|Publication number||USRE38710 E1|
|Application number||US 09/935,689|
|Publication date||Mar 15, 2005|
|Filing date||Aug 24, 2001|
|Priority date||Mar 4, 1994|
|Also published as||DE69517834D1, DE69517834T2, EP0670221A2, EP0670221A3, EP0670221B1, US5940957|
|Publication number||09935689, 935689, US RE38710 E1, US RE38710E1, US-E1-RE38710, USRE38710 E1, USRE38710E1|
|Inventors||Akira Goto, Masaki Inaba, Yutaka Koizumi, Tsuyoshi Orikasa, Toshio Kashino, Seiichiro Karita, Shuji Koyama, Haruhiko Terai, Kimiyuki Hayasaki, Kouichi Omata, Kiyomitsu Kudo, Takayuki Ono, Shin Ishimatsu|
|Original Assignee||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (64), Referenced by (8), Classifications (20), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Notice: More than one reissue application has been filed for the reissue of Pat. No. 5,940,957. The reissue applications are application Nos. 09/935,689 (the present application) and 10/360,670, which is a divisional reissue of Pat. No. 5,940,957.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to an ink jet recording head and a method of manufacture therefor. More particularly, the invention relates to a method for manufacturing an ink jet recording head which comprises a fine structure that is formed by use of laser beam.
Also, the present invention relates to a laser processing apparatus for processing grooves or the like by irradiating laser beam onto a workpiece, an ink jet recording head whose grooves are processed by the laser processing apparatus, and an ink jet recording apparatus provided with such an ink jet recording head.
2. Related Background Art
Along with the provision of many nozzles and further reduction of its orifice diameter in order to obtain a high resolution by use of an ink jet recording head which performs printing by discharging ink droplets from the orifices of, for example, tens of μm each, the influence of dust particles intermingled when the head is manufactured or when ink flows in the head has become increasingly greater. Therefore it is necessary to take appropriate measures against such unfavorable influences. For example, there has been proposed a method for forming an ink supply inlet and filter at a time by application of Si anisotropic etching as disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 5-208503, and a method for providing a filter structure by use of a filter of a three-dimensional configuration in the ink path as disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 5-4348. Also, there is a method known as disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 3-180355 wherein a stainless steel mesh filter is provided in the ink path.
However, in accordance with the disclosure of Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 5-208503, for example, the filter unit is obtained by such a patterning as to change its resistance against etching solution by implanting boron ions. This undesirably increases greatly the number of head manufacturing processes. Also, while the filter is provided for the ink supply inlet arranged on the upper part of the ink liquid chamber, no particular measures are taken in the manufacture processes to prevent the dust particles from adhering to the space between the ink liquid chamber and other parts.
Also, in accordance with the disclosure of the Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 5-4348, a filler is to be mixed with resin. This makes it difficult to set the hole diameter of the filter freely. Also, in accordance with the disclosure of the Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 3-180355, the number of manufacture processes needed to make the device are increased because of the steps needed to bury the stainless steel mesh filter in the liquid path.
Further, in recent years, laser oscillators are often used as light source for laser processing equipment. Particularly, attention is given to the ultraviolet pulse laser oscillators as a light source of laser processing at the time of abrasion when patterning is performed on polymer without any development. As laser processing apparatuses or systems for processing polymer by utilizing abrasion, there have been proposed those given below. Such apparatuses (disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 4-9291 and Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 4-339585) comprise a laser light source; a given pattern; a masking unit provided with a mask which transmits the laser beam from the laser light source to the workpiece side through this pattern; a projection optical system for projecting the laser beam from the laser light source; and measurement and driving system for measuring the workpiece position and causing the workpiece to move.
A laser processing apparatus of this sort is mainly used for processing the discharge ports of an ink jet recording apparatus (refer to Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 2-121842, Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 2-187346, Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 3-101954, Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 3-101960) or for processing the ink paths of an ink jet recording head (Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 2-121845), and for fine processing of other kinds.
In this respect, the ink jet recording head described above is particularly the one which adopts bubble jet method among those heads using ink jet recording methods. Here, the typical structure and principle of a recording apparatus using the bubble jet method are disclosed in the specifications of U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,723,129 and 4,740,796. These are applicable to either of the so-called on-demand type and the continuous type heads. To describe this method by exemplifying the on-demand type, electrothermal transducing elements are arranged for a sheet or liquid passage (ink path) capable of retaining liquid (ink), and then, these elements are caused to generate thermal energy in response to driving signals, hence creating film boiling on the thermoactive surface of a recording head. In this way, a resultant air bubble is formed in the liquid (ink) path one to one with respect to driving signals described above. With the development and contraction of this air bubble, liquid (ink) is discharged from each of the discharge ports in the form of an ink droplet. Here, as the driving signals thus given, it is preferable to make them pulse signals as disclosed in the specifications of U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,463,359 and 4,345,262. Also, regarding the rate of temperature rise on the aforesaid thermoactive surface, it is desirable to adopt the conditions disclosed in the specification of U.S. Pat. No. 4,313,124 for better performance.
