|Publication number||USRE38239 E1|
|Application number||US 09/566,416|
|Publication date||Aug 26, 2003|
|Filing date||May 5, 2000|
|Priority date||Feb 16, 1993|
|Also published as||US5378122|
|Publication number||09566416, 566416, US RE38239 E1, US RE38239E1, US-E1-RE38239, USRE38239 E1, USRE38239E1|
|Inventors||Greg S. Duncan|
|Original Assignee||Wilden Pump & Engineering Co.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (40), Non-Patent Citations (24), Referenced by (31), Classifications (5), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The field of the present invention is control mechanisms for air driven diaphragm pumps.
Pumps having double diaphragms driven by compressed air directed through an actuator valve are well known. Reference is made to U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,169,296; 4,247,264; U.S. Pat. Des. Nos. 294,946; 294,947; and 275,858, all issued to James K. Wilden, the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference. An actuator valve operated on a feedback control system is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,071,118 issued to James K. Wilden, the disclosure of which is also incorporated herein by reference. This feedback control system has been employed with the double diaphragm pumps illustrated in the other patents.
Such pumps include an air chamber housing having a center section and two concave discs facing outwardly from the center section. Opposing the two concave discs are pump chamber housings. The pump chamber housings are coupled with an inlet manifold and an outlet manifold through ball check valves positioned in the inlet passageways and outlet passageways from and to the inlet and outlet manifolds, respectively. Diaphragms extend outwardly to mating surfaces between the concave discs and the pump chamber housings. The diaphragms with the concave discs and with the pump chamber housings each define an air chamber and a pump chamber to either side thereof. At the centers thereof, the diaphragms are fixed to a control rod which slidably extends through the air chamber housing.
Traditionally, actuator valves associated with such pumps have included feedback control mechanisms including a valve piston and airways on the control rod attached to the diaphragms. Air pressure is alternately generated in each air chamber according to control rod location, driving the diaphragms back and forth. In turn, the pump chambers alternately expand and contract to pump material therethrough. Such pumps are capable of pumping a wide variety of materials of widely varying consistency.
Turning to the area of reciprocating power, various reciprocating devices have been known to use a constant supply of air pressure and a solenoid valve to provide an alternating flow of air for driving the reciprocating motions. Such devices may require any number of mechanisms for timing of the strokes including feedback control as well as simple set interval actuation.
The present invention is directed to an air driven double diaphragm pump employing an actuator valve which provides alternating pressure to the diaphragms independently of the stroke position of the pump. In association with reciprocal control, pistons act to limit the stroke of the double diaphragms to accomplish desired pumping characteristics.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved air driven diaphragm pump. Other and further objects and advantages will appear hereinafter.
FIG. 1 is a front view of a pump of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a side view of a pump of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional elevation taken along the centerline of the pump.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken centrally through the pump center section and actuator valve.
FIG. 5 is a plan view of an inner piston of the pump.
Turning in detail to the drawings, an air driven double diaphragm pump is illustrated. The pump itself is found to be in three principal structural pieces, an air chamber housing 10 and two pump chamber housings 12 and 14. Clamp bands 16 and 18 hold these components together.
The air chamber housing 10 is shown to include two outwardly facing concave discs 20 and 22 which are integrally formed with a center section 24. The discs 20 and 22 extend outwardly to a circular periphery having a form compatible with one of the clamp bands 16 and 18. A circular recess 26 accommodates the periphery of a diaphragm. The center section 24 includes a bushing 28. The bushing 28 includes artifacts of an air driven reciprocating control valve. A plain bushing with a single O-ring 30 would suffice. Additional O-rings and passages are illustrated which are unnecessary in this embodiment. Exhaust passages 32 and 34 vent air from the air chambers.
Located in the bushing 28 is a control rod 36. The control rod 36 is slidably arranged and need not include the central passage 38 for purposes of this embodiment. Referring specifically to FIG. 4, the center section 24 is shown to include supply passages 40 and 42. The supply passage 40 extends through the concave disc 20 while the supply passage 42 extends through the concave disc 22 in the opposite direction.
The two pump chamber housings 12 and 14 may be identical. Each housing 12 and 14 includes a pump chamber shell 44 defining a pump chamber 46. Extending from the pump chamber shell 44 is an inlet passage 48 and an inlet check valve chamber 50. The inlet passages, in association with a T-coupling, form an inlet manifold.
