|Publication number||USRE36241 E|
|Application number||US 08/804,330|
|Publication date||Jun 29, 1999|
|Filing date||Feb 14, 1997|
|Priority date||Apr 8, 1993|
|Also published as||CA2120556A1, CA2120556C, EP0619228A1, US5388385|
|Publication number||08804330, 804330, US RE36241 E, US RE36241E, US-E-RE36241, USRE36241 E, USRE36241E|
|Inventors||James M. Phelps, Joseph F. Posge|
|Original Assignee||Planet Products Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (4), Classifications (10), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to a filling head for food articles such as franks or other similarly shaped processed food articles of roughly equal size. More particularly, the invention relates to a food article filling head capable of quick connection with a loader parent machine to allow an interchanging of different sized and configured heads to accommodate desired packaging tray arrangements.
Packing machines for all types of foods are very common and have been widely used for many years. Typically, processed food articles have a uniform shade which renders them conducive to high speed automated packaging machines. The processed food articles move along a conveyor to a filling head and into trays, boxes or some other form of packaging container. Often, the containers also are on a high speed conveyor which moves the containers with the loaded food articles to a wrapping station or another processing station used in the ultimate distribution of the food to the consumer.
Speed of packaging the food articles is of utmost importance. Any packaging machine must keep up with the supply of food articles being processed. It is particularly important for sanitation reasons to minimize the exposure of many processed food articles to the ambient temperatures in a packaging plant. Machines are known which can load processed food articles such as franks into packaging trays. Most have a filling head where the food articles are loaded, then unloaded into containers. The filling head can be configured to load one or more containers at a time. The containers themselves can be one of many different sizes to hold any desired number of food articles. Ideally, any filling head on a loader will be versatile enough to accommodate the varied food article packaging sizes and arrangements.
In accord with a need for fast and efficient food article packaging, there has been developed food article filling heads for loader parent machines. The filling heads have quick connect features to allow a head with desired capacity and food article arrangement to be selected and installed on the parent machine. A limited number of interchangeable filling heads for a loader parent machine lends a great deal of versatility to the type of package containers, both in capacity and physical food article arrangement, that can be loaded. Most importantly, the filing head is able to operate at an increased speed and in a very efficient manner. These and other advantages of the filling head of the invention will be apparent from the description which follows.
A food article filling head is capable of being readily connected to and disconnected from a loader parent machine to make possible the interchangeability of filling heads with different configurations to provide varied food article arrangements. The filling head comprises an open frame with means to semi-permanently attach it to the loader parent machine to receive food articles in an aligned array. At least two spring loaded flapper doors are hingeably mounted on the frame to form a substantially flat receiving surface to hold food articles as they are being loaded into the filling head from a conveyor of the parent machine. A pusher bar unloading system is capable of operable connection to a power system of the parent machine to intermittently discharge food articles from the filling head to individual packaging trays positioned below the flapper doors. The unloading system includes a set of slide blocks mounted to the frame, a horizontal shaft mounted in the slide blocks, a drive rod pivotally attached at one end to the horizontal shaft and rigidly attached at another end to a crank arm with quick connect means, a set of pusher bars rigidly attached to the horizontal shaft and horizontal elongated pusher members attached to the pusher bars. Reciprocating motion from the drive rod causes the pusher bars and associated elongated pusher members to travel from a disengaging position to an engaging position with the loaded food articles with sufficient force to cause the flapper doors to open and allow the food articles to drop into the packaging trays.
FIG. 1 is a side view of the food article filling head of the invention operably connected to an input conveyor belt and power system of a loader parent machine.
FIG. 2 is a front view of the food article filling head of FIG. 1 showing food articles in position for loading into a packaging tray.
FIG. 3 is a side view partially in section of the food article filling head of FIG. 1 showing a pusher bar unloading system and showing a drive rod connection to a power system.
FIG. 4 is a top view of the food article filling head of FIG. 1 showing the power system connections.
