|Publication number||USRE35743 E|
|Application number||US 08/609,730|
|Publication date||Mar 17, 1998|
|Filing date||Mar 1, 1996|
|Priority date||Sep 12, 1988|
|Publication number||08609730, 609730, US RE35743 E, US RE35743E, US-E-RE35743, USRE35743 E, USRE35743E|
|Inventors||Walter G. Pearson|
|Original Assignee||Pearson Ventures, L.L.C.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (29), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (145), Classifications (21), Legal Events (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is .Iadd.a reissue of an application filed by me in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office on Aug. 29, 1991, under Ser. No. 07/751,916, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,292,029, issued Mar. 8, 1994, which is .Iaddend.a continuation-in-part of an application filed by me in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office on Nov. 8, 1989, under Ser. No. 07/433,256 now abandoned for Patient Medication Dispensing and Associated Record Keeping System. ...!..Iadd., which is a continuation-in-part of an application filed by me in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office on Sep. 12, 1988, under Ser. No. 07/242,585, abandoned, for Patient Medication Dispensing and Associated Record Keeping System.Iaddend..
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to nursing care and more particularly to an electronic medication dispensing, accounting and record keeping system of patients in a hospital-type facility.
In some hospitals or clinics a serious problem frequently occurs when medication or treatment is performed on the wrong patient. Such problems may arise when the person dispensing or administering prescription drugs or injections or taking fluid samples identifies the patient by writing the patient's name and/or ID number on a slip of paper and for a variety of reasons, such as the transfer of patients to different beds and errors in marking the information on the slip of paper the wrong patient may be given the medication or treatment.
It is common practice for hospitals and other patient care facilities to maintain a patient identification system, usually comprising a temporary bracelet on the patient's arm, which contains his name and/or ID number. Unfortunately many times this identification is not cross referenced by the nurse or technician administering the treatment. In accordance with this invention, a unique identification system is disclosed in which the patient ID number is entered into the system record keeping apparatus in order to obtain doctor prescribed medication or other items necessary for the required treatment of the patient.
This cross check of patient and medication or treatment is recorded and transmitted to a designated central control station.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Prior patents generally disclose apparatus and systems for patent identification and correlation with doctor's orders and medication administering or laboratory results obtained.
Similarly, other prior patents provide a patient fluid input and output record to insure patient fluid balance.
U.S. Pat. No. 3,848,112 is an example of a patient identification system in which a coded ID bracelet, applied to the patient upon admission, is later utilized by programmed circuitry to identify and correlate drugs, the quantity thereof and/or treatment being administered to the patient which insures treatment of the proper patient.
This invention is distinctive over the above named patent by providing a nurse actuated mobile station which accompanies the nurse or technician on their rounds and which dispenses drug medication or treatment medication in response to the nurse entering a particular patient's identification data in the mobile station input facility which responds by dispensing doctor prescribed medication or treatment instructions.
A manually moved upright mobile vehicle contains a plurality of medication storage and dispensing units accommodating the physical properties of the . .mediation.!. .Iadd.medication .Iaddend.and/or instruments to be used and an onboard microprocessor equipped with software, a keyboard and connectable with a modem and printer all energized by an onboard source of electrical energy and operated by programmed software in response to operator supplied input commands at the keyboard. Electronic circuitry connects the microprocessor with and activates mechanical units in a predetermined sequence for a selected one of several dispensing medication units corresponding to the patient identification entered into the computer by the nurse on duty.
A primary function of the system is to control and restrict medication dispensing, to the types and quantities specified in advance by the pharmacist, doctor, supervisor, or other authorized personnel. This provides accuracy and eliminates pilferage. The software, together with the dispensing apparatus, restricts the dispensing to only those medications determined in advance.
The medication dispensing nurse cannot normally obtain . .mediation.!. .Iadd.medication .Iaddend.from the apparatus that was not previously scheduled for that time and patient, thus increasing accuracy and minimizing drug pilferage.
The principal object of this invention is to insure dispensing correct medication or treatment to individual patients by correlating the patient's ID with the software operating a computer which automatically records the data, such as medication dispensed, time, patient's ID and other data, thus relieving nursing personnel from such record keeping and minimizing human error.
FIG. 1 is a flow diagram;
FIG. 2 is an isometric view of a mobile medication dispensing unit;
FIG. 3 is a top view, to a different scale, of a tablet or capsule dispenser;
FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a right end view of FIG. 4; and,
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional view to a larger scale taken substantially along the line 6--6 of FIG. 5.
Like characters of reference designate like parts in those figures of the drawings in which they occur.
In the drawings:
Referring more particularly to FIG. 1, the basic elements of a medical electronic accounting system in accordance with the present invention are illustrated. The system includes a software program which supplies data in digital form to a digital computer which acts on this data to yield output signals activating medication dispensing units in conformance with operator input data previously supplied by authorized expert personnel and activated by medical nurse personnel on duty. The bus-oriented characteristic of the computer allows connecting numerous devices to the computer as long as the formal organization of the communication data is the same as that required by the bus and read by the computer.
