|Publication number||USRE33744 E|
|Application number||US 07/417,046|
|Publication date||Nov 19, 1991|
|Filing date||Oct 4, 1989|
|Priority date||Dec 3, 1982|
|Publication number||07417046, 417046, US RE33744 E, US RE33744E, US-E-RE33744, USRE33744 E, USRE33744E|
|Original Assignee||Hans Oetiker Ag Maschinen- Und Apparatefabrik|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (39), Referenced by (13), Classifications (15), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a clamp structure and more particularly to a clamp structure for use in applications in which space conditions do not permit any projecting parts such as plastically deformable ears or tightening devices for contracting the clamp structure about an object to be fastened.
Plastically deformable ears of the type which have become known as "Oetiker" ears have been used heretofore with great success in a variety of clamp structures. Among these clamp structures, one must differentiate between so-called endless clamp structures and open clamp structures which can be closed when installed about the object to be fastened. While the former permit only an axial installment, the latter permit axial as well as radial installment. My prior U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,614,304 and 3,082,498 are representative of the former type of clamps while my prior U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,465,793; 3,523,337 and 3,510,918 are representative of the latter type. Additionally, known in the prior art are hose clamps with so-called screw-type tightening devices in which the band ends are drawn together by rotating a screw. However, all of these aforementioned types of clamps entail the drawback that they include outwardly projecting parts that in certain applications preclude use of such types of clamps.
More specifically, clamps used with axle boots in the automotive industry, in certain applications, must be devoid of any projecting parts because of space requirements. As a result thereof, closed copper rings were used heretofore in the automotive industry which were shrunk onto the axle boots by the use of "Magnaform" machines. Apart from the high capital expenditures for the machinery necessary to perform the magnetic shrinking operation on metal rings, such as steel or copper rings, this approach inherently involves certain limitations since the copper rings can be installed only axially. Moreover, for service operations, it is necessary, in case the copper ring is still intact, to destruct the copper ring to gain access to the space underneath the axle boot which would then require the axial installation of a new copper ring to be shrunk over the axle boot. Since the machines necessary for shrinking the copper rings over the axle boots are normally not available at the service organization of a retail dealer in view of the high costs connected therewith, it has been common practice to stock preassembled axle parts with copper rings already shrunk onto the axle boots for exchange with corresponding parts in a vehicle requiring service. This complicated and costly approach in servicing axles with axle boots secured by shrunk copper rings was thus also due to the lack of re-useability of the copper ring.
Accordingly, it is a principal object of the present invention to provide a clamp structure which can be used in applications in which space conditions do not permit any projecting parts and which avoids by simple means the aforementioned shortcomings and drawbacks encountered in the prior art.
The underlying problems are solved according to the present invention in that a clamp structure having open ends is mechanically interconnected at the open ends and is provided with tool-engaging embossments in inner and outer band portions which are formed by cold-deformed, pressed-out portions generally in the circumferential direction so that each pressed-out portion remains integral at least on both sides thereof with the respective remaining band portion. As a result thereof, tightening forces of several hundred kg can be readily applied by the use of a tool so that the clamp structure can be securely tightened about the object to be fastened without the use of any other tightening means in the clamp structure itself.
According to another feature of the present invention, the outer band portion is provided adjacent its pressed-out tool-engaging embossment with an elongated opening of such width that the pressed-out tool-engaging embossment of the inner band portion can extend therethrough. The tool-engaging embossments of the inner and outer band portions are thereby preferably of complementary shape so that the inner pressed-out tool-engaging embossment is able to slide underneath the outer pressed-out tool-engaging embossment during the tightening of the clamp structure whereby lateral movement of the inner band portion relative to the outer band portion in the axial direction of the clamp structure is prevented.
According to still another feature of the present invention, the inner band portion may be provided with an outwardly extending hook spaced from the pressed-out tool-engaging embossment by such a distance that the hook, when extending through the opening, will permit a pre-assembly when engaging with the end surface of the opening opposite the tool-engaging embossment in the outer band portion.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the cold-deformed pressed-out tool-engaging embossments have an at least approximately circularly shaped configuration in axial cross section through the clamp structure so that each pressed-out portion is integral with the respective inner and outer band portion at least along the two sides thereof.
