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Publication numberUSRE36461 E
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 08/509,518
Publication dateDec 21, 1999
Filing dateJul 31, 1995
Priority dateDec 13, 1991
Publication number08509518, 509518, US RE36461 E, US RE36461E, US-E-RE36461, USRE36461 E, USRE36461E
InventorsDonald G. Russell, Gail Burns
Original AssigneeBeekley Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Radiology marker system and dispenser
US RE36461 E
Abstract
A marker system for use in radiography. The marker system includes an elongated base tape, a bendable, fabric covered wire containing a material that is opaque to imaging radiation, such as lead, and a continuous row of adhesive pads fixedly aligned along the wire. The adhesive pads are releasably adhered to the base tape and are manually removable from the base tape together with the wire for releasable adherence to a subject The marker system is dispensed in a convenient handy dispensing package which holds a roll of the marker system and ejects a line of wire with markers attached thereto as the base tape is pulled. Wire clippers are attached to the dispenser for cutting the markers.
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Claims(20)
We claim:
1. A marker system for use in radiology, comprising:
an elongated base tape having a length,
a bendable.[., covered.]. wire .[.containing a material.]. .Iadd.having a fabric covering thereon .Iaddend.that is not opaque to imaging radiation, the wire .Iadd.containing lead and .Iaddend.extending in a direction parallel to the length of the base tape, and
a plurality of adhesive support pads fixedly aligned along the covered wire, the adhesive .Iadd.support .Iaddend.pads being releasably adhered to the base tape and being manually removable from the base tape together with the .Iadd.covered .Iaddend.wire for releasable adherence to a subject.
2. A marker system according to claim 1, wherein the wire is covered with fabric. .[.3. A marker system according to claim 2, wherein the wire
contains lead..].4. A marker system according to claim 1, wherein the wire
diameter is about 1 mm or less exclusive of the covering. 5. A marker system according to claim 4, wherein the covered wire diameter is about
.[.2.]. .Iadd.2.5 .Iaddend.mm or less. 6. A marker system according to claim .[.2.]. .Iadd.1.Iaddend., wherein the adhesive .[.markers.].
.Iadd.support pads .Iaddend.are round. 7. A marker system according to claim 6, wherein the adhesive .Iadd.support .Iaddend.pads each have a
diameter of 1 cm or less. 8. A marker system according to claim 6, wherein the adhesive .[.members.]. .Iadd.support pads .Iaddend.have a diameter of
about 7 mm or less. 9. A marker system according to claim .[.2.]. .Iadd.1.Iaddend., wherein the adhesive .Iadd.support .Iaddend.pads have
adhesive on only one side. 10. A marker system according to claim 6,
wherein the covered wire diameter is about 1.5 mm or less. 11. A dispensing package for markers to be used in radiology, comprising:
tape supply means,
an elongated base tape disposed in the .Iadd.tape .Iaddend.supply means and dispensable therefrom, the tape having a length,
a bendable.[., covered.]. wire .[.containing a material.]. .Iadd.having a fabric covering thereon .Iaddend.that is not opaque to imaging radiation, the wire .Iadd.containing lead and .Iaddend.extending in a direction parallel to the length of the .Iadd.base .Iaddend.tape, and
a plurality of adhesive support pads fixedly aligned along the covered wire, the adhesive .Iadd.support .Iaddend.pads being releasably adhered to the base tape and being manually removable from the base tape together with the .Iadd.covered .Iaddend.wire for releasable adherence to a
subject. 12. A dispensing package according to claim 11, wherein the wire
is covered with fabric. 13. A dispensing package according to claim 11,
wherein the tape supply means includes a housing. 14. A dispensing package according lo claim 13, wherein the housing includes an adhesive for mounting the dispensing package to a wall. .[.15. A dispensing package
according to claim 12, wherein the wire contains lead..].16. A dispensing package according to claim .[.11.]. .Iadd.13.Iaddend., further comprising
clippers connected to the housing. 17. A marker system for use in radiology, comprising:
an elongated base tape,
a bendable.[., covered.]. wire .[.containing a material.]. .Iadd.having a fabric covering thereon .Iaddend.that is not opaque to imaging radiation, the covered wire .Iadd.containing lead and .Iaddend.having a diameter of about .[.2.]. .Iadd.2.5 .Iaddend.mm or less, and
