|Publication number||USRE38271 E1|
|Application number||US 09/967,531|
|Publication date||Oct 14, 2003|
|Filing date||Oct 1, 2001|
|Priority date||May 12, 1991|
|Also published as||US5853100, US5960528|
|Publication number||09967531, 967531, US RE38271 E1, US RE38271E1, US-E1-RE38271, USRE38271 E1, USRE38271E1|
|Inventors||Herman P. Kars|
|Original Assignee||Koninklijke Emballage Industrie Van Leer Bv|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (3), Classifications (7), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a divisional application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/897,792 filed Jul. 21, 1997 now U.S. Pat. No. 5,853,100, which is a continuation of Ser. No. 08/244,574 filed Jul. 24, 1995 now abandoned and claiming priority of Netherlands application 9102034 filed Dec. 5, 1991.
The invention relates to a drum with a drum closure provided in a drum wall comprising an insert for a shut-off cap or plug which can be placed in the insert which insert is situated in a collar on the drum wall pointing towards the outside of the drum and has a first flange which rests against the inside of the drum wall and a second flange which is flanged radially outwards over the collar and also a sealing ring which is wedged between the first flange and the inside of the drum wall.
Such a drum is generally known. When the insert is being fitted in the drum wall the first flange is firmly pressed against the drum wall in such a way that the sealing ring is compressed to provide the required seal. The second flange is then flange over the collar. The result of this is that the sealing ring can be held firmly wedged with pre-tension between the first flange and the drum wall.
The required sealing of the closure is maintained so long so the sealing ring can be held firmly wedged in this way. However, as soon as the wedging reduces, the risk of leakages occurs. Such a reduction of the wedging can occur if the drum falls from a certain height onto a hard surface with the closure down. The insert which projects relative to the drum wall is pressed inwards in this case which results in the first flange and the drum wall being pressed apart.
As a result of its elasticity the sealing ring can absorb deformations up to a certain level without leakages occurring. However, if the deformations become too great, as is mostly the case when the drum falls, the seal cannot still be guaranteed. The objective of the invention is therefore to equip a drum of the type described above with an improved closure in such a way that even if the drum falls on the closure the seal will still remain.
This object is achieved through the fact that an additional seal, which may or may not be connected to the sealing ring, is provided between the collar and the insert lying opposite. As a result of the position of the additional seal between the collar and the insert it is ensured that the sealing is maintained even if the insert is pressed inwards relative to the collar as the result of a fall.
The additional seal can be obtained in various ways. According to a first possibility, the additional seal is a loose second sealing ring which is compressed in the radial direction between collar and insert. In this case the insert can slide inwards along with the sealing ring without the pretension with which it is held wedged relative to the collar decreasing. Thus even quite large deformations of the drum wall and the insert can be absorbed without leakages being able to occur.
According to a second possibility, the additional seal is a loose second sealing ring which is compressed in the axial direction between the end face of the collar and the flanged part of the second flange of the insert. If the drum now falls with its closure onto a hard surface, the second sealing ring is compressed to a greater extend. The seal between insert and collar is therefore also maintained in this case.
In the case of the embodiments described above the two sealing rings can be made of different materials. This means that the original sealing ring which is in contact with the drum contents can be made of a material suitable for that purpose. On the other hand, a material which is capable of undergoing great compression can be selected for the additional sealing ring. It is also important here that this material should have a low coefficient of friction with regard to the metal collar and the insert in view of the great displacements which occur when they are compressed in the radial direction.
If the choice of material is not important, according to a third embodiment, the additional seal can be a sealing ring part which is fixed to the sealing ring and lies on the side of the sealing ring facing away from the first flange. In that case the whole sealing ring is preferably made of material with a low coefficient of friction.
An embodiment of the invention will be explained in greater detail below with reference to an exemplary embodiment shown in the figures.
FIG. 1 shows a second embodiment of the drum closure according to the invention before it is fixed on the drum wall.
FIG. 2 shows the completed drum closure.
FIG. 3 shows the drum closure according to FIG. 2 in the deformed state.
FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 show a first embodiment.
FIGS. 7, 8 and 9 show a third embodiment.
In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 the drum wall is indicated by 1. An outward pointing collar 2 is formed in this drum wall and connects by means of the recessed wall part 3 to the remainder of drum wall 1. In the situation shown in FIG. 1 the insert, indicated in its entirety by 4, is inserted into collar 2 while its second flange 5 projects outwards relative to collar 2. Insert 4 also has a first flange 6 which lies opposite the recessed wall part 3. A sealing ring 7 is provided between said wall part 3 and flange 6. The insert also has an internal screw thread 8 into which another closing plug, not shown, can be screwed.
