|Publication number||USRE35156 E|
|Application number||US 08/200,178|
|Publication date||Feb 20, 1996|
|Filing date||Feb 17, 1994|
|Priority date||Dec 17, 1990|
|Also published as||US5088595|
|Publication number||08200178, 200178, US RE35156 E, US RE35156E, US-E-RE35156, USRE35156 E, USRE35156E|
|Inventors||Olof A. Hallstrom, Jr.|
|Original Assignee||Hallstrom, Jr.; Olof A.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (22), Non-Patent Citations (44), Referenced by (8), Classifications (5), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to reciprocating conveyors of the slat type, and more particularly to a slat-type reciprocating conveyor that is capable of supporting and transporting liquid-containing loads without loss of liquid through the conveyor slats.
Many forms of slat-type reciprocating conveyors have been provided heretofore. Typical of these are disclosed in my U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,534,875; 4,143,760; 4,144,963; and 4,856,645; and my copending patent application Ser. No. 07/603,058 filed 25 Oct. 1990 and entitled Drive Connector For Reciprocating Conveyor.
However, none of the prior slat-type reciprocating conveyors has been capable of supporting and transporting liquid-containing loads without leaking some liquid through the conveyor slats. Since current transport regulations prohibit such leaking of liquid onto the roadways, it is important that a waterproof reciprocating conveyor be made available to the transport industry.
The reciprocating conveyor of this invention utilizes a slat assembly in which a plurality of elongated, imperforate slat-mounting bases are arranged side-by-side on a supporting framework with adjacent longitudinal edges of adjacent bases interconnected by a liquid tight seal, thereby forming a liquid tight base under a plurality of elongated, longitudinally reciprocative slats mounted thereon.
It is the principal objective of this invention to provide a reciprocating conveyor of the slat type which prevents liquid from escaping through the slats.
Another object of this invention is the provision of a slat-type conveyor of the class described which overcomes the aforementioned limitations of the slat-type reciprocating conveyors of the prior art.
A further objective of this invention is the provision of a slat-type conveyor of the class described which is of simplified construction for economical manufacture, maintenance and repair.
The foregoing and other objects and advantages of this invention will appear from the following detailed description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings of preferred embodiments.
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary, foreshortened plan view of a slat type reciprocating conveyor embodying the features of this invention.
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary, longitudinal section taken on the line 2--2 in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary transverse section taken on the line 3--3 in FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary transverse section, similar to FIG. 3, showing an alternative slat and slat mounting base assembly embodying the feature of this invention.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view of an alternative form of seal between adjacent base support members.
FIG. 6 is a top perspective view of the liquid collecting receptacle and drive assembly shown in FIG. 2.
FIG. 1 illustrates the type of reciprocating conveyor disclosed in detail in my U.S. Pat. No. 4,856,645 and in my copending patent application identified hereinbefore. The reciprocating conveyor is illustrated as being integrated with a transport trailer 10 formed of a plurality of transversely extending frame beams 12 secured in longitudinally spaced apart arrangement to laterally spaced longitudinally extending frame beams 14. The trailer also is provided with side walls 16 and rear doors 18, and is supported for transport on wheels 20.
In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 1, and as described in detail in my patent and application aforesaid, a plurality of elongated fixed slats 22 are integrated with lateral base sections 24, as be metal extrusion. .Iadd.The lateral base sections 24 are also known as base members 24. .Iaddend.The base sections are supported upon and secured to the transverse beams 12 of the conveyor frame, as by anchor rivets 25. The fixed slats are disposed in alternate arrangement with a plurality of elongated, reciprocative slats 26. The reciprocative slats are secured releasably to the base sections against vertical displacement by elongated flexible clips 28 (FIG. 3) which also serve as lubricating bearings for enhancing the reciprocative movement of the reciprocative slats relative to the fixed slats. For this purpose the clips are made of synthetic resin or other suitable material having a low coefficient of friction. The clips are secured to the fixed slats against longitudinal displacement by such means as the rivets 30.
The reciprocative slats 26 are arranged in groups and each group is connected to a different transverse drive beam. In the illustrated embodiment there are two groups of reciprocative slats and therefore two drive beams 32 and 34.
