|Publication number||USRE29891 E|
|Application number||US 05/821,611|
|Publication date||Jan 30, 1979|
|Filing date||Aug 3, 1977|
|Priority date||Mar 1, 1967|
|Also published as||US3453054|
|Publication number||05821611, 821611, US RE29891 E, US RE29891E, US-E-RE29891, USRE29891 E, USRE29891E|
|Inventors||Bryce W. Phillips|
|Original Assignee||Reynolds Metals Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (1), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Hollow bodies of containers or the like, and particularly can bodies having one closed end, may require testing to eliminate the possibility of any small opening through any wall of the container being tested, in order to avoid subsequent leakage of liquids or gases packed under pressure in the container. A conventional means for such testing is a Borden Tester, which operates on the basis of detecting air leakage through the walls of the container after maintaining a predetermined pressure difference between air inside and outside the container over a predetermined period of time. Such pressure differential tests systems are less sensitive than desired, and also require longer testing time than is desirable for high speed production line purposes. Accordingly, a more sensitive and faster system of detecting potential leakers has been wanted in the can manufacturing industry.
The invention provides improved sensitivity and shorter testing times by providing a light source and a light detecting means, so positioned relative to a container that any opening through the container wall transmit light through the wall from the light source, which is detected on the other side of the wall by the light detector. The detector is preferably mounted to collect light inside the container, while the light source directs light all around the outside of the container.
Other details and advantages of the invention will become apparent as the following description of the embodiment thereof in the accompanying drawing proceeds.
The accompanying drawing shows schematically an embodiment of the invention, in which
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of apparatus embodying the invention; and
FIG. 2 is a plan elevation of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1.
Referring now more particularly to the drawing, there is shown a can 10 having a closed end 12, and an open end 14 terminating in a rim 16. The rim 16 rests on a conical support 18, and a bar 20 presses down on the end 12 to wedge the rim 16 against the support 18, thereby tending to open up any incipient crack in the rim 16.
The support 18 constitutes the upper part of a hollow shield member 22 within which there is mounted a light sensing element 24. A central aperture 26 through the support 18 forms an opening concentric with the can 10 and of less diameter than the internal diameter of the rim 14, for purposes of exposing the light sensor 24 to any light entering the interior of can 19, either directly or after reflection from the interior surfaces of the can. It is thus desirable that these internal surfaces be relatively bright.
A plurality of lights 28 are mounted above and around the outside of the can 10, augmented by any reflectors which may be helpful (not shown), in order to pass light through any openings which may occur in the form of pinholes, cracks, or the like in the source of the can 10. The light sensor 24 is connected to suitable electronic means 30 connected in turn to means 32 for moving the can 10 in one direction if no light is detected by sensor 24, and also to means 34 for moving the can 10 in a different direction if light is detected by sensor 24. Such electronic controls and acceptance and rejection means can take various forms well known to those skilled in the art. For purposes of schematic illustration, the means 32 and 34 can take the form of pneumatic or mechanical or other means for acting on the can 10 to move it in different directions, as more particularly shown in FIG. 2. However, for plant purposes several cans may be tested at once at adjacent stations, and the controls must include known delay means for rejecting defective cans after they have moved down the line after testing.
The hold-down bar 20 is preferably of transparent material, so that it will not block passage of light into can 10 while the bar 20 is in contact with the can 10. However, it may be desirable to improve sensitivity of detection by passing the can 10 through successive testing stations in which the hold-down bar is oriented in different directions so that the whole exterior surface of the can is necessarily exposed to light in the course of such successive tests.
The light sensing element 24 is preferably extremely sensitive to even small amounts of light, and consequently should be protected against exposure to the lights 28 during periods when the can 10 is not over the aperture 26. Such protection can be achieved by turning on lights 28 only while the can 10 is in place, or else, for example, by installing suitable shutters over the aperture 26, for purposes of opening the aperture 26 when each test begins and closing it as soon as each test is completed.
The system of the invention is particularly well adapted to bright metal cans, e.g., drawn and ironed aluminum cans. However, it is obvious that the shape and material and surface of the can can be varied without precluding application of the system of the invention to such a can.
As used herein, the term "light" refers to rays detectible by the human eye or by other means.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2318856 *||Mar 1, 1941||May 11, 1943||Fed Cartridge Corp||Inspecting device|
|US2332308 *||May 2, 1941||Oct 19, 1943||Patent Button Co||Method and apparatus for inspecting plastic molded articles, such as buttons or the like|
|US2453720 *||Oct 30, 1944||Nov 16, 1948||Meister Leo||Apparatus for detecting perforations in ammunition flash tubes|
|US2872039 *||Nov 5, 1954||Feb 3, 1959||Wean Engineering Co Inc||Strip inspecting apparatus|
|US3218463 *||Jul 26, 1961||Nov 16, 1965||Industrial Dynamics Co||Inspection apparatus|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7154080||Jan 13, 2005||Dec 26, 2006||Dick Rauth||System and method for detecting the efficacy of machined parts|
|Cooperative Classification||G01N21/9072, G01N21/909|
|European Classification||G01N21/90Q, G01N21/90N|