|Publication number||USRE29715 E|
|Application number||US 05/769,101|
|Publication date||Aug 1, 1978|
|Filing date||Feb 16, 1977|
|Priority date||Feb 2, 1973|
|Also published as||US3866637|
|Publication number||05769101, 769101, US RE29715 E, US RE29715E, US-E-RE29715, USRE29715 E, USRE29715E|
|Inventors||George B. Richards, Leonard W. Swain, Edward W. Hunter|
|Original Assignee||George B. Richards|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (3), Classifications (4), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to nozzles and in particular to nozzles of the type used to control the flow of fluids such as liquid fuels. The nozzle of the present invention is particularly useful in an application such as self-service gasoline retail outlets because of its automatic shut-off characteristics.
In many filling devices used for controlling the flow of liquid such as the flow of fuel into storage tanks, it is common practice to provide a liquid level control shut-off device so that when the level of liquid in the tank rises above a predetermined level the flow of liquid into the tank will be cut off. In the known devices when the level of the liquid in the tank rises above the end of the filling tube of the nozzle, it closes a vent opening in the nozzle which causes a vacuum drawn by the flow of liquid through the nozzle to close the control valve of the nozzle. Fluidic devices such as fluidic amplifiers have been known for some time. However, these devices have not been successfully incorporated into liquid filling nozzles and employed to control the level at which the flow of liquid through the nozzle is cut off. The fluidic devices have the advantage that they may be operated within the confines of a liquid storage tank regardless of the atmospheric pressure in the tank.
The present invention provides an apparatus which successfully incorporates a positive pressure generating device as a source of positive pressure for controlling the operation of an automatic shut-off nozzle of the type suitable for use in controlling the flow of fluid such as gasoline or the like.
The nozzle for use in controlling the flow of liquids according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a manually operable valve actuator mechanism which mechanically engages the valve closure means when the valve closure means is in the closed position. The mechanical engagement between the valve closure means and the valve actuator mechanism permits the valve closure means to be manually moved to a second open position. The mechanical engagement is released when the diaphragm chamber of the nozzle is positively pressurized at a pressure sufficient to retain the valve closure means in an open position, thereafter the valve closure means is movable to the closed position in response to a predetermined decrease in positive pressure in the diaphragm chamber regardless of the position of the manual closure means. The valve closure means is also moved to a closed position when the actuator means is returned to its inoperative position.
According to a further embodiment of the present invention, the nozzle employs a positive pressure fluidic device mounted within the output passage thereof to provide a positive pressure in said diaphragm chamber when liquid is flowing through said output passage.
The invention will be more clearly understood after reference to the following detailed specification read in conjunction with the drawing wherein
FIG. 1 is a partially sectioned side view of the nozzle according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partially sectioned view of the valve mechanism of FIG. 1 shown in the open position; and
FIG. 3 is a detailed pictorial view of the spring clip used for retaining the valve actuator stem in the extended position.
With reference to the drawings, the reference numeral 10 refers generally to a nozzle of the type used to control the flow of liquid fuel such as gasoline into fuel storage tanks such as the gasoline tanks of automobiles. The nozzle consists of a body portion 12 and a filling tube portion 14. The body portion 12 includes top cover 16, stem housing 15, handle portion 18, hand lever 20 and guard 22, the nozzle has an input passage 24 and an output passage 26. A valve closure member 30 is mounted on a diaphragm 32 which is clamped between the body 12 and top cover 16. A vent passage 34 opens outwardly from the chamber which is formed above the diaphragm 32. A compression spring 36 is positioned between the valve closure member 30 and the upper wall of the top cover. Spring 36 applies a closing force to the valve closure member 30 which urges the valve closure member in a direction towards the valve seat 28.
A second diaphragm 38 is mounted in the stem housing portion 15 and separates the fluid input portion of the valve housing from a positive pressure diaphragm chamber 40. The valve closure member 30 is connected to the second diaphragm 38 by way of a pair connecting rods 42 one of which is arranged on either side of valve seat 28, the lower end of each rod 42 being connected to diaphragm plate 44. A diaphragm stem portion 46 projects into the diaphragm chamber 40 from a diaphragm plate 48 and is formed with an output passage 5 which opens outwardly from an enlarged interior chamber 52. A handle stem 56 is mounted to reciprocate within the lower end of the stem housing 15 and includes a head portion 60 reciprocally mounted within the chamber 52 of the diaphragm stem 46. A compression spring 62 normally urges the handle stem 56 into engagement with the handle 20.
A spring clip 64 has one end rigidly secured to the stem 56 with the other ends thereof extending upwardly in a direction towards the diaphragm stem. The diaphragm stem 46 has an annular shoulder 66 projecting radially therefrom. Each of the legs 68 of the spring 64 (FIG. 3) has a narrow tongue 70 projecting outwardly therefrom. The upper edges of the legs 68 are formed with a curvature conforming to the curvature of the stem of the diaphragm support. In use, the lip 70 projects outwardly a sufficient distance to bear against the inner wall 72 of the stem housing 15 when the legs are in a position underlying the plane of the shoulder portion 66 of the diaphragm stem.
The handle 20 is pivotally mounted at its forward end and a hold open clip 73 is pivotally mounted for movement to a position in which one or other of the recesses 74 serve to retain the free end of the hand lever 20 in an elevated position. The clip 73 is spring biased in a direction away from the handle 20 so that if the nozzle falls when the handle is in the open position, the shock on impact will be sufficient to release the clip 73 and the spring bias will move the clip 73 away from the hand lever and the hand lever will then return to the closed position under the influence of the compression spring 62.