All digital computers essentially comprise a minicomputer or microcomputer including a central processing unit, CPU, indicated by the reference numeral 10, having a memory system and some form of input/output control. The purpose of the central processing unit is to receive and store data for later processing in a memory 11 in the form of bits or binary digits in accordance with previous program instructions or data to obtain results which are sent through the bus to control peripheral devices and also delivered through a readout unit such as a printer 12 and a cathode ray tube CRT 13.
The central processing unit (CPU) performs the arithmetic and the logic operations under the supervision of a software system which monitors information from an input/output (I/O) port, such as a keyboard 14, a real time clock 16 and feedback through the bus from the hereinafter described peripheral devices, including the CRT 13.
The memory components 11 contain data and instruction codes including a file or unique addresses correlating physical devices, as hereinafter described, with their corresponding mechanisms.
As is well known, the capability of a computer is dependent upon the storage capacity of its memory which may range from fewer than 100 bits as in pocket calculators to approximately a billion bits in large scale computers. The "hardware" components of a digital computer are the central processing unit (CPU), the memory system and the input/output devices. The control registers and the arithmetic logic unit of the CPU are linked with the memory system and the input/output devices, unique to this system, through a data bus 20 allowing the memory, the CPU and the I/O devices to operate and monitor a plurality of peripheral components, such as a series of drawers 22, a tablet/capsule dispenser area XY and a series of door closed cubicles or compartments 26 (FIG. 2). In the present example, in addition to an onboard rechargeable source of electric energy 17 powering the digital computer and its connected peripheral devices, a lithium battery 18 backs up memory 11 to ensure that the memory is nonvolatile and will continue to store data in the event of a power interruption from the energy source 17.
The reference numeral 30 indicates the mobile unit hereinafter referred to as "cart" which is upright rectangular in overall configuration supported by a plurality of wheels 31 which may be swivelling casters for manually manipulating the cart around obstacles such as may be encountered in a hospital ward. Intermediate its height, the forward end 32 of the cart is provided with a substantially horizontal platform forming a workshelf 33 including a laterally extending pull-out section 33'.
The computer keyboard and numeric key pad 14 are supported by the shelf 33'. The keyboard 14 is connected with the microprocessor 10 which is contained by the cart in a forward compartment and operatively connected with the monitor or CRT 13 so that images on its screen may easily be visualized by the nurse when at the keyboard. The lower front end portion and rearward portion of the cart supports and provides access to the plurality of medication dispensing drawers 22, tablet/capsule dispenser unit XY and cubicles or compartments 26.
Referring also to the remaining FIGS., the numeral 35 indicates a tablet/capsule dispenser unit contained by the cart area XY.
The unit 35 comprises an upwardly open rectangular box-like frame 36 formed by upstanding side walls 38 and 40 and end walls 42 and 44, joined by a bottom wall 45.
The major portion of the area encompassed by the side and end walls of the box frame 36 is filled with a plurality of rows of upwardly open containers 37 extending longitudinally between the end walls 42 and 44 and transversely between the side walls 38 and 40. The vertical axis of each container being represented by a point on a rectangular Cartesian coordinate system ranging from X1 Y1 to XN YN.
The side wall 38 and the end wall 42, respectively, represent the positive portion X and Y axes of a rectangular Cartesian coordinate system for locating and dispensing a tablet or capsule from a selected one of the containers, as will now be explained.
The upper limit of the box frame side walls 38 and 40 longitudinally support a pair of . .racks.!. .Iadd.tracks .Iaddend.46 and 48 along which a gantry-type carriage system 50 is movable.
The carriage 50 comprises an X axis propulsion means 52, a Y axis propulsion means 54 and a Z axis propulsion means 56.
The X axis means 52 comprises a pair of spur gears 58 and 60 axially secured to an axle 62 and movable along the pair of racks 46 and 48 by angular rotation of the axle 62. A driven spur gear 64 is axially secured to the axle 62 adjacent the spur gear 60. The spur gear 64 is driven by a pinion 66 on the drive shaft of a reversible motor 68. The motor 68 is supported by a rectangular platform frame 70 horizontally supported above the racks 46 and 48 by bearings journalling the end portions or the axle 62 and movable longitudinally of the box frame 36 therewith. The frame 70 comprises side members 72 and end members 74 and 76.
The forward or left-end of the frame 70, as viewed in FIGS. 3 and 4, is supported by idler spur gears 78 journalled by bearings 80 secured to and depending from the respective frame side members 72 for supporting the carriage 50 in its to and fro movement along the racks 46 and 48. An axle shaft 82 (FIG. 4) extends between the idler gears 78 for the purposes presently explained.