According to still a further feature of the present invention, the inner and outer band portions are provided with further means effectively eliminating any step in the area of overlap thereof, which is formed by a tongue-like extension at the free end of the inner band portion operable to engage in a tongue-receiving opening or channel formed by an outwardly directed step in the outer band portion on the side of its tool-engaging embossment opposite the opening. In a particularly simple construction, only one outwardly extending cold-deformed hook with an engaging and abutment surfaces performing both guide and support functions which extends out of the plane of the inner band portion while being integral therewith over at least a substantial part of its remaining contour, provides by its engagement in a corresponding aperture the mechanical connection between the inner and outer band portions. The engaging and abutment surfaces of this cold-deformed hook are thereby approximately V-shaped, as seen in plan view.
If the inner and outer band portions are standard parts and are adapted to be mechanically connected with a clamping band of suitable length, then it is possible to produce a clamp structure of any desired diametric dimension by merely cutting the band to suitable length and punching out apertures near the two ends thereof for engagement with the hooks in the corresponding part of the inner and outer band portions. This permits a simple "do-it-yourself" approach requiring only two standard parts and a supply of clamping bands adapted to be cut and prepared by a tool designed therefor.
These and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, which shows, for purposes of illustration only, several embodiments in accordance with the present invention, and wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an earless clamp structure in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line II--II of FIG. 1;
FIG 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line III--III of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line IV-IV of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a plan view on the area of the mechanical interconnection of the earless clamp structure illustrated in FIG. 1 with the two ends thereof mechanically interconnected;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along line VI--VI of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line VII--VII of FIG. 5;
FIG. 8 is an axial elevational view on a part of the clamp structure of FIG. 1, indicating the manner of installation by the use of a clamping tool;
FIG. 9 is a plan view on a modified embodiment of a clamp structure in accordance with the present invention, in which the inner band portion is provided with two support hooks as well as with an additional cold-deformed hook performing both guide and support functions;
FIG. 10 is an elevational view of the part of the clamp structure illustrated in FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is a plan view on a part of a still further modified embodiment of a clamp structure in accordance with the present invention, in which the inner band portion is provided with two support hooks and a further hook performing both guide and support functions;
FIG. 12 is an elevational view of the part of the clamp structure illustrated in FIG. 11;
FIG. 13 is a plan view on a modified embodiment of an earless three-partite clamp structure in accordance with the present invention consisting of two standard parts and of a clamping band;
FIG. 14 is an elevational view of the parts of the clamp structure illustrated in FIG. 13;
FIG. 15 is a plan view on the clamp structure of FIG. 13 showing the two standard parts assembled to the clamping band while the two standard parts are not yet mechanically interconnected;
FIG. 16 is an elevational view of the clamp structure of FIG. 15.
FIG. 17 is a plan view on the three-partite clamp structure of FIGS. 13 through 16 showing all the parts thereof in the assembled condition; and
FIG. 18 is an elevational view of the assembled clamp structure of FIG. 17.
Referring now to the drawings wherein like reference numerals are used throughout the various views to designate like parts, and more particularly to FIGS. 1-8, reference numeral 10 generally designates in FIG. 1 an earless clamp structure which includes a clamping band 11 having open ends adapted to be mechanically interconnected. The mechanical interconnection is effected by an outwardly extending guide hook 12 and two support hooks 13 provided on the inner band portion 14 which are adapted to engage in apertures 15 provided in the outer band portion 16. The guide and support hooks 12 and 13 may thereby be constructed as disclosed in my prior U.S. Pat. No. 4,299,012.
To enable tightening of the clamp structure about an object to be fastened by the use of a tightening tool generally designated by reference numeral 20 (FIG. 8) and having mutually facing end portions 21 and 21' provided at the end of the jaws 22 and 22' of the pincer-like tightening tool 20, the outer and inner band portions are each provided with a tool-engaging abutment 24 and 25, respectively, in the form of cold-deformed pressed-out embossments of at least approximately semi-circularly shaped cross section (FIGS. 3 and 4). The pressed-out tool-engaging embossment 24 in the outer band portion 16 is thereby essentially semi-cylindrical with transverse abutment surfaces 24a and 24b while its cylindrical walls in the axial direction are integral with the outer band portion 16. The cold-deformed pressed-out tool-engaging embossment 25 of the inner band portion 14, in contrast thereto, has only one tool-engaging abutment surface 25a while being integral with the inner band portion 14 substantially over its remaining contour. The outer band portion 16 is also provided with an elongated slot or opening 27 between its pressed-out embossment 24 and the apertures 15 which is of such width that the pressed-out tool-engaging abutment 25 of the inner band portion 14 can extend therethrough. Moreover, the inner and outer pressed-out embossments 25 and 24 are thereby of complementary shape (FIG. 7) so that the pressed-out embossment 25 of the inner band portion 14 can slide underneath the pressed-out embossment 24 of the outer band portion 16 during tightening of the clamp by means of the tightening tool 20.
