|Publication number||USRE34636 E|
|Application number||US 07/813,970|
|Publication date||Jun 14, 1994|
|Filing date||Dec 24, 1991|
|Priority date||May 29, 1987|
|Also published as||US4805525|
|Publication number||07813970, 813970, US RE34636 E, US RE34636E, US-E-RE34636, USRE34636 E, USRE34636E|
|Inventors||Thomas H. Bivens|
|Original Assignee||Bivens Thomas H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (16), Non-Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (40), Classifications (12), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates generally to filtering apparatus, and more particularly to a filter assembly for the effective filtration of liquids such as cooking oil without the requirement of filter paper or other disposable filter elements.
Cooking oil is extensively used in the food industry to cook various comestibles. Animal fat or other suitable material may sometimes be used as the cooking material in lieu of cooking oil. The term "cooking oil" is used herein to designate any such material. Frying is frequently accomplished in relatively deep containers with the comestible to be cooked immersed in the cooking oil. In cases where quantities of food are regularly cooked in such a manner, the cooking oil becomes contaminated with various particles of food or other impurities, and charred food particles produce an odor which adversely affects the taste of foods cooked therein. Clean cooking oil further provides relatively efficient utilization of energy in the cooking process.
Wire mesh strainers have been long known and used to remove particulate matter from cooking oil. Strainers have not been effective, however, to remove sufficient particulate matter to provide particulate-free cooking oil, and have been demonstrated to only slightly prolong the usefulness of the cooking oil.
To beneficially control free fatty acids in the cooking oil, suspended particles of the size of two (2) microns and larger should be removed from the cooking oil.
As presently commercially practiced, cooking oil is cleaned by pumping it through a filter assembly containing filter paper or other disposable filter element. A filter powder is normally applied to the filter element by dispersal in the cooking oil being cleaned to precipitate particulates and to control odor. Filter powders commonly consist of diatomaceous earth or pearlite; however, some consist of chemical mixtures.
A principal disadvantage of the presently practiced methods of filtering is the requirement of paper or other disposable filter element. In restaurants with high volumes of food processing, paper filters are commonly changed four to six times per day. Disposable filter elements require the time and expense of disassembly of the filter assembly from time to time to replace the filter element, and require the expense of the disposable filters.
Additionally, disposable filters tend to be easily damaged. Tears or other voids in filters may result in particulate matter and filter powder flowing through the pump with consequent reduced pump life and efficiency, filter powder accumulation on heating elements, and filter powder contamination of the cooking oil.
Kyle, U.S. Pat. No. 4,604,203 discloses a cooking oil filtering apparatus and filter therefor involving a layered filter formed of a porous web of microfibers and supported by a material more porous than the microfiber web. The filter material disclosed is not purported to be a permanent material thus replacement is required from time to time.
Bisko, U.S. Pat. No. 3,735,871 discloses a cloth filter jacket for a cooking oil filtering apparatus, the purported purpose of which is to provide a jacket which enables cleaning of the filter assembly by scraping, thus prolonging the time periods between disassembly of the filter apparatus and replacement of the disposable filter element.
Shepherd, U.S. Pat. No. 3,279,605 discloses a filter assembly providing for pumping of the cooking oil through the filter assembly, which filter assembly includes a disposable filter medium.
Gedrich, U.S. Pat. No. 3,263,818 discloses a cooking oil filtering apparatus providing pumping of the filtered cooking oil to its original, or other, container. The filter assembly disclosed includes a disposable filter element.
Miles, et al, U.S. Pat. No. 2,760,641 discloses a portable filtering apparatus providing pumping of the cooking oil through the filter assembly, which filter assembly includes a disposable filter element.
Overbeck, U.S. Pat. No. 2,635,527 discloses a deep frying strainer to be located at the bottom of the cooking oil container to strain food particles from cooking oil as the strainer is lifted from the container and the liquid is forced through the strainer by the action of gravity. Although beneficial to remove much particulate matter, the invention disclosed does not effectively remove smaller particulate contaminants.