As illustrated, the reciprocative slats 26 are releasably attached to their associated transverse drive beams 32 and 34 by clamp bolts 35 (FIG. 1) the enlarged heads of which are received in the slot formed between the inturned bottom ends 36, of angle clamp brackets 36, as described in detail in the patent application previously mentioned.
Also as described in detail in the patent application aforesaid, the power drive for the slat drive beams is formed as a drive module. The drive module support frame is formed of a pair of transverse beams 38 spaced apart longitudinally by a pair of laterally spaced, longitudinally extending tubular beams 40.
Since the conveyor illustrated in FIG. 1 includes two drive beams 32 and 34, the power drive system includes two fluid pressure piston-cylinder drive units, preferably hydraulic, for operative association with the two drive beams. The cylinders 42 and 44 of the drive units are associated with cooperative piston rods 46 and 48, respectively. The cylinders of the drive units are joined at their head ends by a transverse connector beam 50 and at their rod ends by a transverse connector beam 52. Openings in the module beams 38 and beam 52 freely receive therethrough the piston rods extending from the cylinders, and a similarly apertured transversed plate 54 freely receives the piston rods adjacent their outer ends. Elongated bolts 56 and 58 extend removably through registering openings in the transverse beams 38 and 52 and plate 54 and into internal threaded ends in the tubular beams 40 to clamp the power drive module removably to the module support frame.
Each piston rod is connected to its associated slat drive beam 32 and 34 by clamp blocks 60 and 62 which are provided with confronting half round grooves for receiving the piston rod, the clamp blocks being secured detachably together by clamp bolts 64, in the manner described in detail in the patent application aforesaid.
In accordance with this invention, each of the lateral base sections 24 of the fixed slats 22 is provided with a lateral extension 66 which terminates in an upwardly extending vertical flange 68. In the preferred embodiment illustrated, the upper end portion of each flange is provided with a lateral spur 70. Referring primarily to FIG. 3 of the drawings, the adjacent, substantially abutting sides of adjacent flanges 68 are interconnected by an elongated, substantially U-shaped flexible seal 72 which overlies and bridges the upper portions of the adjacent vertical flanges and is secured removably against inadvertent upperward displacement by the spurs 70. The flexible seal is formed of water impervious synthetic resin, rubber, or other suitable material that serves to join the vertical flanges 68 together and form a watertight seal therebetween. .Iadd.A space 73 is thus defined, bounded at the top by the middle portion of the inverted U-spaced flexible seal 72, at the sides by the legs of the inverted U-shaped flexible seal 72, and at the bottom by the spurs 70 and the vertical flanges 68, i.e. the upper portions of the adjacent base sections 24. .Iaddend.Accordingly, it will be apparent that the seals 72 join all of the lateral extensions 66, wherein the associated lateral base sections 24 and fixed slats 22 form a waterproof base which extends the full width of the conveyor frame.
The fixed slat 22' adjacent each of the opposite side walls of the trailer is configured with an outer flange 74 which provides a slot 76 in which to anchor the projecting web of a flexible side seal 78. The seal extends laterally into resilient abutment with the inner surface of the side wall 16, to provide a watertight seal therebetween. The lateral dimension of the seal 78 accommodates a degree of variation in the spacing of the fixed slat from the side wall 16 and thus accommodates installation of the reciprocating conveyor on trailer and other frames in which the distance between side walls may vary over a limited range.
Referring now primarily to FIGS. 1, 2 an 6 of the drawings, it is to be noted that a rearward portion of the assembly of fixed slats 22, base sections 24 and lateral extensions 66 terminates slightly forward of the rearward end of the trailer frame, and overlies a liquid collection receptacle 80 which extends the full width of the trailer frame. The receptacle is formed of a sheet of water impervious metal configured to provide a central, longitudinally extending trough 82 between laterally extending side trays 84. The receptacle includes a front transverse wall 86 and a rear transverse wall 88 from which a rear floor 90 extends to the rear end of the trailer frame. The rear edge of the rear floor and center trough 82 are disposed for abutment by a watertight seal 92 on the inner surfaces of the rear doors 18.
