Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUSRE35521 E
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 08/195,314
Publication dateMay 27, 1997
Filing dateFeb 10, 1994
Priority dateOct 12, 1989
Fee statusPaid
Also published asEP0422343A1, US5087416
Publication number08195314, 195314, US RE35521 E, US RE35521E, US-E-RE35521, USRE35521 E, USRE35521E
InventorsHoward Mizuhara
Original AssigneeThe Morgan Crucible Company Plc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Brazing alloy of copper, silicon, titanium, aluminum
US RE35521 E
Abstract
A brazing alloy for brazing ceramics has the following composition, in weight percent: 1 to 4 silicon; 1 to 5 titanium; 0.5 to 6 aluminum; 89 to 96 copper.
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(11)
I claim:
1. A brazing alloy for brazing ceramics having the following composition, in weight percent: 94 Cu, 2.75 Si, 1 Al, 2.25 Ti.
2. A brazing alloy for brazing ceramics having the following composition, in weight percent: 92.25 Cu, 3.25 Si, 2 Al, 2.5 Ti.
3. A brazing alloy for brazing ceramics having the following composition, in weight percent: 92 Cu, 2.75 Si, 3 Al, 2.25 Ti.
4. A brazing alloy for brazing ceramics having the following composition, in weight percent: 90.25 Cu, 2.25 Si, 5 Al, 2.5 Ti. .Iadd.
5. A brazing alloy for brazing ceramics having a composition consisting essentially of, in weight percent: 90.25-94.0 Cu, 1.25-3.5 Si, 1.0-6.0 Al, 1.5-2.5 Ti. .Iaddend..Iadd.
6. The brazing alloy of claim 5 in which the brazing alloy composition is, in weight percent: 92.5 Cu, 2.0 Al, 3.5 Si, 2.0 Ti. .Iaddend..Iadd.7. The brazing alloy of claim 5 in which the brazing alloy composition is, in weight percent: 93.5 Cu, 2.0 Al, 3.0 Si, 1.5 Ti. .Iaddend..Iadd.8. The brazing alloy of claim 5 in which the brazing alloy composition is, in weight percent: 93.0 Cu, 2.0 Al, 2.5 Si, 2.5 Ti. .Iaddend..Iadd.9. The brazing alloy of claim 5 in which the brazing alloy composition is, in weight percent: 93.75 Cu, 2.0 Al, 2.0 Si, 2.25 Ti. .Iaddend..Iadd.10. The brazing alloy of claim 5 in which the brazing alloy composition is, in weight percent: 91.25 Cu, 3.0 Al, 3.25 Si, 2.5 Ti. .Iaddend..Iadd.11. The brazing alloy of claim 5 in which the brazing alloy composition is, in
weight percent: 92.0 Cu, 3.0 Al, 3.0 Si, 2.0 Ti. .Iaddend..Iadd.12. The brazing alloy of claim 5 in which the brazing alloy composition is, in weight percent: 91.25 Cu, 4.0 Al, 2.25 Si, 2.5 Ti. .Iaddend..Iadd.13. The brazing alloy of claim 5 in which the brazing alloy composition is, in
weight percent: 90.25 Cu, 6.0 Al, 1.25 Si, 2.5 Ti. .Iaddend..Iadd.14. The brazing alloy of claim 5 in which the alloy comprises a foil. .Iaddend..Iadd.15. The brazing alloy of claim 5 in which the alloy
comprises a paste. .Iaddend..Iadd.16. A brazed joint having a first material comprising a ceramic, a second material selected from the group consisting of metals and ceramics, and a brazing alloy disposed between the first material and the second material having a composition consisting essentially of, in weight percent: 90.25-94.0 Cu, 1.25-3.5 Si, 1.0-6.0 Al,
1.5-2.5 Ti. .Iaddend..Iadd.17. The brazed joint of claim 16 in which the
brazing alloy comprises a foil. .Iaddend..Iadd.18. A brazed joint having a first material comprising a ceramic, a second material selected from the group consisting of metals and ceramics, and a brazing material disposed between the first material and said second material, the brazing material comprising a powder admixture of 2.25% titanium hydride powder and 97.75% atomized powder having a composition consisting of, in weight percent: 94.12 Cu, 3.07 Al and 2.81 Si. .Iaddend.
Description

This invention concerns a ternary brazing alloy of copper, silicon and titanium for brazing ceramics. Such a ternary alloy is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,426,033 and European Patent Application 0 038 584. U.S. Pat. No. 4,426,033 discloses a ternary alloy containing 50 to 98.75% by weight of copper, 0.25 to 5% titanium, and from about 1% to about 45% of a third metal selected from the group consisting of silicon, tin, germanium, magnanese, nickel and cobalt. EP application 0 038 584 discloses a ternary brazing alloy containing 40 to 85 atomic % copper, 5 to 60 atomic % titanium, 0 to 55 atomic % silicon.

A problem with the ternary brazing alloys disclosed in the above references is the formation of oxidation product on the braze fillet area during the direct brazing of ceramic to metal.

I have found that if a controlled amount of aluminum is added to a copper, silicon titanium brazing alloy of controlled composition, that the formation of oxidation product can be prevented or greatly minimized. A brazing alloy as per this invention has a composition of, in weight percent, 1 to 4 silicon, 1 to 5 titanium, 0.5 to 6 aluminum, 89 to 96 copper.

In the following examples, all compositions are expressed in weight percent.

EXAMPLE 1

An alloy with a compoition of 92.25% copper, 3.25% silicon, 2% aluminum, 2.5% titanium was tungsten arc melted on water-cooled copper hearth. The button was rolled down into 2 mil thickness foil.