a plurality of adhesive support pads fixedly aligned along the covered wire, the adhesive .Iadd.support .Iaddend.pads being releasably adhered to the base tape and being manually removable from the base tape together with the .Iadd.covered .Iaddend.wire for releasable adherence to a
subject. 18. A marker system according to claim 17, wherein the wire is covered with fabric. .[.19. A marker system according to claim 17, wherein the wire contains lead..]..[.20. A marker system according to claim 18,
wherein the wire contains lead..]..Iadd.21. A marker system for use in radiology, comprising:
an elongated base tape having a length,
a bendable wire containing a material that is opaque to imaging radiation, the wire having a covering thereon and extending in a direction parallel to the length of the base tape, and
a plurality of adhesive support pads fixedly aligned along the covered wire, the adhesive support pads being releasably adhered to the base tape and being manually removable from the base tape together with the covered wire for releasable adherence to a subject..Iaddend..Iadd.22. A marker system according to claim 21, wherein said material contains lead..Iaddend..Iadd.23. A marker system according to claim 21, wherein the wire diameter is about 1 mm or less exclusive of the covering..Iaddend..Iadd.24. A marker system according to claim 23, wherein the covered wire diameter is about 2.5 mm or less..Iaddend..Iadd.25. A marker system according to claim 21, wherein the adhesive support pads are round..Iaddend..Iadd.26. A marker system according to claim 25, wherein the adhesive support pads each have a diameter of about 1 cm or less..Iaddend..Iadd.27. A marker system according to claim 25, wherein the adhesive support pads have a diameter of about 7 mm or less..Iaddend..Iadd.28. A marker system according to claim 21, wherein the adhesive support pads have adhesive on only one side..Iaddend..Iadd.29. A marker system according to claim 25, wherein the covered wire diameter is about 1.5 mm or less..Iaddend..Iadd.30. A marker system according to claim 21, where in the covering on the wire comprises fabric..Iaddend..Iadd.31. A dispensing package for markers to be used in radiology, comprising:
tape supply means,
an elongated base tape disposed in the tape supply means and dispensable therefrom, the tape having a length,
a bendable wire containing a material that is opaque to imaging radiation, the wire having a fabric covering thereon and extending in a direction parallel to the length of the base tape, and
a plurality of adhesive support pads fixedly aligned along the covered wire, the adhesive support pads being releasably adhered to the base tape and being manually removable from the base tape together with the covered wire for releasable adherence to a subject..Iaddend..Iadd.32. A dispensing package according to claim 31, wherein the tape supply means includes a
housing..Iaddend..Iadd.33. A dispensing package according to claim 32, wherein the housing includes an adhesive for mounting the dispensing
package to a wall..Iaddend..Iadd.34. A dispensing package according to claim 31, wherein said material contains lead..Iaddend..Iadd.35. A dispensing package according to claim 32, further comprising clippers connected to the housing..Iaddend..Iadd.36. A marker system for use in radiology, comprising:
an elongated base tape,
a bendable wire containing a material that is opaque to imaging radiation, the wire having a fabric covering thereon and having a covered wire diameter of about 2.5 mm or less, and
a plurality of adhesive support pads fixedly aligned along the covered wire, the adhesive support pads being releasably adhered to the base tape and being manually removable from the base tape together with the covered wire for releasable adherence to a subject..Iaddend..Iadd.37. A marker system according to claim 36, wherein said material contains
lead..Iaddend..Iadd.38. A marker system for use in radiology, comprising:
an elongated base tape having a length,
a bendable, covered wire containing a material that is not opaque to imaging radiation, the wire containing lead and extending in a direction parallel to the length of the base tape, and
a plurality of adhesive support pads fixedly aligned along the covered wire, the adhesive pads being releasably adhered to the base tape and being manually removable from the base tape together with the wire for releasable adherence to a subject..Iaddend..Iadd.39. A marker system according to claim 38, wherein the cover on the wire is fabric..Iaddend.
Description
BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