The Y axis means 54 comprises an exteriorly threaded tube 84 which surrounds and is substantially coextensive with and is journalled by the axle shaft 82. A spur gear 86 surrounds the screw tube 84 at one of its ends and is driven by a pinion 88 secured to the drive shaft of a reversible motor 90 for angular rotation of the screw tube 84.
The screw tube 84 threadedly extends through an end portion of a Z axis platform support 92. The support 92 has its other end portion slidably surrounding the axle 62 for Y axis movement of the motor support 92 transversely of the box frame 36.
The Z axis means 56 comprises a horizontal platform 94 vertically slidable along a plurality of parallel upright standards 96 supported at their depending ends by the support 92 and interconnected at their upper ends by a horizontal motor mount 98.
The horizontal platform 94 threadedly surrounds an intermediate portion of a screw shaft 100 angularly rotated by a reversible motor 102 on the motor mount 98 having its drive shaft connected with the upper end thereof. The platform 94 further supports vertically disposed elongated telescoping tubes 104 and 106 normally telescopically extended and depending from the platform 94 by a spring means 108 for the purposes presently explained.
A motor driven vacuum pump 110 is mounted on the platform 94 and is operatively connected with the uppermost telescoping tube 106 to produce a pressure reduction at the depending preferably relatively small open end 111 of the lower tube 104 for the purpose of lifting and transporting a capsule or tablet, not shown, as presently explained.
Obviously, some patients require medication or treatments other than standard tablets or capsules, to this end the series of drawers or cubicles 26 are individually designated by one of the numerals 261 through 26N.
In operation, assuming the cart 30, drawers, cubicles and dispenser unit has been loaded with medication and the nurse and cart is at a patient's bedside. The nurse inputs the patient's ID into the keyboard 14 and the computer acting in response to the software energizes the lamps 23, 27 or 117 of the particular drawer or cubicle containing the medication for the identified patient.
When the medication is in one of the containers designated by the XY Cartesian coordinate numerals, the software, via the computer, energizes the X and Y axis means 52 and 54 to position the vertical axis of the lowermost vacuum tube 104 on the vertical axis of the selected tablet or capsule container.
The Z axis motor 102 is then energized to angularly rotate the screw 100 for lowering the platform 94 and the tube 104 into the selected container while simultaneously the vacuum pump 110 is energized to draw air into and through the tubes 104 and 106.
When the depending open end 112 of the tube 164 contacts a tablet or capsule in the selected container, the spring 108 cushions the impact of the tube 104 with the tablet so that the latter will not be crushed while simultaneously a rapid increase of pressure reduction in the tube triggers the vacuum pump sensor, not shown, to energize the X and Y axes means 52 and 54 to return to the home position (adjacent the frame side wall 38 and end wall 44) where the frame 70 end wall 76 contacts an upstanding microswitch 115, supported by the box frame end wall 44, to deenergize the vacuum pump. This releases the capsule or tablet, not shown, into the XY unit access drawer 120 and simultaneously energizes its light 117.
There is a role played by the medication nurse. The on-the-spot dispensing nurse verifies that there is no mistake in the medication dispensed by comparing the CRT display and the printed (hard copy) reminding the medication nurse to examine and verify the medication. In this way the system provides a redundancy subsystem to enhance accuracy.
There are some occasions in which the cart must allow the medical nurse to request a medication that was not scheduled in advance. This can happen, for example, in an emergency, or if one or more of the dispensed tablets is accidentally dropped. For such cases, the software allows emergency requests without defeating the general restriction, by automatically recording the emergency or special problem request and the identification code of the personnel who requested it.
In this way, the software, via its locking and unlocking of the dispensing devices and the feedback from the devices to the cart, constituting the only way in which medication dispensing can occur with this system, guarantees responsibility and accountability for any necessary specific exceptions to general restrictions. In this way the combination controlled dispensing devices combined regulation and order with necessary flexibility and accountability.