Contained within the inlet passage 48 and the inlet check valve chamber 50 is a spacer 52 threadably attached to one of the housings 12 and 14 with the junction sealed by an O-ring 54. The spacer 52 positions a valve seat 56 with an O-ring 58 preventing bypass of the controlled passage. A ball valve 60 cooperates with the valve seat 56 to form a one-way valve. A stop 62 retains the ball valve 60 in position.
Also extending from the pump chamber shell 44 is an outlet passage 64 and an outlet check valve chamber 66. The outlet passages, in association with another T-coupling, form an outlet manifold. The outlet check valve chamber 66 includes a seat 68. A ball valve 70 cooperates with the seat 68 to provide a one-way check valve. A stop 72 extends into the outlet check valve chamber 66 to retain position of the ball valve 70. The stop 72 is threadably fixed within the outlet passage 64 and includes an O-ring 74 to insure proper sealing.
The two pump chamber housings 12 and 14 also include a circular recess 76 to receive the periphery of the diaphragms. The outer portion of the pump chamber shell 44 is circular and adapted to cooperate with one of the clamp bands 16 and 18.
Two diaphragms 78 and 80 are retained within the circular recesses 26 and 76 about their periphery. The diaphragms may be of conventional construction for air driven diaphragm pumps, defining with the concave discs 20 and 22 and the pump chamber shells 44 and air chamber and a pump chamber on either side of each diaphragm 78 and 80. Each diaphragm 78 and 80 includes a center opening 82 for anchoring to the control rod 36. The control rod 36 includes a threaded portion 84 at each end thereof. At each end, an inner piston 86 and an outer piston 88 cooperate to retain each of the diaphragms 78 and 80. A nut 90 is threaded onto the control rod 36 at each end to retain the pistons 86 and 88.
The inner pistons 86 each include a stop surface 92 which is positioned to abut against the center section 24 to define the limits of the stroke of the control rod 36. The inner pistons 86 may be available in varying thicknesses to accommodate different pump characteristics.
Associated with the air driven diaphragm pump is an actuator valve 94. In the present embodiment, the actuator valve 94 operates independently of the stroke position of the control rod 36. A solenoid 96 controls the valve 94. Conventional electronic control may be employed to reciprocate the valve 94 through the solenoid 96 on a timed basis, on a pump flow basis, on a flow pressure basis or on external controls and circumstances.
The actuator valve 94 is shown to include a piston 98 having a central land 100 and two circumferential passages 102 and 104. A spring 106 biases the piston 98 in a first direction to cooperate with the solenoid 96. Spacers 108 with O-rings 110 therebetween prevent communication axially along the valve. An inlet 112 receives a constant pressurized source of air. Supply passages 40 and 42 are alternately communicated with the inlet 112 depending on the position of the piston 98. Alternatively, the supply passage of the supply passages 40 and 42 which is not in communication with the inlet 112 is in communication with its respective exhaust passage of the exhaust passages 32 and 34. Thus, as one air chamber is being filled, the other air chamber is allowed to exhaust. Through reciprocation of the solenoid, the pump is alternately driven in one direction or the other until it stalls against a stop surface 92 of one of the inner pistons 86.
The thickness of the inner pistons 86 may be selected to provide varying pump performance characteristics. For example, thick inner pistons 86 would act to minimize pressure surges. The thinner inner pistons 86 would maximize flow. Where each side is intended for a different pumping function, the inner pistons 86 may be of different thicknesses to accomplish different results. Finally, empirical selection of the thickness for each inner piston 86 would define a specific quantity of flow per stroke such that the pump itself may be used to accurately measure volumes.
