Improvement in the manufacture and preservation of lard
US RE3037 E
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
c.. L. TUCKER.
Package'forl Holding andShipping Lard.
Reissue@ July 14, mea l m'Z-wasses stance, and in so constructing such box or CHARLES L. TUCKER, O
IMPROVEMENT IN THE MANUFACTU Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 66,268, July 14,
F CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
RE AND PRESERVATION 0F LARD.
dated July 2l, 1367; Reissue N0. 1868. t
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, CHARLES LAFAYETTE TUCKER, of the' city of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and Improved Package for Holding Lard; and I do declare that the following isa full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making a part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is a perspective view, with a portion of the top removed; Fig. 2, a vertical section showing one side. Fig. 3 is not essential to this specication.
Like letters refer to the saine parts in all the figures. i
Lard has been heretofore packed in tierces, barrels, kegs, tubs, and pails, and when so packed is subject to great loss from absorption and leakage. As heretofore handled it has been an inconvenient and unprotable article for the retailer `to deal in. It has been sometimes packed in tin but only to a limited extent, as tin is very expensive for small packages, and is opened with diiiiculty.
I My invention consists in overcoming these diieulties, and in constructing a small, cheap, and perfectlytight package, of wood or paper, or both, for holding lard, so that it can be conveniently handled and without waste; in giving such box a lining or coating impervious to and insoluble in oil, either by applying the substance used for such coating directly to the package or by the use of a paper or other suitable lining coated with such sub-V package that there will be no lid or cover rim to interfere with packing in cases.
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I proceed to describe the same. t
I construct my package square for economy of space; but it may be made round. The body of the package can be most conveniently made of a single thin strip of wood. The strips of wood may be cut by any machinery in use for that purpose, and may be from oneeighth to onesixteenth of ain inch in thickness, and of suicient width for the required' depth of thebox to be made. I iind it most conven-` top, having been ient for the trade to make ing one, three, live, ively, but other sizes can be used.
3,037, dated packages containand ten pounds, respect- `The interior dimensions of a box calculated to hold 011e pound in its most convenient form will be four inches by two and one-half inches across and three and a half inches deep, and for a box designed tohold ten pounds six and three-fourths inches across and seven and one-half inches deep. The dimensions of readily determined.
other sizes can be As I use a single piece for the body or sides, there is only a single joint, which may be secured by glue.
The bottom B', which is about three-eighths of an inch thick, I insert within the body or sides and secure the same thereto by the use of tacks,
or other suitable means. I then apply to the inside a surfacing of gum-arabic in so lution. In preparing this solution I usually add a little glycerine, glue, or isinglass to prevent cracking.v The use of glycerine I also iind advantageous on account of its antiseptic quality. By the use of such and seams of the wood `and by imperfect construction are coating the pores openings `caused effectually closed and `waste from leakage and absorption entirely prevented. I attain the saine results by lining the package with paper or other suitable substance coated or saturated with the solution used, or by so saturating the box itself.
Common paste or straw board may be used in constructing my package,- but I make the top and bottom of wood inserted and secured as described when paper sides are used.
When the boxes have been fully prepared,
as described, they are to be filled as low a temperature as can be used Vhen suiiiciently provided with a c mit a ready flow.
with lard at and per` filled, the oating or lining, as before described, `is inserted Within the sides of the box, leaving a little space be tween the lard and such top, and secured in place by means of tacks, glue, or in any other convenient manner. I make the tops of the structed Without a lid or cover rim, and withv same thickness as the bottoms, and without straight even sides from top to bottom, subany band or rim. stantially as and for the purposes specified; When ready for market, my package is per- 2. The application of gum-arabic or its feotly smooth on all sides, having no points equivalent to lard-packages for the purpose or projections to injure adjoining boxes When of making them tight and non-absorbing, s11bpacked in eases, and the package can be placed stantially as specified. in any position Without danger of leakage. 1 j Having tlius fully described my invention, Y CHARLES L' I TUCKER' what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Witnesses: Letters Patent, is L. L. BOND,
l. The' box herein described, when con- E. A. VVEsT.