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Publication numberUSRE37052 E1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 09/094,575
Publication dateFeb 13, 2001
Filing dateJun 12, 1998
Priority dateDec 8, 1994
Fee statusPaid
Also published asCN1074888C, CN1131796A, DE69526310D1, EP0716544A2, EP0716544A3, EP0716544B1, US5689559, USRE36919, USRE43993, USRE44068, USRE44106, USRE44121
Publication number09094575, 094575, US RE37052 E1, US RE37052E1, US-E1-RE37052, USRE37052 E1, USRE37052E1
InventorsTae Joon Park
Original AssigneeLg Electronics, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Copy prevention method and apparatus of a digital recording/reproducing system employing a marker including copy protection information and code data for descrambling
US RE37052 E1
Abstract
A copy prevention method and apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system performs the copy prevention function by encoding to insert a marker involving copy prevention function information and executing the function and allows a program supplier to realize a desired copy prevention function of various patterns, in which the marker formed by a control word for scrambling audio and video bit straps and copy prevention information for preventing an illegal copy is encrypted by an encoded key to be multiplexed with the audio and video bit strips scrambled by the control word. The marker transmitted is detected from the bit strips to be decrypted and analyzed by the encoded key to determine whether the copy is permitted or not, so that the detected marker is updated to be recorded on a video tape and the control word is produced from the marker to perform the descrambling to supply the result to a monitor to be displayed. Thus, the program supplier selects the copy prevention function, and a separate format converting apparatus is not required since a field defined within a GA format is utilized while an existing DVCR is not need to be changed for performing the copy prevention function as the data amount to be recorded is not increased.The method and apparatus for transmitting and/or recording digital data generates control data and initializes a scrambler based on the control data. Digital data is scrambled using the scrambler. A marker is formed including the control data and the scrambled digital data and the marker are transmitted or recorded as a packet. The packet includes a header, which includes the marker. When the scrambled digital data and the marker, as a packet, are received, the marker is detected and the control data is obtained from the marker. A descrambler is initialized based on the control data, and the scrambled digital data is descrambled using the descrambler.
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Claims(102)
What is claimed is:
1. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system comprising:
an audio and video signal transmitting process of encrypting a marker formed by a control word for scrambling audio and video bit strips and copy prevention information for preventing an illegal copy by means of an encoding key, and multiplexing said marker with said audio and video bit strips scrambled by said control word, and
an audio and video signal receiving/recording process of detecting said marker from said transmitted bit strips, decrypting and analyzing the detected marker by means of an encoded said encoding key to determine whether copy is permitted or not, updating said detected marker to be recorded on a video tape, and generating said control word from said marker to perform a descrambling and supply the audio and video signals to be displayed on a monitor.
2. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 1, wherein said marker is placed on a transport-private-data field within said bit strips.
3. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 2 1, wherein said marker is comprised of a copy prevention information area recorded with said copy prevention information for preventing said illegal copy, and a control word area recorded with said control word for descrambling.
4. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 3, wherein said marker is formed of 8 bytes.
5. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 4, wherein said copy prevention area is formed of one byte.
6. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 4, wherein said control word area is formed of four bytes.
7. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 3, wherein said copy prevention information is formatted by including a generational copy control field for restricting the number of permitting said copy of a program.
8. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 7, wherein said generational copy control field comprises:
an allowable generational field for restricting the copy number of said program; and
a current generational field representing a current generation of a duplicated program.
9. A copy prevention-method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 1, wherein said audio and video transmitting process comprises:
an audio and video bit-strip encoding step of encoding said audio and video bit strips;
a control word generating step of generating said control word for scrambling;
a scrambling step for scrambling said encoded audio and video bit strips by means of said generated control word;
a copy prevention information generating step of generating said copy prevention information for preventing said illegal copy;
a marker generating and encrypting step of generating said marker by means of said generated control word and copy prevention information and encrypting said marker by means of said encoded encoding key; and
a multiplexing and transmitting step of multiplexing to transmit said scrambled audio and video bit strips and encrypted marker.
10. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 1, wherein said audio and video signal receiving/recording process comprises:
a marker detecting step of demultiplexing said transmitted bit strips to detect said marker, and decrypting said marker by means of said encoded encoding key;
a marker analyzing step of analyzing said detected marker to determine whether said copy is permitted or not, and detecting said control word;
an audio and video decoding step of descrambling and decoding said transmitted audio and video bit strips by means of said detected control word, and outputting said audio and video signals; and
a marker inserting step of updating said detected marker and encrypting said updated marker by means of said encoded encoding key to insert the result when it is determined that said copy is permitted after analyzing said marker.
11. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 10, wherein said marker analyzing step comprises:
a copy prevention information detecting step of detecting said copy prevention information for preventing said illegal copy from said detected marker;
a copy number restricting step of comparing an allowable generation of said allowable generational field and a current generation of said current generational field representing said current generation for restricting the number of permitting said copy of said program within said detected copy prevention information, and determining whether said copy is permitted or not-to process the result; and
a control word detecting step of detecting said control word for descrambling from said detected marker.
12. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 11, wherein said copy number restricting step comprises:
comparing said allowable generation of said allowable generational field with said current generation of said current generational field to determine whether said allowable generation is below said current generation;
inhibiting said copy when it is determined that said allowable generation is below said current generation; and
permitting said copy when it is determined that said allowable generation is-not below said current generation, and proceeding to said marker inserting step.
13. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 12, wherein said step of inhibiting said copy is performed by destructing said control word or impeding an output of said control word to block a reproduction after recording.
14. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 10, wherein said control word is periodically changed.
15. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 14, wherein said control word is changed in the interval of 0.6 second.
16. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 14, wherein said marker is placed on said transport-private-data field within said bit strips whenever said control word is changed.
17. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 16 14, wherein said marker inserting step comprises the steps of:
updating said marker when the analysis of said marker determines to permit said copy;
encrypting said updated marker by means of said encoded encoding key; and
replacably inserting said encrypted marker with a succeeding marker.
18. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 1, wherein said encoded encoding key is transported via a separate transmission line to be stored.
19. A copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 18, wherein said encoded key is transported via said separate transmission line for a prescribed time interval.
20. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system comprising:
an encrypted marker detecting and inserting part for detecting a marker from input bit strips, and inserting an updated marker to said bit strips to output the result;
a marker analyzing and processing part for decrypting and analyzing the encrypted marker from said marker detecting and inserting part by means of an encoded encoding key, outputting a control word for descrambling said bit strips, and updating and encrypting the decrypted marker by means of said encoded encoding key to output the result;
a buffer part for buffering said control word and updated and encrypted marker from said marker analyzing and processing part, and inserting said updated and encrypted marker in said marker detecting and inserting part; and
a descrambler for descrambling said bit strips provided via said marker detecting and inserting pant by means of said control word from said buffer part.
21. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 20, wherein said encoded encoding key is transported via a separate transmission line to be stored.
22. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 21, wherein said encoded key is transported via said separate transmission line for a prescribed time interval.
23. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 20, wherein said marker is placed on a transport-private-data field within said bit strips whenever said control word is changed.
24. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 23 20, wherein said marker is comprised of a copy prevention information area recorded with said copy prevention information for preventing said illegal copy, and a control word area recorded with said control word for descrambling.
25. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 24, wherein said marker is formed of 8 bytes.
26. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 25, wherein said copy prevention area is formed of one byte.
27. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 25, wherein said control word area is formed of four bytes.
28. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 24, wherein said copy prevention information is formatted by including a generational copy control field for restricting the copy number of a program.
29. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 28, wherein said generational copy control field comprises:
an allowable generational field for restricting the number of permitting the copy of a program; and
a current generational field representing a current generation of a duplicated program.
30. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 20, wherein said control word is periodically changed.
31. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 30, wherein said control word is changed in the interval of 0.6 second.
32. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 30, wherein said marker is placed on a transport-private-data field within said bit strips whenever said control word is changed.
33. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 30, wherein said marker detecting and inserting part replacably inserts said updated marker with a succeeding marker.
34. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 20, wherein said marker detecting and inserting part comprises:
a marker detecting section for detecting to output said encrypted marker from said input bit strips to said marker analyzing and processing part, outputting a marker detection flag signal for informing of the position of said encrypted marker within said bit strips to said descrambler to be used as a reference signal of initializing said descrambler, and outputting said bit strips; and
a marker inserting section for inserting said updated and encrypted marker from said buffer part to said bit strips from said marker detecting section in accordance with said marker detection flag signal from said marker detecting section to output the result to said descrambler.
35. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 24, wherein said marker analyzing and processing part comprises:
a marker decoding section for decrypting said encrypted marker from said marker detecting and inserting part by means of said encoded encoding key;
a marker analyzing section for analyzing said copy prevention information within said marker from said marker decoding section, and outputting said control word to said buffer part and a control signal for updating said marker when said copy is permitted; and
a marker updating and encoding section for updating said marker from said marker decoding section in accordance with said control signal from said marker analyzing section, and encrypting said updated marker by means of said encoded encoding key to output the result to said buffer part.
36. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 35, wherein said marker analyzing and processing part further comprises an encoded encoding key storage section for storing said encoded encoding key to output it to said marker analyzing section and marker updating and encoding section.
37. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 35, wherein said marker analyzing section compares an allowable generation of an allowable generational field with a current generation of a current generational field representing a current generation of a duplicated program to determine whether said copy is permitted or not.
38. A copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system as claimed in claim 20, wherein said buffer part comprises:
a marker buffer for temporally storing said updated and encrypted marker from said marker analyzing and processing part, and outputting the result to said marker detecting and inserting part; and
a control word buffer for temporally storing said control word from said marker analyzing and processing part, and outputting the result to said descrambler.
39. A method of copy protecting digital data, comprising:
generating copy prevention information;
generating control data;
scrambling digital data based on said control data such that said control data controls a parameter of said scrambling operation;
forming a marker, said marker including said copy prevention information and said control data; and
transmitting said scrambled digital data and said marker.
40. The method of claim 39, further comprising:
combining said scrambled digital data and said marker; and wherein said transmitting step transmits output from said combining step.
41. The method of claim 40, wherein said combining step periodically multiplexes said marker into said scrambled digital data.
42. The method of claim 39, further comprising:
encrypting at least said control data.
43. The method of claim 42, wherein said encrypting step encrypts said control data based on a key.
44. The method of claim 39, wherein said distal data includes audio and video data.
45. The method of claim 39, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least current generation information indicating a number of times said digital data has been copied.
46. The method of claim 39, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least allowable generation information indicating a number of permitted copies of said digital data.
47. The method of claim 39, wherein said generating a control data step periodically changes said control data.
48. The method of claim 39, wherein said scrambling step comprises:
initializing a scrambler using said control data.
49. The method of claim 39, further comprising:
generating identification information indicating that said marker includes data for copy protection; and wherein
said transmitting step transmits said digital data, said identification information and said marker.
50. A method of copy protecting digital data, comprising:
generating copy prevention information;
generating control data;
scrambling digital data based on said control data such that said control data controls a parameter of said scrambling operation;
forming a marker, said marker including said copy prevention information and said control data; and
recording said scrambled digital data and said marker.
51. The method of claim 50, further comprising:
encrypting at least said control data.
52. The method of claim 51, wherein said encrypting step encrypts said control data based on a key.
53. The method of claim 51, wherein said encrypting step encrypts said marker.
54. The method of claim 50, further comprising:
combining said scrambled digital data and said marker; and wherein
said recording step records output from said combining step.
55. The method of claim 54, wherein said combining step multiplexes said marker and said scrambled digital data.
56. The method of claim 54, wherein said combining step periodically multiplexes said marker into said scrambled digital data.
57. The method of claim 50, wherein said digital data includes audio and video data.
58. The method of claim 50, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least current generation information indicating a number of times said digital data has been copied.
59. The method of claim 50, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least allowable generation information indicating a number of permitted copies of said digital data.
