|Publication number||USRE30873 E|
|Application number||US 06/052,975|
|Publication date||Mar 2, 1982|
|Filing date||Jun 28, 1979|
|Priority date||Feb 21, 1975|
|Also published as||CA1048716A, CA1048716A1, DE2607060A1, US4056985|
|Publication number||052975, 06052975, US RE30873 E, US RE30873E, US-E-RE30873, USRE30873 E, USRE30873E|
|Inventors||Anthony C. Worrallo|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (3), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
In a preferred constructional form, each gear segment includes a radial spoke in which there is formed a bore co-incident with the axis of the gear segment, said bore receiving an element which forms the means for pivotally connecting said link to that gear segment. Each element can be a pin which is push-fit in said bore or can be a screw.
For better understanding of the present invention, and to show how the same may be carried into effect, reference will not be made, by way of example, to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a pictorial view of a hinge structure,
FIG. 2 is a plan view of a base element,
FIG. 3 is a plan view of a gear segment,
FIG. 4 is a plan view of a spacer,
FIG. 5 is a plan view of an end cap, and
FIG. 6 illustrates the mode of use of the hinge structure.
The hinge structure shown in FIG. 1 comprises two identical hinge components each reference 10. Each hinge component comprises a base element 12, two gear segments 14, a spacer 16 and two end caps 18. Two links 20 (only the upper of which is visible) and four pins 22 (only the upper two of which are shown) join the hinge components 10 to one another.
The base element 12 (FIG. 2) is in the form of a length of aluminium extrusion of generally H-shape. Edge portions 24 provide mountings for the end caps 18 and further edge portions 26 provide mountings for the segments 14 and the spacer 16. This will be described in more detail hereinafter. Semicircular portions of the extrusion define bores 28 which receive screws 30 (FIG. 1) to secure the end caps 18 in position. The screws 30 may be of the self-tapping type.
The gear segment 14 shown in FIG. 3 comprises a curved portion 32 which has axially elongated teeth 34 on the outer face thereof. A diametrically extending spoke 36 is integral with the portion 32, the spoke joining the portion 32 mid-way between its ends. The free end of the spoke 36 is vee-shaped so as to provide two lips 38 which engage behind the edge portions 26 to locate the element 14 in place. At the centre about which the portion 32 is generated there is an axial bore 40 which is open along one side. By reference to the position of this bore it will clearly be seen that the portion 32 is somewhat greater than semi-circular in extent.
The spoke 36 can be elongated in the axial direction so that the length thereof in this direction is equal to the length of the portion 32 in the same direction. Alternatively, the spoke can be relatively short in the axial direction and only be provided at the upper ends of the upper segments 14 and at the lower ends of the lower segments 14. The former construction is preferred as it is mechanically stronger.
The spacer 16 is approximately D-shaped having a substantially semi-circular portion 42 and two limbs 44. The limbs terminate adjacent one another and along their free edges are formed with lips 46 which engage behind the edge portions 26. Semi-circular recesses 46.1 are formed in the facing surfaces of the lips 46. These permit a screw or other element to be driven-in to force the lips apart so as to enhance the frictional engagement beween the edge portions 26 and the lips. This inhibits axial movement of the spacer 16.
The end cap 18 as illustrated in FIG. 5 has screw holes 48 which receive the screws 30. Legs 50 protrude from one face of the end cap 18 and each leg is T-shaped in section. The `upright` of the `T` fits between the edge portions 24 and the `cross-bar` of the `T` fits behind these edge portions. The dimensions of the legs 50 and of the base element 12 are such that the caps are push-fits in the ends of the base element. The screws 30 which pass through the bores 48 and into the bore 28 provide security against the end caps accidentially being detached from the base elements. In view of the fact that the end caps are push-fits sufficient security against accidental removal of the end caps can usually be provided by means of a single screw 30.