The structure of the ink jet recording head described above is arranged by combining discharge ports (orifices), linear or right-angled liquid paths (ink paths), and electro-thermal transducing elements as disclosed in each of the specifications described above, but beside these, it may be possible to arrange a structure where the thermoactive portion is provided in a curved domain as disclosed in the specifications of U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,558,333 and 4,459,600. Furthermore, the structure of the ink jet recording head described above may be such that a common slit is arranged as the discharge ports of electrothermal transducing elements in a plurality thereof as disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 59-138461, for example, or an aperture, which absorbs the pressurized waves of thermal energy, is arranged to face the discharge ports as disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 59-138461. In this respect, the ink jet recording heads disclosed in the specifications described above are arranged to secure its length corresponding to a given width by combining a plurality of recording heads, respectively. However, it may be possible to construct a single recording head having a length corresponding to a given width (the maximum width of the recording medium that a recording apparatus may be able to record on).
Also, the ink jet recording heads described above may be of the exchangeable chip type wherein the head can be electrically connected with the main body of an apparatus and is ready to receive ink supply, or can be of the cartridge type which is formed as a recording head itself.
However, when fine grooves and others are processed by use of a laser processing apparatus on a workpiece which constitutes a part of an ink jet recording head, it is impossible to form a groove having a three-dimensional wall in a single operation if the wall faces to be formed are three-dimensional with respect to the direction in which the laser beam is irradiated. In this case, multistage processing must be performed using two or more kinds of masks. As a result, a problem is inevitably encountered in that it takes a considerable time to complete processing of the workpiece. Further, the positions of subsequent processings and so on must be arranged to agree with the position of the first processing exactly, necessitating extremely high precision for the required image processing and the provision of a system enabling the precise stepping of workpiece movement, among some others, in order to execute such precise positioning exactly. These requirements result in making the apparatus itself large and more complicated.
On the other hand, among ink jet recording heads, there are some in which extrusions are formed in the ink paths to provide resistance to the ink flow for the purpose of enhancing the discharging properties of ink by controlling the ink supply force so that it stays more in the discharge port side, and that the ink foaming energy is not allowed to escape to the side opposite to the discharge ports. When the conventional laser processing apparatus is used to process grooves each with extrusions for the formation of the ink paths having such extrusions, productivity is extremely reduced for the reasons described above.
The present invention is designed in consideration of the problems described above. It is an object of the invention to provide an ink jet recording head having means for reducing the influence of dust particles to be mixed at the time of manufacture or flowing ink, which becomes increasingly greater along with the provision of many more nozzles and the reduction of the orifice diameter. In order to achieve this object, the present invention is provided in the following manner by:
(1) forming on a base board one or more elements for generating liquid discharging energy for discharging ink and making it a first base board;
(2) forming on another base board,
(3) coupling the first base board and second base board in a mode in which the element for generating liquid discharging energy and the grooved recess correspond to each other; and
Now, in accordance with the present invention, it is also an object to provide a laser processing apparatus capable of processing a workpiece efficiently by processing a three-dimensional configuration with a single processing in the direction of laser beam irradiation. Also, this processing by use of such laser processing apparatus is meant to provide an ink jet recording head having excellent discharge properties while maintaining good productivity.
In order to achieve the objects described above, the laser processing apparatus of the present invention is provided with a laser light source, given patterns corresponding to the processing configuration of a workpiece, and a mask unit is provided with the mask which transmits laser beam from the laser light source to the workpiece side through such patterns.
This laser processing apparatus is characterized in that the mask unit is positioned in the luminous flux of the laser beam apart from the surface of the aforesaid mask by a certain distance, and arranged to be capable of installing on it a member which reflects or absorbs at least a part of the aforesaid laser beam.
Also, it may be possible to provide the laser processing apparatus with at least one system such as a beam adjustment optical system for reforming the laser beam from the laser light source, an optical system for illuminating the mask or a projection optical system for focusing the image of the pattern of the mask on the surface of the workpiece by a given magnification.
The aforesaid mask may be arranged in close contact with the aforesaid workpiece.
