|Publication number||USRE33971 E|
|Application number||US 07/711,158|
|Publication date||Jun 23, 1992|
|Filing date||Jun 6, 1991|
|Priority date||Jun 12, 1989|
|Also published as||US4951367|
|Publication number||07711158, 711158, US RE33971 E, US RE33971E, US-E-RE33971, USRE33971 E, USRE33971E|
|Inventors||Martin D. Wolfe|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (7), Classifications (6), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to casket constructions and more particularly to metal casket constructions having a metal container for a body defined by a bottom and side walls which require protection against corrosion.
It is known to provide anodic corrosion protection of metal casket constructions wherein a metal container encloses the body. In such cases the embalming fluid and body deterioration can produce a fluid which is highly acidic and therefor able to corrode away metals that are used in metal containers which are used in many present day coffin constructions. In order to retard such corrosion, anodes are connected to the metal container of the coffin. The anodic material is selected to be more susceptible to corrosion than the base metal material of the coffin construction, e.g., in the case of steel container the anodes can be made of magnesium. The anodes are connected to the steel container and are preferentially corroded to protect the integrity of the low cost material of the metal container.
It is also known to make the whole casket construction from plastic material to form a body enclosure. Examples of such constructions are set forth in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,800,631; 3,997,948; 3,545,055; and 2,916,797.
An object of the present invention is to provide a casket construction in which a metal container is formed by use of existing tooling and experienced labor to form a low cost construction the container having a bottom and side walls formed of metallic material susceptible to corrosion characterized by the further provision of a liner in the form of a shield member insertable within the metal container for shielding its bottom and side walls against corrosion.
A further feature of the present invention is to adapt known metal casket constructions to be more corrosion resistant by use of a shield member having a base and side walls partially shielding the side walls of the metal container to collect any products of bodily decomposition before contact thereof with the base metal of the container.
Another feature of the present invention is to solve the problem of corrosion in known metal casket construction by locating a shield member therein having a shallow pan shape with a base located in juxtaposed relationship with the bottom of said metal container and with side walls located in interlocking engagement with the side walls of said metal container.
Another feature of the present invention is to provide such a casket construction further characterized by said shield member being a plastic which is resistant to acidic solutions.
Yet another feature of the present invention is to provide such a casket construction in which the insertable shield is in the form of a single integral member of sheet plastic material which is resistant to acidic solutions.
Further objects, features and advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the invention in a standard casket construction formed as metal container for a body;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a shield pan of the present invention; and
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view of the shield pan of FIG. 2 inserted in interlocking relationship with the bottom of the casket construction.
Referring now to the drawing, a metal casket construction 10 is illustrated of the type having a metal container 12 for a body and a lid 14 for covering the metal container 12.
The metal container specifically includes metal side walls 16-22 formed by standard metal bending and welding techniques or by casting techniques. The side walls 16-22 are connected to a bottom or base member 24 of like metal construction.
In order to solve the problem of collection of fluids which are created over time by bodily decomposition the present invention includes a shield member 26 located in the bottom of the casket construction 10 at a point below cushioning or other body support means 27 as partially shown in FIG. 3 which will support the interred body within the metal container 12.
Specifically, the shield member 26 is formed from a single sheet of corrosion resistant plastic. The single sheet of plastic includes a continuously molded upper lip 28 which is located in pressure sealed relationship with the inside surfaces 16a-20a of the side walls 16-18 at a recess 30 therein located above the bottom 24 of the metal container 12. Additionally the sheet of plastic has side walls 32-38 which extend upwardly from a base 40. Side walls 32-38 and base 40 combine to form a shallow pan insert which has an open cavity 42 located below a supported body. The cavity will collect any corrosive body fluids so as to prevent them from directly contacting the metal walls and base of the metal container 12.