The device used for generating the positive pressure consists of a fluid stream generating device 80 which has a passage therein axially aligned with a receiver 82. The passage in the receiver 82 is connected to a conduit 84 which communicates with a passage 86 which opens into the diaphragm chamber 40. A level sensing passage 87 opens through the wall of the filling tube into the through passage of the stream generating device 80. A conventional one-way check valve 88 is mounted adjacent the upper end of the filling tube 14 so as to prevent drainage of the liquid which is trapped within the hose leading to the nozzle.
When the nozzle of the present invention is in a storage position, the various elements are arranged in the configuration shown in FIG. 1 of the drawings. When the nozzle is to be used, the lever 20 is manually engaged and moved towards the handle portion 18. The lever 20 mechanically elevates the handle stem 56 which, by reason of the fact that the spring clip 64 engages the shoulder 66, raises the lower diaphragm and the valve closure member 30 to permit fluid to pass from the passageway 24 to the passage 26. The extent to which the valve can be manually open is limited to the point at which the lugs 70 of the spring clip 64 are elevated above the wall portion 72 of the canopy, when the spring clip 64 is raised to a position wherein the lugs 70 are above the level of the wall 72 of the stem housing 15, the legs 68 of the spring clip move outwardly causing the spring to become disengaged from the shoulder 66. The initial mechanical opening of the valve is enough to establish a sufficient flow within the filling tube portion to provide a positive pressure at positive pressure generating device which is directed by way of the conduit 84 into the diaphragm chamber 40. The pressure within the chamber 40 at the point where mechanical operation of the valve, by means of the spring clip, is terminated is sufficient to retain the valve in the open position. The pressure in the diaphragm chamber 40 gives the valve a self opening bias against the head 60 resulting in the ability to control the degree of opening by manually manipulating the handle up to a fully open condition. At this time the handle 20 can be locked in position by locating the free end of the handle in one of the notches 74 of the spring clip 73.
Liquid will continue to flow through the valve until the vent passage 87 is submerged. As soon as the vent passage 87 is submerged, there is an immediate drip in pressure in the fluid supplied to the diaphragm chamber 40. When the pressure within the chamber 40 drops, the spring 36 will cause the valve closure member to move to the closed positio. The valve closure member 30 will move to the closed position regardless of the position of the control lever 20 and the valve stem 56. This is possible by reason of the fact that the head 60 of the valve stem 56 is free to slide within the chamber 52 formed within the diaphragm stem. Furthermore, because the spring arms 68 are allowed to spring freely outwardly when the valve is open, they do not interfere with the movement of the lower diaphragm stem. In order to top off the tank which is being filled, it is necessary to release the locking clip 73 and permit the lever 20 to move to the closed position under the influence of the spring 62. This causes the head 60 of the handle stem 56 to be withdrawn within the chamber 52 and it also causes the spring 64 to be withdrawn relative to the diaphragm stem 46. The lugs 70 of the spring 64 will again engage the side walls 72 of the stem housing 15 of the diaphragm chamber and this will force the arms 68 inwardly so that, as soon as the upper ends of the arms 68 pass below the level of the shoulder 66, the spring 64 will engage the shoulder 66 so that mechanical opening of the valve can then be achieved. The valve may then be opened mechanically as previously described limiting the extent of opening to that sufficient to provide the restricted flow required for topping off purposes.
It will also be noted that the valve may be closed at any time by releasing the handle 20 and allowing it to return to the closed position under the influence of spring 62. The spring 62 is sufficiently strong to exhaust the diaphragm chamber 40 and mechanically lower the diaphragm 38.
From the foregoing description of the present invention, it will be apparent that the applicant has successfully incorporated the positive pressure provided by the fluidic amplifier into a nozzle which is suitable for use in controlling the flow of fluid such as gasoline.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US231063 *||Jun 7, 1880||Aug 10, 1880||Bridle-bit|
|US2841191 *||May 21, 1957||Jul 1, 1958||Avery Hardoll Ltd||Liquid dispensing apparatus|
|US2851065 *||Oct 5, 1956||Sep 9, 1958||Buckeye Iron & Brass Works||Automatic tank filling nozzle|
|US2867249 *||Mar 22, 1956||Jan 6, 1959||Buckeye Iron & Brass Works||Method and apparatus for dispensing liquids|
|US3590890 *||Feb 3, 1969||Jul 6, 1971||Sun Oil Co||Nozzle for liquid-fuel-dispensing apparatus|
|US3703907 *||Oct 30, 1970||Nov 28, 1972||Richards George B||Fluid amplifiers|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|EP0100666A1 *||Jul 29, 1983||Feb 15, 1984||Daniel N. Campau||Liquid level control device|
|EP0125789A1 *||Apr 11, 1984||Nov 21, 1984||Flow Rite Control, Ltd.||Apparatus for filling a container with a liquid to a determined level|
|WO1984004769A1 *||May 25, 1984||Dec 6, 1984||Bradley Corp||Flood preventer for fluid filling system|
|Sep 2, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CAMPAU,DANIEL N.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:RICHARDS, GEORGE B.;REEL/FRAME:003905/0964
Effective date: 19810609