Further, the member which reflects or absorbs at least a part of the laser beam may be either the one which is able to adjust its position of installation relatively with respect to the mask or the one which is fixedly installed with respect to the mask.
Then the member which reflects or absorbs at least a part of the laser beam may be the one whose transmissively of the laser beam differs depending on its regions.
The laser light source may be one which can generate ultraviolet pulse laser. In this case, the ultraviolet pulse laser may be an Xe—Cl excimer laser, Kr—F excimer laser, Ar—F excimer laser, fourth harmonic of YAG laser, mixed waves of basic wave and secondary harmonic of YAG laser, or nitrogen gas laser.
An ink jet recording head of the present invention is provided with a base board having on it the elements for generating energy which can be utilized for discharging ink, and a board member coupled to this base board.
On this board member, there are formed a recess which constitutes an ink chamber for provisionally retaining the ink to be supplied to the discharge ports, and a groove each with an extrusion arranged in the intermediate section of the bottom wall, which forms each of the ink paths by conductively connecting the discharge ports and the ink liquid chamber through each element for generating energy.
At the same time, there is provided a mask having the pattern which corresponds to the aforesaid groove, and then, the grooves each with an extrusion are processed by the laser processing apparatus of the present invention where a member is installed for reflecting or absorbing at least a part of the laser beam by the provision of such extrusion. This constitutes the characteristics of the present invention.
Also, the aforesaid board member is made of polymer resin, and so it may be possible to adopt a laser light source which generates ultraviolet laser pulses laser in the laser processing apparatus. Further, it may be possible to use electrothermal transducing elements for generating thermal energy to be utilized for discharging ink as the aforesaid energy generating elements.
In this case, ink may be discharged from the discharge ports by utilization of film boiling to be created in ink by the thermal energy applied by the aforesaid electrothermal transducing element.
Then an ink jet recording apparatus of the present invention is provided with the aforesaid ink jet recording head prepared in accordance with the present invention, and records by discharging ink from the discharge ports of the ink jet recording head in response to recording signals.
In the laser processing apparatus constructed as described above in accordance with the present invention, it is possible to install a member which reflects or absorbs at least a part of the laser beam within the luminous flux of laser beam and in a position apart from the surface of the mask. Therefore, when a groove processing is executed, for example, the power of the laser beam irradiated becomes weaker on a workpiece in the location corresponding to the installed position of the aforesaid member than that of the laser beam irradiated on the other locations, making it possible to process the three-dimensional configuration by a single processing. Then, since the three-dimensional configuration can be processed by the single processing, it is unnecessary to provide means for exactly positioning the laser processing apparatus for the second processing and so on, simplifying the structure of the apparatus, accordingly.
Also, the aforesaid member can be installed in such a manner that its position is relatively adjustable with respect to the mask, thus making it possible to adjust the position and height of the three-dimensional portion corresponding to the processing part of the workpiece with respect to the pattern of the mask. As a result, when the aforesaid member is fixedly installed with respect to the mask, the processing configuration of a workpiece is uniquely determined. Further, with the transmissivity of the aforesaid member being made different for the laser beam depending on the regions, it becomes possible to process more complicated configurations. Then, with the laser light source being able to generate ultraviolet laser pulses, the polymer resin can be processed with fine resolution.
In accordance with an ink jet recording head and an ink jet recording apparatus of the present invention, grooves formed on the board member are processed by use of the laser processing apparatus of the present invention. Then the grooves each with an extrusion can be processed just by a single processing. Each extrusion thus processed provides resistance against ink flow in the ink path and enhances the discharging properties of ink by controlling the ink supply force to stay more on the discharge port side, and also, the ink foaming energy is not allowed to escape to the side opposite to discharge ports. As a result, compared to the case where no extrusion is provided, the discharging properties of ink become superior while there is no possibility that the productivity is unfavorably affected.
Hereinafter, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention will be described in detail.
Here the term “passage” is used for representing both an ink path (flowing path) and a common liquid chamber.
In this case, the filter unit is arranged in the ink path, but if only the filter can produce an effect to prevent any defective discharge from being caused by dust particles, it may be possible to provide the filter in any mode in any location in the region formed by the common liquid chamber and the ink path. For example, as shown in
In conjunction with the schematic view in
As material for the second base board, resin is used, but preferably, polyether etherketone, polyether sulfone, or the like are used. Further, from the viewpoint of workability, it is preferable to use polysulfone as a desirable resin.
As the laser beam 9, an excimer laser beam of 248 nm wavelength can be used, for example. The mask 10 is formed from a material which transmits the laser beam such as one having quartz or glass as its base material.