The hinge components 10 are secured together by the upper and lower links 20. Each end of each link 20 is secured to one of the components 10 by one of the pins 22. The pins 22 pass through apertures in the links and into the axial bores 40. As will clearly be seen in FIG. 1, the teeth 34 of the two upper segments 14 mesh as do the teeth of the lower segments. It will be understood that the axes of the pivotal connections between the links and the segments co-incide with the axes about which the portions 32 are generated.
The hinge structure illustrated can be used for a wide variety of purposes. For example, it can be employed to mount doors on supporting door posts or to connect together adjacent doors of a folding door structure. It can also be used to mount lids such as box lids and panels such as swing-down front panels of cabinets. Where, for example, a lid of fairly light weight is concerned, a single hinge structure as illustrated can be employed. For heavier structures such as doors etc., several spaced hinge structures can be used.
A possible mode of use is illustrated in FIG. 6. In this Figure, one base element 12 is secured to a door post P and the other base element 12 is secured to a door D. If we assume that the post P is stationary then the door D can swing between the full line and chain dotted line positions illustrated through the position illustrated in dashed lines. During this movement the door D turns through a full 360° by virtue of the fact that the gear segments 14 act in the same way as planetary gears.
If desired, three or more hinge components can be employed in comjunction with one another. For example, where three are used, the links between the centre component and the two other components can overlap and a single pin can pass through the overlapping links.
In a form which has not been illustrated, each link has two pins integral therewith in contra distinction to the structure illustrated where the pins and links are separate items.
The outside diameter of the spacers can be such that their surfaces tough to form a light and draught excluding seal.
In a simpler form of the structure, which has not been illustrated, each hinge component includes a single gear segment mounted on a base. In other words, the second gear segment of each hinge component is omitted as is the spacer 16 and the base element is shortened commensurately. Two links 20 can be provided, these being attached to each end of the two gear segments. In this form the spoke 36 is of the same axial extent as the portion 32.
If factors such as loading make it desirable, each gear segment can be solid and slightly greater than cylindrical in extent.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1167906 *||Apr 13, 1910||Jan 11, 1916||Odell Fowler J||Hinge.|
|US1698136 *||Dec 6, 1926||Jan 8, 1929||M G Lawrence||Two-way hinge|
|US1877846 *||Sep 20, 1930||Sep 20, 1932||Interlocking Fence Co||Gate hinge|
|US2072028 *||Mar 23, 1936||Feb 23, 1937||Cooper Leroy T||Hinge|
|US2830479 *||Feb 11, 1957||Apr 15, 1958||Finn William C||Gear operated wrench|
|US3092870 *||Jul 15, 1960||Jun 11, 1963||Austin R Baer||Hinge|
|US3374499 *||Sep 12, 1966||Mar 26, 1968||Mckinney Mfg Co||Hinge with a pair of parallel pivots|
|US3402422 *||Dec 10, 1965||Sep 24, 1968||Austin R. Baer||Hinge|
|US3422487 *||Dec 9, 1966||Jan 21, 1969||Mckinney Mfg Co||Geared hinge with floating rack bar|
|AU58318A *||Title not available|
|DE800101C||Oct 2, 1948||Sep 1, 1950||Daimler Benz Ag||Doppelscharnier, insbesondere fuer Kraftfahrzeugtueren|
|FR859090A||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6859980||Jun 6, 2002||Mar 1, 2005||Austin R. Baer||Covered pinned hinge|
|US20050050686 *||Jun 25, 2004||Mar 10, 2005||Casio Computer Co., Ltd.||Two-shaft hinge structure|
|US20110000136 *||Mar 17, 2009||Jan 6, 2011||Giancarlo Brun||Articulation means|
|International Classification||E05D3/06, E04B2/74, E05D1/00, E05D3/18|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T16/541, Y10T74/19874, E05D1/00, E04B2/7431, E05D3/122, E05Y2900/60|
|European Classification||E05D1/00, E04B2/74C3D3B, E05D3/12G|