|Publication number||USRE38702 E1|
|Application number||US 09/487,832|
|Publication date||Feb 15, 2005|
|Filing date||Feb 11, 1993|
|Priority date||Feb 11, 1992|
|Publication number||09487832, 487832, PCT/1993/287, PCT/GB/1993/000287, PCT/GB/1993/00287, PCT/GB/93/000287, PCT/GB/93/00287, PCT/GB1993/000287, PCT/GB1993/00287, PCT/GB1993000287, PCT/GB199300287, PCT/GB93/000287, PCT/GB93/00287, PCT/GB93000287, PCT/GB9300287, US RE38702 E1, US RE38702E1, US-E1-RE38702, USRE38702 E1, USRE38702E1|
|Inventors||Richard Marc Clement, Stephen Davies|
|Original Assignee||Innovation 2 Market Limited|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (31), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (6), Classifications (4), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to a security system to detect unauthorised removal of articles from a restricted area, such as a retail store.
2. State of the Art
Various systems have been adopted in retail outlets to combat fraud. In one type of system, a tag is attached to each article of clothing or other merchandise, and must be removed before the article is taken out of the store, otherwise a detector at the exit door senses the tag and sets off a general audible alarm. However, another form of fraud which is developing consists of the fraudster removing an article from one part of the store, then taking it to the “returns” desk and claiming a cash refund.
We have now devised a security system of improved effectiveness and which is able to counter the above-described form of fraud.
In accordance with this invention, there is provided a security system to detect unauthorised removal of articles from a restricted area such as a retail store, in which each article carries a read/write tag, the security system comprising at least one-point-of-sale or point-of-authorisation apparatus arranged to write specific data into (or erase specific data from) the tag to indicate that the article has been paid for or its removal has otherwise been authorised, and a detector apparatus for the or each exit of said restricted area, said detector apparatus being arranged to read each tag to determine if said specific data has been written into (or erased from) the tag and otherwise to initiate an alarm.
The security system preferably further comprises a refunds/returns detector apparatus arranged to read the tag of each article presented to it and to determine if said specific data has been written into (or erased from) the tag, and to erase (or write in) said data so that the article can be returned to stock.
For example the point-of-sale apparatus may write into the tag data representing the date of sale and the actual price paid for the article. Then the refund/returns detector erases the data and price-paid data.
Preferably the security system also includes detector equipment for installing internally of the store (for example at passageways between departments or at stairways or escalators between floors), this detector equipment being arranged to read the tags of articles passing them to determine whether any of those articles has not yet been paid for: preferably each such detector equipment is arranged to initiate a low level or discrete alarm, which is available to staff but not to customers. Such a detector may also be arranged as a personal detector to be worn or carried by a member of staff, e.g. providing a discrete audible alarm to an ear piece worn by that member of staff.
Preferably also the detector equipment at each exit location, or at each internal fixed location, comprises at least one ferrite core aerial used in scanning mode. For example, a plurality of such ferrite core aerials may be spaced apart along one transverse dimension of the exit or other passageway (e.g. across its width) and directed generally perpendicular to that dimension (e.g. vertically). The aerials are then switched on one-by-one in succession to scan across the exit or other passageway. Alternatively, a ferrite core aerial may be mounted to a drive apparatus which moves the aerial to scan back-and-forth across the exit or other passageway.
Embodiments of this invention will now be described by way of examples only and with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
In accordance with this invention, each article of merchandise to be sold in a store carries a tag to which data can be written and from which data can be read. The tag generally comprises a small flat semiconductor chip: in the case of garments, the chip is preferably bonded to the usual label of the garment. The chip may include an air-core aerial or a ferrite core aerial for inductive coupling with read/write equipment both for powering the chip and for data transfer.
Preferably the manufacturer or wholesaler of the merchandise uses data-write equipment which inductively couples to the tag of each article to write into the tag data such as a code identifying the article, the identity of the manufacturer and/or wholesaler and the date of manufacture.