In an arbitrary position of the pattern of the ink path and the common liquid chamber formed on the mask 10, the pattern serving to produce the column members is formed by a material which does not allow the laser beam to be transmitted (in
It is possible to form the second base board used for a recording head of the present invention as a part or the entire body of the common liquid chamber, the grooves each serving as the ink path, and so the column members can be formed individually or entirely at one time. However, as described above, it is more advantageous if these are formed together keeping in mind considerations of cost, and also, keeping in mind avoiding any complicated operations.
The ink jet recording head, which can be obtained by coupling the second base board thus prepared and the first base board, is provided with the filter unit, contributing to reducing the frequency of disabled discharge due to the dust particles in ink, and providing a good printing quality.
Further, in accordance with the method of the present invention, it is possible to position the filter unit arbitrarily, and set the filter interval freely. Therefore, not only an appropriate measure can be taken against the dust particles, but also, an effect is obtainable to suppress the backward motion of the ink meniscus in high frequency printing. As a result, discharge stability is enhanced to improve high-speed printing.
Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in accordance with the embodiments.
An element for generating thermal energy is used as the element 1 for generating liquid discharging energy. For the first base board 2, a thin board cut from a five-inch silicon wafer is used. For the second base board 5, polysulfone or some other resin, which is provided with a dent portion for a common liquid chamber formed from mold 4a shown in
Now, in conjunction with a schematic view shown in
In the present embodiment, the resin base material 5a is irradiated by 200 pulses of the laser energy concentration on the processing surface as IJ/cm2/pulse, and then,
a) it is possible to process a filter unit 8 having gaps of 13 μm at a time with the following arrangement:
b) also, it is possible to process a filter unit 8 having gaps of 10 μm under the same conditions of laser irradiation with the formation of two column members 7 each configured to be 10 μm×50 μm×10 μm in the direction A in FIG. 7.
c) likewise, it is possible to process the filter unit at a time in case of a structure where the column members are arranged in two rows in the direction C in FIG. 1A.
In the present embodiment, a relatively large common liquid chamber which communicates with plural liquid paths is previously formed by resin molding and relatively fine liquid paths are formed by laser projection, as a filter. The embodiment is preferable because a proper working process is applied to each liquid path.
With the provision of the filter unit 8 described above, the rate of disabled discharge due to dust particles at the time of printing is reduced by approximately 5% in either one of a) to c) in the preceding paragraphs as compared with the head which is not provided with the filter unit 8.
Also, when printing by using an ink jet recording head having the filter unit 8, it is possible to obtain a good printing quality even at the high driving frequency where the printing quality is usually lowered when using a head which is not provided with the filter unit 8.
Now, another embodiment of the present invention will be described. A schematic view of an ink jet recording head is shown in
As shown in
Now, the description will be made of another embodiment in accordance with the present invention.
Description will be made of another embodiment in accordance with the present invention. As shown in
Laser beam processing is conducted under the same conditions as in the second embodiment. The manufacturing yield and printing quality of the ink jet heads thus processed are improved. Also, in this case, the mask 10 for forming the filter unit 8 can be prepared by depositing the coating layer 11 in order to provide the same structure as the one used for the embodiment 2, but the mask may be prepared by etching Ni or some other metals.
The laser beam 2 generated from the laser oscillator 1 is partially reflected by a beam splitter 3. The reflected beam is monitored by a power detector 4. On the other hand, the laser beam 2, which is transmitted through the beam splitter 3, is reflected by a total reflection mirror 5 to be incident upon the apparatus frame 6. As the beam splitter 3, a plane-parallel board made of synthetic quartz is used for separating a part of the laser beam 2 only by the surface reflection.
The apparatus frame 6 comprises an optical system 8, an observation and measurement system 9 for observing and measuring the position of a workpiece W; a mask unit 10; and a work station 11 for operating the workpiece W to move. The optical system 8 comprises a beam reformation optical system and Köhler illumination optical system 8a arranged on the optical axis a of the laser beam 2 incident upon the apparatus frame 6, and a projection optical system 8a for focusing the image of the mask unit 10 on the processing surface of the workpiece W. The mask unit 10 is arranged between the beam reformation optical system and köhler illumination optical system 8a, and the projection optical system 8b. Here, in consideration of the durability of the mask unit 10, it is preferable to use a contraction optical system for the projection optical system 8b. In the present embodiment, a projection optical system 8b of ¼ contraction power is adopted.
In order to adjust the inclination of the workpiece W with respect to the optical axis a described above, it is preferable to provide the work station 11 with an appropriate adjusting means. For example, it may be possible to structure the work station 11 by combining three axes orthogonal to each other, and a stage having freedom with respect to the five axes which can rotate around two axes. It is possible to simplify the control of the adjusting means by arranging the structure so that the center of rotational adjustment is brought into agreement with the processing center of the workpiece W.
