Improved f fruit-jar
US RE3080 E
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1. J. SQUIRE.
} Fruit Jar. No. 3,080. Reissued- Aug. 11, 1868.
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JOHN JAY SQUIRE, Oli NEW LONDONLCONNEOTIOUT.
Letters Patent No. 50,181, datecl lS'eptember 26, 1865; reissue No. 3,080, dated August 11, 1868.
IMPROVED FRUIT-JAB 411g:- fitlg hult mmih is in time fitters fitted animating purist 11g: saute.
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:
Be it known that 1, JOHN JAY SQUIRE, of New London e'o'unty of New London,'in the State of Odnneetieut, have invented a new and useful Improvement'in Fruit-Jar; andI do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description-thereof, which will enable-those skilled in the art to make and use the same, reference being bad to'theaccompanying drawing, forming part of this specification, in which drawing- Figure 1 represents a section of the upperpart of a fruit-jar, thesection being taken on line a: of fig. 2. Figure 2 is a plan-view. Similar letters of referenceindieate corresponding parts.
This invention relates to jarsor vessels for preserving fruit, vegetables, or other articles-or liquids, and it consists, among other things, inholding theincovers down by'means of a strap of rubber or other elastic material, in such manneras-tc adapt the cover, by means of this fastening, to servh as a safety-valve for the escape of gases generated'within' the jars or vessels.
The letter A designates the upper part of a jar, and B its cover. The cover is hollow, so asto form a basin, and the joint which-it makes withinthe mouth of the jar ispacked by an elastic ring, 0. v
- The cover fits within the mouth of the jar, but the rim of the cover rises above the rim of said mouth, and
may bo'made to overlap itby a lip, O, as in this example, or the said projecting lip 0 may be omitted. It is important, however, that the rim of the cover rise higher than the mouth of the jar, even when the cover is brought down most snugly on the packing-ring.
The cover is held down to itsplace by means of an elastic band or strap of rubber, or of any other suitahle material, applied to the cover, so esto'confine it to the jar or-bottle with a yielding power. Injthis example it is shown stretched diametrically across the cover, and bent down at the ends to take hold of hooks or lugs K K, on opposite sides of the mouth of'the jar, thereby securing the coverin place, and forcing it downwards'upon the packing O, with the whole strength of the elastic band. This method of attaching a cover to a vessel and holding it in place, can be applied to covers of any description;
The cover B is perforated at the bottom of its basin, by a hole, D, in which is fitted a tube, It, that rises a "little distance above the surface of .the basin. Another hole, E, is made through'said cover, near to the hole 1), but the mouth of the hole E i slevel with the surface-of the hasin. F is a cap, so .made as to control both said holes. It closes the hole D by means of a screw-plug, g, fitted within a recess made in the bottom of the cap, so that when, by turning thecap, the screw 9 is made to enter the tube whose interior has a screw-thread cut into it, the tube becomescovered and'hiddcn in-the annular space formed by the sides of said recess, and
the outside of the screw-plug g, thus allowing the bottom of the cap to approach the bottom of the basin, at which timeit will also close the hole E. Q The diameter of the bottom of the cap is to be such as to overreach the hole E, and said bottom is fitted with a packing-ring, i, which will fall over said hole stall times, and so insure a tightjoint Instead of closing the hole D- by uncans of a screw-plug,-it may be closed by forming a screwdhread on the outside of the tube It, and screwing the cap itself thereon.
i The point formed on the tube is not perfectly tight, but is so formed as to let air and gas escape from beneath the cap, until the packing-ring i is brought down on the surface of the basin,-when said ring serves not only to close the hole E,'and prevent the contents of the basin from flowing into the jar, but also to preventthe escape of air and gas between the surface of the basin and the bottom of the cap.
By means of the holes I) and E, and cap F, ajar which has been filled with fruit or other articles, and whose liquid contents have become lessened in volume, so as nolongcr to fill the jur full, may be filled up by pouring a supply of the proper liquid into the basin of the cover, and then withdrawing the cap F, when the gas or air which may be in the jar will escape through the tubeh and'the'liquid willflow into th'ejar through the hole E. When the jar is full ,.the cap is replaced. It will be observed that this operation is efi'ected without requiring the removal of the cover B, or of the strap or fastening J. The rim-of the cover ]3 may be notched to receive the strap, and let it comeflush with the rim, in which case, however, the rim should be carried up higher above the mouth of 'thejar than is hereshown, to insure the downward pull of the strap or hinder on the cover, when itis fastened on the hooks. It Willbe found desirable-gto sink the strap in'the rim iu the way described. When in tho proces'sof putting up fruit, 850-, the jar is stood bottom side up'to ascertain if it. leaks,
since then it will stand square and steady on its cover. 7
My yielding cover-fasteningenables me to make thejoint between the cover and thcbody of the vessel tight, and it also allowszthe escape automatically of destructive or injurious gases, when the pressure overcomes that of the atmosphere upon the cover, and the strength of the band whieh' holds the cover down. 4 The cover consequently becomes a'safety-valve, which closes again so soon as the escaping-gases have passed out, and prevents'the ingressof atmospheric air. 7
My invention is applicable to bottles or vessels for holding cfl'ervesci'ng-liquids"hr substances, such-as soda, mineral-water, orcider, the fastening being adjustedto allow any excessive pressure from within to be relieved by the ,e sap e of the gas which produces it thereby preventing the breaking of the bottles and the loss of their contents. Q 7 y Myfinvention is difi'erent in principle from that shown in the patent of- J. S. and T. B. Attcrbury, dated June 30, 1863, where the whole joint between the cover andjar, is covered by the fastening in such a. manner as to prevent the escape of gases from within, unless the fastening is displaced or removed; I therefore dis. claim the invention described'in that patent.
Having thus described my inventiou,what claini as new; and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. Closing the vent-hole D and supply hole E of the cover of a-jar, by means of a cap, F, substantially as described. v V v 2. I also claim holding the coversof jarsor'vessels-in place, by means of elastic bands or straps, or their equivalents, applied substantially as shown and described. I
JOHN J. 'SQUIRE. Witnesses W. HAUFF,
E. F. KASTENHUBER.