|Publication number||USRE31095 E|
|Application number||US 06/246,285|
|Publication date||Dec 7, 1982|
|Filing date||Mar 23, 1981|
|Priority date||Jan 26, 1978|
|Publication number||06246285, 246285, US RE31095 E, US RE31095E, US-E-RE31095, USRE31095 E, USRE31095E|
|Inventors||Donald B. Tschudy|
|Original Assignee||The Hoover Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (4), Classifications (7), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to floor care appliances and, more specifically, relates to nozzle configurations for nozzles utilized in such floor care appliances.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Although attempts at providing constant air velocity and pressure nozzles are broadly old, no one heretofore is known to have utilized the constant pressure, constant velocity structure to also actually direct the air and entrained dirt flow towards the suction connection. Thus, these two concepts are combined in a nozzle so that the structure utilized for the combined functions is one and the same and so that the combined cleaning effect afforded by this structure is additive as to each and not subtractive as to either.
Accordingly, it would seem advantageous to provide such a nozzle structure having the advantages of both substantially uniform air suction and dirt pick up, heightened by a directed air path configuration.
It would be still a further advantage to utilize a single composite nozzle structure in which the unitary configuration of it would provide both of these advantages.
It would be still further advantageous to provide a nozzle with an angled ledge which would yield in conjunction with the agitator, a directed a effect to the air and entrained dirt to move it towards the suction tube connection for the nozzle.
It would, additionally, be advantageous to provide an expanding groove to increase the cross sectional area of the nozzle, as it approached its suction tube, to provide, as much as possible, for a uniform velocity and pressure of suction air across the nozzle mouth to promote uniform cleaning.
The invention is comprehended in a nozzle for an upright cleaner or the like in which suction is supplied to the nozzle at one side thereof instead of medially of it. A separate agitator housing is mounted in the nozzle and may be of molded plastic or the like and includes a groove at its rear side providing a contoured section moved radially outwardly from the rest of the internal periphery of the agitator housing.
This groove takes the form of an expanding wedge of small size at the remote end of the agitator housing, uniformly expanding towards the suction tube end and with a wall adjoining the main agitator body that includes a substantially smoothly curved configuration to truncate the internal cylindrical surface of the agitator housing smoothly.
Because of the groove and the ledge formed thereby, rotation of the brush tends to move air and entrained dirt along the ledge towards the suction connection for the agitator housing.
The wedge shape cutoff also provides an increasingly expanding cross sectional area of nozzle as one approaches the nozzle suction tube so that the increasing volume of air entering the agitator housing is accommodated by this increasing volume. This tends to maintain the velocity and pressure across the nozzle face substantially constant so that dirt pickup is generally even across the nozzle working face. This eliminates skips as the rug over which it is moved is cleaned by the user of the cleaner.
Reference may now be had to the accompanying drawings for a better understanding of the invention, both as to its organization and function, with the illustration being of a preferred embodiment, but being only exemplary, and in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the nozzle arrangement;
FIG. 2 is a bottom plan view of the nozzle and agitator housing;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of the underside of the agitator housing with the agitator and bottom plate removed;
FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view of the nozzle taken on line 4--4 of FIG. 3 but oriented to operative position;
FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view of the nozzle taken on line 5--5 of FIG. 3 but oriented to operative position;
FIG. 6 is a cross sectional view of the nozzle taken on line 6--6 of FIG. 3 but oriented to operative position;
FIG. 7 is a cross sectional view of the nozzle taken on line 7--7 of FIG. 3 but oriented to operative position; and
FIG. 8 is a partial perspective of the agitator housing.
There is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a nozzle 10 having forward wheels 12, 12, and rear wheels 14, 14. The nozzle 10 includes a bottom plate 16 removably attached to the nozzle 10 by conventional spring catches 17, 17. The nozzle 10 also includes a housing 18 which encompasses the working parts of the nozzle and gives it a general pleasing appearance and may also include a height adjustment knob 19 attached to mechanism (not shown) to vary the height of the housing 18 above the floor.
