|Publication number||USRE33701 E|
|Application number||US 07/530,118|
|Publication date||Sep 24, 1991|
|Filing date||May 29, 1990|
|Priority date||Sep 11, 1987|
|Publication number||07530118, 530118, US RE33701 E, US RE33701E, US-E-RE33701, USRE33701 E, USRE33701E|
|Original Assignee||Arco Industries Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (21), Referenced by (5), Classifications (15), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 095,570, filed Sept. 11, 1987, now abandoned.
The present invention relates to a resilient boot assembly of the type for containing a steering column therein, a method of manufacturing and assembling such a boot assembly, and to a vehicle including the resilient boot assembly. More particularly, the invention relates to a boot assembly for containing a portion of a steering column extending through a fire wall in a vehicle body and a portion of the steering column connected to the steering gear assembly.
In order to prevent corrosion and damage to a steering column caused by corrosive materials found on the road, such as dirt, stones, and salt, it is common for a resilient boot to be disposed over the steering column which extends through a fire wall in a vehicle. .Iadd.Such boots are also used to prevent air, rain sound and fumes from entering the passenger compartment. .Iaddend.The U.S. Pat. Nos. 1,803,013 to Grimm, issued Apr. 28, 1931; 3,470,761 to Okamoto et al, issued Oct. 7, 1969; 4,267,743 to Tanaka, issued May 19, 1981; 3,373,629 to Wight et al, issued Mar. 19, 1968; and 2,797,955 to Wilfert, issued July 2, 1957, all disclose steering column boot assemblies or seals. It is desirable during the assembly of the steering column to the steering gear assembly of the vehicle to be able to expose the connection between the steering column and steering gear assembly for operative connection. None of the prior art patents previously mentioned provide any means for allowing access to the connection.
Applicant presently manufactures a resilient two part boot assembly including a first member containing the steering column and a separate piece which telescopically slides up upon the first member thereby allowing access to the connection between the steering column and the steering gear. The two parts are normally connected by an interference fit. Although this prior art assembly allows for access to the connection between the steering column and steering gear assembly during assembly, the two boot construction allows leakage between the two boot parts. High winds or water can enter the interference fit connection. Alignment of the two boot parts is also a complication inherent in the assembly. There are further assembly and manufacturing problems attendant to the making of the two part boots wherein each part is made separately.
The present invention eliminates or alleviates the aforementioned problems of the prior art while continuing to allow access to the connection between the steering column and steering gear assembly.
A resilient boot assembly of the type for containing a steering column therein includes a tubular body portion having a passageway extending therethrough and first and second end portions. Attachment means attaches at least one of the ends of the body portion to a support structure. The assembly is a unitary tubular member and includes roll up means for rolling up at least one of the end portions upon the body portion to a retracted position and rolling down the one end portion to an extended position.
Other advantages of the present invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a schematic flow diagram of the subject method of manufacturing;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a vehicle steering column including the steering column boot of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary cross sectional view taken across lines 3--3 of FIG. 2 showing the steering column boot in the retracted position;
FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view showing the steering column boot in the extended position;
FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view of a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a cross sectional view of a third embodiment of the present invention in the retracted position; and
FIG. 7 is a cross sectional view of the third embodiment in the extended position.
A resilient boot assembly constructed in accordance with the present invention is generally shown at 10 in the drawings. The boot 10 includes a tubular body portion generally indicated at 12 having a passageway 14 extending therethrough. The body portion 12 further includes first and second end portions generally indicated at 16 and 18.
The end portion 18 is adapted to be connected to the steering column and perfect a seal therewith. The other end portion 16 is adapted to be connected to the steering gear assembly schematically indicated at 20 in FIG. 2.
FIG. 2 shows a portion of a vehicle constructed in accordance with the present invention. The vehicle could be in the form of an automobile, truck or other type of vehicle. The portion shown is the steering column. The steering gear housing contains the steering gear assembly (not shown).
Generally, the boot assembly 10 is a unitary tubular member and including roll up means for rolling up the end portion 16 upon the body portion 12 to a retracted position to expose the connection between the steering shaft generally 15 indicated at 22, and the steering gear housing schematically shown at 20. The roll up means further rolls down the end portion 16 to an extended position thereby containing and perfecting a seal with the steering gear housing 20 and about the connection between the steering shaft 22 and steering gear assembly 20.
More specifically, the roll up means includes an annular flexible portion 24 which is adjacent the end portion 16. The end portion 16 further includes stiffened portions 26,28 adjacent each end of the flexible portion 24.