As shown in
Each store also has at least one point-of-sale, having read/write equipment 30. This equipment is linked to the store's stock control computer 20 which, in addition to maintaining a record of the numbers of the different articles or items of merchandise within the store, also maintains a record of the current price applicable to each different article. The equipment 30 is used to read, via an inductively-coupling read head 31, the tag of each article being purchased: the identity code is read from the tag and the current price of the article is obtained by referring this code to the computer 20. The equipment 30 includes a visual display 32 arranged to display the identity of the article and its current price. The equipment 30 further includes a printer 33 to print a bill or receipt for the customer, the data for this being derived from that read from the tag of each article being purchased. The equipment 30 also includes an inductively-coupling write head 34 which writes data into the tag of each article being purchased, to indicate that the article has been paid for: this data preferably includes the date of the sale and the actual price paid. As each article is purchased, the stock control computer 20 debits its stock control records accordingly.
At the or each exit of the store, a fixed detector 40 is installed to check that every article being taken out of the store has been paid for. Thus, the detector 40 includes an inductively-coupling read head 41 to read data from the tag of each article being taken of the store, to determine whether the tag carries data indicating that it has been paid for (i.e. the data that should have been written in at the point of sale). If the detector 40 fails to read such data, it initiates an alarm.
In an alternative, the point-of-sale equipment 30 may erase a special indicator from the tag memory: then if the exit detector 40 detects the presence of such an indicator (indicating that the customer is carrying an article that has not been paid for), the detector 40 initiates its alarm.
Preferably the store also has detector equipment installed internally of the store, for example at passageways between departments or at stairways or escalators between floors. Normally customers would pay for the goods from one department or floor before moving to another department or floor: these detectors can therefore monitor movements of merchandise within the store, being arranged (similar to the exit-detectors) to read the tags of articles passing them to determine whether those articles have been paid for at one of the store's points-of-sale. Preferably these in-store detectors are arranged to initiate a low level or discrete alarm enabling staff to discretely monitor customers: for example the alarm may consist of a light positioned to be visible only by members of staff, e.g. a security guard. Such a detector may also be carried or worn by an in-store security guard, who can then discretely screen any customer within the store: in this case the alarm may be an audible alarm e.g transmitted to an ear plug.
The store also has a refunds or returns department, which includes read/write equipment 50. When a customer returns an article to this department, the equipment 50 is used via its inductively-coupling read head 51 to read the tag to check that the article had been paid for and to determine the date of purchase and the price paid. This information is erased from the tag memory via an inductively-coupling write head 52 of the equipment 50: also the identity of the store and date of receipt is written into the tag, and the store's stock control records are updated, so that the article can be placed back on sale within the store.
It will be appreciated that although separate read and write heads are shown in each of the items of equipment 10, 30 and 50, each pair of read and write heads (e.g. 11 and 12) may comprise a single aerial.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3898619||Jun 29, 1973||Aug 5, 1975||Glenayre Electronics Ltd||Object location/identification system|
|US4135184 *||Aug 31, 1977||Jan 16, 1979||Knogo Corporation||Electronic theft detection system for monitoring wide passageways|
|US4242576 *||Dec 5, 1977||Dec 30, 1980||Id-Select Bo Thelin Och Co.||Electronic identification device|