FIG. 5 is a front view of the food article filling head of FIG. 1 showing the food articles immediately after discharge from the filling head into packaging trays.
FIG. 6 is a side view partially in section of a quick connect system of the food article filling head of FIG. 1 showing its connection to the power system.
FIG. 7 is a perspective view in isolation showing in detail the pusher bar unloading system of the food article filling head of FIG. 1.
FIG. 8 is a side view partially in section showing in detail a slide block assembly of the pusher bar unloading system.
The food article filling head of the invention is described in detail in the following paragraphs and with reference to the drawings. The filling head is particularly useful for the filling of franks into packaging trays and for this reason is described. Other food articles such as sausage links, fish sticks, zucchini sticks and the like can as well be loaded in the filling head and discharged into specially configured individual containers. The food articles are similarly shaped of roughly equal size and include cylindrical-, rectangular-, square- and oblong-shaped articles. The containers include the packaging trays as well as cartons and boxes. The packaged articles are for home sales as well as restaurant and institutional sales.
With reference to FIGS. 1-5, there is shown a food article filling head 10 of the invention operably connected to a loader parent machine 11 and positioned over packaging trays 12. The filling head is capable of quick connection to and quick disconnection from the loader parent machine by means described in detail in the following paragraphs. The parent machine is constructed and operates in a known manner. It comprises conveyors for receiving the processed franks and arranging them in an aligned side by side arrangement. It is adapted for use with the food article filling head 10 of the invention by the inclusion of guide connect pin receiving mounts and mounting blocks with bar-receiving grooves, each more particularly described below. While not illustrated, the packaging trays are conveyed to and from the filling head by a conveyor of a packager in synchronization with operation of the filling head. Such packagers are well known and readily interface with the filling head of the invention.
The filling head 10 has an open frame 15 with two horizontal lower support members 16, a transverse U-shaped cross-member brace 17 attached to the lower support members, two horizontal upper support members 18 attached to the cross-member brace 17, and two vertical rail support members 19 extending from the lower support members 16. The frame 15 is configured depending on an input conveyor of the parent machine, the packaging trays and the number of franks to be filled at a time. As most evident in FIGS. 1 and 2 the filling head 10 is configured to receive two rows of franks aligned side by side, with each row of franks being loaded twenty-eight at a time into a packaging tray. One tray receives the two rows of franks per cycle with a double layer of franks being discharged during two cycles into each tray to fully load it. Other loader parent machines can deliver three or more rows of franks to the filling head in which case the filling head is configured to handle the increased load. The number of franks loaded into an individual packaging tray can vary as well as the number of layers, i.e. a single layer or multiple layers. The width and length of the frame 15 is varied accordingly as well as the number of flapper doors as discussed in detail below.
The frame 15 of the food article filling head is adapted for connection to the loader parent machine and is capable of holding flapper doors and a pusher bar unloading system, including a drive rod which delivers power from a power system of the parent machine to open the flapper doors at the proper time. The frame members are made of a rigid material, normally machined steel and/or plastic. The respective frame members are permanently secured together by welds, bolts and nuts or other conventional attachment means.
Quick connect means on the frame 15 allow it to be readily installed and removed from the loader parent machine 11. This feature is needed because of the need to change filling heads depending on the desired individual packaging tray arrangements. As best seen in FIG. 1, each of the horizontal lower support members has a mounting guide pin 21 (shown in phantom) extending axially from its end. Mounts in the parent machine are positioned to receive the guide pins. A transverse horizontal mounting bar is also used in conjunction with the mounting guide pins. As best seen in FIGS. 2 and 3, a bracket 22 is permanently attached to each of the horizontal upper support members 18 of the frame 15 at the end nearest the parent machine. The brackets 22 extend above the frame and permanently hold ends of a horizontal mounting bar 23. With reference to FIGS. 1 and 2, mounting blocks 24 each with a receiving groove 25 are fixedly attached to the loader parent machine to receive the horizontal mounting bar 23 when the food article filling head is properly positioned juxtaposed the parent machine. Once so positioned, the mounting bar extends fully into the grooves. A vertical hole in each mounting block receives a drop pin 26. The drop pins 25 engage a side of the mounting bar 23 and in effect lock the filling head in place. The drop pins are readily removed and the frame pulled away from the loader parent machine as need dictates.
