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Publication numberUSRE30516 E
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/019,851
Publication dateFeb 17, 1981
Filing dateMar 12, 1979
Priority dateApr 4, 1972
Publication number019851, 06019851, US RE30516 E, US RE30516E, US-E-RE30516, USRE30516 E, USRE30516E
InventorsJean-Louis Abegg, Claire Gayet
Original AssigneeL'oreal
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process for permanently waving hair using a self-heating neutralizing composition containing a water-soluble sulfite, metabisulfite or bisulfite and H2 O2
US RE30516 E
Abstract
A packaged, self-heating neutralizing composition for use in the second stage of a permanent waving operation comprises a first component selected from a water-soluble sulfite, bisulfite, metabisulfite or thiourea stored in one compartment of a two-compartment package and a second component comprising H2 O2 separately stored in the second compartment of said two compartment package. Just before use, the said components are mixed together with an accompanying evolution of sensible heat. The resulting mixture contains free H2 O2 in amounts of about 0.5-3 percent by weight of the composition.
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Claims(4)
What is claimed is:
1. A process for effecting the second stage of a permanent wave operation of the hair, said hair previously having been reduced, rinsed and wound on rollers, comprising the steps of treating said hair for a period of about 5 to 15 minutes with a composition consisting essentially of a mixture of a first component comprising a water-soluble salt selected from the group consisting of sodium, potassium and ammonium sulfite; sodium, potassium and ammonium metabisulfite; and sodium, potassium and ammonium bisulfite; and a second component comprising H2 O2, the said components being present in amounts such that the said mixture exhibits a temperature rise of about 15 to 25 C. and contains free H2 O2 in amounts of about 0.5-3 percent by weight of said composition, removing said rollers and rinsing said hair.
2. The process of claim 1 wherein said composition has a pH between about 0.5 and 7.
3. The process of claim 1 wherein said composition contains free H2 O2 in amounts of about 0.75-1.5 percent by weight of said composition.
4. A process for effecting the second stage of a permanent wave operation of the hair, said hair previously having been reduced, rinsed and wound on rollers, comprising the steps of treating said hair for a period of about 5 to 15 minutes with a composition consisting essentially of a mixture of a first component comprising a water soluble salt selected from the group consisting of sodium, potassium and ammonium sulfite; sodium, potassium and ammonium metabisulfite; and sodium, potassium and ammonium bisulfite; and a second component comprising H2 O2, the said components being present in amounts such that the said mixture exhibits a temperature rise of about 15 to 25 C. within a period ranging from a fraction of a minute to 2 minutes with the resulting elevated temperature remaining constant for a period of about 10-15 minutes and such that the said mixture contains free H2 O2 in amounts of about 0.5-3 percent by weight of said composition, removing said rollers and rinsing said hair. .Iadd. 5. A process for effecting the second stage of a permanent wave operation of the hair, said hair previously having been reduced, rinsed and wound on rollers comprising the steps of treating said hair for a period of about 5 to 15 minutes with a composition comprising a mixture of a first component comprising at least one compound selected from the groups consisting of a water-soluble sulfite, metabisulfite or bisulfite, and a second component comprising H2 O2, the said components being present in amounts such that the said mixture exhibits a temperature rise of about 15 to 25 centigrade degrees and contains free H2 O2 in amounts of about 0.5-3 percent by weight of said composition, removing said rollers and rinsing said hair. .Iaddend..Iadd. 6. A process for effecting the second stage of a permanent wave operation of the hair, said hair previously having been reduced, rinsed and wound on rollers comprising the steps of treating said hair for a period of about 5 to 15 minutes with a composition comprising a mixture of a first component comprising at least one compound selected from the groups consisting of a water-soluble sulfite, metabisulfite or bisulfite, and a second component comprising an oxidizing agent, the said components being present in amounts such that the treating mixture exhibits a temperature rise of about 15 to 25 centigrade degrees and contains unreacted oxidizing agent in an amount sufficient to re-form the S--S bridges of the keratin. .Iaddend.
Description

This is a division, of application Ser. No. 346,025, filed Mar. 29, 1973, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,865,930.

The present invention relates to self-heating neutralizing compositions for use in the second stage of a process for permanently waving hair and to a process for using these compositions.

It is known that a conventional method for permanently waving keratinic fibers, and particularly hair, consists in a first stage operation wherein the S--S linkages of the keratin fiber are opened, with the aid of a reducing agent such as a thiol, at an alkaline pH. Thereafter, the hair is preferably rinsed and subsequently treated in a second stage operation with an oxidizing or neutralizing agent to reconstitute the S--S bridges or linkages of the keratin so as to impart to the hair the desired configuration or style.

