|Publication number||USRE37109 E1|
|Application number||US 09/307,218|
|Publication date||Mar 27, 2001|
|Filing date||May 7, 1999|
|Priority date||Nov 25, 1996|
|Also published as||CA2272923A1, CN1238823A, EP1009908A1, EP1009908A4, US5730220, WO1998023844A1|
|Publication number||09307218, 307218, US RE37109 E1, US RE37109E1, US-E1-RE37109, USRE37109 E1, USRE37109E1|
|Original Assignee||Technology Commercialization Corp.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Referenced by (12), Classifications (13), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a method of and a device for production of hydrocarbons, such as oil, natural gas and the like.
It is known to produce oil by introducing into it gas so as to form an oil-gas or other hydrocarbons in situations where oil or other liquids are combined with natural gas or other gases to form a liquid-gas fluid which is lifted in a production pipe. The resulting flow is a flow of two interacting phases, a gas phase and a liquid phase. Depending on a diameter of the production pipe, a gas factor or a gas quantity dissolved in a mass unit of liquid, physical characteristics of gas and liquid, speed of the gas phase relative to the liquid phase, an exchange of the motion quantity between the phases and therefore a share of gas phase energy spent for displacement of the liquid phase can substantially change during the process of flowing of the two-phase medium. Due to the changes in the structure of the two-phase flow during the process of flowing and redistribution of energy of the gas phase used for the displacement of the liquid phase and for the displacement of the gas phase itself, it is possible that a corresponding energy share of the gas phase is insufficient for displacement of the liquid phase. This is characteristic for the case when the energy of the gas phase is the only source of energy for displacement of the liquid phase. This case is typical, for example, for oil wells when the natural energy of the formation is composed of a potential energy of oil which is contained under pressure from rock, ground water, and potential energy of hydrocarbon gas dissolved in oil, which are is transferred into the gas phase when the pressure in the fluid becomes lower than the saturation pressure. Oil which is lifted in a well to a certain height by the pressure of rock ground water, and gravitational energy, can move further only due to the energy of gas dissolved in oil and transferred to the gas phase at a certain level in the well when the hydrostatic pressure in the oil column becomes lower than the saturation pressure. During movement of the fluid to a well-head with reducing pressure the quantity of gas emerging from oil is increased and the structure of the flow changes. An increase of the gas quantity transferred from the dissolved condition into the gas phase and correspondingly of its speed during movement to the well head leads to the situation that in a portion of the well which adjoins the well head well-head an annular mode of flow is formed, when the oil forms a film extending along the pipe wall while a gas nucleus contains liquid drops. Therefore only a small fraction of the gas phase energy is used for displacement of the liquid to the well-head and practically the well yield is equal substantially to zero. The evolution of the flow structure in the well is such that during the movement of fluid to the well-head the pressure and quantity of gas emerge emerging from the liquid is reduced and the speed of the gas phase relative to the liquid is increased. As a result the liquid and gas phase have a tendency to separate from one another. During this process a corresponding fraction of the gas phase energy used for the displacement of liquid to the well-head is reduced.
When the well is in the annular mode, its efficiency coefficient or in other words a ratio of the gas phase energy actually used for the liquid displacement to all energy of the gas phase which can be used for the liquid displacement, reduces substantially to zero. Even when the well operates in a fountain mode, the efficiency coefficient can not be high since the structure of the flow near the well-head #is such that the gas phase occupies the main fraction portion of the space available for the fluid flow and the quantity of the entrained liquid is relatively low. The low efficiency coefficient leads to an accelerated degasification of formation and as a result to a conversion of the well to a mechanized expansive expensive production method.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a method of and a device for production of hydrocarbons which avoids the disadvantages of the prior art.
More particularly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a method of and a device for production of hydrocarbons, in which the efficiency of use of the gas phase energy for displacement of oil liquid in gas-oil liquid-gas flows is substantially increased. The invention has particular utility in production of such hydrocarbons as oil and natural gas.
In keeping with these objects and with others which will become apparent hereinafter, one feature of the present invention resides, briefly stated, in a method of producing hydrocarbons, in accordance with which an oil-gas liquid-gas flow is subdivided in a direction which is transverse to a direction of movement of the oil-gas liquid-gas flow, into a plurality of individual flows which flow simultaneously and side by side in the direction of movement.
It is another feature of the present invention to provide a device for production of hydrocarbons which has means for confining an oil-gas a liquid-gas flow; and means for subdividing the oil-gas liquid-gas two-phase flow in a transverse direction into a plurality of individual oil-gas two-phase flows which flow simultaneously side by side in direction of movement of the oil-gas liquid-gas flow.