Obviously the invention is susceptible to changes or alterations without defeating its practicability. Therefore, I do not wish to be confined to the preferred embodiment shown in the drawings and described herein.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2684783 *||Jun 8, 1951||Jul 27, 1954||Chef Way Inc||Pellet feeding structure|
|US3334784 *||Jun 6, 1966||Aug 8, 1967||Baker Perkins Ltd||Rotary article dispenser with predetermined count control|
|US3467277 *||Jan 17, 1968||Sep 16, 1969||Engelhard Min & Chem||Pellet dispenser for flat circular pellets|
|US3848112 *||Sep 11, 1972||Nov 12, 1974||Sherwood Medical Ind Inc||Identification system|
|US3892489 *||Aug 17, 1973||Jul 1, 1975||Smithkline Corp||Data acquisition system|
|US3917045 *||Apr 25, 1974||Nov 4, 1975||George Dunham||Drug dispensing apparatus|
|US4018358 *||Sep 18, 1975||Apr 19, 1977||Pharmaceutical Innovators, Ltd.||Cassette pill storing, dispensing and counting machine|
|US4141461 *||Jan 31, 1978||Feb 27, 1979||Lachance Ernest J||Secure bottle with novel cap|
|US4267942 *||Jun 20, 1979||May 19, 1981||John B. Wick, Jr.||Pharmaceutical dispensing cabinet|
|US4473884 *||Jan 8, 1982||Sep 25, 1984||Sybron Corporation||Electronic medication dispensing system|
|US4546901 *||Feb 2, 1984||Oct 15, 1985||Buttarazzi Patrick J||Apparatus for dispensing medication|
|US4655026 *||Dec 11, 1985||Apr 7, 1987||Wigoda Luis T||Pill dispensing machine|
|US4664289 *||Sep 20, 1985||May 12, 1987||Sanyo Electric Co, Ltd.||Drug dispensing apparatus|
|US4674651 *||Nov 15, 1985||Jun 23, 1987||Scidmore Fred A||Pill dispenser|
|US4674652 *||Apr 11, 1985||Jun 23, 1987||Aten Edward M||Controlled dispensing device|
|US4695954 *||Oct 31, 1984||Sep 22, 1987||Rose Robert J||Modular medication dispensing system and apparatus utilizing portable memory device|
|US4733362 *||Sep 20, 1985||Mar 22, 1988||Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.||Drug dispensing apparatus with a printer having programmable format|
|US4785969 *||Nov 10, 1986||Nov 22, 1988||Pyxis Corporation||Medication dispensing system|
|US4832229 *||Jun 26, 1986||May 23, 1989||Bramlage Gesellschaft Mit Beschraenkter Haftung||Dispenser|
|US4847764 *||May 21, 1987||Jul 11, 1989||Meditrol, Inc.||System for dispensing drugs in health care institutions|
|US4853521 *||Dec 28, 1987||Aug 1, 1989||Claeys Ronald W||System for verifying and recording drug administration to a patient|
|US4911327 *||Apr 12, 1988||Mar 27, 1990||Michel Silberfeld||Dispenser|
|US4939705 *||Nov 23, 1988||Jul 3, 1990||Aprex Corporation||Drug dispensing event detector|
|US4967928 *||Jun 9, 1988||Nov 6, 1990||Carter Cheryl L||Inventory control including individual patient listing and medical chart record for medication cart|
|US4971221 *||Nov 23, 1988||Nov 20, 1990||Aprex Corporation||Drug dispenser having means for detecting dispensing events|
|US5097982 *||Jan 7, 1988||Mar 24, 1992||Dan Kedem||Programmed medication dispenser apparatus|
|US5292029 *||Aug 29, 1991||Mar 8, 1994||Pearson Walter G||Patient medication dispensing and associated record|
|US5405048 *||Dec 6, 1993||Apr 11, 1995||Kvm Technologies, Inc.||Vacuum operated medicine dispenser|
|US5490610 *||Apr 13, 1995||Feb 13, 1996||Pearson; Walter G.||Semi-automated medication dispenser|
|1||*||Ser. No. 08/502118, Pearson, Jul. 13, 1995.|
|2||*||Ser. No. 08/598574, Pearson, Feb. 12, 1996.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5905653 *||Dec 4, 1997||May 18, 1999||Omnicell Technologies, Inc.||Methods and devices for dispensing pharmaceutical and medical supply items|
|US6170230||Dec 4, 1998||Jan 9, 2001||Automed Technologies, Inc.||Medication collecting system|
|US6175779||Sep 29, 1998||Jan 16, 2001||J. Todd Barrett||Computerized unit dose medication dispensing cart|
|US6256967||Dec 11, 1998||Jul 10, 2001||Automed Technologies, Inc.||Integrated automated drug dispenser method and apparatus|
|US6259654||Nov 3, 1998||Jul 10, 2001||Telaric, L.L.C.||Multi-vial medication organizer and dispenser|
|US6339732||Oct 16, 1998||Jan 15, 2002||Pyxis Corporation||Apparatus and method for storing, tracking and documenting usage of anesthesiology items|
|US6370841||Dec 3, 1999||Apr 16, 2002||Automed Technologies, Inc.||Automated method for dispensing bulk medications with a machine-readable code|
|US6393339 *||Jun 3, 1998||May 21, 2002||Biovend Limited||Computerized stock control system|
|US6449927||May 18, 2001||Sep 17, 2002||Automed Technologies, Inc.||Integrated automated drug dispenser method and apparatus|
