|Publication number||USRE34018 E|
|Application number||US 07/581,420|
|Publication date||Aug 4, 1992|
|Filing date||Sep 12, 1990|
|Priority date||Aug 8, 1984|
|Publication number||07581420, 581420, US RE34018 E, US RE34018E, US-E-RE34018, USRE34018 E, USRE34018E|
|Inventors||Walter J. Petersen, John M. Svendsen|
|Original Assignee||Wagner Spray Tech Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (27), Referenced by (9), Classifications (15), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
.Iadd.This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 264,382 filed Oct. 31, 1988, now abandoned. .Iaddend.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to heating coil assemblies, and in particular to a heating coil assembly suitable for use in a heavy duty hot air blower.
2 Description of the Prior Art
Heating coil assemblies are known in the art for use in various types of hot air blowing devices, such as paint-removing blowers, hair dryers and the like. Conventional heating coil assemblies are generally positioned adjacent to a blower fan and have a resistance heating element, generally in the form of a coil wire, disposed such that the blower moves air to be heated axially over the coil, such that when the air exits the assembly it has been elevated in temperature by the coil.
Many conventional units simply have the coil, and supporting means therefor, disposed openly within the housing of the blower device, such that the air passage surrounding the coil is a relatively large volume defined by the coil itself and the interior wall of the housing. Examples of such conventional devices are described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,943,329; 3,947,659; 3,109,083; 2,778,919; 2,730,609; 2,041,687; 1,955,240; 1,821,525 and 1,777,744.
Other known heating coil assemblies have a sleeve or other interior means surrounding the coil in the inside of the device housing, so as to define a smaller volume for passage of air over the coils. Examples of devices of this type are described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,198,556; 3,857,016; 3,668,370; 3,612,824 and 3,094,606.
A problem existing in the field of heating coil assembly manufacture is that of providing a reliable heating means which can be utilized for purposes requiring a sufficient volume of extremely hot air, such as for removing paint from a surface by causing the paint to blister by the application of intense heat thereto, is that of providing a heating element which meets these demands which is inexpensive, easy to assembly, and has relatively few elements. A further problem in the design and manufacture of such heavy duty heating elements is to provide such an element which generates sufficient heat for elevating the temperature of a large volume of air but which is sufficiently insulated from the remainder of the device so as to not cause a danger to the user.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a heating coil assembly for use in a heavy duty hot air blowing device which consists of a small number of elements which are easily assembled and retained.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a means for assemblying the heating coil assembly which simultaneously axially and radially positions and retains the elements thereof.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide such a heating coil assembly which rapidly and effectively elevates the temperature of a high volume of moving air yet provides sufficient insulation from surrounding components so as to minimize heat transfer thereto, thereby contributing to safer operation of the device containing the assembly.
The above objects are inventively achieved in a heating coil assembly having an annular mounting element, which may be comprised of plastic, and two ceramic end faces with a ceramic core about which a resistance heating element is spirally wound and a ceramic sleeve disposed therebetween. Each element has a polygonal centrally disposed bore therein for receiving a heavy gauge polygonal wire retainer therethrough. The retainer is swaged at one end and is fitted with a press fit washer at its opposite end for simultaneously axially and radially positioning and retaining all of the elements, and further facilitating ease of assembly of the elements.
Each of the end faces which are disposed adjacent the insulating sleeve surrounding the heating element have vanes extending toward the interior of the sleeve which are received in the sleeve so as to form in combination a cylindrical insulating shell for the heating element.
FIG. 1 is a sectional view of a heating coil assembly constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an end view of the heating coil assembly shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the heating coil assembly shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is a circuit diagram for the heating coil in the assembly shown in FIG. 1.
A heating coil assembly constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention is generally referenced at 1 in FIG. 1. The assembly 1 has an annular support element 2, which may be comprised of plastic, and a hollow cylindrical ceramic sleeve 3 closed at each end by respective ceramic end caps 4 and 5. Each end cap 4 and 5 has an outer rim and a central hub 9 from which a plurality of struts or vanes, such as 6a and 6b that radially extend so as to define a plurality of annularly disposed openings vents or radial apertures 6 in the end cap 4, and the like plurality of vanes such as 8a and 8b define openings or vents radial apertures 8 in the end cap 5. The hubs 9 for each of the end caps 4 and 5, and the vanes radially extending therefrom, extend slightly into the interior of the ceramic sleeve 3 so as to form a shoulder in combination with the outer rim of the caps 4 and 5 so as to provide a ceramic insulating shell or housing in combination with the sleeve 3. A ceramic core 10 is centrally disposed within the interior of the housing formed by the sleeve 3 and the end caps 4 and 5. The core 10 has a helical groove 11 formed thereon which receives a helical spiral heating coil 12. The heating coil 12 is of the type well known to those skilled in the art and may consist, for example, of heavy gauge resistance wire. The flights of the coil 12 may be further separated and insulated by small projections 13 on the core 10.