The drive module is contained within the center trough 82 of the collection receptacle and the drive beams 32 and 34 traverse the side trays 84. Since the sides of the collection receptacle are sealed against the longitudinal side frame beams 14 of the trailer and the front wall 86 is sealed against the underside of the assembly of fixed slats 22, the liquid content of a load carried on the reciprocating conveyor will collect in the receptacle 80 and be retained therein when the rear doors 18 of the trailer are closed against the rear end of the receptacle. Sealing plugs 94 are secured within the rearward ends of the hollow fixed slats 22 at the front wall 86 to prevent the liquid from escaping forwardly of the receptacle. It is to be noted from FIGS. 1 and 2 that the reciprocative slats 26 extend rearwardly across the collection receptacle 80, to effect movement of the load outward through the open rear end of the trailer. The connecting bolts 35 extend downwardly from their enlarged heads (captured between the inturned ends 36') through longitudinally elongated slots 95 formed by removing portions of the fixed slats 22 and base sections 24 sufficient to allow reciprocation of the drive beams 32 and 34 through their full range.
FIG. 4 illustrates the type of reciprocating conveyor described in my earlier U.S. Pat. No. 4,143,760 previously mentioned. This conveyor is formed of at least one group of at least three elongated slats 96, 98 and 100 which are mounted side-by-side on a conveyor frame for longitudinal reciprocation by a fluid pressure drive mechanism operated to move all of the slats of each group from a start position simultaneously in a load-conveying direction and then to move the slats of each group sequentially in the opposite direction from the advanced position back to the start position, all as described in detail in the patent aforesaid. In this embodiment the fixed slats 22 are omitted and the lateral base sections 24 are joined together directly. This is the rear in which the anchor rivets are shown to be disposed in FIG. 4.
FIG. 5 illustrates an alternative form of watertight seal from the U-shaped sealing strip 72 described hereinbefore. Thus, in FIG. 5 the vertical flange 102 at the outer sides of the lateral extensions 66 of each base member has an angularly offset upper section 104. This section is offset inwardly relative to the associated base section, whereby the abutting vertical flanges of adjacent base sections .[.forms.]. .Iadd.define a space 105 in the shape of .Iaddend.a trough .Iadd.in the interface .Iaddend.therebetween for the reception and containment of a waterproof mastic 106. This mastic serves the same purpose as the U-shaped seal 72 in providing a watertight seal between adjacent imperforate slat-mounting base members.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes may be made in the size, shape, type, number and arrangement of parts described hereinbefore, without departing from the spirit of this invention and the scope of the appended claims.
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|US3110371 *||Sep 3, 1959||Nov 12, 1963||Reynolds Metals Co||Metallic structural units|
|US3128851 *||Aug 3, 1959||Apr 14, 1964||Interlocking metallic structural|
|US3229438 *||Jul 31, 1961||Jan 18, 1966||Fruehauf Corp||Floor construction for trucks, trailers and the like|
|US3253377 *||Aug 31, 1964||May 31, 1966||Aluminum Co Of America||Integratable structural panels|
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|US4611708 *||Dec 10, 1984||Sep 16, 1986||Foster Raymond K||Reciprocating channel floor conveyor|
|US4727978 *||Apr 11, 1986||Mar 1, 1988||Hallstrom Jr Olof A||Reciprocating conveyor for particulate material|
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|1||*||ARO Industrial Pump Equipment Recommendations for the Application . . . (Mar. 1978).|
|2||Article "Truck Body Manufacturer Finds Solution to Sealing Problems" (no date).|
|3||Article "Versatile sealant aids vehicle repairs" (no date).|
|4||*||Article Truck Body Manufacturer Finds Solution to Sealing Problems (no date).|
|5||*||Article Versatile sealant aids vehicle repairs (no date).|
|6||Boating Industry article of Nov. 1978 "Plugging the Leaks Before . . . ".|