The wheels 12, 12 and 14, 14 are mounted on a frame-work 20 including a pair of bent struts 22, 22 that place the forward wheels 12, 12 toward the medial portions of the nozzle 10 to provide better tracking from the nozzle 10. The frame-work 20 and wheels 12, 12, and 14, 14 form a carriage 24 on which the remainder of the nozzle 10 is pivotally mounted.
This pivotal relationship is furnished through the aegis of a pair of elongated struts 26, 26 that are affixed to the remainder of the nozzle 10 and pivoted (not shown) to the carriage 24. A hard bag or soft bag arrangement or the like (not shown) can also be pivotally mounted to the carriage 24 (not shown) through the elongated struts 26, 26 to provide for the remainder of the cleaner. The pivotal arrangement of the struts 26, 26 to the carriage 24 and the upper hard or soft bag arrangement and pivot arrangement form no part of the invention and are substantially conventional, an example of the same being seen in U.S. Pat. No. 3,581,591, owned by a common assignee. No further description of this structure will, therefore, be given.
Turning now to a more thorough description of the nozzle 10, it can be seen that the forward portions of it encompass an agitator housing 28, preferably of molded configuration, that is firmly attached to the nozzle 10 through the use of screws or rivets 30 extending through brackets 32 and 34 situated on opposite sides of the agitator housing 28. The brackets 32 and 34 are generally L-shaped in elevation so that they can provide an easily adaptable securement means for the housing, with horizontal portions of their L-shapes mounting the rivets or screws 30 to secure the agitator housing 28 to the housing 18. The mounting for the agitator housing 28 is generally completed by a stepped forward wall 36 (FIG. 3) that abuts against the underside of the housing 18, the joint between these two members being obscured by a furniture guard 38 (FIG. 1) extending around the periphery of the housing 18 and attached thereto by any convenient conventional arrangement desired.
The inventive aspects of this Application will now be detailed.
It can be seen in FIG. 3, that the agitator housing 28 includes an internal cylindrical surface 40 as is conventional in the cleaner art but the same is abbreviated. This surface begins generally at the front of the agitator housing 28 and extending upwardly and circumferentially inwardly to terminate at an edge formed by an internal lip 42. This lip marks the boundary between cylindrical surface 40 and a groove 44 (actually molded in) that, in conjunction, with a ledge 50 and reversed helixed agitator 64 tending to move air along the groove 44 in the agitator housing 28 towards a tubular formed suction connection 46, also integral with the agitator housing 28. It should be noted that the groove serves partially as a stop for agitator entrained dirt during the cleaning operation. Suction connection 46, in turn, communicates rearwardly with a rigid nozzle suction duct 48 (FIG. 2) extending to the motor fan system (not shown) for the nozzle. The manner of sealing the suction connection 46 with the nozzle suction duct 48 may be any conventional arrangement desired.
The lip 42 is formed by the border termination of the angularly disposed generally flat wall, land or ledge 50 of groove 44, with this wall angling deeper and deeper inwardly (upwardly) towards the longitudinal center of the agitator housing as it approaches suction connection 46. At its other side wall 50 merges smoothly with the agitator housing 28. It terminates nearly aligned with one (the near) edge of an opening 51 of the agitator housing 46. The wall 50 terminates at this location to merge with a wall 52 that extends parallel to the plane of the opening 51. This prevents the wedge shape of the cutoff 44 from enlarging to thereby form an enlarged corner in which dirt and lint could lodge.
A secondary wall portion 54 of wall 50 extends from medially of the wall portion towards opening 51. This wall portion is angled at a lesser degree upwardly than wall 50 to limit the depth of cutoff 44 and thereby the requisite height of agitator housing 28. The adjacent border between wall 50 and wall portion 54 is formed by an edge 56. Wall portion 54 also terminates adjacent the near edge of opening 51, again to limit the wedge corner and also to provide a lead in and smooth transition to the opening 51. A flat parallel wall portion 58 joins to wall portion 54 and extends along cutoff 44 in the area of opening 51.
The agitator housing 28 is generally completed by a lead in section 60 for the suction connection 46. This includes smoothly curved small wall 65 and larger curved wall 66 which fills in and provides a fillet at one corner of the agitator housing 28 adjacent opening 51 to limit dirt and lint pileup adjacent suction connection 46.
