|Publication number||USRE30422 E|
|Application number||US 06/002,144|
|Publication date||Oct 21, 1980|
|Filing date||Jan 9, 1979|
|Priority date||Nov 8, 1963|
|Also published as||DE1294695B, US3305873|
|Publication number||002144, 06002144, US RE30422 E, US RE30422E, US-E-RE30422, USRE30422 E, USRE30422E|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (26), Referenced by (3), Classifications (26)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Other characteristic features and advantages of the present invention will be brought out from the description which follows below with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIGS. 1 to 3 show three general arrangements of the graphic recorder in accordance with invention;
FIG. 4 is a view looking from above the recorder proper;
FIG. 5 is a view of the recorder in longitudinal section;
FIG. 6 shows a side elevation of the recorder, seen from the interior.
The graphic recorder according to the invention comprises in known manner a tracing head consisting of a slider 1 carrying a pen 2. This pen is in contact with a sheet of paper 3 resting partly on a driving cylinder 4. On each side of this cylinder, the sheet of paper is wound on to two winding and unwinding rollers 5.
According to the invention, the axis of the driving cylinder and those of the rollers 5 are preferably arranged in the same plane in order to produce between each of the rollers 5 and the driving cylinder a loop 6, the formation of which is facilitated by a suction system which may be constituted by a simple fan 7.
The diameter of the driving cylinder 4 is small so as to reduce as far as possible the phenomenon of inertia.
The suction of the loops contributes to a better contact of the paper round the cylinder 4, this contact being extended over more than half of its circumference. This arrangement permits a satisfactory drive of the paper by this cylinder, which is provided with teeth 4a engaging in corresponding perforations in the paper.
In order to render the driving cylinder completely independent of the interactions which may take place between the rollers 5, the loops 6 are balanced by means of a reader-corrector device. This device is constituted by at least two pairs of photo-electric cells arranged at different levels. The first pair of cells 8 operates when a beam of light coming from a light source 9 is cutoff. The second pair of cells 10 acts by uncovering the emission of light.
The two pairs of cells enable the positions of the tops of the loops to be read between two levels B and C, the level A corresponding to an equilibrium between the two loops 6.
The driving cylinder 4 and the tracing head 1 are each driven by a reversible step-by-step motor.
The cylinder 4 is driven by a step-by-step motor 11 with a reduction gear 12.
The tracing head is fixed on a slider 13 arranged to slide on guiding rods 14.
A step-by-step motor 15 with a reduction gear 16 acts on a cable 17 stretched between a driving reel 18 keyed on the output shaft of the reduction gear 16 and a return pulley 19, and the slider 13 is fixed to one of the sides of the cable.
In accordance with the input signal received by the reversible motor 11, the driving cylinder 4 rotates either in the direction of the arrow f1 or in the direction of the arrow f2.
The input signal which reaches the motor 15 results in a displacement of the slider, either in the direction of the arrow f3 or in the direction of the arrow f4.
Prolonged rotation of the driving cylinder 4 in either direction f1 or f2 can cause an elongation of the loop located downstream of this cylinder. An extended loop 6 of paper has been shown in FIG. 6 in full lines and downstream of the arrow f1. The top of this elongated loop cuts-off the theoretical beam F coming from the source of light 9, which normally reaches one of the cells of the pair of cells 8. In other words, the top of this loop has reached the level B or has gone beyond it. The cell 8 considered which acts when the light is cutoff, causes rotation in the direction fB of a motor 20 driving the roller 5 located, in the case considered, on the downstream side of the cylinder 4.
This constant speed motor 20 then drives the paper so as to produce a shortening of the loop.
An unconsidered shortening of the other loop is shown in full lines in FIG. 6.
The shortening of the loop exposes the beam F issuing from the source of light 9 which normally reaches one of the cells of the pair of cells 10. This cell which acts on the uncovering of the beam of light causes the rotation of a motor 21 capable of driving the roller 5 located on the upstream side of the cylinder 4. The rotation at constant speed of the roller 5 considered, in the direction of the arrow fC, produces the desired elongation of the upstream loop. As the loop extends, its top passes beyond the level C which coincides with the drive of the upstream roller 5 in the direction fC.
The balance between the two upstream and downstream loops is ideal when the tops of the loops are located at the level A. The loop considered up to the present as being the downstream loop may be subjected to an inconsidered shortening passing beyond the level C, which results in rotation in the direction fC of the roller 5 to which it is attached. This shortening may be caused by prolonged rotation of the driving cylinder 4 in the direction of the arrow f2. This same prolonged rotation in this direction can cause an elongation of the other loop.
The upstream and downstream loops corresponding to the direction of rotation f2 are shown in chain-dotted lines in FIG. 6.
The graphic recorder according to the invention may be arranged horizontally or inclined (arrangement of FIGS. 1 and 2), or in a vertical plane (arrangement shown in FIG. 3).
The unit constituted by the tracing head on its guided slider and the driving device for this slider can be mounted on a pivoted portion of the apparatus so as to permit the sheet of paper to be placed in position. This pivoted portion 22 may be articulated about hinges 23.
In the form of embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the hinges 23 are fixed on one of the side panels of the machine. The pivotal plane corresponds to a plane transverse to the unwinding of the paper. It is clear that it is possible to consider a pivotal mounting of the tracing head and its drive in a plane which is longitudinal to the unwinding of the paper.
The tracing head is of course provided with a conventional device for lifting the pen.
On the drawings shown, there have been provided two pairs of photo-electric cells 8 and 10 at the level of each marginal edge of the paper.
Reduction gears 24 and 25 form the coupling between the constant speed reversible motors 20 and 21 and the rollers 5 which they drive.
In a general way, the above description has only been given by way of indication and not in any limitative sense, and the invention is capable of receiving numerous alternative forms in conformity with its scope.
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|FR1133810A||Title not available|
|GB970810A||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|EP0191222A2 *||Oct 24, 1985||Aug 20, 1986||Graphtec Kabushiki Kaisha||XY recorder|
|EP0191222A3 *||Oct 24, 1985||Jul 6, 1988||Graphtec Kabushiki Kaisha||Xy recorder|
|EP0494484A1 *||Jan 9, 1991||Jul 15, 1992||Mimaki Engineering Co., Ltd.||Roll paper supporting device of cutting plotter|
|U.S. Classification||346/112, 242/413.5, 242/412.2, 346/136, 242/417.2|
|International Classification||G01D15/28, B41J29/00, G01D15/24, B43L13/00, G01D9/38, G06F3/06, H02P5/48|
|Cooperative Classification||G06F3/06, B43L13/00, G01D15/28, B41J29/00, G01D15/24, G01D9/38, H02P5/48|
|European Classification||B43L13/00, G01D15/24, B41J29/00, G06F3/06, G01D15/28, H02P5/48, G01D9/38|