The foil was placed between 1.2"1.2"0.060" thick alumina substrate and Kovar strip 1/4" wide by 10 mil thick by 3" long. The assembly was brazed at 1050 C. under 10-5 torr vacuum. An excellent looking braze was obtained. Pulling of brazed Kovar strip using Instron at 2 inch per minute resulted in 20 pound force peel which is an excellent strength. The alloy with a hardness of 138 Knoop hardness number met or harness criteria. Kovar is a alloy of iron, cobalt and nickel made by Westinghouse Corporation.

An ASTM F-19 alumina tensile test piece was brazed with copper sandwich. That is, the assembly from bottom was alumina, 2 mil brazing alloy preform, 10 mil copper, 2nd brazing alloy preform and alumina. Ten sets were assembled and brazed to above schedule. All tested better than 10-9 cc/second leak rate using He gas and helium mass spectrograph.

EXAMPLE 2

An alloy with a composition of 94.0% copper, 2.75% silicon, 1% aluminum, 2.25% titanium was melted and peel test prepared as in Example 1. An excellent bright gold colored braze resulted. Peel test showed that 25 pound force was required to pull off the Kovar tab from the alumina substrate.

EXAMPLE 3

As in Example 1, a button was prepared with a composition of 92.00% copper, 3.00% aluminum, 2.75% silicon, 2.25% titanium, and rolled into 2 mil foil.

Peel tests were prepared and also hermeticity samples were prepared. The assemblies were brazed under 10-5 torr vacuum and at 1050 C.

The peel test required 17 pound average pull on Kovar strip. The five (5) hermeticity test samples all passed the helium leak check.

EXAMPLE 4

An alloy with a composition of 90.25% copper, 5% aluminum, 2.25% silicon, 2.5% titanium was melted and rolled to 2 mil thickness foil as in Example 1. Peel test and hermeticity braze samples were prepared as in Example 1. It tested 16 lbs force to peel off Kovar from the alumina substrate. The hermeticity test showed that it met the 10-9 cc/sec. leak requirement.

EXAMPLE 5

A powder admixture consisting of 97.75% minus 325 mesh atomized alloy powder, with a composition 94.12% copper, 2.81% silicon, 3.07% aluminum is mixed with 2.25% titanium hydride minus 325 mesh powder. This combination results in a melted composition of 92.00% Cu, 3.00% Al, 2.75% Si, 2.25% Ti. A screening paste consisting of 90% of above admixture and 10% screening vehicle #235 from Ceramic Color Company was prepared.

Using 105 mesh screen, with the screen placed 0.050" above 1.2"1.2"0.060" thick alumina substrate as a snap off distance, the prepared paste was screened on to the alumina substrate and measured about 4 mil thick, dried, which is equivalent to 2 mil foil. Three strips of Kovar peel test strips, measuring 0.25"3"0.010" thick were placed over coated alumina substrate. The assemblies were brazed at 1050 C.10 minutes under 10-5 torr vacuum furnace. The brazed layers between the strips were pin hole free.

The peel test resulted in 17 pound force to peel off the Kovar strip, which is equivalent to moly-metallized ceramic system.

In the following table, alloy compositions within this invention are in weight percent.

______________________________________CompositionSample Cu     Al    Si   Ti   Liquidus                               Solidus                                     KHN   Peel______________________________________83-13 94.00  1.0   2.75 2.25 1035   994   114   2565-13 92.50  2.0   3.50 2.0  1000   967   140   1165-16 92.25  2.0   3.25 2.50 1010   975   138   2065-10 93.50  2.0   3.00 1.50 1021   983   1365-18 93.0   2.0   2.50 2.50 1036   995   115   1883-16 93.75  2.0   2.00 2.25 1049   1003  101   2065-2  91.25  3.0   3.25 2.50 1009   956   160   1465-G  92.00  3.0   3.00 2.00 1013   968   144   1565-3I 92.00  3.0   2.75 2.25 1012   978   130   1765-03 91.25  4.0   2.25 2.50 1022   990   148   1465-04 90.25  5.0   2.25 2.50 1019   985   150   1665-05 90.25  6.0   1.25 2.50 1032   1003  139   13______________________________________

In the table, KHN is the Knoop hardness. Liquidus and solidus temperatures are in degrees Centigrade. Peel is the average peel strength in pounds.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3993479 *Aug 4, 1975Nov 23, 1976Olin CorporationCopper base alloy
US4599119 *Nov 13, 1984Jul 8, 1986Ngk Insulators, Ltd.Age-hardening copper titanium alloy
GB278355A * Title not available
GB1520721A * Title not available
JPS6250426A * Title not available
JPS6350439A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6794614 *Mar 7, 2002Sep 21, 2004Ngk Spark Plug Co., Ltd.Ceramic heater with lead wire connection having brazing material containing a predominant amount of copper
US6974070 *Aug 7, 2001Dec 13, 2005University Of ChicagoJoining of advanced materials by superplastic deformation
US7028759 *Jan 27, 2004Apr 18, 2006Thermal Corp.Heat transfer device and method of making same
US20120160084 *Dec 13, 2010Jun 28, 2012Benjamin MosserCeramic armor and method of manufacturing by brazing ceramic to a metal frame
Classifications
U.S. Classification420/489, 228/262.8, 228/262.61
International ClassificationB23K35/02, C22C9/00, B22F1/00, C04B37/00, C04B37/02, B23K35/30
Cooperative ClassificationB22F1/0003, B23K35/0244, B23K35/302
European ClassificationB22F1/00A, B23K35/02D5, B23K35/30D
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 28, 2003FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 12
Aug 10, 1999FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8