|Publication number||USRE36496 E|
|Application number||US 08/220,001|
|Publication date||Jan 18, 2000|
|Filing date||Mar 29, 1994|
|Priority date||Nov 22, 1988|
|Publication number||08220001, 220001, US RE36496 E, US RE36496E, US-E-RE36496, USRE36496 E, USRE36496E|
|Inventors||Steven Michael Sutton|
|Original Assignee||Solatube International, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (27), Referenced by (35), Classifications (11), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention related to skylights, and in particular, to a skylight which has an integral body and is easy to install.
Skylight systems are well known in situations where existing or new dwellings require further light than is received through windows or doors.
The most common form of skylight is to construct a frame, usually of either wood or metal, from the ceiling to the roofing panels. A clear material such as PERSPEX (Trade Mark) covers the opening in the ceiling and the opening in the roof.
This method of construction is not standardized as each separate installation is different. This tends to increase the average cost of installation per unit.
It is also the case that generally to obtain sufficient light from the skylight, the skylight has to be of a size which requires the removal of some sections of roof joist and roof battens which in turn changes the loading of the roof thereon. To overcome the problems associated with such construction, a structural analysis should be made of the renovations and possible further structural members may be required.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved skylight which substantially overcomes or ameliorates the abovementioned disadvantages.
According to one aspect of the present invention there is disclosed a method for constructing a skylight system, said method comprising first forming an opening in each of a roof and ceiling respectively of a house having a cavity therebetween, locating a tubular skylight in said cavity between the ceiling and the roof with both ends of said tube having a transparent surface protruding through the ceiling and the roof respectively, and securing the skylight into position, sealing the openings.
According to another aspect of the present invention there is disclosed a skylight comprising a tubular body closed at each ends with transparent surfaces thereon. Preferably a reflector unit is located in the surface protruding through the roof and is substantially shaped such that is bends about the vertical and horizontal axes and faces towards the direction of the sun's path.
Preferably, the internal surfaces of the skylight tube are coated for maximum transmission of light therethrough.
Some embodiment of the present invention will now be described with reference to the drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a partial cut-away side view of an installed skylight according to a preferred embodiment,
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a reflector which is used in the skylight of FIG. 1,
FIG. 3 is a side view of a reflector which is used in the skylight of FIG. 1,
FIG. 4 is a top plan view of a reflector which is used in the skylight of FIG. 1,
FIG. 5 is a plan view of a roof cavity showing support components for the installation of the skylight of FIG. 1,
FIG. 6 is an exploded plan view of a roof cavity showing support components for the installation of the skylight of FIG. 1,
FIG. 7 is an inverted plan view of the skylight of FIG. 1,
FIG. 8 is a plan view of the installed skylight of FIG. 1,
FIG. 9 is a partial cut-away side view of an installed skylight according to an alternate embodiment,
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a reflector to be used in the skylight as shown in FIG. 9,
FIG. 11 is a side view of a reflector to be used in the skylight as shown in FIG. 9,
FIG. 12 is a top plan view of a reflector to be used in the skylight as shown in FIG. 9,
FIG. 13 is a plan view of the roof cavity showing support components for the skylight of FIG. 9,
FIG. 14 is an inverted plan view of the skylight of FIG. 9,
FIG. 15 is a plan view of the installed skylight of FIG. 9,
FIG. 16 is a partial cut-away view of an installed skylight with optional venting according to another preferred embodiment,
FIG. 17 is a plan view of the skylight of FIG. 16,
FIG. 18 is a partial cut-away of an installed skylight with sectional indicator through optional venting of the skylight of FIG. 16,
FIG. 19 is a cross-sectional view of the venting of FIG. 16,
FIG. 20 is a partial cut-away view of an installed skylight with optional venting according to an alternate embodiment, and
FIG. 21 is a plan view of the installed skylight with optional venting according to an alternate embodiment.
The skylight 1 of the preferred embodiment as illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 8 comprises a tube 2 which has one hemi-spherical end cap or upper bubble 3 and one dished or "bowter" end cap or diffuser 4 attached thereto.
The top end cap 3 is made of a clear PERSPEX (Trade Mark) or similar such material and the lower surface has a pattern impressed thereto forming a diffusing effect typical to K15 (Trade Mark). The top end cap or upper bubble 3 has a reflector 5 affixed thereto on its inside surface. The reflector 5 reflects the light that would otherwise pass through the sides of the upper bubble 3, into the tube 2 adding to the incident and transmitted through the tube 2.
The material of the tube 2 is either metal, fiber or plastics, and has a finish which is a highly reflective polish or coating, as found on "1150 alloy alluminium", electroplating, anodising or metalised plastic film. The coatings applied to all the internal surfaces thereof.
The highly reflective nature of the internal surfaces of the tube 2 assist in transmitting and reflecting light through the diffuser 4. The combined light passes through the diffuser 4 and is re-directed sideways and upwardly, which is then reflected off walls 16 and ceiling 8 and therefore creates indirect lighting for the room 20.
In the installation procedure, the position in the ceiling 8 is determined and a suitable hole 9 is cut out. The corresponding roof tiles 10 vertically above the hole 9 are also removed. It is noted at this point that some small portion of battens 13 may need to be removed depending on the positional requirements. The same applies to small and remediable portions of the roof structure.
