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Publication numberUSRE38664 E1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 09/444,537
Publication dateNov 30, 2004
Filing dateNov 22, 1999
Priority dateJan 11, 1996
Also published asUSRE39582
Publication number09444537, 444537, US RE38664 E1, US RE38664E1, US-E1-RE38664, USRE38664 E1, USRE38664E1
InventorsRalph Luhm
Original AssigneeAllfast Fastening Systems, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for creating a hole for a permanent fastener that replaces a tacking fastener
US RE38664 E1
Abstract
A method for creating a hole for a permanent fastener that replaces a temporary fastener that fastens two adjacent workpieces. The temporary fastener includes a shank that extends through a hole of the workpieces. Extending from one end of the shank is a conical shaped head. The temporary fastener has an inner channel that extends through the shank from the head to the opposite end. The fastener also contains a pull stem which has a head located adjacent to the blind end of the shank. The stem head is pulled through the shank to expand and is expanded to tightly fasten the shank to the workpieces. The fastener is removed by drilling through the head and the shank. The diameter of the conical shank head is smaller than the diameter of the drill so that part of the head does not become attached to the drill bit and scratch the workpiece. The conical shape of the head also reduces the volume of fastener material to further reduce the size and amount of chips produced during the drilling process. The tightly engaged shank prevents the fastener from rotating during the drilling operation.
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Claims(35)
What is claimed is:
1. A method for creating a hole for a permanent fastener which fastens a first workpiece to an adjacent second workpiece, comprising the steps of:
a) providing a tacking fastener that includes a shank which has an inner channel, a first end, a second end and a conical shaped head which extends from said first end, said tacking fastener further includes a stem that extends through said inner channel of said shank and has a head located adjacent to said second end of said shank;
b) drilling a first hole through the first and second workpieces;
c) inserting said shank and said stem into said first hole so that said stem head extends from the second workpiece and said conical shaped head is adjacent to the first workpiece;
d) pulling said stem head through said inner channel to expand said shank and secure said shank to the first and second workpieces; and,
e) drilling said conical shaped head, said shank and the first and second workpieces with a drill bit that has a diameter larger than a diameter of said conical shaped head.
2. The method as recited in claim 1, wherein said stem head is deflected when said stem head is pulled through said inner channel of said shank.
3. The method as recited in claim 1, wherein said drill bit has a drill angle that is different than an angle of said conical shaped head.
4. The method as recited in claim 1, further comprising the step of inserting a permanent fastener after step (e).
5. A method for creating a hole for a permanent fastener which fastens a first workpiece to an adjacent second workpiece, comprising the steps of:
a) providing a tacking fastener that includes a shank which has an inner channel, a first end, a second end and a shank head which extends from said first end, said tacking fastener further includes a stem that extends through said inner channel of said shank and has a head located adjacent to said second end of said shank;
b) drilling a first hole through the first and second workpieces;
c) inserting said shank and said stem into said first hole so that said stem head extends from the second workpiece and said shank head is adjacent to the first workpiece;
d) pulling said stem head through said inner channel to expand said shank and secure said shank to the first and second workpieces; and,
e) drilling said shank head, said shank and the first and second workpieces a drill bit that has a diameter larger than a diameter of said conical shaped head.
6. The method as recited in claim 5, wherein said stem head is deflected when said stem head is pulled through said inner channel of said shank.
7. The method as recited in claim 5, further comprising the step of inserting a permanent fastener after step (e).
8. A method for creating a hole for a permanent fastener which fastens a first workpiece to an adjacent second workpiece, wherein the first workpiece has a flat outer surface, comprising the steps of:
a) providing a tacking fastener that includes a shank which has an inner channel, a first end, a second end and a conical shaped head which extends from said first end, said tacking fastener further includes a stem that extends through said inner channel of said shank and has a head located adjacent to said second end of said shank;
b) drilling a first hole through the first and second workpieces;
c) inserting said shank and said stem into said first hole so that said stem head extends from the second workpiece and said conical shaped head extends from the flat outer surface of the first workpiece;
d) pulling said stem head through said inner channel to expand said shank and secure said shank to the first and second workpieces; and,
e) drilling said conical shaped head, said shank and the first and second workpieces with a drill bit that has a diameter larger than a diameter of said conical shaped head.
9. The method as recited in claim 8, wherein said stem head is deflected when said stem head is pulled through said inner channel of said shank.
10. The method as recited in claim 8, wherein said drill bit has a drill angle that is different than an angle of said conical shaped head.
11. The method as recited in claim 8, further comprising the step of inserting a permanent fastener after step (e).
12. A method for creating a hole for a permanent fastener that fastens a first workpiece to an adjacent second workpiece, comprising:
