the ear is impeded by the tapered shoulders 11 of the tag. The insertion tool B is removed from the anchoring head of the tag, and the neck 13 is allowed to assume its normal position as indicated in FIG. 4, the anchoring head extending along one side of the ear, while the body 10 of the tag extends along the opposite side thereof. The tag then assumes the position indicated in FIG. 1 of the drawings, and the anchoring head assumes the position shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. The tag is then supported from the ear in a position where it may be readily seen for identification of the animal.
In accordance with the Patent Office statutes, I have described the principles of construction and operation of my improvement in Marking Tags, and while I have endeavored to set forth the best embodiment thereof, I desire to have it understood that changes may be made within the scope of the following claims without departing from the spirit of my invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3512289 *||May 27, 1968||May 19, 1970||Y Tex Corp||Animal identification tag and installation tool therefor|
|US3526987 *||May 31, 1968||Sep 8, 1970||Howe Clarence H||Connector for animal identification tags|
|US3552051 *||May 16, 1969||Jan 5, 1971||Ritchey Eugene||Ear tag|
|US3694949 *||Jan 29, 1970||Oct 3, 1972||Howe Clarence H||Animal identification tag and installation tool therefore|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6840195||Apr 4, 2003||Jan 11, 2005||Roger D. Ashley||Avian medicament or pest control product and method|
|US7619522||Nov 17, 2005||Nov 17, 2009||Destron Fearing Corporation||Radio frequency animal tracking system|
|US7843350||Jan 21, 2008||Nov 30, 2010||Destron Fearing Corporation||Animal management system including radio animal tag and additional tranceiver(s)|
|US7965188||Oct 29, 2009||Jun 21, 2011||Destron Fearing Corporation||Radio frequency animal tracking system|
|US7978079||Mar 7, 2008||Jul 12, 2011||Destron Fearing Corporation||Electronic tag|
|US8149125||Nov 19, 2010||Apr 3, 2012||Destron Fearing Corporation||Animal management system including radio animal tags and additional transceiver(s)|
|US20070103314 *||Nov 2, 2006||May 10, 2007||Geissler Randolph K||Radio frequency animal tracking system|
|US20090058730 *||Jan 21, 2008||Mar 5, 2009||Geissler Randolph K||Animal Management System Including Radio Animal Tag and Additional Transceiver(s)|
|US20090094869 *||Mar 7, 2008||Apr 16, 2009||Geissler Randolph K||Electronic tag|
|US20100045468 *||Oct 29, 2009||Feb 25, 2010||Destron Fearing Corporation||Radio frequency animal tracking system|
|US20110148639 *||Nov 19, 2010||Jun 23, 2011||Destron Fearing Corporation||Animal management system including radio animal tags and additional transceiver(s)|
|International Classification||G09F3/12, A01K11/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A01K11/001, G09F3/12|
|European Classification||A01K11/00A, G09F3/12|
|Apr 27, 1992||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: FEARING MANUFACTURING CO., INC., MINNESOTA
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY OF A SECURITY AGREEMENT RECORDED AT REEL 1843 FRAME 0682.;ASSIGNOR:FIRST AMERICAN BANK METRO F/K/A DROVERS FIRST AMERICAN BANK OF ST. PAUL;REEL/FRAME:006096/0468
Effective date: 19920127
Owner name: REPUBLIC ACCEPTANCE CORPORATION, MINNESOTA
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FEARING MANUFACTURING CO., INC.;REEL/FRAME:006096/0476
Effective date: 19920110
|Jul 12, 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NEW RAC CORP., MINNESOTA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REPUBLIC ACCEPTANCE CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:006611/0879
Effective date: 19930628
|Jul 19, 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: REPUBLIC ACCEPTANCE CORPORATION, MINNESOTA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:NEW RAC CORP.;REEL/FRAME:006615/0147
Effective date: 19930628
|Dec 20, 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NORWEST BANK MINNESOTA, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, MINN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:DESTRON/IDI, INC.;FEARING MANUFACTURING CO., INC.;REEL/FRAME:006845/0572
Effective date: 19931117