.Iadd.A sales brochure (undated, but known to have been published in 1985) by Filtration International, Inc., entitled "New! Permafil Oil Filters Eliminates Filter Papers" (Model FIP-110), discloses a stainless steel filter similar in some respects but dissimilar in others to the present invention. Photographs of this filter and a more complete description are set forth in an accompanying prior art statement. .Iaddend.
The inventions disclosed and the current known practice of filtering cooking oil indicate that paper filters or other disposable filters are required to remove sufficient small particulate matter to provide for continued re-use of cooking oil required in commercial cooking applications. Disadvantages of disposable filters include the cost of the filters and the time and expense involved in the disassembly of the filter assembly and replacement of the filters.
The present invention is distinguished over the prior art in general, and these patents .Iadd.and the Filtration International Brochure, .Iaddend.in particular .Iadd.by .Iaddend.a filter apparatus comprising an envelope formed of an upper wire mesh filter element and a lower wire mesh filter element joined about their peripheral edges and a porous insert filter member removably contained centrally within the envelope which has a plurality of voids allowing vertical and lateral fluid flow therethrough. The filter assembly is releasably secured in the assembled condition by a fastener which is adapted to be connected to a pump and the fastener has fluid passageways in communication with .Iadd.the laterally extending passages in .Iaddend.the porous insert for drawing fluid through the upper and lower filter elements and said insert. The upper and lower filter elements of the envelope are formed of stainless steel mesh and the porous insert filter member is formed of apertured aluminum plate.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a filtering apparatus that effectively removes particulate matter from cooking oil without the necessity of regular replacement of the filter element.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a filter assembly incorporating a permanent filter element to provide for relatively efficient and economical filtering of cooking oil.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a filter assembly incorporating a permanent filter element that can be readily adapted to replace existing filter assemblies in a variety of applications.
It is another object of this invention to provide a filter assembly resistant to damage.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a filter element that can be readily repaired.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a method of filtering particulate matter from cooking oil without the use of disposable filters.
Other objects of the invention will become apparent from time to time throughout the specification and claims as hereinafter related.
The above noted objects and other objects of the invention are accomplished by the present apparatus for filtering contaminants from liquids which includes a filter assembly comprising an envelope formed of an upper wire mesh filter element and a lower wire mesh filter element joined about their peripheral edges and a porous insert filter member removably contained centrally within the envelope which has a plurality of voids allowing vertical and lateral fluid flow therethrough. The filter assembly is releasably secured in the assembled condition by a fastener which is adapted to be connected to a pump and the fastener has fluid passageways in communication with .Iadd.the lateral flow passages in .Iaddend.the porous insert for drawing fluid through the upper and lower filter elements and said insert. The upper and lower filter elements of the envelope are formed of stainless steel mesh and the porous insert filter member is formed of apertured .Iadd.slitted .Iaddend.aluminum plate.
FIG. 1 is a cross sectional view of the filtering apparatus in accordance with the present invention being employed to filter cooking oil.
FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view schematically illustrating the filter assembly of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the filter assembly of the present invention.
Referring to the drawings by numerals of reference, there is shown schematically in FIG. 1, apparatus for filtering cooking oil. The apparatus comprises a filter assembly 10 installed in a container 11 containing a quantity of cooking oil 12, a delivery tube 14 connecting the filter assembly 10 to a pump 13, and a pump outlet tube 15 providing for transmission of fluid from the pump 13 to the container 11 or other desired destination. The pump is schematically shown as it may be of any appropriate conventional design.
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the filter assembly 10 comprises a generally flat filter insert member 16 of square or rectangular configuration enclosed centrally within a wire mesh envelope 17. The envelope 17 is formed of an upper wire mesh filter element 18 and a lower wire mesh filter element 19 of equal size. The filter elements 18 and 19 are of sufficient length and width to extend beyond the edges of the insert member 16.