To position the workpiece W on the work station 11, it is preferable to provide a jig 11a for installing the workpiece W on the work station 11 with a plurality of standard pins which abut upon the workpiece W mounted on the work station 11. Also, on the jig 11a, a clamp mechanism using air suction may be arranged in addition to the abutting mechanism described above, and this clamp mechanism is integrated with an auto-hand so that the workpieces W can be supplied to the work station 11 automatically. Also, it may be possible to shorten the time occasionally by setting a plurality of works W on the work station 11 at a time. In this case, however, it is necessary to change the standard values at the time of measuring and moving the workpiece W because one axis in the rotational direction of the adjusting means cannot be positioned in the center of the workpiece W.
The observation and measurement system 9 comprises a lens barrel 9a having an object lens; a light source 9b for downward illumination incorporated in the lens barrel 9a; a pair of measuring instruments having a CCD camera sensor 9c connected to the lens barrel 9a; and a two-faced mirror 9d arranged on the optical axis a. Each of the measuring instruments and mirror 9d is arranged between the projection optical system 8b and the work station 11, and then, when the laser beam is irradiated, the mirror 9d is removed from the optical axis a. It is shifted onto the optical axis a only when the measurement is conducted. In the present embodiment, the movement of the mirror 9d is controlled by an air cylinder mechanism.
To the information processing and controlling system 7, the positional data on the workpiece W provided by the observation and measurement system 9, and data on the beam power provided by the power detector 4 are obtained as feedback information. At first, the result of measurements by the observation and measurement system 9 is brought to the image processing system 7a per measuring instrument, while the result of the signal processing is supplied to the controlling system 7b. In accordance with the result of the measurement described above, the controlling system 7b calculates the moving distance of the workpiece W, thus enabling the moving means 7c to effectuate stepping movements in the work station 11. Then, when the value of the observation and controlling system 9 reaches a specific value, the positional adjustment by the moving means 7c is terminated. The mirror 9d is removed from the optical axis a. Then the signals for actuating the laser oscillator 1 are given to generate the laser beam 2 for a given period or a given number of pulses. Also, the information of the beam power from the power detector 4 is supplied to the controlling system 7b as feedback information so as to adjust the output given to the laser oscillator 1 through an interface 7d.
As the laser oscillator 1 used for the laser processing apparatus of the present invention, a YAG laser oscillator, CO2 laser oscillator, excimer laser oscillator, N2 laser oscillator, or other oscillators having high output can be used, but in the present embodiment, a kind of polymer resin, polysulfone resin, is used for the workpiece W. For the reasons given below, therefore, an excimer laser oscillator, particularly, a Kr—F excimer laser oscillator, is used.
The excimer laser is one capable of oscillating ultraviolet beams, thus outputting a highly intensified energy. This has superior monochromatism, and is capable of providing a good orientation, among other advantages such as making short pulses oscillation possible, and providing a great concentration of energy by use of a converting lens. In other words, the excimer laser oscillator is capable of oscillating ultraviolet beam of short pulses (15 to 35 ns) by discharge pumping of a mixed gaseous body of rare gas and halogen, and Kr—F, Xe—Cl, Ar—F laser or the like is often used. The energy of the beam is 100 mJ/pulse. The pulse repeating frequency is 30 to 100 Hz. When such a short ultraviolet pulse beam having a high luminance is irradiated on the surface of polymer resin, the irradiated portion is instantaneously decomposed and caused to spread with accompanying plasma luminescence and impacting sound. The so-called ablative photodecomposition (APD) process takes place, thus making it possible to process polymer resin. This gives a distinct difference from other types of laser processing, such as drilling by application of a CO2 laser, which is infrared. For example, if a laser beam is irradiated onto a polyimide (PI) film by use of excimer laser (Kr—F laser), it is possible to drill a fine hole because the light absorption wavelength of the PI film is in the UV domain. However, the use of YAG laser which is not in the UV domain results in a hole having a rough edge. The use of a CO2 laser brings about a crater on the circumference of the hole.
As described above, the laser which can oscillate ultra-violet beam is excellent in processing polymer resin. As a laser capable of oscillating ultraviolet beam, there can be used a fourth harmonic wave of YAG laser, a mixed beam of the base wave of the YAG laser and second harmonic wave thereof, and a N2 laser, as well as an excimer laser. These lasers are also usable for the protein invention.