To enable a sort of pre-assembly, a further outwardly extending hook 28 is provided in the inner band portion 14 adjacent the pressed-out embossment 25 which is also adapted to extend through the opening 27 and provide pre-assembly when coming into abutment with the end face 27a of the opening 27. The hook 28 may thereby be a simple punched-out hook of tab-like configuration.
Since it becomes increasingly important with the thinner and harder plastic hose materials to avoid any step or discontinuity along the inner object-engaging surfaces of the clamp structure, the clamp structure in accordance with the present invention is provided with further means which eliminates any step. These means are similar to the means disclosed in my prior U.S. Pat. No. 4,299,012 and U.S. Pat. No. 4,315,348 and include a tongue-like extension 31 at the free end of the inner band portion 14 which is adapted to engage in a tongue-receiving channel 32 (FIG. 2) formed by a step 33 and two longitudinal cuts 34 and 34' which permit the formation of the channel 32 by pressing out the central band portion 35 relative to the lateral band portions 36 remaining on both sides of the cuts 34 and 34'. As described more fully in my aforementioned two patents, in the assembled condition (FIG. 8), the tongue-like extension 31 will engage in channel 32 so that any step is effectively eliminated thereby. The means for eliminating any step or discontinuity may of course also be modified as disclosed in my aforementioned prior patents.
FIG. 9 illustrates a preferred embodiment in accordance with the present invention in which the guide hook 12 of the embodiment of FIGS. 1-8 is replaced by a cold-deformed hook 112 performing both guide and support functions. This hook 112 is thereby cold-deformed out of the inner band material 14 in such a manner that it is separated from the inner band portion 14 only along the guide and abutment surfaces 112a and 112b which are substantially V-shaped as viewed in plan view in FIG. 9. Along the rest of its contour, the cold-deformed hook 112 is integral with the inner band portion.
In the embodiment of FIGS. 11 and 12, the guide hook 12 of the embodiment of FIGS. 1-8 is replaced by a guide and support hook 212 which is of tab-like configuration, pressed-out of the band material and extending generally in the circumferential direction, which is provided with a guide surface 212a, much in the manner of the tab 4 of my prior U.S. Pat. No. 3,286,314.
The modified embodiment of an earless clamp structure illustrated in FIGS. 13 through 18, in which similar reference numerals of the 100 series are used to designate parts corresponding to those of the clamp structure of FIGS. 1 through 12, consists of three parts, namely a clamping band 11 and of two connecting parts generally designated by reference numerals 114 and 116 formed by corresponding band portions. The open ends of the clamping band 111 are thereby adapted to be mechanically connected with a respective band portion 114 and 116 while the latter are adapted to be mechanically interconnected in a manner similar to the mechanical interconnection described in connection with the embodiment of FIGS. 1 through 12. More specifically, the band part 116 is mechanically connected with the clamping band 111 by means of a guide hook 112' and two support hooks 113 provided on the part 116 which are adapted to engage in aperture 117 provided near one end of the clamping band 111. Similarly, the band part 114 is adapted to be mechanically connected with the opposite end of the clamping band by means of a guide hook 112' and two support hooks 113 adapted to engage in apertures 117, in the manner more fully disclosed in my prior U.S. Pat. No. 4,299,012. To permit preassembly, a further approximately L-shaped hook 118 is provided on each of the band parts 114 and 116 (FIGS. 13 and 14), which is adapted to be bent over the corresponding end of the clamping band 111, as shown in FIGS. 15 and 16 in order to hold the parts 114 and 116 fixed in position relative to the clamping band 111.
To enable tightening of the clamp structure about the object to be fastened by the use of a tightening tool, similar to the tool 20 illustrated in FIG. 8, the band portions 116 and 114 are each provided with a tool-engaging abutment 124 and 125, respectively, constituted by cold-deformed, pressed-out embossments of at least approximately semi-circularly shape in cross-section, whereby the pressed-out tool engaging embossment 124 in the band portion 116 is essentially semi-cylindrical with transverse abutment surfaces 124a and 124b while its longitudinal cylindrical walls are integral with the outer band portion 116. In contrast thereto, the cold deformed pressed-out tool engaging embossment 125 of the band portion 114 only has one tool engaging abutment surface 125a while being integral with the band portion 114 substantially over its remaining contour.