The present invention relates to a novel composition for use in this second stage of a permanent wave operation, which stage is often termed an "oxidation" or a "neutralization" operation wherein the S--S bridges of the keratin of the hair are re-formed. The novel compositions of the present invention exhibit the characteristics of being self-heating, i.e., they experience a temperature rise within a very short time after they have been prepared by mixing together the components from which they are formulated. This time period is generally a matter of a fraction of a minute up to about 1 to 2 minutes. The use of such self-heating or exothermic compositions to effect the second stage of a permanent wave operation provides not only the advantage that it produces a pleasing sensation on the head of the person undergoing the permanent wave operation due to the mild heating action of the composition but it also has the advantage that this temperature elevation accelerates the oxidation or neutralization reaction wherein the S--S bridges of the keratin are re-formed.

In one embodiment of the present invention there is provided a new product which constitutes a composition for use in the second stage of a permanent hair wave operation comprising a package having two separate storage means for separately storing the components of said composition and from which storage means said components are adapted to be dispensed for mixing with each other to provide said composition with the evolution of sensible heat, one of said storage means containing one of said components comprising a water soluble sulfite, metabisulfite or bisulfite, or thiourea and the other of said storage means containing another of said components comprising hydrogen peroxide, the said components being present in amounts such that the resulting mixture of said components (1) exhibits a rise in temperature of about 15-25 C. and (2) contains free H2 O2 in amounts of about 0.5 to 3 percent by weight of said composition, and preferably in amounts of about 0.75-1.5 percent by weight of said composition.

The present invention also has for an object a composition for effecting the second stage of a process for permanently waving hair, comprising an aqueous solution of a first component comprising at least one compound selected from the group consisting of a water-soluble sulfite, metabisulfite or bisulfite and thiourea, and a second component comprising H2 O2, the said components being present in amounts such that said mixture exhibits a rise in temperature of about 15-25 C. and contains free H2 O2 in amounts of about 0.5-3 and preferably between 0.75-1.5 percent by weight of said mixture.

The present invention is also directed to a process for effecting the second phase or stage of a permanent wave operation of the hair in which the hair, after previously being reduced and rinsed is treated with a composition comprising a mixture of a first component comprising at least one compound selected from the group consisting of a water-soluble sulfite, metabisulfite, or bisulfite and thiourea and a second component comprising H2 O2, the said components being present in amounts such that said mixture exhibits a rise in temperature of about 15 to 25 C. and contains free H2 O2 in amounts of about 0.5-3 and preferably between 0.75 and 1.5 percent by weight of said mixture.

According to one preferred embodiment of the invention, 100 grams of self-heating composition comprises a quantity of sulfite, bisulfite or metabisulfite sufficient to provide a concentration of 0.15-0.35 SO3 -- group per 100 g of composition. When thiourea is employed it can be present in amounts of about 0.8-2 g per 100 g of said composition. It will be appreciated that as the content of sulfite, bisulfite, metabisulfite or thiourea is increased, there is a corresponding increase in the amount of temperature rise in the composition.

The concentration of H2 O2 is a function, on the one hand, of the quantity of sulfite, bisulfite, metabisulfite or thiourea which is present in the composition, and on the other hand, of the concentration of free H2 O2 that is desired in the composition at the end of the oxidation-reduction reaction.

The pH of the composition after mixture is generally between 0.5 and 7.

The present invention surprisingly demonstrates that the presence of the sulfite, bisulfite or metabisulfite, and more particularly the presence of thiourea, provides a temperature rise of about 15 to 25 C. in a very rapid time, i.e., in about 1 to 2 minutes and that the elevated temperature obtained remains essentially constant at this elevated level for a period of time of about 10 to 15 minutes.

The rapid temperature rise to its maximum level provides the advantage that the composition can be used practically immediately after mixing together its component parts. This enables a significant savings in time and provides a simplified permanent waving operation, factors much sought after in beauty parlors.

The stability of the temperature of the composition is also an important factor, since it has been observed that in order to obtain good reconstitution of the S--S bridges of the keratin, it is generally necessary that the neutralizing agent effects the reconstitution in a period of about 5 to 15 minutes.

Representation water-soluble sulfites, metabisulfites and bisulfites, usefully employed in the present invention include the alkaline salts thereof such as sodium or potassium sulfite, sodium or potassium metabisulfite, sodium or potassium bisulfite as well as ammonium sulfite and the like.

According to one embodiment of the invention, the H2 O2 -containing component is stored in liquid form, to which has been added, if desired a conventional stabilizer.

The other component can be stored in the form of an aqueous solution or even in the form of a powder that can be dissolved, at the moment of use, in the H2 O2 -containing component.