When imaging various parts of the human body, it has been the practice of the physician or technologist to mark certain body parts with a thin lead strip or wire which can be seen on the radiographic image that is obtained. One purpose of identifying particular portions of the body is to prevent the physician which examines the image from being misled by artefactual shadows cast by certain body tissues of varying radiographic density. For example, it is known to use lead nipple markers described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,339,035, Marcus et al. Another purpose of identification is to delineate the margins of the radiation field which will be the target of radiation therapy. For this purpose it is known to tape paper clips or pieces of lead to a patient's body in order to mark a particular region or body part. This marking process can be uncomfortable for the patient and inconvenient for the physician or technician, and may be inaccurate.

An object of the invention is to provide a convenient and effective marker system for use in radiology.

Another object of the invention is to provide a marker system for use in radiology which is safe and comfortable for the patient.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide a disposable radiology marker system of the type described above which is relatively inexpensive to manufacture.

In addition, the invention provides for prevention of the spread of infection by permitting and encouraging single patient use.

A further object of the invention is to provide a radiology marker system that comes in a convenient and accessible dispenser.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide a marker system for use in radiology in which an adhesive marker having a lead-containing wire of a desired length can be conveniently cut.

Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out more in detail hereinafter.

The invention in a preferred form is a marker system for use in radiology. The marker system comprises an elongated base tape, a bendable, covered wire containing a material that is opaque to imaging radiation, and a plurality of adhesive support pads mounted along the length of the wire. The adhesive pads are releasably adhered to the base tape and are manually removable from the base tape together with the wire for releasable adherence to a subject.

Another embodiment of the invention is a dispenser containing the marker system of the invention. The dispenser includes a package for holding and supplying the tape, an elongated base tape disposed in the package and dispensable therefrom, a bendable, fabric covered wire comprising a material that is opaque to imaging radiation, and a plurality of adhesive members fixedly aligned along the length of the wire in a continuous arrangement, as discussed above. Preferably, the dispenser further includes a cutting device for cutting the marker to a desired length.

.Iadd.Another form of the invention is a marker system for use in radiology, comprising an elongated base tape, a bendable, covered wire containing a material that is not opaque to imaging radiation, and a plurality of adhesive support pads fixedly aligned along the wire, the adhesive pads being releasably adhered to the base tape and being manually removable from the base tape together with the wire for releasable adherence to a subjects. The wire preferably contains lead.

Yet another form of the invention is a dispensing package for markers to be used in radiology, comprising tape supply means, an elongated base tape disposed in the supply means and dispensable therefrom, a bendable, covered wire containing a material that is not opaque to imaging radiation, and a plurality of adhesive support pads fixedly aligned along the wire, the adhesive pads being releasably adhered to the base tape and being manually removable from the base tape together with the wire for releasable adherence to a subject. The wire preferably contains lead..Iaddend.

The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combination of elements and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the construction hereafter set forth and the scope of the application which will be indicated in the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is an enlarged, fragmentary view of the radiology marker system of the invention;

FIG. 2 is an isometric view of a dispensing container constructed in accordance with the present invention, shown from the back;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary view of the dispenser illustrated in FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a side view of a dispenser having a second embodiment according to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Referring now to the drawings, and in particular FIG. 1, the radiology marker system 10 is shown. The marker system 10 includes tape 12, which can be made of paper or another severable material, and can be coated with wax or any similar composition that allows for the release of the markers, as will be described below. Tape 12 is a single longitudinal strip. A covered wire 14 runs along the length of the tape on the side of the tape having a release-enhancing coating. The wire is manually bendable to a desired fixed position or shape, and preferably can be bent much more easily than a paper clip or similar wire. The bare wire is made of suitable material, such as a lead alloy, which is opaque to diagnostic radiation and therefore will show up on the radiographic film or image. The bare wire has a thickness that allows it to be readily severed by the user with a cutting device. Preferably, the bare wire has a thickness of 2.0 mm or less, and more preferably has a thickness of about 1 mm or less.

The wire is covered or coated with a material that will render it safe and comfortable when placed on a patient's body. Preferably, the wire is covered with a woven fabric. The covering or coating is sufficiently thick to contribute to patient comfort without substantially reducing the effectiveness of the wire as a radiological marking device. It has been found particularly useful to use covered wires that have a thickness of 2.5 mm or less, and more preferably 1.5 mm or less.