60. The method of claim 50, wherein said generating a control data step periodically changes said control data.
61. The method of claim 50, wherein said scrambling step comprises:
initializing a scrambler using said control data.
62. The method of claim 50, further comprising:
generating identification information indicating that said marker includes data for copy protection; and wherein
said recording step records said digital data, said identification information and said marker.
63. A method of processing copy protected digital data in a digital data processing apparatus, comprising:
receiving scrambled digital data and a marker, said marker including copy prevention information and control data, said control data controlling a parameter of a descrambling operation for descrambling said scrambled digital data; and
performing a copy prevention function based on said copy prevention information.
64. The method of claim 63, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least current generation information indicating a number of times said digital data has been copied.
65. The method of claim 63, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least allowable generation information indicating a number of permitted copies of said digital data.
66. The method of claim 63, further comprising:
descrambling scrambled portions of said digital data for monitoring based on said control data.
67. The method of claim 63, wherein
said receiving step receives said marker encrypted; and further including,
detecting said encrypted marker in said digital data, said encrypted marker including said copy prevention information and control data;
decrypting said detected marker; and
descrambling scrambled portions of said digital data for monitoring based on said control data.
68. The method of claim 63, wherein said receiving step receives said digital data reproduced from a digital recording medium.
69. The method of claim 63, wherein said performing step comprises:
determining from said copy prevention information whether copying is permitted;
updating said copy prevention information if said determining step determines that a copy is permitted;
inserting said updated copy prevention information in place of said copy prevention information only in said digital data for recording if said determining step determines that a copy is permitted; and
recording output from said inserting step.
70. The method of claim 63, wherein the receiving step further receives identification information indicating that said marker includes data for copy protection.
71. A copy protected recording medium having a data structure for controlling operation of a descrambler in a reproducing device, comprising:
a digital data area storing scrambled digital data; and
a marker area storing a marker, said marker including copy prevention instructions and control data, said control data controlling a parameter of a descrambler descrambling said scrambled digital data.
72. The copy protected recording medium of claim 71, further comprising a plurality of periodically located marker and digital data areas.
73. The copy protected recording medium of claim 71, wherein at least said control data is encrypted.
74. The copy protected recording medium of claim 71, further comprising:
an identification area preceding said marker area and storing identification information indicating that said marker includes data for copy protection.
75. The copy protected recording medium of claim 71, wherein said copy prevention instructions indicate a number of times said scrambled digital data can be copied.
76. A apparatus for copy protecting digital data, comprising:
a copy prevention generator generating copy prevention information;
a control data generator generating control data;
a scrambler scrambling digital data based on said control data such that said control data controls a parameter of said scrambling operation;
marker forming means for forming a marker, said marker including said copy prevention information and said control data; and
a transmitting unit transmitting said scrambled digital data and said marker.
77. The apparatus of claim 76, further comprising:
combining means for combining said scrambled digital data and said marker; and wherein
said transmitting unit transmits output from said combining means.
78. The apparatus of claim 76, further comprising:
an encrypting unit encrypting at least said control data.
79. The apparatus of claim 78, wherein said encrypting unit encrypts said control data based on a key.
80. The apparatus of claim 76, wherein said digital data includes audio and video data.
81. The apparatus of claim 76, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least current generation information indicating a number of times said digital data has been copied.
82. The apparatus of claim 76, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least allowable generation information indicating a number of permitted copies of said digital data.
83. The apparatus of claim 76, wherein said control data generator periodically changes said control data.
84. The apparatus of claim 76, wherein said scrambler is initialized based on said control data.
85. The apparatus of claim 76, further comprising:
an identifier generator generating identification information indicating that said marker includes data for copy protection; and wherein
said transmitting unit transmits said digital data, said identification information and said marker.
86. An apparatus for copy protecting digital data, comprising:
a copy prevention generator generating copy prevention information;
a control data generator generating control data;
a scrambler scrambling digital data based on said control data such that said control data controls a parameter of said scrambling operation;
marker forming means for forming a marker, said marker including said copy prevention information and said control data; and
a recording unit recording said scrambled digital data and said marker.
87. The apparatus of claim 86, further comprising:
an encrypting unit encrypting at least said control data.
88. The apparatus of claim 87, wherein said encrypting unit encrypts said control data based on a key.
89. The apparatus of claim 86, further comprising:
combining means for combining said scrambled digital data and said marker; and wherein
said recording unit records output from said combining means.
90. The apparatus of claim 86, wherein said digital data includes audio and video data.
91. The apparatus of claim 86, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least current generation information indicating a number of times said digital data has been copied.
92. The apparatus of claim 86, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least allowable generation information indicating a number of permitted copies of said digital data.
93. The apparatus of claim 86, wherein said control data generator periodically changes said control data.
94. The apparatus of claim 86, wherein said scrambler is initialized based on said control data.
95. The method of claim 94, further comprising:
an identifier generator generating identification information indicating that said marker includes data for copy protection; and wherein
said recording unit records said digital data, said identification information and said marker.
96. An apparatus for processing copy protected digital data, comprising:
receiving scrambled digital data and a marker, said marker including copy prevention information and control data, said control data controlling a parameter of a descrambling operation for descrambling said scrambled digital data; and
a copy prevention means for performing a copy prevention function based on said copy prevention information.
97. The apparatus of claim 96, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least current generation information indicating a number of times said digital data has been copied.
98. The apparatus of claim 96, wherein said copy prevention information includes at least allowable generation information indicating a number of permitted copies of said digital data.
99. The apparatus of claim 96, further comprising:
a descrambler descrambling scrambled portions of said digital data for monitoring based on said control data.
100. The apparatus of claim 96, wherein
said receiving unit receives said marker encrypted, detects said encrypted marker in said digital data;
said analyzing unit decrypts said detected marker; and further including,
a descrambler descrambling scrambled portions of said digital data for monitoring based on said control data.
101. The apparatus of claim 96, wherein said copy prevention means comprises:
an analyzing unit determining from said copy prevention information whether copying is permitted, and updating said copy prevention information if a copy is permitted;
an inserting unit inserting said updated copy prevention information in place of said copy prevention information only in said digital data for recording if a copy is permitted; and
a recording unit recording output from said inserting unit.
102. The method of claim 96, wherein the receiving unit further receives identification information indicating that said marker includes data for copy protection.
Description
RELATED APPLICATION