Now, the description will be made of the workpiece W. The workpiece W processed in the present embodiment is one of the parts constituting an ink jet recording head used for an ink jet recording apparatus. More specifically, it is a ceiling board 19, a board member of the ink jet recording head shown in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9. Here, in conjunction with FIG. 8 and
This extrusion 15 functions to provide resistance when ink flows in each of the ink paths 14 to enhance the ink discharge properties by preventing the ink foaming energy given by each of the electrothermal transducing elements from escaping to the ink liquid chamber side. On the basis of the structure described above, when each of the electrothermal transducting elements 18 is supplied with power, the respective electrothermal transducing element is caused to generate thermal energy to create film boiling in ink on the electrothermal element, thus foaming air bubble in the ink path. Then by the development of this air bubble, an ink droplet is discharged from each of the discharge ports 16.
As shown in
Also, when each of the grooves 19 is processed, it is preferable to incline the workpiece W slightly to the optical axis a in order to prevent the laser beam 2 from being blocked by the orifice plate 17. In the present embodiment, the grooves 19 are processed while the workpiece W is inclined at an angle of 5° with respect to the optical axis a.
Now, with reference to
The mask 27 is provided with the pattern of grooves 19 formed in a size of as large as four times, and the laser beam 2 which transmits the mask 27 is contracted to a size as small as ¼ times by means of the projection optical system 8b (see
On the other hand, the member 25 for forming extrusions is the one prepared by the material which does not allow the laser beam 2 to transmit and positioned to face the extrusion 15 (see FIG. 9). In the present embodiment, this member is prepared for use by adhesively bonding to the frame of phosphor bronze an Al wire of φ50 μm for wire bonding use as the member which does not allow the laser beam 2 to transmit. In this aspect, the projection optical system used for the present embodiment projects the mask image with its left, right, up and down sides reversely. Therefore, the member 25 for forming extrusions should be arranged in consideration of this particular point.
With the structure described above, the grooves 19b of the ceiling board 19 shown in
Using such mask unit 40, the grooves are processed on the same workpiece as shown in the embodiment 5 under the same processing conditions as those in the embodiment 5. With a single processing, it is possible to obtain grooves equal to those shown in FIG. 10. In the present embodiment, too, the height of the extrusion 15 can be adjusted by changing a distance from the surface of mask 47 to the member 45 for forming extrusion minus L.
In the two embodiments described above, examples are shown, in which the mask and the member for forming extrusions are arranged with its relative positional relationship being adjustable. However, it is not required for the work of the same specifications to adjust any relative positions between the mask and the member for forming extrusions once the position and height of extrusion is determined with respect to each groove to be processed by the laser processing apparatus.
In the present embodiment, therefore, a mask 67 is detachably held by a mask holder 66 fixed to the board member 63 as shown in
With the mask unit 60 described above, grooves are processed on the same workpiece as shown in the embodiment 5 under the same conditions as the embodiment 5. Then, it is possible to obtain the grooves equal to those shown in
As described above, by fixing the positional relationship between the mask 67 and Al wire 65, the processing configuration of a workpiece can be determined uniquely, thus avoiding any errors in selling the position and height of each extrusion to be formed on the workpiece.
The member 85 for forming extrusions is prepared by a synthetic quartz base board. On the outer circumference (portion indicated by slanted lines), a totally reflective film 85a for the beam of 248 nm wavelength is coated. Also, on the lower part of the region surrounded by the totally reflective film 85a (portion indicated by horizontal lines), a transmitting film 85b, which transmits a 30% of the beam of 248 nm, is coated.
Using the mask unit 80 structured as described above, groove processing is performed on a workpiece W under the same processing conditions as the embodiment 5. Such workpiece is represented in FIG. 15. As shown in
In the present embodiment, it is possible to form with a single processing the groove 99b of depth, 50 μm×width, 50 μm, and the height h of the extrusion being 35 μm, with the tapering dimension 1 being 10 μm in the stepped portion. The height h of the extrusion 95 can be adjusted by changing the transmissivity of the transmitting film 85b shown in FIG. 14. The tapering dimension 1 in the stepping portion can be adjusted by changing the distance L from the surface of the mask 87 to the member 85 for forming extrusion shown in FIG. 14. Also, in the present embodiment, while the description has been made of the case where the extrusion 95 has only one step, it is possible to provide a plurality of steps in the extrusion just by coating on the member 85 for forming extrusions the plural kinds of transmitting films which provide different transmissivities of laser beam accordingly.