A continuous row of generally circular adhesive support pads 16 each having an adhesive side 18 which contacts the tape 12 are fastened to the wire 14. According to the preferred embodiment, the non-adhesive side 20 of the pads 16 is glued to the wire with substantially transparent glue 23. The adhesive pads 16 can be made of any suitable material, such as plastic or paper. The pads 16 may be of any size and shape appropriate to support the wire. The size and shape of the pads 16 also may depend upon whether the marker wire is used to mark spots or to outline or encircle areas of tissue. For example, when the wire is used to encircle a portion of tissue, small pads usually are preferred. Preferably, the pads 16 have a diameter of about 1 cm or less, and more preferably about 7 mm or less. In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 2, the diameter of the pads is approximately equal to the diameter of holes made with a commercially available 3-hole punch. The radiology marker system 10 is conveniently stored in a roll 21, illustrated in phantom in FIG. 2.

Referring to FIGS. 2-3, a dispensing housing or package 22 for the radiology marker system 10 of the invention is shown. Package 22 can be constructed of any suitable material such as cardboard, heavy paper, plastic or the like and may have any shape appropriate to house roll 21, shown in phantom with dotted lines in FIG. 2. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the package 22 is constructed from cardboard and folded into a generally rectangular box having wide back and front sides 30, 32, respectively. The package 22 has a narrow top dispensing side 34, an opposite, narrow bottom side 36, and a tape holding side 38 between the top dispensing side 34 and the bottom side 36 and perpendicular thereto. The package 22 further has a side flap portion 40 which overlaps the upper half of the tape holding side 38 of the package 10. The inner volume and dimensions of the package 10 are sufficient to house the roll 21 without substantially free or unoccupied space before any of the roll 21 has been dispensed. The roll 21 as shown in FIG. 2 is freely rotatable in package 10 without additional mounting means, although a journal mount or rotatable tape supply means can be included if desired.

In order to use the embodiment of the dispenser illustrated in FIG. 2, the free end 40 of tape 12 is pulled through a semicircular aperture 42 in top end 34 of the dispensing package 22, and is looped over the tape holding side 38 of the package 10 and underneath the flap 40. As the tape 12 is pulled downward in a direction away from the top dispensing side 34, the marker 50, which is separated from the tape 12, extends vertically upward. When a sufficient length of wire has been ejected from the package 22 through aperture 42 of package 22, the wire 14 is cut and the cut marker 50 is placed on the body of a subject. The cut marker 50 can be bent to any desired shape, e.g., a circle, oval or line.

FIG. 4 illustrates an alternative embodiment of the invention. In this embodiment, marker 50 remains adhered to tape 12 as tape 12 is dispensed from package 22'. Tape 12 and wire 14 then can be cut at the same time, and the marker 50 can then be removed from the base tape 12 after cutting, or tape 12 can be pulled from wire 14 and allowed to remain hanging as the wire 14 is cut. It is noted that in this embodiment of the dispenser, a flap is not needed on the side wall 38, of the package 22', as both the marker 50 and the tape 12 extend outward from the dispenser at the junction of the top dispensing side 34 and the side 38' of the package 22'.

In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 2, package 22 has an adhesive backing 52 which is of sufficient strength to adhere package 22 to a wall or other support. The package 22 preferably further includes wire clippers 54 attached to package 10 by a piece of fabric covered wire. Clippers 54 include first and second elongated cutting members 56,58, respectively, that are pivotally connected at one end in an overlapping arrangement, and are biased away from each other at the opposite end. Each cutting member includes a metal cutting blade 60 at the end opposite to the connection, and a plastic handle 62 that partially overlaps the handle of the other cutting member. In order to cut the marker 50, the wire is placed between the cutting blades, and the handles of the first and second cutting members are pushed toward each other with the thumb and index finger of the user, causing the blades to move to an overlapped position. The clippers have a removable protective cover 64 that is similar to a ball point pen cover and is placed over the blades when they are not in use. The blades 60 are pivoted to an overlapping position in order to fit them within the cover 64.

The markers of the invention are useful for accurate localization of scars on the skin, nipples, defining the margins of a palpable mass and are useful in diagnostic radiology, mammography, and radiation treatment planning. They can be used to delineate certain spots, or to encircle particular regions of skin or other tissue. They are particularly useful for diagnostic radiology for cases in which variations in tissue density may cast artefactual images. In radiation oncology, when certain regions of the body are to be treated, the field of radiation therapy may be radiographically defined by marking the perimeter of the field to be treated.