This reissue application is related to concurrently filed reissue application No. 09/097,667, which is a divisional of the subject reissue application.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a copy prevention method and apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system, and more particularly to a copy prevention method and apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system, wherein a marker involving copy prevention function information and executing the function is coded and inserted to perform the copy prevention function and realize the copy prevention function of various patterns desired by a program supplier.

2. Description of the Prior Art

One example of a conventional copy prevention method is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,819,098, in which a signal inducing an interference to an automatic gain controller (AGC) circuit within a VCR is inserted to a video waveform to be recorded on a tape. When the tape is reproduced to display the signal on a television, the interference signal does not affect the AGC circuit of the television to allow , allowing for a normal display.

However, when the reproduced signal is recorded by another VCR, i.e., when it is duplicated, the interference signal brings about the interference in the AGC circuit of the recording VCR to record in causing an inaccurate signal level to be recorded. Accordingly, the nodal display cannot be attained when reproducing a duplicated tape.

As another example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,571,642 utilizes a control track employed during performing the reproduction for synchronizing a servo circuit within a VCR, thereby for embodying the copy prevention function. The basic concept of this patent is for altering a video signal to force the control track to be inaccurately recorded when the video signal is duplicated onto another tape.

Still another example is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,577,216, in which a phase noise or the like is inserted to in a chroma burst portion of a video signal to thereby embody the copy prevention function.

The above-mentioned methods are for using using a difference of between the sensitivity between of circuits of in a television and of a VCR. Thus, the copy prepared to prevent the copy thereof as above may not exert the copy prevention function in a certain VCR, but may not execute a normal display on a certain television.

The above copy prevention methods are of an analog system, which are available for preventing the copy of an NTSC-class video signal to an analog VCR. However, in case of a high-definition image of the analog television (ATV), the copy is performed by means of a digital VCR rather than an analog VCR, so that it is difficult to employ the copy prevention method of the analog system.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to provide a copy prevention method and apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system applicable to a digital VCR and incorporated with various copy prevention functions to enable the selection of a copy prevention function desired by a program supplier.

To achieve the above object of the present invention, there is provided a copy prevention method of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system, which is performed by an audio and video signal transmitting process and an audio and video signal receiving/recording process. The audio and video signal transmitted process is carried out in the sequence of encrypting a marker formed by a control word for scrambling audio and video bit strips and copy prevention information for preventing an illegal copy by means of an encoding key, and multiplexing the marker with the audio and video bit strips scrambled by the control word. Then, the audio and video signal receiving/recording process is performed in the sequence of detecting the marker from the transmitted bit strips, decrypting and analyzing the detected marker by means of an encoded key to determine whether copy copying is permitted or not, updating the detected marker to be recorded on a video tape, and generating the control word from the marker to perform a descrambling and supply the audio and video signals to be displayed on a monitor.

Also, a copy prevention apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system includes a marker detecting and inserting part for detecting a marker from input bit strips, and inserting the updated marker to the bit strips to output the result. A marker analyzing and processing part decrypts and analyzes the encrypted marker from the marker detecting and inserting part by means of an encoded key, outputs a control word for descrambling the bit strips, and updates and encrypting the decrypted marker by means of the encoded key to output the result. In addition, a buffer part buffers the control word and updated and encrypted marker from the marker analyzing and processing section, and inserts the updated and encrypted marker in the marker detecting and inserting part, and a descrambler descrambles the bit strips provided via the marker detecting and inserting part by means of the control word from the buffer part.

These and other objects are achieved by providing a method of copy protecting digital data, comprising generating copy prevention information; generating control data; scrambling digital data based on said control data; forming a marker, said marker including said copy prevention information and said control data; and transmitting said scrambled digital data and said marker.

These and other objects are further achieved by providing a method of processing copy protected digital data, comprising receiving digital data said digital data including copy prevention information; determining from said copy prevention information whether copying is permitted; updating said copy prevention information if said determining step determines that a copy is permitted; inserting said updated copy prevention information in place of said copy prevention information only in said digital data for recording; and recording output from said inserting step.

These and other objects are still further achieved by providing an apparatus for copy protecting digital data, comprising a copy prevention generator generating copy prevention information; a control data generator generating control data; a scrambler scrambling digital data based on said control data; marker forming means for forming a marker, said marker including said copy prevention information and said control data; and a transmitting unit transmitting said scrambled digital data and said marker.

In an alternative embodiment, the scrambled digital data and the marker are recorded.

These and other objects are still further achieved by providing an apparatus for processing copy protected digital data, comprising a receiving unit receiving digital data, said digital data including copy prevention information; an analyzing unit determining from said copy prevention information whether copying is permitted, and updating said copy prevention information if a copy is permitted; an inserting unit inserting said updated copy prevention information in place of said copy prevention information only in said digital data for recording; and a recording unit recording output from said inserting unit.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The above objects and other advantages of the present invention will become more apparent by describing in detail preferred embodiments thereof with reference to the attached drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a flow chart illustrating an audio and video signal transmitting process in a copy prevention method according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a flow chart illustrating an audio and video signal receiving and recording process in the copy prevention method according to the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a view showing a structure of transport bit strips according to the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing a schematic construction of a copy prevention apparatus according to the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a block diagram showing a detailed construction of FIG. 4; and

FIGS. 6A to 6F are signal waveforms of respective parts shown in FIG. 5.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

A copy prevention method and apparatus of a digital magnetic recording/reproducing system according to the present invention emphasizes a fact that a DVCR can record all diverse signals on a video tape, so that a variety of input signals are largely classified into two, and different use a copy prevention methods are performed for each signal method based on the type of input signal.