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the flexible portion has a predetermined outer diameter and the body portion has an inner diameter which is greater than the predetermined outer diameter of the portion 24. The combination of the flexible portion 24 having the smaller outer diameter and the stiffened portions 26,28 bordering the flexible portion 24 together with the body portion having the relatively larger inner diameter allows for the end portion 16 to telescopically roll up inside the body portion 12 into the retracted position for attachment of the steering shaft 22 to the steering gear assembly. Alternatively, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 the body portion 12 could have a smaller outer diameter relative to the inner diameter of the flexible portion 24 such that the outer end portion folds over the body portion 14.
The stiffened portions 26,28 can be stiffened by various means relative to the flexible portion 24. For example, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the stiffened portions can be stiffened by the use of wires imbedded in the end portion wall adjacent the flexible portion 24. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 5 wherein like structure is indicated by primed numbers, the stiffened portions 26' may be a thickened annular bead portion relative to the flexible portion 24' or the stiffened portion may include a harder material. For example, the flexible portion could be made from a vinyl plastisol which is approximately 50 to 70 durometer on the A scale when cured and the stiffened portion can be made from a vinyl plastisol which is approximately .[.50.]. .Iadd.60 .Iaddend.to .[.70.]. .Iadd.75 .Iaddend.durometer on the .[.B.]. .Iadd.D .Iaddend.scale.
As shown in FIG. 2, a foam gasket generally indicated at 32 is integrally formed with the body portion 12. The gasket can be made from a restricted cell urethane. The gasket provides means for connecting the body portion 12 of the boot assembly 10 to a fire wall 34 by means of bolts 36.
The present invention provides a one piece boot assembly which eliminates or alleviates problems of alignment and leakage. Since the boot is a unitary structure, there is no longer the problem of leakage from between two part boot assemblies. The ability of the boot to be folded in upon itself and the flexibility of the end portion 16 assists in alignment of the boot and fitting of the boot to a particular steering column construction. Manufacturing efficiency is increased because what was formally two parts is now a single part.
During assembly, the boot assembly 10 is fixedly connected .Iadd.in the retracted position as shown in FIG. 3 and in solid lines in FIG. 5 .Iaddend.to the fire wall 34 by the .[.bolts.]. .Iadd.fasteners .Iaddend.36 connecting the gaskets 32 to the fire wall 34. The steering shaft 22 is then disposed through the passageway 14 of the boot 12 and positioned to connect a connecting portion of the steering shaft 22 to the connecting portion of the steering gear assembly within the housing 20. .[.The end portion 16,16' is then moved to the retracted position as shown in FIG. 3 and in solid lines in FIG. 5 to expose the connecting portions of the steering shaft 22 and the steering gear assembly..]. Upon operative connection of the steering shaft 22 to the steering gear assembly, the end portion 16,16' is rolled down to the extended position shown in FIG. 4 and in hatched lines in FIG. 5. The end portion 16 is then connected to the steering gear housing 20 to perfect a seal therewith. Thusly, the vehicle includes a steering column and gear connection totally contained within the boot assembly 10 and protected against environmental corrosion.
The present invention further provides a method of manufacturing the boot assembly 10. The method generally includes the steps of molding the unitary resilient boot 10 including the tubular body portion 12, and end portion 16 including two stiffened portions 26,28 and a more resilient portion 24 therebetween on tool, and removing the molded boot 10 from the tool. More specifically, and as shown in the flow diagram in FIG. 1, the stiffening portions of the boot assembly 10 are placed on a mold ring of a tool. The stiffened portions can be either the stiffening wires 33, the flange stamping and/or other harder plastic materials of the boot, or further stiffening wires 37,37' which stiffen other portions of the boot assembly 10. Alternatively, a partially cured harder plastic material which cures at a higher temperature to high durometer in the molding process can also be disposed on the tool. The tool is then preheated to between 275° and 350° F. The tool is dipped in a .[.pot.]. .Iadd.tank .Iaddend.of soft plastic material for a period of time. The heated tool partially cures and adheres the adjacent soft plastisol to the tool during the dipping process. The exposure time of the tool within the .[.pot.]. .Iadd.tank .Iaddend.is dependent upon the amount of material and end thickness of the boot desired. The longer the tool is dipped in the .[.pot.]..Iadd.tank.Iaddend., the thicker the material will be disposed on the tool. The tool is then removed from the .[.pot.]. .Iadd.tank .Iaddend.and placed in a heat source to cure out all of the plastics, at a temperature of approximately 275° F. This temperature finally cures the soft plastisol, as well as the harder plastisol areas. The tool is then removed from the heat source and cooled down to handling temperature. The boot is then trimmed of material where plastic is not required. The boot is stripped from the tool and cooled down to ambient temperature if needed. The end portion of the boot is then rolled up to reduce its length for shipping and handling.