|7||*||Boating Industry article of Nov. 1978 Plugging the Leaks Before . . . .|
|8||DuPont "Industry News" press release (no date).|
|9||*||DuPont Industry News press release (no date).|
|10||*||Elastomers Notebook article re Silaprene (no date).|
|11||Elastomers Notebook article re SilapreneŽ (no date).|
|12||Fleet Specialist article "The Roof Over His Head" (no date).|
|13||*||Fleet Specialist article The Roof Over His Head (no date).|
|14||*||Letter to Foster from Uniroyal Plastics Products of Mar. 31, 1982.|
|15||*||Photocopy of two pieces of aluminum bonded by Silaprene (no date).|
|16||Photocopy of two pieces of aluminum bonded by SilapreneŽ (no date).|
|17||Royal Industrial Adhesives "specialty"]brochure (no date).|
|18||*||Royal Industrial Adhesives specialty brochure (no date).|
|19||Silaprene advertisement "Carolina Freight: `Sealant Solves . . .`" (no date).|
|20||Silaprene advertisement "Sealant is No. 1 in aftermarket" (no date).|
|21||*||Silaprene advertisement (picturing sheet metal applications) (no date).|
|22||*||Silaprene advertisement (picturing vehicles) (no date).|
|23||*||Silaprene advertisement Carolina Freight: Sealant Solves . . . (no date).|
|24||*||Silaprene advertisement Sealant is No. 1 in aftermarket (no date).|
|25||*||Silaprene brochure (no date).|
|26||SilapreneŽ advertisement (picturing sheet metal applications) (no date).|
|27||SilapreneŽ advertisement (picturing vehicles) (no date).|
|28||SilapreneŽ brochure (no date).|
|29||SNIPS article of Feb. 1980 "Troeger Co., South Bend, Ind., Sheet Metal . . . ".|
|30||*||SNIPS article of Feb. 1980 Troeger Co., South Bend, Ind., Sheet Metal . . . .|
|31||*||Uniroyal fact sheet re Silaprene for truck trailer industry (no date).|
|32||*||Uniroyal fact sheet re Silaprene in farm equipment industry (no date).|
|33||*||Uniroyal fact sheet re Silaprene in marine application (no date).|
|34||*||Uniroyal fact sheet re Silaprene in recreational vehicle application (no date).|
|35||Uniroyal fact sheet re SilapreneŽ for truck trailer industry (no date).|
|36||Uniroyal fact sheet re SilapreneŽ in farm equipment industry (no date).|
|37||Uniroyal fact sheet re SilapreneŽ in marine application (no date).|
|38||Uniroyal fact sheet re SilapreneŽ in recreational vehicle application (no date).|
|39||*||Uniroyal industrial consumer price list of Jan. 1, 1982.|
|40||*||Uniroyal order acknowledgement to Foster 61627 A (Apr. 1982).|
|41||Uniroyal order acknowledgement to Foster 61627-A (Apr. 1982).|
|42||Uniroyal phone number list "Dial Us Direct" (Apr. 1981).|
|43||*||Uniroyal phone number list Dial Us Direct (Apr. 1981).|
|44||*||Uniroyal price list Jan. (1982).|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7063205||Dec 1, 2004||Jun 20, 2006||Fanotech Enviro Inc.||Reciprocating conveyor with liquid collecting tray|
|US7118320||Mar 19, 2004||Oct 10, 2006||Fanotech Enviro Inc.||Multiple compartment waste collection container|
|US8662405 *||May 20, 2009||Mar 4, 2014||Titan Trailers, Inc.||Apparatus and method for warming the floor of a trailer|
|US8887896||Oct 22, 2010||Nov 18, 2014||Hallco Industries Inc.||Liquid tight reciprocating floor construction|
|US20040184904 *||Mar 19, 2004||Sep 23, 2004||Fanotech Enviro Inc.||Multiple compartment waste collection container|
|US20050118008 *||Dec 1, 2004||Jun 2, 2005||Fanotech Enviro Inc.||Reciprocating conveyor with liquid collecting tray|
|US20050135911 *||Oct 18, 2004||Jun 23, 2005||Jacob Biemond||Loading device for a cargo space of a vehicle|
|US20100294846 *||May 20, 2009||Nov 25, 2010||Titan Trailers, Inc.||Apparatus and method for warming the floor of a trailer|
|U.S. Classification||198/750.3, 414/525.1|
|Jul 6, 1999||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|May 6, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Sep 19, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HALLCO INDUSTRIES INC., OREGON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HALLSTROM, OLOF A.;REEL/FRAME:021561/0418
Effective date: 20080701
|Feb 27, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HALLCO INDUSTRIES, INC., OREGON
Free format text: CHANGE OF ADDRESS;ASSIGNOR:HALLCO INDUSTRIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:022330/0279
Effective date: 20090227