First, signals transmitted from a terrestrial broadcasting system, a satellite broadcasting system and a pay television broadcasting system are classified as a broadcasting signal signals, and the following three copy prevention functions are applicable when recording the a broadcasting signal.

ThreeThe three copy prevention functions are a no recording onto a video tapepermitted, a free record/copy onto the tape , and a single generational recording onto the tape with no copy of the recorded tape .

Here, the third copy prevention function of the single generational recording onto the video tape with no duplication of the recorded tape is for enabling the signal from a television receiver to record on the tape be recorded once but inhibiting the re-recording of the signal by means of another , for example, a DVCR is prohibited while the firstly-recorded tape signal can be reproduced to watch through a monitor.

A second classification is for, for example, a rental tape to be identified by a pretaped signal. Here, the copy prevention function of the pretaped signal is similar to the above no recording onto the tape and the free record/copy onto the tape copy protection function, which and has the following three copy protection functions.

The three functions are no copy onto another tape, free copy to another tape and a single generational copy to another tape.

The single generational copy function to the other tape is of the copy prevention function for allowing a allows duplication from the original rental tape , but inhibiting inhibits another copy from the duplication, which is utilized in a digital audio tape (DAT) duplicate.

The present invention is advantageous in that a program supplier selects the above functions when providing a program. For this purpose, the program supplier inserts desired copy prevention function information, i.e., a marker, into a predetermined field within the program.

The marker inserted to transport data by the program supplier prior to being transmitted is encoded, and, in order to impede an illegal copy, an encoding key for interpreting the marker is transferred via a separate transmission line such as telephone line by a prescribed period interval, e.g., once a month, to be stored within a copy prevention apparatus.

In a system having an ATV decoder incorporated in a body with, for example, the DVCR in a body , a copy prevention apparatus for embodying the copy prevention functions executes a digital copy prevention function during an interface process between the ATV decoder and the DVCR, and . The copy prevention apparatus decodes and determines the marker of a received program by means of a received encoded encoding key to perform another function in accordance with respective copy prevention functions.

The copy prevention method of the digital magnetic recording/reproducing system according to the present invention is performed through an audio and video signal transmitting process as shown in FIG. 1, and an audio and video signal receiving and recording process as shown in FIG. 2.

The audio and video signal transmitting process is for encrypting the marker formed by a control word for scrambling audio and video bit strips and copy prevention (hereinafter simply referred to as “CP”) information for preventing an illegal duplication by means of an encoded key to multiplex and transmit the audio and video bit strips scrambled by the control word. Here, the marker is already formed by a program producer to be multiplexed and transmitted together with the audio and video bit strips.

In more detail, as shown in FIG. 1, the audio and video signal transmitting process is carried out in the sequence of an audio/video bitstrip encoding step 1 for encoding the audio and video bit strips, a control word generating step 2 for generating the control word for scrambling, and a scrambling step 6 for scrambling the encoded audio and video bit strips by means of the generated control word. Successively, a CP information generating step 3 generates the CP information for preventing the illegal copy, and marker producing and encrypting. steps 4 and 5generatesrespectively generate the marker by using the generated control word and CP information and encryptsencrypt the resulting marker by means of the encodedan encoding key. Finally, a multiplexing and transmitting step 7 multiplexes the scrambled audio and video bit strips and encrypted marker to transmit the result.

The audio and video signal receiving and recording process is performed in such a manner that the marker is detected from the transmitted bit strips and is decrypted by means of the encoded encoding key and analyzed. Thus, it is determined whether the copy is permitted or not to update the detected marker to be recorded on a video tape , the detected marker is updated accordingly, and the control word is produced from the marker to carry out the descrambling and display the signals on a monitor, in which . As a result, the audio and video signals transmitted from the program producer are recorded or displayed in accordance with the marker.

More specifically, as shown in FIG. 2,shows the audio and video signal receiving and recording process is performed byin detail. As shown, the process includes marker detecting steps 11 and 12 for detecting the marker by demultiplexing the transmitted bit strips, and decrypting the marker by means of the encoded encoding key, and a marker analyzing step 13 for analyzing the detected marker to determine whether the a copy is permitted or not and for detecting the control word. Then, the transmitted audio and video bit strips are descrambled and decoded by using the detected control word to supply the audio and video signals in audio and video decoding steps 14 and 15. Thereafter, the detected marker is updated and encrypted by means of the encoded encoding key to be inserted in case of permitting the copy after analyzing the marker in a and inserted in the transmitting audio and video bit strips in marker inserting steps 16, 17 and 18if copying is permitted.

The above-stated process will be described in detail below.

To begin with, the program producer encodes the audio and video bit strips 1, generates the control word for scrambling 2, and scrambles the encoded audio and video bit strips by means of the generated control word 6.

Also, the CP information for preventing the illegal copy is generated 3, and the marker is generated by using the generated control word and CP information 4, and the coded key is utilized to perform the encryption 5.

Finally, the scrambled audio and video bit strips and encrypted marker are multiplexed 7 to be transmitted for the program recording or reproduction.

The transmitted bit strips are demultiplexed to detect the marker 11, and the encoded. The encoding key is utilized to perform the decryption and the decrypted marker is output 12. The detected and decrypted marker is analyzed to determine whether the copy is permitted or not and the control word is detected 13.

The detected control word is used for descrambling and decoding the transmitted audio and video bit strips to provide the audio and video signals to the monitor to be displayed for display 14 and 15.

In addition, when it is determined that the a copy is permitted after analyzing the marker, the detected marker is updated to be encrypted , re-encrypted by means of the encodedencoding key, and the result is inserted to the audio and video bit strips to be recorded 16, 17 and 18.

Here, a position of inserting the marker will be observed with reference to FIG. 3.