Alternatively, both ends 16,18 can be manufactured to roll up, depending upon the desired use of the boot assembly 10,10' in assembly.
The invention has been described in an illustrative manner, and it is to be understood that the terminology which has been used is intended to be in the nature of words of description rather than of limitation.
Obviously, many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. It is, therefore, to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims wherein reference numerals are merely for convenience and are not to be in any way limiting, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US2362456 *||Feb 9, 1942||Nov 14, 1944||Timken Detroit Axie Company||Steering drive axle|
|US2687015 *||Jan 18, 1949||Aug 24, 1954||Chrysler Corp||Boot for master cylinders|
|US2702996 *||Aug 31, 1954||Mar 1, 1955||Edward Davis C||Bell housing cover|
|US3373629 *||Apr 29, 1966||Mar 19, 1968||Gen Motors Corp||Steering column assembly|
|US3403932 *||Apr 30, 1963||Oct 1, 1968||Trw Inc||Pressure relief boot seal|
|US3470761 *||Sep 25, 1967||Oct 7, 1969||Nippon Seiko Kk||Safety steering assembly|
|US3511061 *||Mar 8, 1968||May 12, 1970||Daimler Benz Ag||Sealing sleeve made from elastic material especially for driving joints in motor vehicles|
|US3901518 *||Aug 26, 1974||Aug 26, 1975||Ishikawa Tekko Kk||Dust seal cover for ball joint|
|US3995502 *||Sep 30, 1974||Dec 7, 1976||Chrysler United Kingdom Limited||Slide assemblies|
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|US4267743 *||Jul 25, 1979||May 19, 1981||Nissan Motor Company, Limited||Transmission control device|
|US4270442 *||Jan 7, 1980||Jun 2, 1981||Garlock Inc.||Disc brake boot|
|US4305595 *||Apr 30, 1980||Dec 15, 1981||Hydril Company||Composite seal|
|US4461529 *||Jun 16, 1982||Jul 24, 1984||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Strain relief boot|
|US4556399 *||Dec 16, 1983||Dec 3, 1985||Compagnie Des Produits Industriels De L'ouest||Protective bellows, particularly for the front wheel drive of a motor vehicle|
|US4597745 *||Nov 2, 1984||Jul 1, 1986||Glaenzer Spicer||Elastic protective bellows for a homokinetic transmission joint|
|FR1342949A *||Title not available|
|GB1144475A *||Title not available|
|GB1239228A *||Title not available|
|GB2022770A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5514182 *||May 11, 1994||May 7, 1996||University Of Utah||Prosthetic joint with semipermeable capsule with reinforcing ribs|
|US5695202 *||Sep 27, 1996||Dec 9, 1997||Trw Inc.||Flexible boot for enclosing a universal joint|
|US6354602||Mar 3, 2000||Mar 12, 2002||American Axle & Manufacturing, Inc.||Assembly vent for boot/seal installation|
|US6752955||Jul 13, 2001||Jun 22, 2004||Trw Inc.||Method of manufacturing a boot seal|
|US20070069480 *||Oct 22, 2004||Mar 29, 2007||Brandstaetter Albert||Sealing element for arranging between a motor vehicle steering column cover and a lining part, arrangement consisting of a sealing element and a lining part, and method for mounting the sealing element on a lining part|
|U.S. Classification||464/173, 403/50, 464/175, 277/636, 74/492|
|International Classification||B62D1/16, F16D3/84, F16J3/04|
|Cooperative Classification||B62D1/16, F16J3/041, F16D3/845, Y10T403/31|
|European Classification||B62D1/16, F16D3/84C2, F16J3/04B|
|Oct 30, 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jan 25, 1996||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NEWCOR, INC., MICHIGAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BORAMCO, INC.;REEL/FRAME:007779/0476
Effective date: 19951220
|Nov 22, 1996||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Nov 22, 1996||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Jun 30, 1997||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Feb 5, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CONGRESS FINANCIAL CORPORATION (CENTRAL), AS AGENT
Free format text: PATENT, TRADEMARK AND LICENSE MORTGAGE;ASSIGNOR:NEWCOR, INC.;REEL/FRAME:013712/0480
Effective date: 20030131