At least two spring loaded flapper doors are mounted on the frame to control the loading and discharging of franks from the filling head. The filling head 10 is configured to discharge two rows of franks at a time. Accordingly, two sets of flapper doors are mounted to the frame. The flapper doors are suspended from the frame by the use of a front rod 30 and a back rod (not shown). The front rod 30 extends between the two horizontal lower support members 16 and rests in notches at their terminuses. The front rod 30 is used to hold hanger brackets 31 near each horizontal lower support member and a hanger bracket 32 at a mid-point. Associated brackets are positioned on the back rod. Door rods 33 are hung to the frame by use of the brackets 31 to extend along each of the horizontal lower support members 16. Parallel internal door rods 34 are attached to the bracket 32. Each set of door rods 33 and 34 is each used to hold two cooperating flapper doors 35, best seen in FIG. 2. The flapper doors extend substantially the full length of the frame and extend inwardly a sufficient distance to provide support to the franks to hold them in a flat plane. The free edge of each door 35 is offset from the hinged end to minimize contact with the franks and to allow them to more freely drop when the doors are forced open as more fully described below. Generally, a flapper door width of about one inch to about three inches for each associated flapper door is adequate to provide ends of the franks with sufficient support to maintain them in a planar disposition. At least two torsional springs 36 are mounted on the door rods and are operably associated with each flapper door 35 to hold it in a substantially horizontal closed positioned which will return to that position after an opening force is removed.
The front rod 30 which extends between the two horizontal lower support members 16 is also used to hold end stops to limit the forward movement of the franks during a loading step. As seen in FIGS. 2 and 4, two hanger brackets 37 are mounted on the front rod 30 at an approximate mid-point of each frank row. Each end stop 38 extends from the bracket 37. The end stop 38 is a generally U-shaped member which extends inwardly in a planar disposition to engage the front frank of a row of franks being loaded into the filling head.
The pusher bar unloading system on the filling head is used to intermittently discharge franks from the filling head to individual packaging trays directly below the flapper doors. The pusher bar unloading system is operably connected to the power system of the loader parent machine to translate a rotary motion of a flywheel to force a downward motion to a drive rod to cause the flapper doors to open and drop a full load of franks into the packaging trays. The filling head is reloaded with more franks during an upward motion of the rod.
As best seen in FIGS. 2, 3, 5 and 7 the pusher bar unloading system has a set of slide block assemblies 40 mounted on rails 41 extending along the vertical rail support members 19 of the frame 15. Each rail 41 is permanently secured to a vertical rail support member 19. With particular reference to FIG. 7, each block assembly 40 has a plastic slide block 42 with a groove to ride along the rail 41. A metal bearing block 43 is secured by screws to the plastic slide block 42. Each bearing block 43 has a centered hole to receive and hold in a fixed position an end of a horizontal shaft 44. The horizonal shaft 44 is rigidly attached to the two block assemblies in a manner whereby it can only move in an up or down direction.
A drive rod 45 is pivotally secured to the horizontal shaft 44 to cause the shaft to move in a timed relationship as discussed below. A collar 46 attached to the drive rod 45 and with an inside diameter slightly larger than the diameter of the horizontal shaft 44 allows the drive rod to force the shaft down yet allows the drive rod to rotate partially around the shaft in response to the flywheel movement. A crank arm 47 extending from the drive rod is rotatably secured to a periphery of the flywheel. With reference to FIG. 6, the drive rod 45 is bolted to the crank arm 47. Rivets on either side of the bolt extending from the crank shaft into the drive arm ensures a rigid connection. A quick connect means rotatably attaches the crank arm 47 to the flywheel 55. A first bushing 48 is welded to the free end of the crank arm 47. A quick connect pin 49 passes through the bushing 48 and a hole in the periphery of the flywheel 55. A second bushing 50 is welded to the backside of the flywheel to reinforce the attachment. A cotter pin passing through a cotter pin hole 51 holds the quick connect pin 49 in place during operation. The cotter pin's removal allows the removal of the quick connect pin and is one step in changing filling heads on the loader parent machine.