Filter insert 16 is formed of relatively rigid metallic material, such as aluminum, and contains sufficient voids to allow the free flow of fluids therethrough .Iadd.both vertically and laterally.Iaddend.. The insert surface area is sufficient to support the relatively flexible mesh of the upper filter element 18 and the lower filter element 19. The filter insert 16 is preferrably constructed of deformable material (such as aluminum) so that it may be deformed to conform with the contour of cooking oil containers having rounded bottoms. Such deformity allows cooking oil to be circulated from the lower recesses of such containers. Aluminum plate having a tubular slit grid has been proven to be a material which is suitably plastic and suitably rigid at temperatures incurred in cooking oil applications and also provides .Iadd.passages for .Iaddend.a vertical and lateral fluid path.
Upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 may be formed of flexibly rigid and durable wire mesh, such as stainless steel. A strand mesh configuration is preferred because it is more suitable for use with comestibles. Wire mesh of the following warp and fill (expressed in strands per inch) and with the indicated respective diameters have been determined to be suitable:
24×110 stainless steel wire mesh with 0.0145 inch and 0.90 inch strand diameters respectively;
80×70 stainless steel wire mesh with strand diameter of 0.0055 inches; and
100 stainless steel wire mesh with strand diameter of 0.0045 inches.
It should be understood that other combinations of warp and fill and strand sizing or material of construction may be practiced without departing from the scope of the invention.
U-shaped channel members 22, 23 and 24 are located along three outer edges of upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19. Channel members 22, 23 and 24 maintain the three edges of filter elements 18 and 19 in a contiguous configuration within the channel of the U-shaped channel members 22, 23 and 24 along the length of each respective edge. The three edges contiguously joined by channel members 22, 23 and 24 along the length of each respective edge. The three edges contiguously joined by channel members 22, 23 and 24 in conjunction with the remaining unengaged edges of upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 form a pocket into which filter insert 16 is inserted. Channel members 22, 23 and 24 may be permanently attached to upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 and may be permanently attached at their points of intersection. Suitable means for attachment include spot welding.
Another U-shaped channel member 25 is pivotally connected to the end of channel member 22 at hinge 42. After insertion of filter insert 16 into the envelope pocket, the nonattached end of channel member 25 is rotated toward the unconnected edge of filter elements 18 and 19 until the nonattached end connects the end of channel member 24, and is releasably attached thereto by spring 30, with the edges of upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 maintained within the channel of U-shaped channel member 25. Upon connection of channel member 25 to channel member 24, upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 are connected at their outer edges around their entire periphery surrounding filter insert 16. The peripheral edges of upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 may be plazma-welded prior to connection of channel members 22, 23, 24, and 25 to prevent tearing or unraveling of the exposed ends.
Apertures 26, 27, and 28 are provided through the center of upper filter element 18, lower filter element 19 and filter insert 16 respectively. Flat collar members 31 and 32 are attached at the upper and lower surfaces of upper filter element 18 to surround the aperture 26. Flat collars 33 and 34 are attached at the upper and lower surfaces of lower filter element 19 to surround the aperture 28. The internal diameter of the collars 31-34 and the apertures 26-28 is sufficient to slidably receive the threaded shaft 35 of a fastener or closure plug 36 having an enlarged diameter head or flange 37.
The threaded shaft 35 of closure plug 36 is inserted upwardly through the collars 31-34 until the flange 37 bears against the lowermost collar 34 and the threaded shaft extend beyond the uppermost collar 31. A cylindrical cap 38 having a threaded longitudinal bore 39 is threadedly received on the threaded shaft 35. The cap 38 is threadedly tightened against the upper collar 31 to compressibly secure the insert 16, upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 together. The collars 31-34 are constructed of relatively rigid material and protect upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 from damage due to compressive and angular forces resulting from closure of the cap 38.
Thus, the insert 16, upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 are effectively clamped between the flange 37 and the bottom of the cap 38. The length of the cap 38 is such that sufficient threads remain at the top of the cap to threadedly receive and removably connect the filter assembly to a delivery tube 14.