|US4274090 *||Feb 19, 1980||Jun 16, 1981||Knogo Corporation||Detection of articles in adjacent passageways|
|US4308530 *||May 10, 1978||Dec 29, 1981||N.V. Nederlandsche Apparatenfabriek Nedap||Detection system forming wide gates with superior spatial selectivity|
|US4471345||Mar 5, 1982||Sep 11, 1984||Sensormatic Electronics Corporation||Randomized tag to portal communication system|
|US4656463 *||Apr 21, 1983||Apr 7, 1987||Intelli-Tech Corporation||LIMIS systems, devices and methods|
|US4686513||Sep 30, 1985||Aug 11, 1987||Sensormatic Electronics Corporation||Electronic surveillance using self-powered article attached tags|
|US4724427||Jul 18, 1986||Feb 9, 1988||B. I. Incorporated||Transponder device|
|US4816824 *||Nov 30, 1987||Mar 28, 1989||Light Signatures, Inc.||Merchandise verification and information system|
|US4857893||Feb 8, 1988||Aug 15, 1989||Bi Inc.||Single chip transponder device|
|US4870391 *||Apr 5, 1988||Sep 26, 1989||Knogo Corporation||Multiple frequency theft detection system|
|US4918296 *||Mar 1, 1988||Apr 17, 1990||Omron Tateisi Electronics Company||Article identifying system|
|US4924171 *||Oct 7, 1988||May 8, 1990||Tokyo Keiki Co., Ltd.||System for supplying power source by electromagnetic induction coupling|
|US4962369||Feb 9, 1989||Oct 9, 1990||Marcia Israel||Merchandise security system utilizing RF transmitter|
|US5005125||Feb 28, 1986||Apr 2, 1991||Sensormatic Electronics Corporation||Surveillance, pricing and inventory system|
|US5068655||Apr 4, 1990||Nov 26, 1991||Universite Des Sciences Et Techniques De Lille (U.S.T.L.) Flandres Artois||Device for detecting the passage of at least one mobile body in at least one location fixed by its travel|
|US5081445 *||Mar 22, 1991||Jan 14, 1992||Checkpoint Systems, Inc.||Method for tagging articles used in conjunction with an electronic article surveillance system, and tags or labels useful in connection therewith|
|US5099226||Jan 18, 1991||Mar 24, 1992||Interamerican Industrial Company||Intelligent security system|
|US5103222||Jun 30, 1988||Apr 7, 1992||N.V. Nederlandsche Apparatenfabriek Nedap||Electronic identification system|
|US5153583||Nov 18, 1988||Oct 6, 1992||Uniscan Ltd.||Transponder|
|US5164985||Oct 26, 1988||Nov 17, 1992||Nysen Paul A||Passive universal communicator system|
|US5214409||Dec 3, 1991||May 25, 1993||Avid Corporation||Multi-memory electronic identification tag|
|US5216419||Dec 16, 1988||Jun 1, 1993||Omron Tateisi Electronics Co.||Data carrier identification system|
|US5235326||Aug 15, 1991||Aug 10, 1993||Avid Corporation||Multi-mode identification system|
|US5257011||Jan 19, 1993||Oct 26, 1993||Avid Corporation||Data altering means for multi-memory electronic identification tag|
|US5372386 *||Feb 15, 1994||Dec 13, 1994||Mills; William B.||Automated reconciliation system|
|US5382952||Jan 22, 1992||Jan 17, 1995||Indala Corporation||Transponder for proximity identification system|
|US5404147||Oct 28, 1992||Apr 4, 1995||Sensormatic Electronics Corporation||EAS system loop antenna having three loops of different area|
|EP0101955A2||Jul 29, 1983||Mar 7, 1984||Hitachi, Ltd.||Path control method and apparatus|
|EP0112493A1 *||Nov 19, 1983||Jul 4, 1984||Schunk Metall und Kunststoff GmbH||Device to activate and/or deactivate a security label with magnetizable layers|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7414531 *||Aug 15, 2005||Aug 19, 2008||Nicholas Charles Davies||Theft deterrent system|
|US8460337||Jun 9, 2010||Jun 11, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Selectable handle biasing|
|US20060017569 *||Aug 15, 2005||Jan 26, 2006||Davies Nicholas C||Theft deterrent system|
|US20080258920 *||Jun 27, 2008||Oct 23, 2008||Nicholas Charles Davies||Theft deterrent system|
|US20110066460 *||Sep 16, 2010||Mar 17, 2011||Alonso Jose M||Security and property scheduling management system|
|US20130226644 *||Mar 28, 2013||Aug 29, 2013||Enforce Global LLC||Method for scheduling security of real property|
|Jan 7, 2002||AS||Assignment|
|Mar 25, 2002||AS||Assignment|
|Jul 20, 2005||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jul 27, 2009||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jan 15, 2010||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|