|Publication number||USRE31562 E|
|Application number||US 06/270,420|
|Publication date||Apr 24, 1984|
|Filing date||Jun 3, 1981|
|Priority date||Oct 5, 1977|
|Publication number||06270420, 270420, US RE31562 E, US RE31562E, US-E-RE31562, USRE31562 E, USRE31562E|
|Inventors||James D. Bede|
|Original Assignee||Bede Industries, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (2), Classifications (12), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A typical domestic electric clothes dryer exhausts about 150 cfm of hot moisture-laden air to the outside at a temperature of about 135° F. (about 20,000 BTU/hr.) which during the winter heating season means that 150 cfm of cold outside air drawn indoors as make-up air which is first heated to room temperature by the main heating furnace and is then further heated by the clothes dryer to evaporate water from the clothes therein.
It has been proposed as in Hartung U.S. Pat. No. 3,716,925, granted Feb. 20, 1973, to provide a humidifier attachment for a clothes dryer in the form of a length of metallic vent pipe having an opening through its side wall which opens into a humidifier chamber defined between spaced-apart eccentric rings welded to the vent pipe and within a screen-supported annular filter blanket secured between the spaced-apart rings. Pivotally mounted in the vent pipe is a damper which either closes the side wall opening of the vent pipe for venting the dryer outdoors through the vent pipe or closes the downstream end portion of the vent pipe so that the dryer exhaust is conducted into the humidifier chamber through the side wall opening of the vent pipe. The damper is operated by a rod connected to the damper and extending exteriorly of the humidifier chamber between the ends of the annular filter blanket which are folded in over an axial gap in the supporting screen. In the use of this humidifier attachment, the hot moisture-laden air from the dryer flows into the humidifier chamber and is discharged into the laundry room in all directions including the wall behind the dryer.
Moreover, the proposed humidifier attachment is quite heavy and bulky and is expensive to manufacture and does not lend itself for suspension from plastic vent hose which is in prevalent use in conjunction with electric clothes dryers.
The heating vent herein for electric clothes dryers is of compact, lightweight and economical to manufacture construction, the same being fabricated from thin prefinished aluminum sheet stock to provide a T-shaped housing adapted to be inserted in and suspended by a plastic vent hose for outdoor venting of the dryer when a pivoted valve member in the housing is in its summer position closing the lateral outlet of the housing. For indoor venting of the dryer, the lateral outlet of the T-shaped housing may be positioned to direct the hot moisture-laden air toward an open door in the laundry room away from the dryer inlet, the lateral outlet of the T-shaped housing having stretched thereover the open end of a sock-like nylon or like material filter.
The heating vent herein is further characterized in that the pivoted valve member in the housing has a resilient seat which, within its periphery, engages an annular seat of the lateral outlet in the summer position of the valve member and which, at its periphery, engages the interior wall of the housing in the winter position of the valve member.
Yet another characterizing feature of the heating vent herein is the provision of a novel detent mechanism which releasably locks the valve member in either its summer or winter position and at the same time biases the valve member to its seated summer or winter position.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the upper portion of an electric clothes dryer showing the heating vent herein installed in the plastic vent hose of the dryer;
FIG. 2 is a front elevation view of the heating vent with the filter at the lateral outlet being omitted, the valve member being shown in its summer position and with portions of the valve member broken away to illustrate its construction;
FIG. 3 is a side elevation view as viewed from the line 3--3 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a vertical cross section view as viewed along the line 4--4 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a partial cross section view as viewed along the line 5--5 of FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a cross section view similar to FIG. 4 except showing the valve member in its winter position closing the downstream end of the housing vent passage and opening communication between the upstream portion of the vent passage and the lateral outlet; and
FIGS. 7, 8 and 9 are plan views illustrating the housing parts (FIGS. 7 and 8) and the valve member (FIG. 9) in flat form as cut by steel rule dies.
Referring first to FIG. 1, the electric clothes dryer 1 has an upwardly extending plastic vent hose 2 in which the heating vent 3 constituting the present invention is connected by spring clamps 4 which clamp the ends of the plastic vent hose 2 around the nipples 5 at the upper and lower ends of the vent housing 6. The lateral outlet of the vent 3 is defined by a tubular nipple 7 over which is stretched the open end of a sock-like nylon or like filter 8, the vent housing 6 preferably being angularly oriented about its vertical axis so as to direct the hot moist air coming out of the outlet 7 and through the filter 8 toward an open door in the laundry room and away from the dryer air inlet.
The heating vent 3 as shown in FIG. 1 is in its winter position to prevent hot moist air from the dryer 1 from passing through the upper end of the plastic vent hose 2 into the outside atmosphere and instead such hot moist air is exhausted indoors through the filter 8 to save energy and to humidify the normally dry winter air. By so discharging the hot moist air indoors, it is not necessary to provide make-up air from outdoors which is first heated to room temperature and then further heated during operation of the dryer 1.
The heating vent 3 herein is preferably fabricated from thin aluminum sheet stock (0.012 inch thickness for example) by a steel rule die stamping process so that the total weight of the heating vent 3 for 4 inch diameter plastic vent hose 2 is less than about 6 oz.
The main housing part 6 in flat form as cut by the steel rule die (see FIG. 7) has upper and lower portions 5 which, when formed into 4 inch diameter cylinders, have overlapped end portions which are stapled together as best shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 to form the nipples 5 to receive the end portions of the plastic vent hose 2 for clamping by the spring clamps 4. The intermediate portions 9 of the housing part 6 constitute opposite side walls 9 which are parallel to each other and tangent to the semi-cylindrical portion 10 of the housing 6 between the tubular nipples 5.
