|Publication number||USRE36339 E|
|Application number||US 08/047,505|
|Publication date||Oct 12, 1999|
|Filing date||Apr 16, 1993|
|Priority date||Apr 7, 1988|
|Publication number||047505, 08047505, US RE36339 E, US RE36339E, US-E-RE36339, USRE36339 E, USRE36339E|
|Inventors||Jong-Kyung Yun, Oh-Kwang Kwon|
|Original Assignee||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (20), Referenced by (1), Classifications (26), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a circuit for tape duplication in video tape recorder, particularly to a system which can reduce picture degradation occurring in the case of tape duplication, by recording directly the read signal from a tape on another tape without FM modulation or demodulation.
Generally, if the image signal recorded on a tape is picked-up at a head, and the amplified and FM modulated signal becomes a luminance signal through FM demodulation, and after the color signal of low band(625 KHz+500 KHz) is demodulated, and the luminance signal and color signal are summed to be a composite image signal as a reproduction method of VTR, then after this composite image signal is received, the luminance signal and the color signal are separated from the composite image signal, and the separated signals are recorded again on a tape through FM modulation and the low frequency modulation for the color signal, as a recording method for a VTR, but in the conventional case when duplicating the VTR tape, the duplication can be achieved through reproduction and recording steps so that picture degradation is caused.
That is, in case of the duplication of a VTR tape, the FM modulated signal and the low band modulated color signal are recorded through the FM demodulation and modulation, so that the picture quality can be subjected to greater deterioration since picture degradation is caused as the duplicating operation is repeated.
The present invention has been made in consideration of this and has for one of its objects to provide a circuit for tape duplication in video tape recorder in which the duplication operation can be carried out by transmitting directly a RF signal from low pass filter to the high-frequency correction part and synchronizing the switching pulse of the record set with the synchronizing signal of the reproduction set, without the FM modulation and demodulation, and the picture degradation can be prevented at the same time.
The object of the present invention can be achieved through the following operations: the amplified FM carrier signal at the pre-amp. of the reproduction set is compensated by the drop-out compensation, and it is signal-processed through the reproduction loop including a limiter and a FM modulator, on the other hand, the FM carrier signal is directly applied to the pre-amp. of the record set and is recorded, and the FM demodulated signal is applied to the record set after the separation of synchronization, and the switching pulse of 30 Hz is made up by separating the vertical synchronizing signal, and it is synchronized with the synchronization signal of the reproduction set so that the duplication of a tape can be directly carried out without FM modulation and demodulation processing.
According to the present invention, there is provided a circuit for tape duplication in video tape recorder in which a RF output signal through the low-pass filter of the reproduction set is applied to the pre-amp through the high frequency correction part of the record set, and a separated synchronizing signal at the synchronization signal separation part(in short synchronizing separation part) of the reproduction set generates the switching pulse of 30 Hz through the switch, the vertical synchronizing separation part and a monostable multivibrator of the record set so that the control pulse part and the drum servo can be synchronized.
FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram of the present invention.
The present invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying figure.
The present invention is composed of two major parts: the reproduction set 30 for reproducing the signal on a tape, and the record set 40 for recording the output signal of the reproduction set 30. The reproduction set 30 and the record set 40 can be composed of either two different VTR's or only on VTR of the double deck type.
First, the reproduction set 30 is identical with the conventional reproduction signal-processing block, where the signal picked up at a head H1 is amplified through a pre-amp 1 and is applied to AGC(automatic gain controller) 5 through a switch 4, but if a drop-out occurs at some part, the drop-out detecting part 3 connects the switch 4 as shown in the figure, so that the 1H delayed signal through 1H delay part 2 is applied to AGC 5, and after the output of AGC 5 passes a low pass filter 6, it also passes a low pass filter 7 of cut-off frequency 1.1 MHz so that the color signal is transferred to the mixer 13, from the color reproduction part 8, and at the same time, after the output of the low pass filter 6 is limited through the limiter 9, thereby becoming a suitable level for demodulation, and the limited signal is applied to the synchronizing separation part 14 and a mixer 13 through the FM demodulator 10, a low pass filter 11, and a deemphasizer 12, and the luminance signal and the color signal are summed up at the mixer 13, thereby producing the video signal, and the synchronizing signal is separated at the synchronizing separation part 14.
And the RF output signal (FM signal plus low band modulated color signal) of the low pass filter 6 in reproduction set 30 is corrected through the high frequency correction part 15 of the record set 40, and it is recorded at the head H2 through a pre-amp 16, the synchronizing signal of the synchronizing separation part 14 generates the switching pulse of 30 Hz through a switch 17, a vertical synchronizing separation part 18, and monostable multivibrator 19, so that the control pulse 21, the drum servo 22, and a pre-amp-16 are controlled by the switching pulse.
At this time, in case of a normal VTR operation, the synchronization signal from a synchronizing signal generator of luminance signal system 23 is selected to be used by the switch 17, but in case of the duplication of a tape, the synchronizing signal of the synchronizing signal separation part 14 is used by a selection of the switch 17.