According to the invention, the composition can also contain a thickening agent such as carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxymethyl cellulose or a wax. Further the composition can also contain certain other conventional cosmetic adjuvants such as a perfume, dyes, stabilizers, preservatives, quaternary ammonium compounds, non-ionic compounds or anionic compounds. These adjuvants are preferably introduced into the liquid H2 O2 -containing component.

In accordance with the present invention, the reducing compound, i.e., the sulfite, bisulfite, metabisulfite or thiourea, preferably in the powder form, is dissolved rapidly and easily in the liquid H2 O2 -containing component.

To better understand the invention, the following non-limiting examples are given.

EXAMPLE 1

A package provided with two separate compartments contains in one compartment (Part A) 3 grams of anhydrous sodium sulfite. The other compartment contains 100 cc of H2 O2 (9.8 volumes)--2.94 weight % free H2 O2, (Part B). The pH of part B is 2.7.

At the moment of use, part A is dissolved rapidly and without difficulty in part B.

The rate of temperature rise of the resulting mixture is as follows:

______________________________________Time:          0 min.          20 C.          1 min.          39 C.          2 min.          40 C.          3 min.          39.5 C.          4 min.          39 C.          5 min.          38.5 C.          6 min.          38 C.          10 min.         36.5 C.          15 min.         35 C.______________________________________

The final composition is a solution of H2 O2 --7.1 volumes, containing 2.13 g of free H2 O2, having a pH of 3.

EXAMPLE 2

A package similar to that of Example 1, houses in one compartment:

Part A

Sodium metabisulfite--2.25 g and in the other compartment:

Part B

100 cc of H2 O2 solution--9.8 volumes (2.94 weight percent free H2 O2)

The pH of part B is 2.7.

Just prior to use, part A and part B are mixed together, the dissolution being rapid and being exothermic.

The rate of temperature rise of the resulting mixture is as follows:

______________________________________Time:          0 min.          20 C.          1 min.          37 C.          2 min.          38 C.          3 min.          37.5 C.          4 min.          37 C.          5 min.          37 C.          6 min.          36.5 C.          10 min.         35 C.          15 min.         34 C.______________________________________

The final composition is a solution of H2 O2 --7 volumes (2.1 weight percent solution of free H2 O2).

EXAMPLE 3

A package similar to that of Example 1, houses in one compartment.

Part A

Thiourea--1.3 g

and in the other compartment:

______________________________________Part B______________________________________Phenacetin               0.1 gCitric acid              0.1 gH2 O2, q.s.p. 10 volumes(3 weight percent free H2 O2)Dye                      0.2 gWater, q.s.p.            100 ccThe pH of part B is 2.3______________________________________

At the moment of use, part A is mixed and rapidly dissolved in part B, the dissolution being exothermic.

The rate of temperature rise in the resulting mixture is as follows:

______________________________________Time:          0 min.          20 C.          1 min.          36 C.          2 min.          39 C.          3 min.          39 C.          4 min.          38.5 C.          5 min.          38 C.          6 min.          38 C.          10 min.         37 C.          15 min.         35 C.______________________________________

The final composition is a solution of H2 O2 --7.4 volumes (2.22 weight percent of free H2 O2), having a pH of 1.7.

EXAMPLE 4

After having reduced hair rolled on permanent hair waving rollers with the following composition:

______________________________________After having reduced hair rolled on permanenthair waving rollers with the following composition:Thioglycolic acid          8 gAmmonia, q.s.p. neutralizationMonoethanolamine           4.5 gDye                        0.2 gPerfume                    0.1 gWater, q.s.p.              100 cc.______________________________________

the hair is thoroughly rinsed with water. To the thus rinsed hair there is applied a composition of the present invention resulting from mixing of the below described parts A and B:

Part A (housed in a first compartment of a two-compartment package)

Anhydrous sodium sulfite--3 g

Part B (housed in a second compartment of the said two compartment package)

______________________________________Part B (housed in a second compartment ofthe said two compartment package)Cire de Sipol (mixture of 30% cetylalcohol and 70% stearyl alcoholoxyethylenated with 33 moles ofethylene oxide per mol of alcohol)                    0.75 gCetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide                    0.10 gPhenacetin               0.10 gHydroxy quinoline sulfate ofthe formula ##STR1##Citric acid              0.12 gH2 O2, q.s.p. 8 volumes(2.4 weight percent free H2 O2)Perfume                  0.05 gDye                      0.12 gWater, q.s.p.            100 ccThe pH of part B is 3.4.______________________________________

Part A and part B are mixed together, the resulting mixture exhibiting a pH of 3.4 and having a concentration of free H2 O2 of 1.5 weight percent (5 volumes).