Once the abovementioned has been noted, the tube 2 is then moved into position between the battens 13, and rested on the ceiling 8. Angle brackets 18 are fixed to the ceiling joist 19 with fasteners 21. The tube 2 is then lowered into the correct ceiling 8 level (flush with the underside of) which is automatically determined by aligning a bolt 17 with bracket 18 whereby the bolt 17 is affixed. This is associated with the embodiment of FIG. 6 whilst in the embodiment of FIG. 5 a plurality of tabs 18 rest on the ceiling 8.
Flashing 6 is then placed and dressed to the tube 2, and the roof tiles 10 are replaced. It should be noted that the flashing 6 placed under the roof tile 10 surrounding the tube 2. A hose clamp 11 is then fixed over the tube 2 and the upturn of the flashing 6 and a suitable water resistent sealant is applied therebetween.
The upper bubble 3 is then affixed, and is secured onto the tube 2 by a hose clamp 11. The reflector 5 has already been placed upon the top side of the tube 2 prior to installation.
The lower bubble or diffuser 4 is then affixed to the lower end of the tube 2 through the hole 9 provided in the ceiling 8. The diffuser 4 has a flange 12 or alternatively a dress trim. The diffuser 4 can have varying shapes as illustrated in FIGS. 1, 7, 9, 14, 16 and 18 as well as the upper bubble 3 having different shapes as illustrated in FIGS. 1, 7, 9, 16 and 20.
According to the different embodiments of the invention in the drawings, the reflector is illustrated in FIGS. 2, 3, 4, 10, 11 and 12.
After the skylight 1 has been installed, ambient, permeative, and direct sunlight from the sky enters the upper bubble 3, a large proportion of the light striking the reflector 5, the balance of the light that would normally pass through the clear material of the upper bubble 3 is reflected back into the tube 2 by means of the reflector 5 located at the elevation away from the sun of the upper bubble 3 which is fixed to the tube 2 between the external surface of the tube 2 and the internal surface of the upper bubble 3. This reflected light now enters the tube 2 at a corresponding and opposite angle to the light received through the upper bubble 3. The combination of the variability angled light strikes the diffuser 4 and the light scattered throughout the room 20.
As the skylight 1 is a sealed unit, dust ingress is prevented by the close fit of the upper bubble 3 with the tube 2 and correspondingly the close fit between the tube 2 and the diffuser 4. In a similar manner, pests are also prevented from entering into the skylight 1.
With regard to the thermal considerations, it is found that greater amounts of heat are found under skylighted areas in the summer time and conversely, less with the lower temperatures in winter. The present invention eliminates such problems due to the substantially sealed nature of the skylight 1. The beforementioned close fit of all the components prevents excess air movement which creates a static column of air within the skylight 1. The column of air acts as an insulator combined with the insulating properties of plastics forming the upper bubble 3 and diffuser 4 which prevents heat from entering the room 20. The heat that builds up within the skylight 1 is dissipated into the roof cavity via the conductive material of the tube 2.
Conversely, in a winter situation, it is found that heat rises, therefore the roof cavity would not be as cool as the external temperature prevailing on the outside of the building. The conductive material of the tube 2 would absorb some of the heat warming the air column within. As the air column is heated, it therefore follows that the skylight 1 acts as an insulator and maintains a substantial amount of heat within the room 20.
Another embodiment of the skylight 1 is illustrated in FIGS. 9 to 15. This embodiment illustrated comprises a skylight having a sequare or rectangular cross-section.
A method of venting the skylight 1 is illustrated in FIGS. 16 to 21. When the skylight 1 is vented, dust and pests are prevented from entering the skylight 1 by means of a fine metal fly screen 14.
Taking into consideration the thermal operation of a vented skylight 1, a venting system 22 has a vent tube 23 painted a substantially black colour which absorbs light. The light energy is converted into heat energy and the heat causes the air in the exposed portion of the vent assembly 24 to the top of the tube 2 to expand. The expanded air rises out of the vent assembly 24 causing the displacement of air and the displaced air is replaced by cooler air further down the vent tube 23 which subsequently originates from the room 20, thereby creating a constant airflow from the room 20 through to the outside.
A rain cover 27 is additionally supplied to the vent tube 23.
The main benefit of the skylights of the preferred embodiments is that the efficiency of the skylight enables the sky to have a smaller diameter/area than equivalent prior art skylights which provides for economy and speed of installation.
The foregoing describes only some embodiments of the present invention, and modifications obvious to those skilled in the art can be made thereto without departing from the scope of the present invention.
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|U.S. Classification||52/200, 52/22|
|International Classification||E04D13/03, E04B9/32|
|Cooperative Classification||E04D2013/0345, E04B9/32, E04D13/0325, E04D13/03|
|European Classification||E04B9/32, E04D13/03D, E04D13/03|
|Oct 6, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SOLATUBE INTERNATIONAL, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CONTINUUM DEVELOPMENTS PTY LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:009196/0435
Effective date: 19970916
|Feb 23, 2000||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Feb 23, 2000||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Jul 17, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Jul 26, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PRAESIDIAN II SPV 1, LP, NEW YORK
Free format text: GRANT OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SOLATUBE INTERNATIONAL, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019597/0969
Effective date: 20070725