A central longitudinal port 40 extends inwardly within the closure plug 36 a distance from the end of the threaded shaft 35 and a plurality of circumferentially spaced transverse ports 41 extend through the shaft in communication with the central port 40. The ports 41 are axially aligned on the closure plug shaft 35 to reside generally between the upper and lower surface of the insert 16. Filter insert 16 is preferrably provided with a multiplicity of voids, which allow free flow of fluids through the insert 16 in vertical and/or lateral direction and .Iadd.laterally through passages in the insert .Iaddend.through the ports 41 and central port 40. Fluid communication is thus provided between the interior of delivery tube 14 and the exterior of the filter assembly.
The delivery tube 14 and the pump outlet tube 15 may be constructed with one or more flexible sections, and the pump 13 may be so sized such that the filtering apparatus of the present invention may be transported from place to place.
When using the filtering apparatus of the present invention, a filter powder is employed. The filter powder may be comprised of diatomaceous earth or pearlite or chemical mixtures or a combination thereof. As depicted in FIG. 1, the filtering apparatus is located near the container 11 of cooking oil 12 to be filtered and the filter assembly 10 located at or near the bottom of the container 11. Filter powder (not shown) is dispersed in the cooking oil 12. Upon activation of the pump 13, cooking oil 12 is drawn by suction applied by the pump 13 through upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19, through the relatively more porous filter insert 16 .Iadd.and the lateral passages therein.Iaddend., through ports 41 through central port 40 and through delivery tube 14 to the pump 13. The cooking oil 12 may be transmitted back to the container 11, or transmitted to such other destination as is desired, through the pump outlet tube 15.
Particles of filter powder and other particulate matter dispersed within the cooking oil 12 are drawn by the flow path of the cooking oil 12 to the outer surfaces of upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19. The flow path of the cooking oil 12 in conjunction with the composition of the particulate matter cause the particulate matter to aggregate at the outer surfaces of upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19. The suction applied to the cooking oil 12 maintains fluidic channels within such aggregation allowing for the continued filtering of cooking oil 12 despite such aggregation.
The relatively rigid yet porous configuration of filter insert 16 provides support to upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 while providing fluidic communication with the central port 40.
The flexible mesh upper filter element 18 and lower filter element 19 in conjunction with the supportive yet porous filter insert 16, the suction provided by pump 13, and the filter powder thus provide a filtering assembly which may be practiced without the requirement of disposable filter elements.
From the foregoing it may be seen that the present filter assembly, being constructed of durable materials, may be scraped to remove filter powder and particulate matter accumulated thereon, and may further be scraped during operation without adversely affecting the filtering operation. The present filter assembly may further be cleaned by the application of cleaning fluids without disassembling the filter apparatus. The present filter assembly eliminates shut down time during operation of the filter assembly, and results in substantial savings in cost of filter powder, in the elimination of paper or other disposable filter elements, and in the cost of labor. It has been determined that regular application of commercially available products designed to prevent accumulation of cooking oil and comestibles on cooking utensils effectively prevents the buildup of such materials on the mesh of the filter elements.
The filter elements of the present filter assembly may be easily repaired if damaged by patching, welding or soldering the affected area. Such repair may be accomplished without the necessity of disassembly of the filtering apparatus.
The filter assembly of the present invention may be readily adapted to conform to a variety of existing commercially available filtering assemblies presently using disposable filter medium.
Although a square or rectangular filter assembly is shown in the drawings, the invention may be practiced with any suitable shape or configuration.
While the filter assembly of the present invention is particularly suitable for filtering cooking oils used in deep frying, the filtering apparatus may also be used in filtering other liquids, particularly liquids containing suspended solids.