Thus, an air driven diaphragm pump controlled by a solenoid, valve with controlled stroke length has been disclosed. While embodiments and applications of this invention have been shown and described, it would be apparent to those skilled in the art that many more modifications are possible without departing from the inventive concepts herein. The invention, therefore is not to be restricted except in the spirit of the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1920014||Jun 26, 1931||Jul 25, 1933||Trico Products Corp||Multiple diaphragm pump|
|US2307566||Jul 31, 1940||Jan 5, 1943||Wright Aeronautical Corp||Pneumatic drive fuel pump|
|US2383193||Nov 1, 1943||Aug 21, 1945||Oliver United Felters Inc||Diaphragm pump|
|US2576747||Jan 24, 1946||Nov 27, 1951||Bryant Austin U||Liquid dispenser with means to vary a measured discharge|
|US2653552||Aug 15, 1951||Sep 29, 1953||Geeraert Corp||High-pressure pump|
|US2673522||Apr 10, 1951||Mar 30, 1954||Bendix Aviat Corp||Diaphragm pump|
|US2955539||May 28, 1959||Oct 11, 1960||Gardner Lawrence H||Positive displacement pump|
|US3071118||May 3, 1960||Jan 1, 1963||Wilden James K||Actuator valve means|
|US3250226||Sep 8, 1964||May 10, 1966||Allied Chem||Hydraulic actuated pumping system|
|US3288071||Dec 16, 1964||Nov 29, 1966||Anderson Herbert E||Chemical ratio feed pump|
|US3304126||Feb 15, 1965||Feb 14, 1967||Gorman Rupp Co||Material handling apparatus and methods|
|US3756456||May 22, 1972||Sep 4, 1973||Graco Inc||Apparatus and method for a metering system|
|US3814548 *||Aug 5, 1971||Jun 4, 1974||Rupp Co Warren||Diaphragm pump apparatus|
|US3816034||May 22, 1973||Jun 11, 1974||Dorr Oliver Inc||Diaphragm pumps and actuating system therefor|
|US3913314||Jun 9, 1972||Oct 21, 1975||Westinghouse Electric Corp||System and method for operating a gas turbine electric power plant with bypass flow fueling operation to provide improved reliability and extended apparatus life|
|US4241602||Apr 20, 1979||Dec 30, 1980||Seismograph Service Corporation||Rheometer|
|US4247264 *||Apr 13, 1979||Jan 27, 1981||Wilden Pump & Engineering Co.||Air driven diaphragm pump|
|US4288230||Aug 6, 1980||Sep 8, 1981||Bayer Aktiengesellschaft||Method and a device for the production of a solid-forming or foam-forming flowable reaction mixture|
|US4315523||Mar 6, 1980||Feb 16, 1982||American Flow Systems, Inc.||Electronically controlled flow meter and flow control system|
|US4367140 *||Oct 30, 1980||Jan 4, 1983||Sykes Ocean Water Ltd.||Reverse osmosis liquid purification apparatus|
|US4449476||Jan 28, 1983||May 22, 1984||Gebrueder Sucker||Apparatus for coating or impregnating a guided substrate in the form of a web|
|US4472115||Sep 7, 1982||Sep 18, 1984||The Warren Rupp Company||Fluid-operated reciprocating pump|
|US4474309||Oct 22, 1981||Oct 2, 1984||Oximetrix, Inc.||Stepping motor control procedure for achieving variable rate, quasi-continuous fluid infusion|
|US4524803||Mar 11, 1982||Jun 25, 1985||Kurt Stoll||Spool valve|
|US4547680||Jan 31, 1983||Oct 15, 1985||Chemie Und Filter Gmbh, Verfahrenstechnik Kg||Fluid flow machine with an electromagnetically operated diaphragm pump|
|US4549467||Aug 3, 1983||Oct 29, 1985||Wilden Pump & Engineering Co.||Actuator valve|
|US4597721||Oct 4, 1985||Jul 1, 1986||Valco Cincinnati, Inc.||Double acting diaphragm pump with improved disassembly means|
|US4778356||Aug 29, 1986||Oct 18, 1988||Hicks Cecil T||Diaphragm pump|
|US4796782||Oct 30, 1985||Jan 10, 1989||Automation, Inc.||Ink monitor system|
|US4828464||Feb 26, 1988||May 9, 1989||J. Wagner Gmbh||Diaphragm pump device|
|US4897797||Apr 25, 1988||Jan 30, 1990||Betz Laboratories, Inc.||Proportional chemical feeding system|