|US6529446||Jul 28, 2000||Mar 4, 2003||Telaric L.L.C.||Interactive medication container|
|US6532399||Jun 5, 2001||Mar 11, 2003||Baxter International Inc.||Dispensing method using indirect coupling|
|US6611733||Oct 8, 1998||Aug 26, 2003||Carlos De La Huerga||Interactive medication dispensing machine|
|US6625952||Oct 26, 2000||Sep 30, 2003||Automed Technologies, Inc.||Medication collecting system|
|US6636780||Nov 7, 2000||Oct 21, 2003||Mdg Medical Inc.||Medication dispensing system including medicine cabinet and tray therefor|
|US6640159||Apr 3, 2001||Oct 28, 2003||Omnicell Technologies, Inc.||Replacement liner and methods for a dispensing device|
|US6742671||Sep 16, 2002||Jun 1, 2004||Automed Technologies, Inc.||Integrated automated drug dispenser method and apparatus|
|US7006894||Aug 26, 2003||Feb 28, 2006||Carlos De La Huerga||Interactive medication cassette|
|US7055716||Oct 20, 2004||Jun 6, 2006||Royal Vendors, Inc.||Clear door vending machine|
|US7080755||Sep 13, 2004||Jul 25, 2006||Michael Handfield||Smart tray for dispensing medicaments|
|US7128237||Mar 31, 2006||Oct 31, 2006||John Holdway||Clear door vending machine|
|US7155306||Dec 12, 2002||Dec 26, 2006||Mdg Medical, Inc.||Medication administration system|
|US7162440||Nov 12, 2001||Jan 9, 2007||National Notification Center Llc||Product management system|
|US7222748||Sep 26, 2003||May 29, 2007||Royal Vendors, Inc.||Clear door vending machine|
|US7222749||Mar 31, 2006||May 29, 2007||Royal Vendors, Inc.||Clear door vending machine|
|US7236936||Dec 30, 2002||Jun 26, 2007||B. Braun Medical, Inc.||Security infusion pump with bar code reader|
|US7258276||Oct 16, 2001||Aug 21, 2007||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of distributing products|
|US7293705||Mar 9, 2004||Nov 13, 2007||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of distributing products|
|US7428447||Sep 26, 2005||Sep 23, 2008||Innovative Product Achievements, Inc.||Inventory management systems|
|US7440818||Apr 18, 2005||Oct 21, 2008||Animatronics, Inc.||Medicament tray inventory system and method|
|US7630790||Feb 11, 2005||Dec 8, 2009||Michael Handfield||Medicament inventory system and method|
|US7645258||Mar 13, 2004||Jan 12, 2010||B. Braun Medical, Inc.||Patient medication IV delivery pump with wireless communication to a hospital information management system|
|US7654261||Mar 28, 2006||Feb 2, 2010||Ann-Maree Rockhold||Automated system and device for management and dispensation of respiratory therapy medications|
|US7661591||Oct 1, 2004||Feb 16, 2010||Promega Corporation||RF point of sale and delivery method and system using communication with remote computer and having features to read a large number of RF tags|
|US7668731||Nov 24, 2003||Feb 23, 2010||Baxter International Inc.||Medication delivery system|
|US7685004||Dec 5, 2007||Mar 23, 2010||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.||System and software of enhanced pharmaceutical operations in long-term care facilities and related methods|
|US7689318 *||Aug 18, 2006||Mar 30, 2010||Lonnie Draper||Inventory control and prescription dispensing system|
|US7698019||Sep 20, 2004||Apr 13, 2010||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.||System and software of enhanced pharmaceutical operations in long-term care facilities and related methods|
|US7710275||Mar 16, 2007||May 4, 2010||Promega Corporation||RFID reader enclosure and man-o-war RFID reader system|
|US7715277||Sep 24, 2002||May 11, 2010||Carlos De La Huerga||Interactive medication container|
|US7721914||May 31, 2006||May 25, 2010||Michael Handfield||Container for dispensing medicaments having a compressible medium therein|
|US7726514 *||Jul 7, 2004||Jun 1, 2010||Rxmedic Systems, Inc.||Automated article dispensation mechanism|
|US7735681||Oct 17, 2006||Jun 15, 2010||Handfield Michael||Medicament container locking system and method|
|US7735683||May 31, 2006||Jun 15, 2010||Michael Handfield||Smart tray for dispensing medicaments|
|US7735732||Jun 24, 2004||Jun 15, 2010||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of distributing products|
|US7751933||Jun 23, 2006||Jul 6, 2010||Michael Handfield||Smart tray for dispensing medicaments|
|US7784689||May 5, 2006||Aug 31, 2010||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of distributing products|
|US7791479||Nov 13, 2006||Sep 7, 2010||Promega Corporation||RFID point of sale and delivery method and system|
|US7800914||Jun 5, 2007||Sep 21, 2010||David Dully||Apparatus and method for storing and regulating access to portable electronic devices|