While this invention has been described fully and completely with special emphasis on a preferred embodiment, it should be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described herein.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US445223 *||May 8, 1890||Jan 27, 1891||Filter|
|US2359368 *||Aug 19, 1941||Oct 3, 1944||Sf Bowser & Co Inc||Filter element|
|US2424211 *||Mar 26, 1942||Jul 15, 1947||Chrysler Corp||Gasoline filter|
|US2610740 *||Dec 13, 1950||Sep 16, 1952||Robert F Hunter||Filter for cooking fats|
|US2635527 *||May 2, 1950||Apr 21, 1953||Joseph Storniolo||Deep frying strainer|
|US2760641 *||Sep 25, 1951||Aug 28, 1956||Jr Carl P Mies||Filtering apparatus|
|US3147220 *||Jul 18, 1960||Sep 1, 1964||Theodore P Avery||Filter|
|US3159095 *||Jul 10, 1961||Dec 1, 1964||Wagner Chester||Deep fat pressure fryer|
|US3263818 *||Jan 14, 1964||Aug 2, 1966||Keating Chicago Inc||Oil filtering apparatus|
|US3279605 *||Mar 23, 1966||Oct 18, 1966||Filtermaster Corp||Edible oil filter|
|US3667374 *||Oct 14, 1970||Jun 6, 1972||Progressive Products Co||Deep fat fryer apparatus|
|US3735871 *||Sep 23, 1970||May 29, 1973||Christopher J||Filter jacket for cooking oil|
|US4113623 *||Apr 25, 1977||Sep 12, 1978||Food Automation-Service Techniques, Inc.||Filter apparatus|
|US4328097 *||Jan 10, 1980||May 4, 1982||Whaley Bennie M||Apparatus for filtering frying oil|
|US4591434 *||Oct 22, 1984||May 27, 1986||Prudhomme Malcolm H||Advanced dual filtering apparatus|
|US4604203 *||Sep 14, 1984||Aug 5, 1986||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co.||Cooking oil filtering apparatus and filter therefor|
|1||"New! Permafil Oil Filters"; Filtration International, Inc. Houston, Texas; date unknown.|
|2||"Permafil" Brochure; Edible Oil Division, Houston Texas; date unknown.|
|3||*||Castle, Filter Brochure, The Prince Castle Company, date unknown.|
|4||*||Fastfilter Assembly and Operating Instructions, date unknown.|
|5||Fastfilter® Assembly and Operating Instructions, date unknown.|
|6||*||New Permafil Oil Filters ; Filtration International, Inc. Houston, Texas; date unknown.|
|7||*||Permafil Brochure; Edible Oil Division, Houston Texas; date unknown.|
|8||*||R. F. Hunter Co., Inc. Brocuure, date unknown.|
|9||*||ReNu Brochure, ReNu Vacuum Filter Manufacturing Company, date unknown.|
|10||*||Robot Coupe U.S.A. Inc. Brochure, date unknown.|
|11||*||The Filter Magic System by Frymaster Wellbilt Company Bulletin No. 818 001 Rev. Nov. 1986 date unknown.|
|12||The Filter Magic® System by Frymaster Wellbilt Company Bulletin No. 818-001 Rev. Nov. 1986 date unknown.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5709899 *||Jan 17, 1997||Jan 20, 1998||Bivens; Thomas H.||Continuous filtering and treating device and method|
|US5731024 *||Jan 17, 1997||Mar 24, 1998||Bivens; Thomas H.||Continuous filtering and treating device and method with external treating mechanism|
|US5870945 *||Jul 29, 1997||Feb 16, 1999||Bivens; Thomas H.||Portable filtration and treatment apparatus|
|US6371307||May 5, 2000||Apr 16, 2002||Clarification Technology, Inc.||Envelope style filter paper|
|US6572764||Jan 12, 2001||Jun 3, 2003||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Fryer filtration arrangement|
|US6792983||Apr 15, 2002||Sep 21, 2004||Oilmatic, Llc||System for recovery and refilling of cooking oil|
|US6797041||Mar 1, 2002||Sep 28, 2004||Greenheck Fan Corporation||Two stage air filter|
|US6814783||Feb 28, 2002||Nov 9, 2004||Phillips Plastics Corporation||Filtration media of porous inorganic particles|