providing a tacking fastener that includes a shank that has an inner channel, a first end, a second end, and a conical shaped head, the conical shaped head extending from the first end, the conical shaped head having a diameter smaller than a diameter of the hole for the permanent fastener;
drilling a tacking hole through the first and second workpieces;
inserting the shank of the tacking fastener into the tacking hole so that the second end extends from the second workpiece and the conical shaped head is adjacent to the first workpiece;
expanding the shank to secure the shank to the first and second workpieces; and,
drilling the conical shaped head, the shank, the first workpiece, and the second workpiece to create the hole for the permanent fastener using a drill bit that has a diameter larger than a diameter of the conical shaped head.
13. The method as recited in claim 12, wherein the shank has a diameter of 0.093 to 0.097 inches, the tacking hole has a diameter of 0.098 to 0.107 inches, and the drill bit is a #20 size drill bit.
14. The method as recited in claim 12, wherein the shank has a diameter of 0.125 to 0.128 inches, the tacking hole has a diameter of 0.1285 to 0.1436 inches, and the drill bit is a #10 size drill bit.
15. The method as recited in claim 12, wherein the shank has a diameter of 0.155 to 0.159 inches, the tacking hole has a diameter of 0.160 to 0.178 inches, and the drill bit is a #F size drill bit.
16. The method as recited in claim 12, wherein expanding the shank includes expanding the second end to have a diameter larger than a diameter of the tacking hole.
17. The method as recited in claim 12, wherein expanding the shank includes expanding a portion of the shank that is within the tacking hole to have a diameter substantially the same as a diameter of the tacking hole.
18. The method as recited in claim 12, wherein:
the shank includes a first portion that is within the tacking hole and a second portion that extends from the second workpiece;
expanding the shank includes expanding the first portion of the shank to have a diameter substantially the same as a diameter of the tacking hole and expanding the second portion to have a diameter larger than a diameter of the tacking hole.
19. The method as recited in claim 12, wherein the conical shaped head of the tacking fastener includes a tapered portion having a frusto-conical shape joined to the first end and an annular lip portion having a cylindrical shape joined to the tapered portion.
20. The method as recited in claim 19, wherein the tapered portion has an included angle that is less than an included angle of the drill bit.
21. The method as recited in claim 12, wherein the inner channel of the tacking fastener is a cylindrical opening coaxial with the shank and extending from the second end to a surface of the conical shaped head that is opposite to and furthest from the second end, and expanding the shank includes expanding the cylindrical opening to provide an open coaxial passage from the conical shaped head to the second end.
22. The method as recited in claim 12, wherein the tacking fastener is a tubular rivet.
23. The method as recited in claim 22, wherein the tubular rivet is constructed from an aluminum material.
24. A method of replacing a tacking fastener that temporarily joins a first workpiece and a second workpiece with a permanent fastener to permanently join the workpieces, said tacking fastener including a shank of a cylindrical shape with a first end and an opposing second end, a conical shaped head having a head diameter joined to the shank at the first end, and an inner channel coaxial with and open at the head, said head placed adjacent to the first workpiece, said shank extending through the workpieces, said shank deformed adjacent to the second workpiece to join the workpieces, said method comprising:
engaging a drill bit with the inner channel at the head, said drill bit having a diameter larger than the head diameter;
drilling the head, the shank, the first workpiece, and the second workpiece to form a hole through the workpieces; and
joining the first workpiece and the second workpiece with the permanent fastener, said permanent fastener extending through the hole.
25. The method as recited in claim 24, wherein the head diameter is about 0.13 inches and the drill bit is a #20 size drill bit.
26. The method as recited in claim 24, wherein the head diameter is about 0.17 inches and the drill bit is a #10 size drill bit.
27. The method as recited in claim 24, wherein the head diameter is about 0.21 inches and the drill bit is a #F size drill bit.
28. The method as recited in claim 24, wherein deforming the shank includes expanding the second end.
29. The method as recited in claim 24, wherein expanding the shank includes expanding a portion of the shank that is enclosed by the workpieces.
30. The method as recited in claim 24, wherein:
the shank includes a first portion that is enclosed by the workpieces and a second portion that extends from the second workpiece;
deforming the shank includes expanding the first portion of the shank to tightly engage the workpieces and expanding the second portion to bear against the second workpiece.
31. The method as recited in claim 24, wherein the conical shaped head of the tacking fastener includes a tapered portion having a frusto-conical shape joined to the first end of the shank and an annular lip portion having a cylindrical shape joined to the tapered portion.
32. The method as recited in claim 31, wherein the tapered portion has an included angle that is less than an included angle of the drill bit.
33. The method as recited in claim 24, wherein the inner channel of the tacking fastener is a cylindrical opening coaxial with the shank and extending from the second end to a surface of the conical shaped head that is opposite to and furthest from the second end, and deforming the shank includes expanding the cylindrical opening to provide an open coaxial passage from the head to the second end.
34. The method as recited in claim 24, wherein the tacking fastener is a tubular rivet.
35. The method as recited in claim 34, wherein the tubular rivet is constructed from an aluminum material.
Description