The transmitted bit strips consists consist of transport packets of a fixed length, i.e., 188 bytes, in which a transport header is displaced on the preceding stage of the bit strips. The transport header is divided into a field of a fixed length of 4 bytes and an adaptation field of a variable length. Then, a transport-private-data field exists as one field within the adaption field. The transport-private-data field consists of an ID field and the encrypted marker. The ID field functions as a an identifier for informing that the transport-private-data field is a field utilized for the copy prevention method according to the present invention, and the encrypted marker following the ID field embodies the copy prevention function of the present invention.

When the marker is decrypted by means of the encoded encoding key, the decrypted marker is divided into a CP information area recorded with including the CP information for preventing the illegal copy, a control word area recorded with including the control word CW for descrambling, and a reserved area.

That is, the decrypted marker is formed of 8 bytes consisting of the CP information area of one byte, the reserved area of three bytes and control word area of four bytes.

At this time, the CP information is formatted by including a generational copy control field which restricts the number of permitting the copy permitted copies of the program, which . The generational copy control field is formed of an allowable generational field for limiting the copy number of the program and a current generational field representing a current generation of the duplicated program.

Next, the marker analyzing step 13 of the audio and video receiving and recording process will be described in detail.

The marker analyzing step 13 is carried out by the CP information detecting step of detecting the CP information for preventing the illegal copy from the detected marker, a copy number limiting step of comparing the allowable generation of the allowable generational field for restricting the number of permitting the copy of the program and the current generation of the current generational field representing the current generation of the duplicated program within the detected CP information to determine whether the copy is permitted or not, and the control word detecting step of detecting the control word from the detected marker for executing the descrambling.

In other words, the CP information for preventing the an illegal copy is detected from the detected marker, and the allowable generation of the allowable generational field for limiting the copy number of the program is compared with the current generation of the current generational field representing the current generation of the duplicated program within the detected CP information to determine whether the copy is permitted or not, so that the program is recorded in case of permitting the copy, otherwise the . Otherwise, reproduction cannot be executed in case of inhibiting the copy even though the recording is attained.

Next, the control word for descrambling is detected from the detected marker.

Here, the step of limiting the copy number is carried out by comparing the allowable generation of the allowable generational field with the current generation of the current generational field to determine whether the allowable generation is the current generation, inhibiting the copy when it is determined that the allowable generation is below the current generation, and permitting the copy when it is determined that the allowable generation is not below the current generation to proceed to the marker insertion step .

The copy number limiting step will be described below.

When the allowable generation is below the current generation after comparing the allowable generation of the allowable generational field preset by the program producer with the current generation of the current generational field representing the current copy number, the copy number exceeds the copy number preset by the program producer. Thus, the copy cannot be further copying cannot be permitted.

At this time, in order to inhibit the copy, the control word is destructed or is not output to block the , which blocks reproduction after performing of the copy. This is because the audio and video bit strips are recorded under the state of being scrambled, the scrambled audio and video bit strips cannot be descrambled without the control word.

Therefore, by destructing the control word, the reproduction and display cannot be achieved even though the audio and video bit strips are recorded to ; thereby have having the same effect of as impeding the recording of them.

At this time, since the control word is periodically changed in the of an interval of 0.6 second, the reproduction is impeded by destructing the succeeding control word even after accomplishing the recording.

Also, a control track within the video tape may be destructed to inhibit the copy when the recording medium is a video tape.

On the other hand, the marker is positioned on the private data field within the bit strips whenever the control word is changed.

Here, since the control word is periodically changed, the marker including the control word is received whenever the control word is changed to be supplied .

Meantime, the marker inserting step is performed by updating the marker when the copy is permitted after analyzing the marker 16, encrypting the updated marker by means of the encoded key 17, and replacing the encrypted marker with the following marker to be inserted 18.

In other words, if the copy is permitted after analyzing the marker, the current generation of the current generational field is augmented by one to update the marker 16. That is, the CP information including the updated current generational field obtained by augmenting the current generation by one is summed with the control word to be the updated marker.

The updated marker is encrypted by means of the encoded key to be replaced with encoding key and is inserted to replace the succeeding marker and inserted 17. More specifically, as the marker is supplied whenever the control word is changed, it is inserted whenever the control word is changed.

In other word words, as shown in FIG. 3, the detection of the encrypted marker and the replacement of the updated marker should be accomplished altogether on time basis.

Meanwhile, the encoded encoding key for encrypting and decrypting the marker is transmitted via a separate transmission line in a predetermined time interval and is stored to be utilized, thereby perfectly preventing the illegal copy.

That is, the marker encrypted by the encoded encoding key is transmitted and recorded together with the bit strips. Here, the control word for descrambling the scrambled audio and video bit strips is included in the marker, so that the marker should be primarily decrypted to obtain the control word. However, since the encoded encoding key for decrypting the marker is periodically changed, it is impossible to decrypt the marker without the encoded encoding key. Accordingly, it is further difficult to illegally obtain the control word.

As shown in FIG. 4, the copy prevention apparatus of the digital magnetic recording/reproducing system according to the present invention includes a marker detecting/inserting section 21, a descrambler 24, a marker analyzing/processing section 22 and a buffer section 23.

Marker detecting/inserting section 21 detects the marker from the received bit strips, and inserts to output the updated marker, i.e., the updated and encrypted marker, from buffer section 23 to the bit strips.

Marker analyzing/processing section 22 utilizes the encoded key encoding keys to decrypt and analyze the encrypted marker from marker detecting/inserting section 21, thereby providing the control word CW for descrambling the bit strips. Then, the decrypted marker is updated and encrypted by the encoded encoding key to be for output.

Buffer section 23 buffers control word CW and the updated and encrypted marker IEM from marker analyzing/processing section 22, so that the updated and encrypted marker IEM is supplied to be inserted in marker detecting/inserting section 21.

Descrambler 24 descrambles the bit strips output via marker detecting/inserting section 21 by means of the control word CW from buffer section 23 to supply the result to the monitor to be displayed or to, for example, a DVCR to record the bit strips inserted with the marker.