|US7844362||Jul 11, 2006||Nov 30, 2010||Michael Handfield||Method of intelligently dispensing medicaments|
|US7860603||Aug 20, 2007||Dec 28, 2010||Michael Handfield||Medicaments container with medicament authentication mechanism|
|US7885725||Jan 4, 2007||Feb 8, 2011||Dunn Lawrence A||Devices, systems and methods for point-of-use medication control|
|US7886931||Aug 20, 2007||Feb 15, 2011||Michael Handfield||Medicament container system and method|
|US7908030||Oct 10, 2006||Mar 15, 2011||Michael Handfield||Smart tray for dispensing medicaments|
|US7909207||Aug 20, 2007||Mar 22, 2011||Michael Handfield||Smart tray for dispensing medicaments|
|US7917246||Aug 20, 2007||Mar 29, 2011||Michael Handfield||Lockable medicament dispensing apparatus with authentication mechanism|
|US7933780||Dec 3, 2001||Apr 26, 2011||Telaric, Llc||Method and apparatus for controlling an infusion pump or the like|
|US7942321||Jun 8, 2004||May 17, 2011||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of disturbing products|
|US7949426||Aug 20, 2007||May 24, 2011||Michael Handfield||Medicaments container with display component|
|US7967199||Jul 24, 2009||Jun 28, 2011||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of distributing products|
|US7978564||Apr 11, 2001||Jul 12, 2011||Carlos De La Huerga||Interactive medication container|
|US7996105||Aug 20, 2007||Aug 9, 2011||Michael Handfield||Medicament dispensing authorization|
|US8025228||Oct 31, 2007||Sep 27, 2011||Promega Corporation||RF point of sale and delivery method and system using communication with remote computer and having features to read a large number of RF tags|
|US8027748||Aug 20, 2007||Sep 27, 2011||Michael Handfield||Medicament container|
|US8031072||Apr 13, 2010||Oct 4, 2011||Promega Corporation||RFID reader enclosure and man-o-war RFID reader system|
|US8079494 *||Oct 24, 2007||Dec 20, 2011||Tandem Technologies, Llc||Delivery system|
|US8091733 *||Apr 6, 2010||Jan 10, 2012||Rxmedic Systems, Inc.||Automated article dispensation mechanism|
|US8112175||Aug 20, 2007||Feb 7, 2012||Michael Handfield||Methods and apparatus for medicament tracking|
|US8113425||Apr 14, 2011||Feb 14, 2012||Promega Corporation||RF point of sale and delivery method and system using communication with remote computer and having features to read a large number of RF tags|
|US8141330||May 20, 2005||Mar 27, 2012||KNAPP Logistics Automation, Inc.||Systems and methods of automated tablet dispensing, prescription filling, and packaging|
|US8204761||Apr 8, 2010||Jun 19, 2012||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.||System and software of enhanced pharmaceutical operations in long-term care facilities and related methods|
|US8209193||Jun 29, 2010||Jun 26, 2012||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.|
|US8231053||May 5, 2011||Jul 31, 2012||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of distributing products|
|US8234128||Dec 30, 2003||Jul 31, 2012||Baxter International, Inc.||System and method for verifying medical device operational parameters|
|US8258961||Sep 7, 2011||Sep 4, 2012||Promega Corporation||RFID reader enclosure and man-o-war RFID reader system|
|US8260632||Jun 14, 2007||Sep 4, 2012||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.|
|US8308414 *||Dec 31, 2008||Nov 13, 2012||Cerner Innovation, Inc.||Medication dispensing apparatus with bulk bin loading|
|US8326455||Nov 24, 2010||Dec 4, 2012||Dunn Lawrence A||Methods for point-of-use medication control|
|US8360274||Jun 16, 2011||Jan 29, 2013||Industrial Technology Research Institute||Negative pressure type medication delivering device and medication dispensing device and system using the same|
|US8486019||Apr 22, 2009||Jul 16, 2013||B. Braun Medical, Inc.||Patient medication IV delivery pump with wireless communication to a hospital information management system|
|US8489425||Apr 24, 2012||Jul 16, 2013||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.|
|US8511196||Apr 23, 2010||Aug 20, 2013||Tandem Technologies, Llc||Traction drive system|
|US8554574||Dec 21, 2012||Oct 8, 2013||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.|
|US8601776||Feb 17, 2012||Dec 10, 2013||Knapp Logistics & Automation, Inc.||Systems and methods of automated dispensing, prescription filling, and packaging|
|US8612256||Aug 30, 2013||Dec 17, 2013||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.|
|US8636172||Feb 7, 2011||Jan 28, 2014||Lawrence A. Dunn||Devices, systems and methods for point-of-use medication control|