Notice: More than one reissue application has been filed for the reissue of U.S. Pat. No. 5,689,873. The reissue applications are application Nos. 09/444,537 (the present application) and 10/131,629 which is a continuation of 09/444,537, all of which are reissues of U.S. Pat. No. 5,689,873.

This is a Reissue of application Ser. No. 08/746,132, filed Nov. 6, 1996, U.S. Pat. No. 5,689,873, which is a Divisional application of application Ser. No. 08/584,111, filed Jan. 11, 1996 now abandoned. This is the parent of continuation of Reissue application Ser. No. 10/131,629, filed Mar. 6, 2002, pending.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to metal working and more particularly to a method for assembling that includes disassembling by destroying a temporary connector to create a hole for a permanent separate fastener for temporarily fastening two adjacent workpieces.

2. Description of Related Art

The fuselage of an airplane is constructed from a number of individual panels that are fastened to a frame by a plurality of rivets. Temporary fasteners are typically installed into adjacent parts to insure that the workpieces do not become separated during the installation of the permanent rivets. The temporary fasteners are eventually removed and replaced with a permanent rivet.

Some areas of the aircraft are not fully accessible, thereby requiring the use of a blind rivet which can be installed from only one side of a workpiece. Temporary blind fasteners typically contain a shank which extends through a hole drilled through the workpieces. The shank has a head which prevents the fastener from falling into the “blind” side of the assembly. The fastener also contains a pull stem which has a stem head located at the blind end of the shank. The stem head is pulled through the shank to expand the shank and secure the fastener to the workpieces. The temporary fastener is eventually removed by drilling through the head and the shank with a drill of the proper diameter for the shank of the permanent rivet to be installed.

It has been found that drilling temporary blind fasteners of the prior art may create splinters and portions of the head that can scratch the surface of the outer workpiece. Additionally, although the head and enlarged shank end prevent the fastener from falling out of the hole, it has been found that the shank may rotate with the drill bit before the head is totally drilled out, preventing further penetration of the drill. Also the rotation of the shank and head remnants spins the splinters and drill chips to further scratch the surface of the workpiece. It would therefore be desirable to provide a temporary fastener that is easy to remove and does not create scratches on the workpiece surfaces.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A method for creating a permanent hole for a permanent fastener that fastens a first workpiece to an adjacent second workpiece. The method includes: providing a tacking fastener that includes a shank that has an inner channel, a first end, a second end, and a shank, head, the shank head extending from the first end; drilling a tacking hole through the first and second workpieces; inserting the shank into the tacking hole so that the second end extends from the second workpiece and the shank head is adjacent to the first workpiece; expanding the shank to secure the shank to the first and second workpieces; and, drilling the shank head, the shank, the first workpiece, and second workpiece using a drill bit that has a diameter larger than a diameter of the shank head.