|US6820540||Jun 20, 2003||Nov 23, 2004||Thomas H. Bivens||Walled fryer element|
|US6890428||Apr 23, 2003||May 10, 2005||Illinois Tool Works, Inc.||Fryer filtration arrangement|
|US6955118||Jun 20, 2003||Oct 18, 2005||Bivens Thomas H||Filter mounting assembly|
|US6994743||Apr 22, 2004||Feb 7, 2006||Greenheck Fan Corporation||Two stage air filter|
|US7018449||Jun 14, 2004||Mar 28, 2006||Phillips Plastic Corporation||Filtration media|
|US7041159||Aug 4, 2003||May 9, 2006||Phillips Plastics Corporation||Separation apparatus|
|US7115160||Jul 20, 2004||Oct 3, 2006||Phillips Plastics Corporation||Filtration media|
|US7166140||Oct 31, 2003||Jan 23, 2007||Phillips Plastics Corporation||High capture efficiency baffle|
|US7309422||Nov 18, 2004||Dec 18, 2007||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Fryer filtration arrangement|
|US7686952||Jan 9, 2007||Mar 30, 2010||Bivens Thomas H||Liquid filtering apparatus|
|US7698994||Sep 22, 2005||Apr 20, 2010||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Fryer filtration arrangement with boil-out bypass|
|US7704387||Nov 16, 2007||Apr 27, 2010||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Fryer filtration arrangement|
|US8066889||Mar 26, 2009||Nov 29, 2011||Masterfil, Inc.||Method for filtering cooking oil used in frying process|
|US8163098||Apr 19, 2010||Apr 24, 2012||Illinois Tool Works, Inc.||Fryer filtration arrangement with boil-out bypass|
|US8651017||Oct 24, 2008||Feb 18, 2014||Thomas H. Bivens||Filter assembly for fryer and method|
|US8931403 *||Aug 21, 2008||Jan 13, 2015||Illinois Tool Works, Inc.||Oil filtering device|
|US9156390||May 1, 2012||Oct 13, 2015||Oilmatic Systems, Llc||Bulk cooking oil distribution system|
|US9392907||May 1, 2012||Jul 19, 2016||Michael Allora||Bulk cooking oil distribution system|
|US20030164093 *||Mar 1, 2002||Sep 4, 2003||Brownell Kyle A.||Two stage air filter|
|US20030196940 *||Apr 23, 2003||Oct 23, 2003||Mullaney Alfred Edward||Fryer filtration arrangement|
|US20040139858 *||Oct 22, 2003||Jul 22, 2004||Phillips Plastics Corporation||Filtration media of porous inorganic particles|
|US20040194623 *||Apr 22, 2004||Oct 7, 2004||Brownell Kyle A.||Two stage air filter|
|US20050002833 *||Jul 20, 2004||Jan 6, 2005||Phillips Plastics Corporation||Filtration media|
|US20050016376 *||Jun 14, 2004||Jan 27, 2005||Phillips Plastics Corporation||Filtration media|
|US20050072309 *||Nov 18, 2004||Apr 7, 2005||Mullaney Alfred Edward||Fryer filtration arrangement|
|US20070062515 *||Sep 22, 2005||Mar 22, 2007||Mullaney Alfred E Jr||Fryer filtration arrangement with boil-out bypass|
|US20070289927 *||Apr 13, 2006||Dec 20, 2007||Masterfil Llc||Filtration and filtration method for cooking oil used in frying process|
|US20080060528 *||Nov 16, 2007||Mar 13, 2008||Mullaney Alfred E Jr||Fryer filtration arrangement|
|US20080196596 *||Feb 15, 2007||Aug 21, 2008||Forrest Paul G||Oil reclamation device and process|
|US20090049994 *||Aug 21, 2008||Feb 26, 2009||Illinois Tool Works, Inc.||Oil filtering device|
|US20090107344 *||Oct 24, 2008||Apr 30, 2009||Bivens Thomas H||Filter Assembly for Fryer and Method|
|US20100192981 *||Apr 19, 2010||Aug 5, 2010||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Fryer filtration arrangement with boil-out bypass|
|U.S. Classification||99/408, 210/232, 210/167.28, 210/461, 210/DIG.8|
|International Classification||A47J37/12, B01D29/41|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S210/08, B01D29/41, A47J37/1223|
|European Classification||B01D29/41, A47J37/12D|