The balance of the pusher bar unloading system comprises vertical pusher bars 52 mounted on the horizontal shaft 44 and elongated stainless steel pusher members 53 on the ends of the pusher bars. Four pusher bars are positioned on the horizontal shaft such that each pusher bar is directly over a flapper door as best seen in FIG. 5. Each of the pusher bars 52 has a split collar 54 at one end and is fixedly secured to the shaft 44 by tightening of a screw in the collar. The pusher members 53 fixedly secured at the free end of the pusher bars are elongated members which are horizontally disposed and extend substantially the length of the flapper doors.
A rigid guide member 56 is secured to the cross-member brace 17 of the frame 15 at an approximate mid-point between the upper support members 18 to contain the drive rod of the pusher bar unloading system. The guide member 56 has a slot 57 through which the drive rod 45 passes. The slot has a length which permits the drive rod to move in response to the revolving crank arm while it has a width which restricts any lateral movement of the drive rod. Movement of the drive rod up and down causes a consequent movement of the elongated pusher members in concert. Thus, a downward stroke of the drive rod forces the horizontal shaft to move down. It is kept horizontal by its rigid attachment to the slide blocks and their movement along the vertical rails. In turn the pusher bars and the pusher members are forced down in unison to contact the franks and indirectly force open the flapper doors simultaneously. Movement of the drive rod upwardly reverses the movement of the shaft, pusher bars and pusher members. It is the smooth operation of the pusher bar unloading system which is responsible for the enhanced speed and efficiency of the feeding head of the invention. Rotary motion is effectively transferred through the system with a minimum of inertia and friction.
The franks to be loaded into the packaging trays travel along an endless input conveyor 60 of the loader parent machine 11. As shown, the franks are directed into two rows as they approach the filling head 10. The input conveyor 60 has a plurality of spaced receptacles 61 arranged in parallel rows such that each frank travels down the conveyor in an aligned fashion. The receptacles 61 are disposed and supported by a sprocket chain assembly driven by a sprocket wheel 62 mounted on a shaft 63. Each receptacle 61 is a L-shaped support with a ridge 64 positioned mid-way in a base leg to minimize contact of the frank with the leg. A protrusion 65 at the end of the base leg helps to retain the frank in the receptacle.
The franks are transferred from the input conveyor 60 to the filling head 10 with the aid of a single piece filling head cage 66. The cage 66 is a set of S-shaped guide-wires positioned at the end of the input conveyor 60 and adjacent the receiving end of the filling head 10. The guide wires are disposed in a spaced generally vertical relation to one another to collectively retain and guide the franks around the sprocket wheel 62 and drop them into an accumulating area. A sweep finger 67 mounted on a shaft 68 continuously rotates and engages the franks to create groupings of franks in a predetermined number. Pusher pins on a conveyor belt (not shown) push each grouping of franks from the accumulating area into the filling head. The whole system is synchronized such that when the filling head is unloaded and the pusher members moved upwardly to allow the flapper doors to close, the frank groupings are conveyed into the loading area of the filling head until it is fully loaded. The end stops on the frame limit their forward travel.