In the illustrated embodiment the shield member is preferably made from castable, injection moldable or thermoformable plastic materials such as polyester resins or acrylic compounds, or ionic polymers, or nitrile resins or polycarbonates or polyethylene and other polymer compounds. The requirement of the invention is that the material be easily inserted into the bottom regions of known metal constructions and once in place provide a corrosion resistant collection point for any products of bodily decomposition.
In order to meet this objective in one proposed embodiment the side walls 32-38 are elevated between 6 to 8 inches above the bottom. The lip 28 is configured to have a length which establishes a pressure seal at the recess 30 to hold the shield member in its inserted position so that other components including body platform and cushions can be later assembled in place. To this end, the bottom 42 of the pan includes integrally formed hollow risers 44 which fit over brackets 46 on the casket bottom 24. The brackets 46 are spot welded to the casket bottom 24 and are provided for spring and mattress mounting. While two risers are illustrated it should be recognized that more risers or less can be provided depending upon the design of a metal container in which the liner of the present invention is to be inserted.
Also if desired, depending upon the wall thickness of the molded plastic liner 26, it might be desirable to add reinforcing ribs such as ribs 48 as partially shown in FIG. 3.
The shield member 26 of the present invention enables a casket manufacturer to continue to use existing metal forming and welding tooling for the basic casket construction and incorporate only minimal changes therein for receipt of the insertable shield member 26. The resultant combination affords corrosion resistance heretofore achieved only by use of expensive anodic protection systems or by use of all plastic constructions, which constructions of necessity would require extensive retooling of many existing casket manufacturing facilities.
Thus, there has been provided a casket construction which fully satisfies the objects, aims and advantages set forth above. While the television has been described in connection with a specific embodiment thereof, it is evident that many alternatives, modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art in light of the foregoing description. Accordingly, it intended to embrace all such alternatives, modifications, and variations as fall within the spirit and broad scope of the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3488818 *||Feb 21, 1968||Jan 13, 1970||Orr Carl R||Burial casket with transparent body covering lining|
|US4448826 *||Jul 29, 1982||May 15, 1984||Ameritek, Inc.||Casket coating|
|US4780940 *||Jul 13, 1987||Nov 1, 1988||Jay William G||Viewing pouch particularly for bodies dead of a communicable disease|
|US4827581 *||Jan 19, 1988||May 9, 1989||Michael Davidian||Metal casket containing a plastisol liner and method of making the same|
|DE2719154A1 *||Apr 29, 1977||Nov 9, 1978||Rudolf Saeger||Plastics lining for bottom half of a coffin - comprises mattress-type inflatable central portion and surrounding edging reaching to top of half coffin|
|FR2538898A1 *||Title not available|
|FR2590796A3 *||Title not available|
|GB2206334A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5615464 *||Mar 23, 1995||Apr 1, 1997||Batesville Casket Company, Inc.||Liquid retaining system for casket|
|US5771550 *||Aug 31, 1995||Jun 30, 1998||Batesville Casket Company, Inc.||Method of lining sheet metal casket with liquid impervious liner and casket with liner constructed by such method|
|US7197794 *||Jul 7, 2004||Apr 3, 2007||Vandor Corporation||Modular drip tray|
|US7322079 *||Jul 23, 2004||Jan 29, 2008||Vandor Corporation||Multipurpose funereal tray|
|US20050050701 *||Jul 23, 2004||Mar 10, 2005||Davis Gerald H.||Multipurpose funereal tray|
|US20050147524 *||Jan 6, 2004||Jul 7, 2005||Bousquet Gerald G.||Sterile tubing termination assembly|
|US20060005364 *||Jul 7, 2004||Jan 12, 2006||Davis Gerald H||Modular drip tray|
|U.S. Classification||27/19, 27/2|
|Cooperative Classification||A61G2017/047, A61G17/04|
|Feb 28, 1994||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Feb 27, 1998||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jul 20, 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BATESVILLE CASKET COMPANY, INC., INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WOLFE, MARTIN D.;REEL/FRAME:009328/0409
Effective date: 19980302
|Jan 2, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12