As can be understood from the above description, a novel marker system for use in radiology and a dispensing package containing the marker system are provided which have substantial advantages over that which is currently used. The invention results in a product that is conveniently dispensed and produces markers which are of a desired length and shape. It saves time in diagnostic radiology or treatment planning, and results in an effective, comfortable, sanitary, convenient radiographic marking system.

As will be apparent to persons skilled in the art, various modifications and adaptations of the structures above described will become readily apparent without departure from the spirit and the scope of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3171959 *Aug 6, 1962Mar 2, 1965Parmalee M BrownApparatus for measuring objects within matter opaque to visible light
US3547121 *Mar 4, 1968Dec 15, 1970Mount Sinai Hospital ResearchAbdominal grid for intrauterine fetal transfusion
US4339035 *Dec 18, 1980Jul 13, 1982Robert MarcusDispensing package for nipple markers
US4506676 *Sep 10, 1982Mar 26, 1985Duska Alois ARadiographic localization technique
US4860331 *Sep 12, 1988Aug 22, 1989Williams John FImage marker device
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *X Rite Radio Opaque Label Tape, X Ray Identification Corp., no date, Brochure.
2X-Rite Radio Opaque Label Tape, X-Ray Identification Corp., no date, Brochure.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6333970 *Aug 7, 2000Dec 25, 2001Lemaitre Vascular, Inc.Single-use radiological imaging aid
US6355275Jun 23, 2000Mar 12, 2002Carbon Medical Technologies, Inc.Delivering an embolic agent formulation to a blood vessel to fill or plug the blood vessel and/or encourage clot formation so that blood flow through the vessel is reduced or ceases
US6394965Aug 15, 2000May 28, 2002Carbon Medical Technologies, Inc.Tissue marking using biocompatible microparticles
US6714628 *Oct 29, 2001Mar 30, 2004Beekley CorporationMarking grid for radiographic imaging, and method of making such a grid
US6928146Oct 27, 2003Aug 9, 2005Beakley CorporationMethod of making a marking grid for radiographic imaging
US7508919May 6, 2005Mar 24, 2009Young Matthew DDiagnostic kit, device, and method of using same
US7602883Jul 20, 2007Oct 13, 2009St. John Companies, Inc.Multi-density skin marker
US8641210Feb 29, 2012Feb 4, 2014Izi Medical ProductsRetro-reflective marker including colored mounting portion
US8646921Feb 29, 2012Feb 11, 2014Izi Medical ProductsReflective marker being radio-opaque for MRI
US8651274Feb 29, 2012Feb 18, 2014Izi Medical ProductsPackaging for retro-reflective markers
US8661573Feb 29, 2012Mar 4, 2014Izi Medical ProductsProtective cover for medical device having adhesive mechanism
US8662684Feb 29, 2012Mar 4, 2014Izi Medical ProductsRadiopaque core
US8668342Feb 29, 2012Mar 11, 2014Izi Medical ProductsMaterial thickness control over retro-reflective marker
US8668343Feb 29, 2012Mar 11, 2014Izi Medical ProductsReflective marker with alignment feature
US8668344Feb 29, 2012Mar 11, 2014Izi Medical ProductsMarker sphere including edged opening to aid in molding
US8668345Feb 29, 2012Mar 11, 2014Izi Medical ProductsRetro-reflective marker with snap on threaded post
US8672490Feb 29, 2012Mar 18, 2014Izi Medical ProductsHigh reflectivity retro-reflective marker
WO2002013582A1 *Jul 17, 2001Feb 14, 2002Lemaitre Vascular IncSingle-use radiological imaging aid
WO2007103060A2 *Feb 27, 2007Sep 13, 2007Savoy Chad CApparatus & method for radiographing pipelines & similar objects
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/180, 378/163
International ClassificationA61B19/02, A61B19/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61B19/026, A61B19/54
European ClassificationA61B19/54, A61B19/02P
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 3, 2008PRDPPatent reinstated due to the acceptance of a late maintenance fee
Effective date: 20080306