|US8775196||Dec 30, 2003||Jul 8, 2014||Baxter International Inc.||System and method for notification and escalation of medical data|
|US8954338||Nov 8, 2013||Feb 10, 2015||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.||System and method of enhanced distribution of pharmaceuticals in long-term care facilities|
|US9014847||Nov 24, 2010||Apr 21, 2015||Lawrence A. Dunn||Systems for point-of-use medication control|
|US20010028308 *||Apr 11, 2001||Oct 11, 2001||Carlos De La Huerga||Interactive medication container|
|US20020038392 *||Dec 3, 2001||Mar 28, 2002||Carlos De La Huerga||Method and apparatus for controlling an infusion pump or the like|
|US20020183882 *||Feb 21, 2002||Dec 5, 2002||Michael Dearing|
|US20030099158 *||Sep 24, 2002||May 29, 2003||Carlos De La Huerga||Interactive medication container|
|US20030120384 *||Dec 12, 2002||Jun 26, 2003||David Haitin||Medication administration system|
|US20030141981 *||Jan 29, 2002||Jul 31, 2003||Tuan Bui||System and method for operating medical devices|
|US20030195775 *||May 29, 2003||Oct 16, 2003||Hampton David R.||Method and apparatus for reporting emergency incidents|
|US20040039481 *||Aug 26, 2003||Feb 26, 2004||Carlos De La Huerga||Medication dispensing machine cassette with interactive information strip|
|US20040155049 *||Feb 10, 2003||Aug 12, 2004||Artromick International, Inc.||Pill sorting device and method of use thereof|
|US20040176984 *||Mar 13, 2004||Sep 9, 2004||B-Braun Medical, Inc.||Patient medication IV delivery pump with wireless communication to a hospital information management system|
|US20040222297 *||Jun 21, 2004||Nov 11, 2004||Promega Corporation|
|US20040232230 *||Jun 8, 2004||Nov 25, 2004||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of distributing products|
|US20040232231 *||Jun 24, 2004||Nov 25, 2004||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of distributing products|
|US20050067426 *||Sep 26, 2003||Mar 31, 2005||Holdway John Barrett||Clear door vending machine|
|US20050082309 *||Oct 20, 2004||Apr 21, 2005||John Holdway||Clear door vending machine|
|US20050096785 *||Sep 20, 2004||May 5, 2005||Moncrief James W.|
|US20050125312 *||Sep 30, 2004||Jun 9, 2005||Promega Corporation|
|US20050194437 *||Oct 1, 2004||Sep 8, 2005||Promega Corporation|
|US20060006190 *||Jul 7, 2004||Jan 12, 2006||Janet Jason A||Automated article dispensation mechanism|
|US20060025884 *||May 20, 2005||Feb 2, 2006||Claus Henkel||Systems and methods of automated tablet dispensing, prescription filling, and packaging|
|US20060058724 *||Sep 13, 2004||Mar 16, 2006||Michael Handfield||Smart tray for dispensing medicaments|
|US20060058725 *||Mar 3, 2005||Mar 16, 2006||Michael Handfield||Smart tray for dispensing medicaments|
|US20060058726 *||Apr 18, 2005||Mar 16, 2006||Michael Handfield||Medicament tray inventory system and method|
|US20060058918 *||Feb 11, 2005||Mar 16, 2006||Michael Handfield||Medicament inventory system and method|
|US20060081705 *||Oct 12, 2005||Apr 20, 2006||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of distributing products|
|US20060169713 *||Mar 31, 2006||Aug 3, 2006||Holdway John B||Clear door vending machine|
|US20060169714 *||Mar 31, 2006||Aug 3, 2006||Holdway John B||Clear door vending machine|
|US20060190628 *||May 5, 2006||Aug 24, 2006||Promega Corporation||Radio Frequency Identification Method and System of Distributing Products|
|US20060213917 *||May 31, 2006||Sep 28, 2006||Michael Handfield||Smart tray for dispensing medicaments|
|US20060219730 *||May 31, 2006||Oct 5, 2006||Michael Handfield||Container for dispensing medicaments having a compressible medium therein|
|US20060241806 *||Jun 23, 2006||Oct 26, 2006||Michael Handfield||Smart tray for dispensing medicaments|
|US20060292492 *||Jun 27, 2006||Dec 28, 2006||Nec Corporation||Optical information recording medium and optical information reproducing apparatus|
|US20070069018 *||Nov 13, 2006||Mar 29, 2007||Promega Corporation||Rf point of sale and delivery method and system using communication with remote computer and having features to read a large number of rf tags|
|US20070073441 *||Sep 26, 2005||Mar 29, 2007||Innovative Product Achievements, Inc.||Inventory management systems|
|US20070156282 *||Jan 4, 2007||Jul 5, 2007||Dunn Lawrence A||Devices, systems and methods for point-of-use medication control|
|US20070187422 *||Oct 10, 2006||Aug 16, 2007||Michael Handfield||Smart tray for dispensing medicaments|