|US5056036||Oct 20, 1989||Oct 8, 1991||Pulsafeeder, Inc.||Computer controlled metering pump|
|US5169296||Mar 10, 1989||Dec 8, 1992||Wilden James K||Air driven double diaphragm pump|
|US5326234||Feb 17, 1993||Jul 5, 1994||Versa-Matic Tool, Inc.||Fluid driven pump|
|USD275858 *||Jun 1, 1982||Oct 9, 1984||Wilden Pump & Engineering Co.||Double diaphragm pump|
|USD294946 *||Aug 6, 1984||Mar 29, 1988||Wilden Pump & Engineering Co.||Air driven diaphragm pump|
|USD294947 *||Aug 6, 1984||Mar 29, 1988||Wilden Pump & Engineering Co.||Air driven diaphragm pump|
|AU217704A||Title not available|
|GB1117516A||Title not available|
|GB1234921A||Title not available|
|1||Article entitled "Diaphragm Pumps Save $30,000+ Per Year" by John Papamarcos, published in Plant Services Magazine, Apr. 1992.|
|2||Article entitled "Nonmetallic Pumps for Corrosive Erosive Service" by edward Margus, from Plant Engineering, Oct. 22, 1992.|
|3||Article entitled "Pneumatic Logic Control Conveyor Line" by A.H. Hehn and A. Varacins.|
|4||Article entitled "Pneumatic Logic Defects Thread Breakage" by A.H. Hehn and A. Varacins published in Hydraulics & Pneumatics Magazine, May 1975.|
|5||Article entitled "The Heart of the System" by Tony Hehn published in Lift Equipment Magazine, Apr.-May 1991.|
|6||Article from publication entitled Pump Application Engineering, by Tyler G. Hicks, P.E. and T.W. Edwards, P.E. copyright 1971.|
|7||Brochure by Graco Co. entitled Hydra-Cat Plural Component Proportioning Systems for Tire-Fill Operations, Mar. 3, 1976 and accompanying materials.|
|8||Brochure for Valco's Electronically Controlled Diaphragm Pumps (undated).|
|9||Catalog for Graymills Corp., pp. 22, 23, & 48-51, 1990.|
|10||Catalog for Lincoln Co. pp. 16, 17, 29, 37, & 32 (undated).|
|11||Colgate-Palmolive Multicraft Training Project Course Outline, Jul. 21, 1989.|
|12||Design drawings of the Iwaki Pneumatic Bellows Pump dated Nov. 4, 1988.|
|13||Excerpts from book entitled Industrial Hydraulics by John Pippenger and Tyler G. Hicks, copyright 1962.|
|14||Excerpts from catalog by Yamada America Inc. of Double Diaphragm Pump F Series (undated).|
|15||File History for U.S. Ser. No. 68,182-German et al.-Abandoned 1968.|
|16||File History for U.S. Ser. No. 68,182-German et al.—Abandoned 1968.|
|17||Fluid Power Design Handbook, Second Edition, by Frank Yeaple, Design News Magazine.|
|18||Ingersoll-Rand Fluid Products catalog of ARO Pneumatic Valves and Logic Controls, dated 5/98.|
|19||Instruction manual for Iwaki Pneumatic-driven Bellow Pump FF-H Series, dated Dec. 1, 1993.|
|20||LMI-Liquid Metronics Division of the Milton Roy Co. Catalog of Metering Pumps (undated).|
|21||LMI—Liquid Metronics Division of the Milton Roy Co. Catalog of Metering Pumps (undated).|
|22||Operating Instructions for an Electronic Metering Pump.|
|23||Publication entitled Machine Design, 1981, pp. 40-53.|
|24||Publication entitled The How of Pneumatic Logic Control published by Clippard Instrument Laboratory, Inc. (undated).|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7063516||May 4, 2004||Jun 20, 2006||Wilden Pump And Engineering Llc||One-way valve|
|US7125229||May 10, 2004||Oct 24, 2006||Wilden Pump And Engineering Llc||Reciprocating air distribution system|
|US7168928||Feb 17, 2004||Jan 30, 2007||Wilden Pump And Engineering Llc||Air driven hydraulic pump|
|US7399168 *||Dec 19, 2005||Jul 15, 2008||Wilden Pump And Engineering Llc||Air driven diaphragm pump|
|US7517199||Nov 17, 2004||Apr 14, 2009||Proportion Air Incorporated||Control system for an air operated diaphragm pump|
|US7600532||Oct 13, 2009||Ingersoll Rand Company||Check valve having integrally formed seat and seal body|