As shown in FIG. 8, the housing part 11 in flat form is steel rule die-stamped and then is bent at right angles along the lines 12, 13, 14, and 15 to provide flanges which embrace the upper and lower and outer portions of the opposite side walls 9 and in addition, the curved end portions 16 of the housing part 11 which extend radially inward of the nipples 5 are bent or curled as best shown in FIG. 4.
The housing part 11 has secured in the circular opening 17 thereof the tubular nipple 7 which is formed from a rectangular strip of .[.block.]. .Iadd.stock .Iaddend.having overlapped ends which are stapled together as shown in FIG. 2.
As shown in FIG. 4 and also FIG. 6, the inner end of the nipple 7 projects inwardly of the opening 17 in the housing part 11 to form an annular seat for the valve member 18. The axis of the tubular nipple 7 is slightly inclined as shown for a reason which will hereinafter be explained. The nipple 7 and housing part 11 are secured together in fluid tight relation preferably by wrapping a hot melt extruded plastic string or strip 19 around the joint and passing the housing part 11 and nipple 7 through a heating oven to cure the strip 19 and to bond the two parts together in fluid tight relation.
On opposite sides of the housing assembly 6, 11 are rectangular pieces 20 of polyethylene or like plastic material. The side wall portions 9 of the housing part 6, the flanges of the housing part 11 and the pieces 20 are secured together as by upper and lower staples.
The valve member 18 comprises a plate 21 of thin aluminum which is steel rule die-stamped as shown in FIG. 9 and which is folded over a valve operating rod or wire 22 having an offset portion 23, the two thicknesses of the valve plate 21 being stapled together at several places as shown with the valve operating rod 22 and its offset portion 23 therebetween. The side pieces 20 and the housing parts 6 and 11 have registering openings constituting bearings for the valve operating rod 22 for swinging movement of the valve member 18 between the FIG. 4 and FIG. 6 positions. To insure a fluid-tight seal, the plate 21 of the valve member 18 has secured as by pressure sensitive adhesive a resilient seat member 24 made as of 1/8 inch thick closed cell neoprene or the like, there being no pressure sensitive adhesive on the portions of the seat member 24 which project beyond the periphery of the plate 21 so as not to interfere with low friction movement of the valve member 18.
The valve operating rod 22 is bent as shown in FIG. 2 to provide a convenient handle 25 for pivoting the valve member 18 between its winter and summer positions. The end 26 of the handle 25 constitutes a detent to spring axially into one or the other of the holes 27 in one side piece 20 to securely lock the valve member 18 in its summer position as shown in FIG. 4 or in its winter position as shown in FIG. 6. In addition, the angular spacing of the holes 27 is greater than the angle of swinging of the valve member 18 between the aforesaid positions so that the valve operating rod 22 is under a torque load to bias the valve member 18 in seating direction in both positions thereof.
In the summer position shown in FIG. 4, the resilient seat member 24 engages the annular seat of the tubular nipple 7 within its periphery, while in the winter position the periphery of the seat member 24 makes sealed engagement with the interior wall 10 and the parallel side walls 9 of the housing part 6.
For convenience, the aforesaid detent openings 27 may be spaced 90° apart and therefore the inclination of the seat of the nipple 7 provides the bias aforesaid and, of course, the movement of the valve member 18 toward winter position stops short of horizontal and therefore the bias is obtained when the end 26 of the valve operating handle 25 is engaged with the winter position hole 27.
During the heating season, the valve member 25 is preferably left in the winter position of FIG. 6 to prevent loss of heat through the vent hose 2 when the dryer 1 is not in use. Furthermore, by keeping the valve member 25 in the winter position when the dryer 1 is not in use whether in summertime or wintertime, rodents and insects are prevented from entering indoors through the vent hose 2 and dryer 1. Moreover, by keeping the valve member 25 in winter position when the dryer 1 is not in use during the summer months, there is a savings in air conditioning load.
When the outside vent is above the dryer 1, the heating vent 3 because of its light weight may be simply suspended from the plastic vent hose 2 without necessity of securing the same to a wall behind the dryer 1. When the outside vent is near floor level, it may in some cases be necessary to employ so-called "plumbers tape" (perforated metal strip) to embrace the lower nipple 5, the tape being secured as by screws to the wall behind the dryer 1 to support the heating vent 3 either above or to the side of the dryer 1.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US2579395 *||Aug 4, 1949||Dec 18, 1951||Ilg Electric Ventilating Compa||Shutter mounting for ventilating duct outlets|
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|US4122612 *||Sep 2, 1976||Oct 31, 1978||Mrofchak John J||Energy saving device utilizing normally wasted heat from clothes dryers|
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|1||Brochure entitled "Dryeraide" Published by Power Sales and Manufacturing Co.|
|2||*||Brochure entitled Dryeraide Published by Power Sales and Manufacturing Co.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8016325 *||May 24, 2007||Sep 13, 2011||Hobart Brothers Company||Self-positioning adapting system between aircraft and preconditioned-air supply hose|
|US8893399||Nov 16, 2012||Nov 25, 2014||ADR Products, LLC||Lint catching system|
|U.S. Classification||34/86, 137/875, 34/235, 251/303, 165/901|
|International Classification||D06F58/20, F16K1/18|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T137/87812, D06F58/20, F16K1/18|
|European Classification||F16K1/18, D06F58/20|
|Apr 16, 1992||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COLEMAN COMPANY, INC., THE
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CREDIT SUISSE;REEL/FRAME:006083/0007
Effective date: 19920304