As shown in the circuit diagram in FIG. 4, the coil 12 has a center tap 18 and two end terminals 15 and 39. The center tap 18 is guided within a radial slot 35 in the core 10 to the end of the core 10, at which point the wire 18 enters an aperture 7 in the end cap 4 and is connected to an exterior wire 17 by a connector 19. One end terminal 15 of the coil 12 is received and retained between two spaced posts 42 formed on the core 10 and is conducted through one of the apertures 6 in the end cap 4, wherein it is connected to another exterior wire 14 by another connector 16. The other end terminal 39 of the coil 12 extends through an axial channel 36 within the core 10, the channel 36 terminating in a radial slot 37 adjacent the end cap 5. The wire 39 is conducted through the channel 36 and the slot 37 for connection to the coil 12. The opposite end of the terminal 39 is conducted through another opening 41 in the end cap 4 wherein it is connected to another exterior wire 20 by means of another connector 38.
The annular support element 2 has a plurality of exterior vanes 22 radially disposed around the periphery thereof for positioning and retaining the support element 2, and the remainder of the assembly connected thereto, in a housing (not shown) of the blower device in which the heating coil assembly 1 is to be employed. The annular support element 2 further has a centrally disposed boss 25 from which a plurality of ribs or struts 21 radially extend toward the outer rim thereof. The outer rim has a passage 23 for permitting the exterior wires 14, 17 and 20 to exit for connection to a power source.
A cylindrical spacer 24, which may also be comprised of ceramic material, extends centrally through the annular support element 2 between the boss 25 and the end cap 4. The entire assembly is held together, and the relative positions of the elements fixed, by a retainer 31 in the form of heavy gauge square wire. The retainer 31 is swaged at one end 32 thereof. Elements 2, 4, 5, 10 and 24 of the assembly 1 have a centrally disposed square bore for receiving the retainer 31. The end cap 5 has a centrally disposed square bore 30, the core 10 has a centrally disposed square bore 30, the end cap 4 has a centrally disposed square bore 28 and the boss 25 of the annular support element 2 has a centrally disposed square bore 26. The spacer 24 has a centrally disposed bore 27, which may be square or circular, since it is not absolutely necessary to radially restrain the spacer 24. A washer 33 is disposed between the swaged end 32 of the retainer 31 and the end cap 5. The opposite free end of the retainer 31 extends slightly beyond the boss 25 and has a press fit retaining washer 34, such as a Tinnerman nut, forced thereon. The washer 34 has a correspondingly shaped opening 40 therein and is slightly bowed such that once in place the edges of the opening 40 provides sufficient friction against the retainer 31 so as to hold all of the elements together. The elements are thus easily longitudinally fixed in relative position, and the square cross section of the retainer 31 received in the respective square bores simultaneously radially fixes the relative positions of the elements. It will be understood that although the retainer 31 is shown as having a square cross section, any polygonal cross section which prevents radial rotation can be employed, such as a hex, triangle, D-shape, or the like, the bores of the respective components through which the retainer 31 extends being correspondingly shaped.
The entire assembly 1 can thus be easily assembled without the necessity of time-consuming adjustment of the various elements. The coil 12 can be wound on the core 10 and the leads extending therefrom easily inserted appropriately through the end cap 4, after which all elements can be placed in succession on the retainer 31 as shown in the exploded view of FIG. 3. The entire assembly can then be appropriately inserted within the blower device in which it is to be used.
Although modifications and changes may be suggested by those skilled in the art it is the intention of the inventors to embody within the patent warranted hereon all changes and modifications as reasonably and properly come within the scope of their contribution to the art.
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|U.S. Classification||338/303, 34/97, 219/550, 219/546, 392/383, 174/138.00J, 338/268, 392/379, 338/270, 34/667, 392/485, 338/321|
|Jul 12, 1994||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Aug 23, 1994||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jun 8, 1998||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12