|US7658598||Oct 24, 2005||Feb 9, 2010||Proportionair, Incorporated||Method and control system for a pump|
|US7811067 *||Oct 12, 2010||Wilden Pump And Engineering Llc||Air driven pump with performance control|
|US8047222||Oct 18, 2004||Nov 1, 2011||Wilden Pump And Engineering Llc||Air valve for an air driven reciprocating device|
|US8226381||Oct 13, 2009||Jul 24, 2012||Ingersoll Rand Company||Check valve having integrally formed seat and seal body|
|US8292600||Nov 17, 2005||Oct 23, 2012||Proportion-Air, Incorporated||Control system for an air operated diaphragm pump|
|US8360745||Jan 29, 2013||Wilden Pump And Engineering Llc||Air driven pump with performance control|
|US8382445||Dec 16, 2009||Feb 26, 2013||Warren Rupp, Inc.||Air logic controller|
|US8425208||May 10, 2010||Apr 23, 2013||Warren Rupp, Inc.||Air operated diaphragm pump with electric generator|
|US8485792||Jan 25, 2010||Jul 16, 2013||Warren Rupp, Inc.||Method for increasing compressed air efficiency in a pump|
|US8608460||Jun 7, 2013||Dec 17, 2013||Warren Rupp, Inc.||Method and apparatus for increasing compressed air efficiency in a pump|
|US8801404||Oct 10, 2013||Aug 12, 2014||Warren Rupp, Inc.||Method for increasing compressed air efficiency in a pump|
|US9316218||Aug 8, 2014||Apr 19, 2016||Warren Rupp, Inc.||Method and apparatus for increasing compressed air efficiency in a pump|
|US20060082950 *||Oct 18, 2004||Apr 20, 2006||Wilden Pump And Engineering Llc||Air valve for an air driven reciprocating device|
|US20060104829 *||Nov 17, 2004||May 18, 2006||Reed David A||Control system for an air operated diaphragm pump|
|US20070092386 *||Oct 24, 2005||Apr 26, 2007||Reed David A||Method and control system for a pump|
|US20070248474 *||Apr 19, 2006||Oct 25, 2007||Wilden Pump And Engineering Llc||Air driven pump with performance control|
|US20070258837 *||Jul 29, 2005||Nov 8, 2007||Katsuya Okumura||Pump Unit for Supplying Chemical Liquids|
|US20080099084 *||Nov 1, 2006||May 1, 2008||Headley Thomas R||Check valve having integrally formed seat and seal body|
|US20090202361 *||Nov 17, 2005||Aug 13, 2009||Proportion, Inc.||Control system for an air operated diaphragm pump|
|US20100028174 *||Feb 4, 2010||Ingersoll Rand Company||Check valve having integrally formed seat and seal body|
|US20100089456 *||Oct 13, 2009||Apr 15, 2010||Circor Instrumentation Technologies, Inc.||Method and apparatus for low powered and/or high pressure flow control|
|US20100189577 *||Jan 25, 2010||Jul 29, 2010||Idex Aodd, Inc.||Method for Increasing Compressed Air Efficiency In a Pump|
|US20100284834 *||Nov 11, 2010||Idex Aodd, Inc.||Air Operated Diaphragm Pump With Electric Generator|
|US20110142692 *||Dec 16, 2009||Jun 16, 2011||Idex Aodd, Inc.||Air Logic Controller|
|WO2005108834A1||May 4, 2005||Nov 17, 2005||Wilden Pump And Engineering Llc||One-way valve|
|U.S. Classification||417/395, 417/413.1|
|Aug 11, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DOVER RESOURCES PUMP ENGINEERING COMPANY, CALIFORN
Free format text: ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION;ASSIGNOR:WILDEN PUMP AND ENGINEERING COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:014373/0038
Effective date: 19980806
Owner name: WILDEN PUMP AND ENGINEERING COMPANY, DELAWARE
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:DOVER RESOURCES PUMP ENGINEERING COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:014373/0001
Effective date: 19980806
Owner name: WILDEN PUMP AND ENGINEERING LLC, DELAWARE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WILDEN PUMP AND ENGINEERING COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:014373/0102
Effective date: 20021223
|May 12, 2006||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12