In each of the embodiments described above, the examples as shown, in which the projection optical system 8b is used (see FIG. 7). However, it may be possible to use a processing apparatus of the contact type which processes by arranging a workpiece and a mask to be in contact with each other without adopting any projection optical system 8b. Also, in each of the embodiments described above, the examples are shown, in which a ceiling board, one of the parts constituting an ink jet recording head, is being processed by use of the laser processing apparatus of the present invention, but this apparatus can be used not only for laser processing, but also can be adopted as an exposure equipment for the photo-sensitive resin which is used when manufacturing a semiconductor or the like.
Now, the description will be made of an ink jet recording apparatus in accordance with the present invention.
A carriage 102 upon which the ink jet recording head 101 is mounted is fitted into two guide shafts 103 and 104 slidably in the directions indicated by arrows B, and is coupled to one portion of a timing belt 108 tensioned around a pulley 107 fixed to the output shaft of a carriage motor 105 and a polly 106 rotatively supported by a shaft. The ink jet recording head 101 is structured to reciprocate in the directions indicated by the arrows B when the timing belt 108 rotates regularly or inversely following the regular or inverse rotation of the pulley 107 by application of driving force of the carriage motor 105.
A recording sheet 109, a recording material, is guided by a paper pan 110 and fed by a feed roller (not shown) with which a pinch roller is in contact under pressure. This feeding is performed by a sheet feed motor 116 as its driving source. The recording sheet 109 thus fed is tensioned by means of a sheet exhaust roller 113 and a spur 114, and pressed to a heater 111 by means of a sheet pressure board 112 formed by an elastic material. As a result, it is fed while being pressed to the heater 111. The recording sheet 109 to which discharged ink adheres by the ink jet recording head 101 is warmed up by the heater 111. Thus the moisture of the adhering ink is evaporated to allow the ink to be fixed on the recording sheet 109.
A recovery unit 115 is provided to maintain the discharging properties at a normal condition by removing foreign particles and overly viscous ink adhering to the discharge ports 16 of the ink jet recording head 101 (see FIG. 8).
The recovery unit 115 is provided with a cap 118a to cap the discharge ports of the ink jet recording head 111, thus preventing any clogging from taking place. In the interior of the cap 118a, an ink absorbent 118 is arranged.
Also, on the recording area side of the recovery unit 115, a cleaning blade 117 is provided for cleaning foreign particles and ink droplets adhering to the surface where the discharge ports 16 are formed.
The ink jet recording head, the laser processing apparatus, and ink jet recording apparatus in accordance with the present invention serve to bring about excellent effects on the recording head and recording apparatus of the ink jet method, particularly of the method in which recording is performed by forming flying droplets using thermal energy.
Regarding the typical structure and operational principle of such a method, it is preferable to adopt those which can be implemented using the fundamental principle disclosed in the specifications of U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,723,129 and 4,740,796. This method is applicable to the so-called on-demand type recording system and a continuous type recording system as well. Particularly, however, the method is suitable for the on-demand type because the principle is such that at least one driving signal, which provides a rapid temperature rise beyond a departure from nucleation boiling point in response to recording information, is applicable to an electrothermal transducing element disposed on a liquid (ink) retaining sheet or liquid passage whereby to cause the electrothermal transducing element to generate thermal energy to produce film boiling on the thermoactive portion of recording head, thus effectively leading to the resultant formation of a bubble in the recording liquid (ink) one to one in response to each of the driving signals. By the development and contraction of the bubble, the liquid (ink) is discharged through each discharging port to produce at least one droplet. The driving signal is more preferably in the form of pulses because the development and contraction of the bubble can be effectuated instantaneously, and, therefore, the liquid (ink) is discharged with particularly quick response.
The driving signal in the form of pulses is preferably such as disclosed in the specification of U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,463,359 and 4,345,262. In this respect, the temperature increasing rate of the heating surface is preferably such as disclosed in the specification of U.S. Pat. No. 4,313,124 for an excellent recording in a better condition.
The structure of the recording head may be as shown in each of the above-mentioned specifications wherein the structure is arranged to combine the discharging ports, liquid paths, and the electrothermal transducing elements (linear type liquid paths or right-angled liquid paths). Besides, the structure such as disclosed in the specifications of U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,558,333 and 4,459,600 wherein the thermal activation portions are arranged in a curved area is also included in the present invention.
In addition, the present invention is effectively applicable to the structure disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 59-123670 wherein a common slit is used as the discharge ports for plural electrothermal transducing elements, and to the structure disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 59-138461 wherein an aperture for absorbing pressure wave of the thermal energy is formed corresponding to the discharge ports.