The initial temperature of the mixture is, of course, essentially ambient temperature but after about 60 to 90 seconds, the internal temperature rises to about 38 C. The composition is then applied to the hair wound on conventional rollers where it reacts to re-build the disulfide bridges of the keratin of the hair for about 5 to 10 minutes.

After removing the rollers and rinsing the hair, the hair exhibits an excellent curl.

Essentially identical results are achieved when sodium sulfite in the above composition is replaced with potassium sulfite.

EXAMPLE 5

After having effected the first stage, i.e., a reducing stage to break the disulfide linkages of the keratin in a permanent waving operation using the following reducing composition:

______________________________________Thioglycolic acid       7 gAmmonium sesquicarbonate                   11 gSweet almond oil        0.2 gPerfume                 0.1 gDye                     0.15 gWater, q.s.p.           100 cc______________________________________

the hair is rinsed thoroughly with water. Thereafter the thus rinsed hair, in the second "oxidation" or "neutralization" stage, is contacted with a composition according to the present invention resulting from mixing part A and part B, as follows:

Part A (housed in a first compartment of a two compartment package)

Anhydrous sodium sulfite--3 g

______________________________________Part B (housed in a second compartment of saidtwo compartment package)Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide                      0.7 gPhenacetin                 0.05 gPhosphoric acid            0.1 gGalactomanose 80% - Water 20% -  Sold under the tradename  Guarante AL 90           1 gH2 O2, q.s.p. 10 volumes (3 weightpercent free H2 O2)Water, q.s.p.              100 ccThe pH of part B is 2.4______________________________________

The resulting mixture of parts A and B exhibits a pH of 3 and has a concentration of H2 O2 of 7 volumes (2.1 weight percent free H2 O2).

After 60-95 seconds, the internal temperature of the composition rises from essentially ambient temperature to about 41 C., at which time the composition is applied to the hair wound on conventional curlers where it reacts for about 10-15 minutes to re-form the disulfide linkages of the keratin. The rollers are then removed and the hair is thoroughly rinsed with water, thus providing a permanent of excellent quality.

EXAMPLE 6

After having effected the first stage of a permanent waving operation as indicated in Example 5, the hair is rinsed and to the thus rinsed hair there is applied the composition of the invention resulting from mixing 50 cc of part A and 50 cc of part B, as follows, part A and part B being separately stored in a first and second compartment, respectively, of a two compartment package.

Part A

Aqueous solution of ammonium sulfite 5.52 g/100 cc

Part B

Solution of H2 O2 --17.9 volumes (5.36 weight percent free H2 O2)

pH=2.1.

The composition resulting from the mixture of parts A and B exhibits a pH of 2.3 and has a concentration of free H2 O2 of 1.86 weight percent (6.2 volumes).

After 30-90 seconds, the internal temperature of the composition rises from essentially ambient temperature to about 39 C. at which time the composition is applied to the hair wound on conventional curlers where it reacts for a period of about 5-10 minutes to re-build the disulfide linkages of the keratin. The rollers are then removed and the hair is thoroughly rinsed with water thus providing a permanent of excellent quality.

EXAMPLE 7

Example 6 is repeated except that the composition for the second stage of the permanent waving operation is replaced by a composition resulting from the mixture of 50 cc of part A and 50 cc of part B as follows:

Part A

Aqueous solution of sodium bisulfite 4.94 g/100 cc

Part B

Solution of H2 O2 --17.9 volumes (5.36 weight percent free H2 O2)

pH=2.1.

After mixture, the resulting composition exhibits a pH of 0.9 and has a concentration of free H2 O2 of 1.95 weight percent (6.5 volumes).

The rate of temperature rise in the resulting mixture is as follows:

______________________________________Time:          0 min.           20 C.          1 min.           37 C.          2 min.           37 C.          3 min.           36.5 C.          4 min.           36 C.          5 min.           35 C.          6 min.           35 C.          10 min.          34 C.          15 min.          32 C.______________________________________

The composition is applied to the hair after about 30 to 60 seconds. Permanents exhibiting excellent curl and holding power are also obtained when in Examples 4 and 5, the composition according to the invention is replaced by one of the compositions described in Examples 1, 2 or 3.

Excellent permanents are also obtained when sodium sulfite and sodium metabisulfite of Examples 1 and 2, respectively, are replaced by potassium sulfite or metabisulfite.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3736944 *Dec 17, 1971Jun 5, 1973OrealCompositions and procedures for effecting a permanent wave or set in the hair
Classifications
U.S. Classification132/204, 424/70.2, 424/70.5, 132/206
International ClassificationA61Q5/04, A61K8/02, A45D7/06
Cooperative ClassificationA61K2800/242, A61Q5/04, A45D7/06, A61K8/02
European ClassificationA45D7/06, A61Q5/04, A61K8/02