The present invention is a method for creating a hole for a permanent fastener that replaces a temporary fastener for fastening two or more adjacent workpieces. The temporary fastener includes a shank that extends through a hole of the workpieces. Extending from one end of the shank is a conical shaped head. The temporary fastener has an inner channel that extends through the shank from the head to the opposite end. The fastener also contains a pull stem which has a head located adjacent to the blind end of the shank. The stem head is pulled through the shank to expand and is expanded to tightly fasten the shank to the workpieces. The fastener is removed by drilling through the head and the shank.

The diameter of the conical shank head is smaller than the diameter of the drill so that part of the head does not become attached to the drill bit and scratch the workpiece. The conical shape of the head also reduces the volume of fastener material to further reduce the size and amount of chips produced during the drilling process. The tightly engaged shank prevents the fastener from rotating during the drilling operation.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The objects and advantages of the present invention will become more readily apparent to those ordinarily skilled in the art after reviewing the following detailed description and accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a side view of a tacking fastener of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a front end view of the tacking fastener of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a rear end view of the tacking fastener of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a side sectional view showing the fastener inserted into a hole of two adjacent workpieces;

FIG. 5 is a side view similar to FIG. 4 showing a stem pulled through a shank of the fastener;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged side view of the shank head pressed into the workpiece;

FIG. 7 is a side view showing a drill positioned to initiate drilling;

FIG. 8 is a side view similar to FIG. 7 showing the drill drilling through the shank head.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Referring to the drawings more particularly by reference numbers, FIGS. 1 through 3 show a tacking fastener 10 of the present invention. The tacking fastener 10 is typically used to temporarily fasten together two adjacent workpieces. The fastener 10 includes a shank 12 which has a first end 14, a second end 16 and an inner channel 18 that extends through the shank 12. Extending from the first end 14 of the shank 12 is a conical shaped head 20. The head 20 has an annular lip portion 22 that is separated from the first end 14 by a tapered portion 24.

The fastener 10 includes a pull stem 26 that extends through the inner channel 18 of the shank 12. The pull stem 26 has a stem head 28 that is located adjacent to the second end 16 of the shank 12. The stem 26 also has a serrated pull portion 30 that can be gripped by a pull gun (not shown) to pull the head 28 through the inner channel 18 of the shank 12. The stem head 28 may have a tapered portion 32 which leads the head 28 into the inner channel 34. The tapered portion 32 extends to an annular tip portion 34. The tip portion 34 typically has a diameter larger than the diameter of the inner channel 18 so that the head 28 expands the shank 12 as the stem 26 is pulled through the channel 18. The stem head 28 may have an inner cavity 36 which allows the head 28 to contract as the stem 26 is pulled through the shank 12, particularly as the shank expands tightly into the surrounding hole in the work pieces.

In the preferred embodiment, the shank 12 is constructed from an aluminum material and the pull stem 26 is constructed from a steel material. The fastener 10 preferably has the dimensions listed in Table I. Various embodiments are listed, each embodiment corresponding to a particular size of permanent fastener which will replace the tacking fastener 10. For example, the first row of values provide dimensions for a tacking fastener 10 that corresponds to a permanent fastener which has a 0.1562 inch diameter, the second row relates to a permanent fastener diameter of 0.1875 inches and so forth and so on. All dimensions are in inches.

TABLE I
PERMANENT SHANK DRILL SIZE FOR
FASTENER DIAMETER HEAD DIAMETER HEAD LENGTH INSTALLATION PERMANENT
DIAMETER D H L HOLE DIAMETER FASTENER
0.1562 0.093-0.097 0.128 0.036 0.098-0.107 #20
0.1875 0.125-0.128 0.170 0.042 0.1285-0.1436 #10
0.250 0.155-0.159 0.212 0.055 0.160-0.178 #F

FIGS. 4 through 8 show the installation of a fastener 10 to temporarily attach a first workpiece 40 to an adjacent second workpiece 42. The first workpiece 40 typically has an outer flat surface 44. The second workpiece 42 has a blind surface 46. The blind surface 46 is typically inaccessible to the operator installing the fastener 10.