The present invention like this can use either two different VTR's or only a VTR of double-deck type, and the VTR tape can be duplicated without the picture degradation.
To explain in detail, first, the pre-amp 1 amplifies the FM modulated luminance signal and the low-band modulated color signal picked up at the head H1 and this RF signal(FM modulated signal plus low-band modulated signal) is directly applied to AGC 5 through the switch 4 when the RF signal is normal, but if the drop-out occurs in the RF signal, the 1H delayed RF signal by the 1H delay part 2 is applied to AGC 5.
At this time, the drop-out detector 3 transmits the only FM main carrier frequency component of RF signal level, and if the level is low, then it is regarded as a drop-out, and the switch is connected as shown in the figure thereby applying the 1H delayed signal by the 1H delay part 2 the AGC 5.
And, the low pass filter 6 is controlled to transmit the only necessary component of the output of the low pass filter 1, and the RF signal through the low pass filter 6 is applied to the low pass filter 7 of cut-off frequency 1.1 MHz so that the only low-band modulated color signal(629 KHz±500 KHz) can be transmitted, and this color signal is applied to a mixer 13 through the color signal reproduction part 8.
Also, the output of the low pass filter 6 is applied to a limiter 9 so that it is limited to a suitable level for the FM demodulation, and the luminance signal is applied to a mixer 13 and the synchronizing separation part 14 through the FM demodulator 10, the low pass filter 11, and the deemphasizer 12.
Thus, the luminance signal and the color signal are summed at the mixer 13 so that the video signal is generated transmitting the recorded contents on monitor for seeing and hearing, and the synchronizing separation part 14 separates the synchronization signal.
The reproduction set which performs such operations is identical with the conventional VTR.
In case of the present invention, the RF output signal of the low pass filter 6 and the separated synchronization signal at the synchronizing separation part 14 are directly connected to the record set 40. That is, the high frequency correction part 15 of the record set 40 receives the RF signal transmitted from the low pass filter 6 and records it at the head H2 through the pre-amp 16 after determining the blazed high frequency components, and the synchronizing signal separated at the synchronizing separation part 14 of the reproduction set 30 generates the switching pulse of 30 Hz through the switch 17, the vertical synchronizing separation part 18, and monostable multivibrator 19.
The switching pulse of 30 Hz can be recorded on the control track of a tape through the control pulse part 21, and it is applied to the drum servo 22, thereby controlling the servo of the drum speed, and also applied to the pre-amp 16 for channel switching of the recorded signal.
At this time, the switch 17 is converted for applying the synchronizing signal separated at the synchronizing separation part 14 to the vertical synchronizing separation part 18 in case of the duplication of a tape, and the switch is converted to a normal position in the case of conventional operation of the VTR so that the synchronizing signal 23 of the luminance signal system can be applied to the vertical synchronizing separation part 18.
As mentioned above, the first set of the present invention reproduces the program to be copied, and the second set records it, so that the present invention can be composed of a double deck, and the state of the reproduced signal in the reproduction set 30 can be conformed on monitor.
This reproduced RF signal is applied to the record set 40 after the drop-out compensation, and the synchronizing signal separated at the synchronizing separation part 14 is also applied to the record set 40.
Thus, after the record set 40 corrects the RF signal applied from the reproduction set 30 through the high frequency correction part 15, the record set 40 records it at the head 2 through the pre-amp 16, also after the synchronizing signal separated at the synchronizing separation part 14 of the reproduction set 30 separates again the vertical synchronization signal through the vertical synchronizing separation part 18, and it generates the switching pulse of 30 Hz through the monostable multivibrator, and the switching signal of 30 Hz can be recorded on the control track of a tape, also it is applied to pre-amp 16 for the channel switching of the recorded signal.
As mentioned above, the present invention can remove the picture degradation generated due to the FM demodulation and modulation by recording directly the reproduced RF signal without FM demodulation and modulation and applying the synchronizing signal of the reproduction set to the record set so that the control pulse and the drum servo can be synchronized with the synchronization signal of the reproduction set.
The invention is in no way limited to the embodiment described hereinabove. Various modifications of disclosed embodiment as well as other embodiments of the invention will become apparent to persons skilled in the art upon reference to the description of the invention. It is therefore contemplated that the appended claims will cover any such modifications or embodiments as fall within the true scope of the invention.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6931197||Jun 28, 2000||Aug 16, 2005||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Frequency modulation (FM) recording apparatus of video tape recorder|
|U.S. Classification||386/279, 360/15, 386/270, 386/304, 386/309, 386/203, 386/235, 386/221|
|International Classification||H04N9/83, G11B15/18, H04N9/882, G11B15/473, G11B5/02, G11B5/86, G11B27/024|
|Cooperative Classification||G11B5/02, G11B27/024, H04N9/882, G11B5/86, G11B15/1875, G11B15/4731, H04N9/83|
|European Classification||G11B27/024, G11B5/86, G11B15/18B3, H04N9/83|
|Jun 16, 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD. A CORP. OF THE RE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:YUN, JONG-KYUNG;KWON, OH-KWANG;REEL/FRAME:006694/0246
Effective date: 19930608
|Mar 24, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12