The band portion 116 is again provided with an elongated opening 127 which is of such width that the pressed out tool engaging abutment 125 of the band portion 114 can extend therethrough. An outwardly extending hook 128 is also provided again in the band portion 114 adjacent the pressed-out embossment 125, which is adapted to extend through the opening 127 in order to provide a preassembly when in abutment with the end face 127a of the opening 127. Moreover, the inner and outer pressed out embossments 125 and 124 are again of complementary shape as shown in FIG. 7, so that the pressed out embossment 125 of the inner band portion 114 can slide underneath the pressed out embossment 124 of the outer band portion 116 during tightening of the clamp structure by the tightening tool.
The mechanical interlock between the band portions 114 and 116 is thereby effected by a cold-deformed pressed-out hook 112 similar to the hook 112 of FIG. 9 which performs both guide and support functions and to that end is of approximately V-shaped configuration with inclined surfaces 112a and 112b as seen in plan view (FIG. 13). The guide and support hook 112 which is adapted to engage in aperture 115a provided in the band portion 116, due to its particular configuration and construction, is thereby sufficient to withstand the substantial tightening forces required for installing the clamp structure without the use of an ear or the like, which forces may attain, depending on thickness and width of the band, a magnitude of up to 500 kg and more to obtain a clamp structure that seals completely satisfactorily.
To avoid any step or discontinuity along the entire inner object engaging surfaces of the clamp structure, the clamp structure in accordance with the present invention, illustrated in FIGS. 13 through 18, is provided with further means which eliminated any steps in the area of overlap between the band portion 114 and the band portion 116, between the band portion 114 and one end of the clamping band 111 and between the band portion 116 and the opposite end of the clamping band 111. More specifically, to avoid any such step between the band portions 114 and 116, the band portion 114 is again provided with a tongue-like extension 131 adapted to engage in a tongue receiving channel formed by the step 133 and the longitudinal cuts 134 which permit the formation of the tongue receiving channel by pressing out the central part 135, having lateral band portions 136 on both sides thereof.
To avoid a step in the area of overlap between the two ends of the clamping band 111 and the band portions 114 and 116, the latter are each provided with a tongue-like extension 137 adapted to engage in aperture 138 on the side of the step 139 opposite the apertures 117. These means are again similar to the means disclosed in my prior U.S. Pat. No. 4,299,012 and 4,315,348.
The clamp structure of FIGS. 13 through 18 offers the additional advantage that it permits the attainment of a clamp structure of any desired diameter by utilizing a "do-it-yourself" approach, so to speak of. For that purpose, it is only necessary to stock as standard parts the band portions 114 and 116 and a roll of clamping band 111, to thereupon cut the clamping band to predetermined length and to form apertures 117 and 138 therein by the use of a tool, such as for example described in my prior U.S. Pat. No. 4,050,154, which may also be modified to produce the step 139. By thus utilizing a three-partite clamp structure consisting of two standard parts, it is possible to make, on the spot, a clamp structure of desired dimensions, utilizing for example, a table indicating the length of the clamping band which must be cut off for a given diametric dimension, when using the standardized parts 114 and 116.
While I have shown and described several embodiments in accordance with the present invention, it is understood that the same is not limited thereto but is susceptible of numerous changes and modifications as known to those skilled in the art and I therefore do not wish to be limited to the details shown and described herein but intend to cover all such changes and modifications as are encompassed by the scope of the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US14762 *||Apr 29, 1856||Earth|
|US26157 *||Nov 22, 1859||Milton b|