Here, the encoded encoding key is transmitted via the separate transmission line in at a predetermined time interval and is stored as the copy prevention method of the digital magnetic recording/reproducing system according to the present invention to double a copyright protection effect.

Referring to FIG. 3, the structure of the transport bit strips and marker will be described prior to describing the operation of the copy prevention apparatus of the digital magnetic recording/reproducing system constructed as above.

In the copy prevention apparatus of the digital magnetic recording/reproducing system, the marker is placed on the transport-private-data field within the bit strips, and the CP information area recorded with the CP information for preventing the illegal copy and the control word area recorded with the control word CW for descrambling are included thereto as shown in FIG. 3, like the copy prevention method.

Here, the CP information is formatted by including the generational copy control field for restricting the number of permitted copies of the program, which is formed of the allowable generational field for limiting the copy number of the program and the current generational field representing the current generation of the duplicated program.

The marker is formed of 8 bytes consisting of the CP information area of one byte and control word area of four bytes.

Hereinbelow, an operation of the copy prevention apparatus of the digital magnetic recording/reproducing system according to the present invention will be briefly described with reference to FIG. 4.

First, a process of displaying the input bit strips on the monitor will be described.

The input bit strips are supplied to marker analyzing/processing section 22 under the state that the marker is detected and encrypted in marker detecting/inserting section 21.

Encrypted marker EM is decrypted by means of the encoded encoding key to be analyzed in marker analyzing/processing section 22. At this time, the control word is detected from the analyzed marker to be buffered via buffer section 23 for descrambling the bit strips and is supplied to descrambler 24.

The bit strips, after detecting the detection of the marker in marker detecting/inserting section 21, are descrambled in descrambler 24 in accordance with the control word from buffer section 23, and provided to the monitor to be displayed for display.

Next, a process of recording the input bit strips via, for example, the DVCR will be described.

The process of detecting and analyzing the marker from the input bit strips is executed in the same manner.

That is, the input bit strips is are supplied to marker analyzing/processing section 22 under the state that the marker is detected and encrypted decrypted in marker detecting/inserting section 21.

Encrypted marker EM is decrypted by means of the encoded encoding key in marker analyzing/processing section 22 to detect the control word. At this time, the recording can be performed or not in accordance with the result of the analysis. If the recording is not permitted, the detected control word is destructed to impede the reproduction even though the recording can be attained. Otherwise, the current generation of the current generational field within the marker is augmented by one to update the marker, so that the encoded encoding key is utilized to encrypt the marker to supply , and the result is supplied to buffer section 23.

The updated and encrypted marker is buffered in buffer section 23 and is supplied to marker detecting/inserting section 21 to be inserted to the input bit strips.

Meantime, the control word is periodically changed in the interval of 0.6 second, and the marker is placed on the transport-private-data field within the bit strips whenever the control word is changed.

Consequently, the updated and encrypted marker is replaced with replaces the succeeding marker to be inserted .

The bit strips inserted with the updated and encrypted marker pass through descrambler 24 intact and are output to be recorded in the DVCR.

The detailed construction and operation of the copy prevention apparatus in the digital magnetic recording/reproducing system formed as above will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 5 is a detailed construction view showing the copy prevention apparatus of FIG. 4, which will be described below.

Marker detecting/inserting section 21 includes a marker detector 31 which detects the encrypted marker from the input bit strips and supplies the detected marker to marker analyzing/processing section 22 and a marker detection flag signal for informing of the position of the encrypted marker within the bit strips to descrambler 24to be. The flag is used as a reference signal offor initializing descrambler 24 while outputting the bit strips. In addition to marker detector 31, a marker inserter 32 inserts the updated and encrypted marker from buffer section 23tointo the bit strips from marker detector 31 in accordance with the marker detection flag signal from marker detector 31to output the. The result is output to descrambler 24.

Marker analyzing/processing section 22 has a marker decoder 34 for decrypting the encrypted marker from marker detector 31 of marker detecting/inserting section 21 by means of the encoded encoding key, and a marker analyzer 34for analyzinganalyzes the CP information within the marker from marker decoder 34 to output the control word to buffer section 23 when the copy is permitted while outputting a control signal for updating the marker. Additionally, a marker updating/encoding unit 35 updates the marker from marker decoder 34 in accordance with the control signal from marker analyzer 34 to encrypt the marker by means of the encoded encoding key to output the result to buffer section 23.

Here, marker analyzing/processing section 22 further includes an encoding key storage unit (not shown) for storing the encoded encoding key to output the result encoding key to marker decoder 33 and marker updating/encoding unit 35.

BesidesAlso, marker analyzer 34 compares the allowable generation of the allowable generational field for restricting the number of permitting the copy of the program with the current generation of the current generational field representing the current generation of the duplicated program to determine whether the a copy is permitted or not.

Buffer section 23 includes a marker buffer 36 for temporally storing the updated and encrypted marker from marker analyzing/processing section 22 to supply it to marker detecting/inserting section 21, and a control word buffer 37 for temporally storing the control word from marker analyzing/processing section 22 to supply it to descrambler 24.

An operation of the copy prevention apparatus of the digital magnetic recording system according to the present invention constructed as above will be described with reference to FIG. 6FIGS. 6A-6G.

FIG. 6A is a timing chart of the transmitted bit strips, FIG. 6Bis ofillustrates the marker detection flag m-det-flag, FIG. 6Cis ofillustrates the control word CW(i) from marker analyzer 34, FIG. 6Dis ofillustrates the updated and encrypted marker IEM(i) from marker updating/encoding unit 35, FIG. 6Fis ofillustrates the updated and encrypted marker IEM(i) from marker buffer 36, and FIG. 6Gis ofillustrates the control word CW(i) from control word buffer 37.

Encrypted marker EM(i) is included in the transmitted bit strips.

