|Publication number||USRE30552 E|
|Application number||US 06/051,710|
|Publication date||Mar 24, 1981|
|Filing date||Jun 25, 1979|
|Priority date||Jun 25, 1979|
|Publication number||051710, 06051710, US RE30552 E, US RE30552E, US-E-RE30552, USRE30552 E, USRE30552E|
|Inventors||George C. Ludwig|
|Original Assignee||Tom Mcguane Industries, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (1), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to fuel vapor vent valves.
In automotive vehicles and the like, it has been more recently recommended that the fuel systems be sealed. However for safety reasons, it is desirable to provide a vapor collecting canister which should be periodically vented to the intake manifold as a function of ambient temperature. For example, one manufacturer recommends that the valve be closed at temperatures less than 100° F. and open at temperatures above 130° F.
The present invention is directed to a fuel vapor vent valve which will function to vent the fuel line in accordance with such requirements; which is relatively simple to manufacture; which can be preassembled for testing before final placement in sealed condition; and which utilizes parts that can be manufactured at relatively low cost and be readily handled.
In accordance with the invention, the fuel vapor vent valve comprises a plastic body including a base wall and a peripheral wall and a plastic cap including a base wall and a peripheral wall surrounding the peripheral wall of the plastic body. The peripheral wall of the base has a radially outwardly extending annular rib and the peripheral wall of the cap has a radially outwardly extending rib which are adapted to pass over one another to provide a snap fit during assembly. The base wall of said body having integral O-ring retaining means for retaining an O-ring. A bi-metallic disc is positioned in the body within the confines of the peripheral wall of the body and normally engages the O-ring. Integral stop means on said cap are adapted to be engaged by the bi-metal disc when the disc is caused to move to a position out of engagement with the O-ring upon increase of the ambient temperature.
FIG. 1 is a part sectional view of a fuel vapor vent valve embodying the invention.
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view on an enlarged scale showing the parts in a different operative position.
FIG. 3 is a view taken axially of the cap of the fuel vent valve.
FIG. 4 is a view taken axially of the body of the fuel vent valve.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary part sectional view showing the parts prior to assembly.
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary part sectional view showing the parts during intermediate assembly for pretesting.
Referring to FIG. 1, the fuel vent valve 10 embodying the invention comprises a body 11 and a cap 12 that is snapped over a portion of the body 11 as presently described. The fuel vent valve includes a bi-metallic disc 13 that normally seals against an O-ring 14 but functions to move awy from the seal 14 when the ambient temperature rises above a predetermined value so that venting may occur from the axial passage 15 in the cap to the axial passage 16 in the body.
The body 11 and cap 12 are preferably made of plastic such as nylon which is reinforced with glass fibers. A preferred plastic is ZYTEL 103, a nylon made by E. I. duPont de Nemours and Company, having 13% glass fiber reinforcement.
As shown in FIG. 2, the body 11 includes a base wall 17 and a peripheral wall 18 and an axial portion of reduced diameter 19 which extends from the center of the base wall 17.
The cap 12 includes a base wall 20, a peripheral wall 21 and an axial portion 22 which defines the opening 15.
Integral webs 23 in the portion 19 of the body 11 extend radially and support an axial protrusion 24 which is engaged by the bi-metallic disc 13. A spring 25 is interposed between the disc 13 and a shoulder 26 in the cap 12.
The wall 18 of the body 11 and the wall 21 of the cap 12 have ribs 27, 28 each of which has an axial surface 29, 30 and beveled or inclined surfaces 31a, 31b, and 32a, 32b.
The cap 12 further includes radially extending walls 34 that function as stop means for limiting the movement of the bi-metallic member 13 when the temperature is elevated and the bi-metallic member moves away from the O-ring 14. An integral annular lip 35 on the inner surface of the base wall 17 retains the O-ring in position.
The cap 12 further includes an annular wall 36 that extends axially and is spaced radially inwardly of the peripheral wall 21. The wall 36 includes an inclined surface 37 and an intermediate stop or shoulder 38.
In assembly, the parts are brought into position with the disc 13 engaging the O-ring 14 and the spring 25 in the recess defined by the portion 26 of the cap. The parts are then telescoped together with the wall 21 telescoping over the wall 18 and the ribs 27, 28 snapping over to frictionally hold the parts together in the position shown in FIG. 6. In this relationship, the fuel vent valve can be tested to determine proper operation. If misalignment or misassembly is indicated, the parts can be pried apart for proper assembly. After this testing, an axial force is applied to the body and cap and at the same time ultrasonic energy is applied bringing the free end of the wall 18 into engagement with the intermediate stop 38. Engagement is continued to fuse the wall 18 with the wall 36 and bring the end of the wall 18 into engagement with the base wall 20 of the cap.
In operation, the opening 15 is connected to the vapor collecting canister while the opening 16 is connected to the intake of the carburetor or intake manifold. When the temperature exceeds a predetermined amount, for example, 130° F., the disc 13 snaps to the position shown in FIG. 2, permitting venting of the fumes as shown by the arrows through the opening 15 past the periphery of the disc 13 and out through the opening 16. In order to insure proper passage, axial ribs 39 are provided on the inner surface of the wall 18 and the diameter circumscribed by the inner portions thereof is greater than the periphery of the disc 13 to insure proper passage of the fumes.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3051509 *||Feb 18, 1959||Aug 28, 1962||Union Carbide Corp||Fused bell plastic pipe joint|
|US3417768 *||Dec 5, 1966||Dec 24, 1968||Smith Corp A O||Relief valve mechanism|
|US3807445 *||Jun 19, 1972||Apr 30, 1974||American Hospital Supply Corp||Audible pressure relief valve for medical humidifier|
|US3889710 *||Jan 11, 1974||Jun 17, 1975||Julien H Brost||Check valve with elastomeric valve element|
|US3930613 *||Oct 18, 1974||Jan 6, 1976||Therm-O-Disc Incorporated||Check valve having temperature response|
|US4068800 *||Oct 14, 1976||Jan 17, 1978||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Thermally responsive valve assembly|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5881757 *||May 2, 1997||Mar 16, 1999||Senninger Irrigation, Inc.||Pressure regulator apparatus and method|
|U.S. Classification||236/101.00E, 251/367, 236/48.00R, 137/468|
|International Classification||F16K24/04, F16K31/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F16K31/002, F16K24/04, Y10T137/7737|
|European Classification||F16K31/00C, F16K24/04|