|US162725 *||Mar 12, 1875||Apr 27, 1875||Improvement in hoops for barrels|
|US1141046 *||Nov 7, 1914||May 25, 1915||Peter Armand Dubus||Method for forming tie-joints.|
|US1277076 *||Mar 12, 1918||Aug 27, 1918||Harvey Ireland||Sheet-metal shock-binder.|
|US1330737 *||Sep 24, 1919||Feb 10, 1920||Coffman Jacob H||Coupling-clamp|
|US1378508 *||Oct 22, 1917||May 17, 1921||Remington Typewriter Co||Box or receptacle|
|US2113443 *||Jun 5, 1937||Apr 5, 1938||Eggerss Hans A||Band for containers|
|US2249764 *||Jul 9, 1938||Jul 22, 1941||American Can Co||Locking device|
|US2614304 *||Nov 28, 1951||Oct 21, 1952||Hans Oetiker||Hose clip|
|US2970359 *||Sep 19, 1956||Feb 7, 1961||Dryden Horace W||Locking means for plastic strap|
|US3082498 *||Jan 6, 1959||Mar 26, 1963||Hans Oetiker||Compression band|
|US3131466 *||Oct 31, 1960||May 5, 1964||Maccoon Laurence P||Compression band|
|US3266109 *||Feb 4, 1965||Aug 16, 1966||Jurid Werke Gmbh||Coupling-clamp|
|US3286314 *||Jan 21, 1964||Nov 22, 1966||Hans Oetiker||Method of manufacturing rings and riveted endless annular structures|
|US3293709 *||Oct 23, 1964||Dec 27, 1966||Tinnerman Products Inc||Clamp device|
|US3358351 *||Feb 18, 1966||Dec 19, 1967||Mcquay Norris Mfg Co||Piston ring contraction device|
|US3475793 *||Nov 23, 1965||Nov 4, 1969||Oetiker Hans||Spring tensioned band clamping device|
|US3510918 *||Sep 24, 1968||May 12, 1970||Oetiker Hans||Clamping device|
|US3523337 *||Jun 26, 1968||Aug 11, 1970||Oetiker Hans||Clamping device|
|US4299012 *||May 8, 1979||Nov 10, 1981||Hans Oetiker||Hose clamp|
|US4315348 *||May 8, 1979||Feb 16, 1982||Hans Oetiker||Mechanical lock for clamps|
|US4319385 *||Jun 4, 1979||Mar 16, 1982||Societe En Nom Collectif Dite: Calmettes, Marchou & Cie||Fastening device of the clamp type|
|US4425781 *||Feb 4, 1981||Jan 17, 1984||Hans Oetiker||Method for manufacturing hose clamps|
|US4468840 *||Apr 28, 1981||Sep 4, 1984||Rasmussen Gmbh||Clamp for hoses or the like|
|US4517708 *||Feb 1, 1984||May 21, 1985||Establissements Caillau||Clamp|
|CH413519A *||Title not available|
|*||DE1845659A||Title not available|
|DE1915358A1 *||Mar 26, 1969||Feb 4, 1971||Western Electric Co||Magnetisches Material|
|DE1931038A1 *||Jun 19, 1969||Jun 9, 1971||Chalon & Megard Freres Sa||Cheese from cooked pastes|
|EP0006069A1 *||Jun 5, 1979||Dec 12, 1979||CALMETTES, MARCHOU & Cie Société en nom collectif dite:||Clamping-strap type fastener|
|EP0079252A1 *||Sep 16, 1982||May 18, 1983||Etablissements CAILLAU||Clamp|
|GB582565A *||Title not available|
|GB695056A *||Title not available|
|GB778861A *||Title not available|
|GB932116A *||Title not available|
|GB1013380A *||Title not available|
|GB1367275A *||Title not available|
|GB1544148A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5902478 *||Feb 12, 1997||May 11, 1999||Advanced Performance Technology, Inc.||Filter anti-rotation device|
|US7424769||Jun 4, 2004||Sep 16, 2008||Nhk Spring Co., Ltd.||Boot band|
|US7434440||Apr 20, 2006||Oct 14, 2008||Murray Corporation||Heavy-duty PEX clamp installation tool|
|US7937812 *||Mar 31, 2006||May 10, 2011||Nhk Spring Co., Ltd.||Boot band|
|US8720907||Mar 23, 2011||May 13, 2014||Press-Seal Gasket Corporation||Expansion ring assembly|
|US20060123604 *||Jun 4, 2004||Jun 15, 2006||Nhk Spring Co., Ltd.||Boot band|
|US20060236743 *||Apr 20, 2006||Oct 26, 2006||Murray Corporation||Heavy-duty PEX clamp installation tool|
|US20090049655 *||Mar 31, 2006||Feb 26, 2009||Nhk Spring Co., Ltd||Boot band|
|US20110074116 *||Sep 29, 2010||Mar 31, 2011||Press-Seal Gasket Corporation||Collapsible expansion mechanism for effecting a seal|
|EP1640619A1 *||Jun 4, 2004||Mar 29, 2006||NHK Spring Co., Ltd.||Boot band|
|EP1640619A4 *||Jun 4, 2004||Jun 21, 2006||Nhk Spring Co Ltd||Boot band|
|EP1867881A1 *||Mar 31, 2006||Dec 19, 2007||Nhk Spring Co.Ltd.||Boot band|
|EP1867881A4 *||Mar 31, 2006||Jun 4, 2008||Nhk Spring Co Ltd||Boot band|
|U.S. Classification||24/20.00R, 24/20.00W, 24/20.0EE|
|International Classification||B65D63/02, F16L33/035, F16B2/08|
|Cooperative Classification||F16B2/08, F16L33/035, Y10T24/1488, B65D63/02, Y10T24/1457, Y10T24/148|
|European Classification||B65D63/02, F16B2/08, F16L33/035|
|Jul 1, 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jul 2, 1996||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12