The transmitted bit strips including encrypted marker EM(i) is are formed as shown in FIG. 6A, which is supplied to marker detector 31 to detect encrypted marker EM(i) to be supplied to marker decoder 33. Also, marker detector 31 generates marker detection flag signal m-det-flag for informing of the position of the encrypted marker at the encrypted marker EM(i) portion as shown in FIG. 6B, so that the generated signal is supplied to marker inserter 32 together with the bit strips including encrypted marker EM(i). Also, marker detection flag m-det-flag is supplied to descrambler 24 to be utilized as the reference signal for initializing descrambler 24 by control word CW(i−1) from control word buffer 37.

Encrypted marker EM(i) is decrypted by the encoding key in marker decoder 33to beand is supplied as decrypted marker M(i).

Decrypted marker M(i) is analyzed in marker analyzer 34 to determine whether the copy is permitted or not. In other words, marker analyzer 34 compares the CP information within decrypted marker M(i), i.e., the allowable generational field with the current generational field, and determining to permit the copy when the allowable generational field is not below the current generational field.

When the copy is permitted as above , marker analyzer 34 slightly delays control word CW(i), which is a part of decrypted marker M(i), to be supplied to control word buffer 37, as shown in FIG. 6C. At this time, marker analyzer 34provideprovides the control signal to marker updating/encoding unit 35 to control the updating of the marker.

That is, marker decoder 33formforms decrypted marker M(i) from encrypted marker EM(i) after delaying a delay time required for the decode, and the marker analyzer 34generates control word CW(i) from decrypted marker M(i) in marker analyzer 34 .

At this time, control word CW(i) is transmitted to control word buffer 37 to be stored until it is utilized in descrambler 24.

Decrypted marker M(i) from marker decoder 33 is updated in accordance with the control signal from marker analyzer 34 in marker updating/encoding unit 35.

That is, the updated data is the data recorded on the current generational field within the marker, which is obtained by adding one to the previously recorded current generation.

The marker updated as described above is encrypted, i.e., encoded, in accordance with the encoded encoding key to be supplied to marker buffer 36 as shown in FIG. 6D, slightly delayed with respect to control word CW(i) from marker analyzer 34 as shown in FIG. 6C. In more detail, the encrypted marker M(i) from marker decoder 33 is supplied to marker updating/encoding unit 35 to be generated as marker IEM(i), which is updated and encrypted after delaying the a delay time required for the encoding to be , and marker IEM(i) is supplied to marker buffer 36.

Here, the point of generating updated and encrypted marker IEM(i) and control word CW(i) from marker updating/encoding unit 35 and marker analyzer 34 does not coincide with a point of utilizing updated and encrypted marker IEM(i) and control word CW(i) in marker inserter 32 and descrambler 24, i.e., the points of performing the replaceable insertion and initialization of descrambler 24 do not coincide with each other. Thus, updated and encrypted marker IEM(i) and control word CW(i) from marker updating/encoding unit 35 and marker analyzer 34 are temporally stored in marker buffer 36 and control word buffer 37 for that time.

As shown in FIG. 6E, updated and encrypted marker IEM(i) temporally stored in marker buffer 36 and synchronized to be output is inserted by marker inserter 32tointo the bit strips from marker detector 31.

In more detail, marker inserter 32 receives the bit strips having encrypted marker EM(i) and marker detection flag signal m-det-flag from marker detector 31, and receives updated and encrypted marker IEM(i) which will be replaceably inserted to into the position of encrypted marker EM(i) from marker buffer 36, so that updated and encrypted marker IEM(i) is replacably inserted to the position of marker detection flag signal m-det-flag in the transmitted bit strips including encrypted marker-EM(i) as shown in FIG. 6E.

In other words, marker inserter 32 inserts updated and encrypted marker IEM(i) from marker buffer 37 replacing encrypted marker EM(i+1) at the position of producing marker detection flag signal m-det-flag.

Here, the replacably inserted marker IEM(i) is formed from the immediately detected preceding encrypted marker. Accordingly, as shown in FIG. 6E, the marker IEM(i) is stored in marker buffer 37 for a certain period to be and then provided to marker inserter 32.

As shown in FIG. 6F, control word CW(i−1) is temporally stored in control word buffer 37 to be synchronized prior to being output and is utilized for descrambling the transmitted bit strips from marker inserter 32 in descrambler 24.

At this time, descrambler 24 uses marker detection flag signal m-det-flag from marker detector 31 as the reference signal for initializing based on control word CW(i−1) from control word buffer 37.

More specifically, descrambler 24 must be initialized by control word CW(i−N) from control word buffer 37 during a period from the point of generating encrypted marker EM(i), i.e., from a position of detecting marker detecting flag signal m-det-flag to the point before starting payload of a transport packet, where N is a natural number greater than zero. Here, control word CW(i−N) is a control word formed from encrypted marker EM(i−N) transmitted before encrypted marker EM(i) as many as N times. The natural number ‘N’ allows for arbitrarily controlling the initializing point of descrambler 24.

In the copy prevention method and apparatus of the digital magnetic recording/reproducing system according to the present invention as described above, a program supplier can select the copy prevention function, and the field defined within a GA format is utilized. As the result, a separate format transformation apparatus for the copy prevention function is not required, and there is no increase in data amount to be recorded to perform the copy prevention function without converting, for example, the general digital VCR.

While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to particular embodiment thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be effected therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification380/203, 380/239, 705/57, 360/60, 386/359
International ClassificationH04N5/91, G11B20/10, H04N7/167, G06F1/00, H04N5/92, G11B20/00, G06F21/00, H04N5/913
Cooperative ClassificationG11B20/00333, G11B20/0021, H04N2005/91364, G06F21/10, G11B20/00768, G11B20/00086, H04N5/913, H04N2005/91328, G06F2211/007, G11B20/00557, G11B20/00753
European ClassificationG06F21/10, G11B20/00P5A6F, G11B20/00P5, G11B20/00P5G5, G11B20/00P11B1, G11B20/00P11B1B, H04N5/913, G11B20/00P
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