For fixing the insert 4 to drum wall 1, flange 6 and wall part 3 are pressed towards each other in the course of which sealing ring 7 is compressed. In that state the flange 5 is flanged over collar 2 with the result that the sealing ring can be held under pre-tension. According to the invention an additional sealing ring 9 is now placed on the end face of collar 2 and is also compressed when flange 2 is flanged.
In the completed state shown in FIG. 2, it can be seen that there is a double seal between the insert 4 and drum wall 1 namely at the position of sealing ring 7 and at the position of the additional sealing ring 9.
However, when there are great deformations, for example, those which occur as the result of the drum falling with the closure facing down, the situation shown in FIG. 3 occurs. The insert 4 is pressed greatly inwards with the result that the flange 6 has come to lie at a greater distance from wall part 3. A great part of the pre-tension in sealing ring 7 is consequently lost which could give rise to leakages.
As also shown in FIG. 3, the pre-tension of the additional sealing ring 5 has not, however, decreased so that the correct seal has been retained at that point.
In the case of the variant shown in FIGS. 4-6 the additional sealing ring 10 of slightly smaller vertical cross sectional area, is fitted directly beside the sealing ring 7. In order to ensure that the additional sealing ring 10 goes into the correct position between the insert 4 and the collar 11 when the insert 4 is connected to the drum wall 1, the collar 11 is widened a little at the underside. It should be noted that variations in the insertion or pressing method may be employed. For example, the drum wall can be completely formed with the opening the collar and the embossment. The insert is than pressing into the drum wall formation and the second insert flange curled or flanged over the top of the drum wall collar. In an alternative insertion variation the drum wall is perforated and formed directly over the insert so that the embossment instead of being formed as a first step, is formed over the insert first flange as a last step. The end results, however, are the same.
During the compression of insert 4 and drum wall 1 the additional sealing ring 10 can consequently go into the position shown in FIG. 5. Comparing FIG. 4 with FIG. 5 it can be seen that during the pressing or insertion process the upstanding collar 11 is transformed from a conical configuration with the free end of the collar in contact with the insert to a substantially cylindrical form parallel to the exterior surface of the insert 4. In this case it is radially compressed and is consequently largely unaffected by the sliding inwards of the insert 4 as the result of a fall. See FIG. 6 wherein only the radiused juncture portion between the recessed drum wall part 3 and the collar 11 remains in contact with the first sealing ring 7.
The variant shown in FIGS. 7-9 has a sealing ring 12 which is in one piece, and which essentially comprises the parts 13 and 14 which correspond to sealing rings 7 and 10 according to FIGS. 4-6. In this case also the collar 11 is widened a little at the underside. When insert 4 and end wall 1 are fixed part 14 of sealing ring is now compressed radially and is therefore unaffected by shifts. When deformations occur the part 13 can expand but this is not at the expense of the overall seal.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1997203||Nov 16, 1932||Apr 9, 1935||American Flange & Mfg||Closure structure for containers|
|US2325929 *||Jun 28, 1939||Aug 3, 1943||American Flange & Mfg||Die mechanism and method|
|US3098579||Nov 12, 1958||Jul 23, 1963||American Flange & Mfg||Closure reconditioning means and methods|
|US3208775||May 8, 1962||Sep 28, 1965||Leer Ind Ltd Van||Seal for bung bushings|
|US3219230||Nov 12, 1963||Nov 23, 1965||Inland Steel Co||Container liner|
|US3894331||May 6, 1974||Jul 15, 1975||Leer Koninklijke Emballage||Method of mounting a bushing to a container closure|
|US3946894||Nov 11, 1974||Mar 30, 1976||American Flange & Manufacturing Co. Inc.||Drum closure|
|US3987929||Mar 3, 1975||Oct 26, 1976||Yamato Iron Works Co., Ltd.||Cap seal for drum|
|US4117949||Dec 22, 1975||Oct 3, 1978||American Flange & Manufacturing Co. Inc.||Threaded closure|
|US4706836||Jan 23, 1987||Nov 17, 1987||Allen-Stevens Drum Accessories Corp.||Leak-resistant drum seals|
|GB489896A||Title not available|
|GB763857A||Title not available|
|GB943148A||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US20050269335 *||Jul 1, 2004||Dec 8, 2005||Saraf Sudarshan M||Grooved rolled threaded flange|
|US20120056421 *||May 3, 2010||Mar 8, 2012||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||System and method for securing a nut to an oil pan|
|WO2014128091A1||Feb 17, 2014||Aug 28, 2014||Greif International Holding Bv||Press in flange container closure system|
|U.S. Classification||29/511, 285/204, 220/601|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T29/49918, B65D39/084|
|Oct 19, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GREIF INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NETHERLANDS
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:ROYAL PACKAGING INDUSTRIES VAN LEER B.V.;REEL/FRAME:017097/0180
Effective date: 20050908
|Apr 5, 2007||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Apr 5, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12