It should be noted by the construction detailed that the lip 42, as it angles forwardly in the agitator housing 28 also angles upwardly so that it truncates the cylindrical periphery of internal cylindrical surface 40. It is slightly curved because of this truncation. In a similar manner edge 56 is also slightly curved. A wall portion 68 of generally cylindrical nature, as the cylindrical surface 40, is disposed behind the groove 44 to provide completion of the invention surface of agitator housing 28.
To complete the description of the agitator housing 28, the same can be seen as including agitator bearing supports 70 and 72 and a series of buck teeth 74, 74 disposed at the front of the agitator housing 28 provide a securement means for attachment of the bottom plate 16.
The cylindrical brush agitator 64, includes a series of spiralling brushes 76 which tend to more air and entrapped dirt towards the suction connection 46. The agitator 64 is driven by a belt 76 from one end of the aforesaid motor-fan system (not shown), a semi-circular flange wall 72 of agitator housing 28, as set out previously, serving to receive the agitator 64 seatingly for rotation of it during the cleaning operation. A seal (not shown) may be provided in a flange wall 78 in an arcuate slot 80 to seal the belt arrangement from suction imposed on the agitator housing 28. The remainder of this bearing (not shown) for this end of the agitator may be carried by the bottom plate 16, as is conventional.
The operation of the nozzle 10 should now appear obvious. Suction applied to suction connection 46 provides a flow of suction air through agitator housing 28. Because of the general wedge shape of the groove 44 the velocity and pressure across the face of the nozzle 10 tends to be relatively constant, the expanding cross section of the agitator housing 28, accommodating a larger and larger air flow as the suction connection 46 is approached. Additionally, because of the angled ledge 50 and the rotation of the agitator 64 with air and entrained dirt, the ledge tends to act as a step and air is squeezed along toward the suction connection. This effect is heightened by the helix configuration of the agitator 64. Additionally, the groove 44, it is felt, in some cases, acting in consort with the agitator provides a dirt stop so that the dirt is impinged and slowly moved along this edge to the suction connection.
It should now appear clear that the advantages of the invention, as set forth in the beginning of the description, have been fully complied with providing a nozzle with enhanced dirt pickup and a generally even pickup entirely across its face. It should additionally be obvious that many changes in structure could be made by one skilled in the art without resort to invention and that these changes would still fall within the spirit and purview of the description set forth.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US969441 *||Feb 19, 1910||Sep 6, 1910||George Backer||Vacuum-cleaner.|
|US1708242 *||Dec 8, 1921||Apr 9, 1929||United Electric Company||Suction cleaner|
|US3688339 *||Feb 4, 1971||Sep 5, 1972||Vincent Conway||Turbine driven cleaning tool|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6282748||Jan 13, 2000||Sep 4, 2001||Royal Appliance Mfg. Co.||Brushroll chamber for vacuum cleaner|
|US6772475||Jan 11, 2002||Aug 10, 2004||The Hoover Company||Suction nozzle configuration|
|US8505159 *||Mar 23, 2004||Aug 13, 2013||Panasonic Corporation Of North America||Agitator cavity fitting for floor care cleaning apparatus|
|US20040211023 *||Mar 23, 2004||Oct 28, 2004||Streciwilk Eric J.||Agitator cavity fitting for floor care cleaning apparatus|
|International Classification||A47L9/04, A47L5/30|
|Cooperative Classification||A47L9/04, A47L5/30|
|European Classification||A47L9/04, A47L5/30|
|Mar 23, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HOOVER COMPANY, THE, NORTH CANTON, OHIO A CORP. OF
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:TSCHUDY DONALD B.;REEL/FRAME:003854/0226
Effective date: 19810318
|Dec 26, 1989||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CHICAGO PACIFIC CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:HOOVER COMPANY, THE, (MERGED INTO);REEL/FRAME:005241/0161
Effective date: 19871221
Owner name: HOOVER COMPANY, THE, OHIO
Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:MAYTAG CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005241/0179
Effective date: 19890223
Owner name: MAYTAG CORPORATION, A DE CORP.
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:CHICAGO PACIFIC CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005241/0170
Effective date: 19890126