|US20080029531 *||Aug 20, 2007||Feb 7, 2008||Michael Handfield||Medicament dispensing authorization|
|US20080029532 *||Aug 20, 2007||Feb 7, 2008||Michael Handfield||Medicament dispensing authorization|
|US20080029533 *||Aug 20, 2007||Feb 7, 2008||Michael Handfield||Medicament container system and method|
|US20080035661 *||Aug 20, 2007||Feb 14, 2008||Michael Handfield||Medicament container|
|US20080091467 *||Dec 5, 2007||Apr 17, 2008||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.||System and Software of Enhanced Pharmaceutical Operations in Long-Term Care Facilities and Related Methods|
|US20080093371 *||Oct 24, 2007||Apr 24, 2008||Tandem Technologies, Llc||Delivery system|
|US20080106870 *||Jun 5, 2007||May 8, 2008||Cerner Innovation, Inc.||Apparatus and method for storing and regulating access to portable electronic devices|
|US20080121700 *||Oct 31, 2007||May 29, 2008||Promega Corporation|
|US20080173711 *||Aug 20, 2007||Jul 24, 2008||Michael Handfield||Method and system for communicating with a medicaments container|
|US20090065525 *||Dec 27, 2007||Mar 12, 2009||Industrial Technology Research Institute||Negative pressure type medication delivering device and medication dispensing device and system using the same|
|US20090108017 *||Dec 31, 2008||Apr 30, 2009||Cerner Innovation, Inc.||Medication dispensing apparatus with bulk bin loading|
|US20090164042 *||Mar 2, 2009||Jun 25, 2009||Michael Handfield||Medicament inventory system and method|
|US20090283590 *||Jul 24, 2009||Nov 19, 2009||Promega Corporation||Radio frequency identification method and system of distributing products|
|US20100187307 *||Apr 13, 2010||Jul 29, 2010||Phillips Travis A||Rfid reader enclosure and man-o-war rfid reader system|
|US20100256808 *||Apr 3, 2009||Oct 7, 2010||John Hui||Method And Apparatus For Dispensing Medicine|
|US20100273602 *||Oct 28, 2010||Tandem Technologies, Llc||Traction drive system|
|US20140308100 *||Apr 2, 2014||Oct 16, 2014||Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.||Pill picking apparatus|
|USRE44127||Mar 23, 2012||Apr 2, 2013||Tech Pharmacy Services, Inc.|
|CN103832695A *||Mar 7, 2014||Jun 4, 2014||黄凯||Automatic quantitative dispensing system for pharmacy|
|WO2005036482A2 *||Jun 3, 2004||Apr 21, 2005||Royal Vendors Inc||Clear door vending machine|
|WO2010115208A1 *||Apr 5, 2010||Oct 7, 2010||Joui International, Llc||Method and apparatus for dispensing medicine|
|U.S. Classification||221/2, 221/9, 221/123, 700/231, 312/209|
|International Classification||A61G12/00, A61J7/00, A61J7/04|
|Cooperative Classification||A61J7/0454, A61J7/0463, G07F17/0092, G07F11/002, A47B2031/003, B65G2209/04, A47B2031/006, G07F11/165, A61J7/0481, A61G12/001|
|European Classification||A61J7/00F1, A61G12/00B, A61J7/04B3|
|Apr 14, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PEARSON VENTURES, L.L.C., LOUISIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PEARSON, WALTER G.;REEL/FRAME:008447/0864
Effective date: 19970325
|Feb 23, 2001||AS||Assignment|
|Aug 29, 2001||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Aug 10, 2005||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Jan 26, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COMERICA BANK, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:ARTROMICK INTERNATIONAL, INC.;REEL/FRAME:017065/0426
Effective date: 20060124
|Nov 6, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ARTROMICK INTERNATIONAL, INC., OHIO
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:COMERICA BANK;REEL/FRAME:021794/0041
Effective date: 20081104
|Dec 7, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CAPSA SOLUTIONS LLC, C/O KEYSTONE CAPITAL, ILLINOI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ARTROMICK INTERNATIONAL, INC. C/O STERLING CAPITAL PARTNERS, L.P.;REEL/FRAME:023607/0466
Effective date: 20091130
|Dec 8, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: THE PRIVATEBANK AND TRUST COMPANY, ILLINOIS
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNORS:CAPSA SOLUTIONS LLC;IRSG HOLDINGS, LLC;REEL/FRAME:023620/0001
Effective date: 20091130
|Jul 7, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: THE PRIVATEBANK AND TRUST COMPANY, AS ADMINISTRATI
Free format text: SECOND AMENDED AND RESTATED PATENT AND TRADEMARK SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNORS:CAPSA SOLUTIONS LLC (F/K/A INTERNATIONAL RETAIL SERVICES GROUP, LLC);CAPSA INTERNATIONAL SALES CORPORATION;KIRBY LESTER, LLC;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:033280/0164
Effective date: 20140701