As shown in FIG. 4, a hole 48 is initially drilled through the first 40 and second 42 workpieces. The hole 48 is typically larger than the diameter of the shank 12 so that the shank 12 and stem head 28 can be easily inserted into the workpieces 40 and 42. The stem head 26 and second end 16 of the shank 12 extend from the blind surface 46 of the second workpiece 42.

As shown in FIG. 5, the stem 26 is pulled through the shank 12. The stem head 28 initially expands the second end 16 of the shank 12 to create an upset portion 50 which bears against the second workpiece 42. As the head 28 is pulled through the workpieces, the head 28 expands the inner shank portion 52 into tight engagement with the parts 40 and 42. Movement of the head 28 through the workpieces also contracts the annular tip portion 34 into the head cavity 36 to reduce the diameter of the stem head 28. The resultant inner channel 18 is thus smaller in the shank portion 52 than the upset portion 50.

As shown in FIG. 6, the conical head 20 is seated into the first workpiece 40 when the stem 26 is pulled through the shank 12. The tapered surface 24 of the head 20 will center the shank 12 with a hole 48 even when the hole diameter varies from a nominal dimension. The installed fastener 10 typically holds together the first 40 and second 42 workpieces while an operator installs permanent fasteners into the workpieces 40 and 42. The temporary fastener 10 is eventually removed and replaced with a permanent fastener.

As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, a drill bit 54 drills through the head 20, the shank 12 and the workpieces 40 and 42 to remove the temporary fastener 10 and create a hole for a permanent fastener (not shown). The head 20 has a diameter that is smaller than the diameter of the drill bit 54. The smaller head diameter reduces the possibility of the head material splintering and otherwise sticking to the drill 54 and scratching the outer surface 44. Additionally, the conical shape of the head 20 reduces the amount of fastener material that is removed by the drill and thus reduces the amount of drill chips produced during the drilling operation.

The expanded shank 12 is in tight engagement with the workpieces so that the fastener does not spin during the drill process. Additionally, the angle A of the conical head 20 is preferably different than the drill angle of the drill bit 54. The different angles reduce the amount of slippage between the bit 54 and the head 20. In the preferred embodiment, the angle A is 100°, with the corresponding angle of the drill being 120°. This assures that the head will finally drill out from outer diameter to inner diameter, thereby preventing the separation of a washer-like section of the head to clog the drill and cause the same to stop drilling, and perhaps to wander to damage the work piece. The present invention thus provides a temporary fastener that does not spin or create scratches on the workpiece when removed by a drill.

While certain exemplary embodiments have been described and shown in the accompanying drawings, it is to be understood that such embodiments are merely illustrative of and not restrictive on the broad invention, and that this invention not be limited to the specific constructions and arrangements shown and described, since various other modifications may occur to those ordinarily skilled in the art.

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CH654762A5 Title not available
FR2622257A1 Title not available
GB472329A * Title not available
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7275903 *Jul 23, 2004Oct 2, 2007Hi-Shear CorporationLight weight fastener for use on interference fits in automation
US8328483May 6, 2003Dec 11, 2012Newfrey LlcBlind rivet
US8511952 *Oct 5, 2007Aug 20, 2013Monogram Aerospace Fasteners, Inc.Dual-action disposable clamp
US20120079708 *Sep 22, 2011Apr 5, 2012Newfrey LlcBlind Rivet and Fastening Method Thereof
US20130047411 *Aug 24, 2012Feb 28, 2013Allfast Fastening Systems, Inc.Temporary Rivet
Classifications
U.S. Classification411/43, 29/525.11, 411/69, 411/501, 411/70
International ClassificationB23B41/00, F16B19/08, F16B4/00, F16B19/10, F16B5/04
Cooperative ClassificationF16B4/004, F16B19/08, F16B5/04, F16B19/1045, B23B41/00
European ClassificationB23B41/00, F16B4/00P, F16B19/10B2B, F16B5/04