The sprocket wheel 62 of the input conveyor 60, the flywheel 55 used to transfer power to the drive rod, and the sweep finger 67 are mounted on shafts which are run by the same power source and are synchronized so that the proper number of franks are delivered to the filling head at the proper time. With reference to FIG. 1, the main power source delivers power to the shaft 70 and its associated sprocket wheel 71. Power is delivered to the reversing sprocket wheel 72 which in turn is delivered to the sweep finger 67. The sprocket wheel 72 also delivers power to the interchangeable sprocket wheel 73 mounted on a shaft 74. A proximity sensor 75 is operably associated with the shaft 68 and is used to sense revolutions of the shaft Its reading is transmitted to a computer 76. In effect, the number of frank groupings put into the filling head by operation of the sweep finger 67 is transmitted to the computer through operation of the proximity sensor 75. When the predetermined number of franks are loaded into the filling head, the computer energizes a single cycle clutch 77 (as best seen in FIG. 4) to cause a shaft 78 to revolve one full turn. This power is transferred through its associated sprocket wheel 79 to cause one revolution of the shaft 80 and its associated flywheel 55 and an unloading the franks into the trays. A set of sprocket chains (shown in schematic hidden lines in the figures) transfers power from the power source and to the various sprocket wheels and their shafts. The various gearings and idler wheels used in the power transfers are conventional.
The single power source powers the filling head and the loader parent machine. The loading of the filling head is synchronized with the delivery of franks from the input conveyor of the loader parent machine and the intermittent discharge of the filling head. The versatility of the filling head is enhanced by the fact the interchangeable sprocket wheel 73 can be changed to change cycle speed with a consequent different frank grouping size loaded into the filling head.
As illustrated, two packaging trays 12 are being loaded simultaneously by the filling head 10. The packaging trays travel along a conveyor (not shown) transverse to the food article filling head. The positioning of the packaging trays and their travel is done in a conventional manner.
In operation, a filling head of the invention with the requisite food article size and configuration for a desired packaging arrangement is positioned near the loader parent machine. The mounting guide pins and the horizontal mounting bar are matched with the mount holes and receiving brackets, respectively of the parent machine. The bar is shoved fully into the receiving grooves and the drop pins properly positioned. Next, the crank arm at the end of the drive rod is aligned with the flywheel, the quick connect pin inserted fully and the cotter pin added to connect the filling head to the power system of the parent machine. The input conveyor of the parent machine and the drive rod movement are synchronized such that food articles traveling down the input conveyor of the parent machine are loaded into the filling head when the drive rod is in the upward position. Upon being fully loaded, the drive rod on a downward swing forces the elongated pusher members to push directly and evenly down on the food articles with sufficient force to cause the flapper doors to swing open and the food articles to drop directly down in a planar relationship to the awaiting packaging trays. As the drive rod begins its upwardly movement, the elongated pusher members pull back up to allow the flapper doors to close. A new batch of food articles are then loaded into the filling head. The loading process is completed prior to the drive rod moving back down.
While the invention has been described in detail, it should be understood various changes can be made. All such modifications of an obvious nature and all uses of the food article filling head to load food articles of all natures and in all packaging arrangements are considered within the scope of the appended claims.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6668520 *||Jun 16, 2000||Dec 30, 2003||Standard Knapp Inc.||Modular sliding door grid|
|US7824721||Nov 2, 2007||Nov 2, 2010||Restaurant Technology, Inc.||Automated method of packaging food items|
|US7891289||Aug 23, 2004||Feb 22, 2011||Restaurant Technology, Inc.||Automated food frying device and method|
|US8770433||Nov 2, 2007||Jul 8, 2014||Restaurant Technology, Inc.||Vibratory tray conveyor and method|
|U.S. Classification||53/247, 53/248, 53/252, 414/746.8, 53/148, 414/794.2, 53/540|
|Aug 14, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Aug 30, 2006||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 9, 2007||REIN||Reinstatement after maintenance fee payment confirmed|
|May 3, 2007||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|May 3, 2007||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|May 16, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: F.R. DRAKE COMPANY, VIRGINIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PLANET PRODUCTS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:019297/0230
Effective date: 20070427
|Jan 28, 2008||PRDP||Patent reinstated due to the acceptance of a late maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19990629