When the method is performed and the device is designed in accordance with the present invention, the efficiency of the gas phase for displacement of the oil liquid phase is substantially increased, the operation and maintenance of well is simplified, the cost of production of the formation hydrocarbons is reduced and the efficiency is increased, and accelerated degasification of the formation is prevented.
The novel features which are considered as characteristic for the present invention are set forth in particular in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, both as to its construction and its method of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following description of specific embodiments when read in connection with the accompanying drawings.
FIGS. 1 and 2 are views showing a transverse and a longitudinal cross-section of a device for production of hydrocarbons in accordance with the present invention;
FIGS. 3 and 4 are views showing a transverse and a longitudinal cross-section of the inventive device in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;
FIGS. 5 and 6 are views showing a change in a kinematics of oil-gas a liquid-gas flow in a device in accordance with the prior art and in a device in accordance with the present invention;
FIGS. 7 and 8 are views illustrating another embodiment of the present invention; and
FIGS. 9 and 10 are views showing a transverse and a longitudinal cross-section of the device in accordance with a still further embodiment of the present invention.
In accordance with one embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, an inventive device for production of hydrocarbons in accordance with an inventive method includes a production pipe identified with reference numeral 1. A plurality of elements 2 are provided to subdivide a transverse cross-section of the production pipe 1 into a plurality of individual passages 3. In the embodiment of FIGS. 1-2 the elements 2 which subdivide the cross-section of the production pipe into a plurality of passages 3 are formed as concentric walls, so that the passages 3 are concentric passages. Therefore a plurality of individual oil-gas liquid-gas flows flow through the individual concentric passages 3 in the movement direction of the oil-gas two-phase flow. The size of each of the individual passages 3 is selected so as to provide a desired structure of the oil-gas liquid-gas individual flow, to obtain a maximum efficiency of use of the gas phase energy as a source of energy for displacement of the oil liquid phase. The liquid phase may contain oil as well as other liquids present in the well such as water, condensate, and alike. Further description generally refers to the liquid phase as an “oil phase” but it should be understood to include other liquids described above.
The oil phase obtains the movement quantity from the gas phase in increasing value with the increase of intensity of the movement quantity exchanged between the phases, or the increase of resistance to movement of the gas phase relative to the oil phase. With the same cross-section of the production pipe, this can be obtained by increase by increasing the axial speed in the individual passage V in the radial direction R and the increase of sheer stresses τ.
wherein μ is a dynamic viscosity of the oil; with the increase of an inner surface area of the passage.
In accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, an interior space of the production pipe 11 is subdivided by a plurality of walls 12 into a plurality of individual passages 13 extending side-by-side with one another with so that simultaneously individual oil-gas flows flow inside the passages 13. Also, an individual oil-gas flow can flow outside the individual passages 13 in a space 14.
As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8 in accordance with a further embodiment of the present invention, shown in FIG. 7a geometrical size of the individual passages 23 can change in direction of flow of the oil-gas flow, and also a number of passages can also change in direction flow of the oil-gas flow. The construction shown in FIGS. 7 and 8 is also selected so as to provide a maximum use of the gas phase energy for displacement of the oil phase.
In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 9 and 10 the production pipe 41 is subdivided by a star-like insert into a plurality of individual segment-shared sector-shaped passages 43 extending side-by-side with one another.
As can be seen from the drawings, the production pipe in accordance with the present invention is formed of a plurality of vertical sections, each formed in accordance with the present invention (one of its embodiments) and connected with one another by known connecting means which are not shown in the drawings. The same production pipe can be also compsed composed of sections formed in accordance with different embodimenents embodiments and also connected with one another.
It will be understood that each of the elements described above, or two or more together, may also find a useful application in other types of methods and constructions differing from the types described above, such as in production of natural gas.
While the invention has been illustrated and described as embodied in method of and device for production of hydrocarbons, it is not intended to be limited to the details shown, since various modifications and structural changes may be made without departing in any way from the spirit of the present invention.
Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully reveal the gist of the present invention that others can, by applying current knowledge, readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features that, from the standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic or specific aspects of this invention.
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|U.S. Classification||166/372, 166/242.3|
|International Classification||E21B43/34, E21B43/12, E21B17/18|
|Cooperative Classification||E21B17/18, E21B43/122, E21B43/34, E21B43/12|
|European Classification||E21B43/12B2, E21B17/18, E21B43/12, E21B43/34|
|Oct 26, 2009||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Mar 24, 2010||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|