Furthermore, as a full-line type recording head where its length is provided for the width of a maximum recordable medium which can be recorded by such recording apparatus, the present invention is applicable to either the structure which can satisfy such length by combining a plurality of recording heads disclosed in the specifications described above or the structure in which one recording head is integrally formed for the purpose.
In addition, the present invention is effectively adoptable irrespective of whether the recording head as of an exchangeable chip type which can be electrically connected with the apparatus main body or to which ink can be supplied from the apparatus main body when the head is installed in it, or the recording head of a cartridge type in which an ink tank is formed together with the recording head itself.
Also, for the present invention, it is preferable to additionally provide a recording heat with recovery means and preliminary auxiliary means as constituents of the recording apparatus because these additional means will contribute to making the effectiveness of the present invention more stabilized. To name them specifically, these are pressing or sucking means with respect to a recording head, preheating means such as electrothermal transducing elements or heating elements other than such transducing elements or the combination of those types of elements, and the adoption of a predischarge mode, which performs discharge other than the regular discharge. This mode is also effective in executing a stabilized recording.
Moreover, as the recording mode of the recording apparatus, the present invention is extremely effective when applied not only in the recording mode in which only major color such as black is used, but also, in using an apparatus which is provided with at least either one of complex colors having different colors and full color arranged by mixing colors irrespective of a recording head being integrally structured or it is structured by combination of plural heads.
In the embodiments of the present invention described above, while the ink has been described as liquid, it may be an ink material which is solidified below the room temperature but liquefied at the room temperature or in the form of liquid, or in the ink jet method described above, it is generally practiced that the temperature adjustment of ink itself is conducted in a range of temperatures not lower than 30° C. and not higher than 70° C. in order to stabilize its viscosity for the provision of the stable discharge. Therefore, it is good enough if ink can be liquefied when the recording signals are provided for use.
In addition, while positively preventing the temperature from rising due to the thermal energy by consuming such energy as an energy to be utilized for changing states of ink from solid to liquid, or by use of the ink which will be solidified when left intact for the purpose of preventing the ink from being evaporated, it may be possible to adopt the present invention for use of an ink having a nature of being liquefied only by the application of thermal energy, such as an ink capable of being discharged as ink liquid by enabling itself to be liquefied anyway when the thermal energy is given in accordance with recording signals, and an ink which will have already begun solidifying itself by the time it reaches a recording medium. In such a case, it may be possible to retain the ink in the form of liquid or solid in the recesses or through holes of a porous sheet such as disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Application No. 54-56847 or 60-71260 in order to enable the ink to face the electrothermal transducing elements. In the present invention, the most effective method for the various kinds of ink mentioned above is the one which is capable of implementing the film boiling method as described above.
Further, as the mode of the recording apparatus in accordance with the present invention, it may be possible to adopt a copying apparatus combined with a reader in addition to the image output terminal which is integrally or independently provided for a word processor, a computer, or other information processing apparatuses, and further, it may be possible to adopt the mode of a facsimile apparatus having transmission and reception functions.
As described above, in accordance with the present invention, a filter unit can be arranged by a single processing in the ink path and/or in the common liquid chamber. Also, with the provision of this filter unit, it becomes possible to take a required measure against dust particles. As a result, a yield rate can be improved, leading to the achievement of reducing the processing cost. Further, the filter unit can be arranged in an arbitrary position, and also, the filter gap can be set freely. Therefore, not only the provision of the filter unit contributes to taking a countermeasure against dust particles, but also, to suppress the extent of backward meniscus retraction when printing at high frequencies. Hence the discharge stabilization is enhanced to make high speed printing possible.
Also, a laser processing apparatus for the present invention can include a member for reflecting or absorbing at least a part of laser beam in a position apart from the surface of a mask within the luminous flux of the laser beam. Therefore, it is possible to process by a single processing a three-dimensional configuration in the direction in which the laser beam is irradiated. Thus, there is no need for any means for positioning the processing for the second time and on because a three-dimensional configuration can be processed by only a one-time processing. This makes it possible to simplify the structure of the laser processing apparatus, resulting in the reduction of the processing cost of a workpiece eventually, while the process itself can be built at a lower cost.
Also, the aforesaid member can be installed with its position relatively adjustable with respect to the mask, making it possible to adjust the position and height of a three-dimensional portion with respect to the processing part of a workpiece. Therefore, when the aforesaid member is installed fixedly with respect to the mask, it is possible to determine the processing configuration of a workpiece uniquely. Further, more complicated configuration can be processed by arranging the aforesaid member so that the transmissivity of laser beam is caused to differ depending on the different regions of the member. Then, by arranging the laser light source to enable it to generate ultraviolet pulse laser, polymer resin can be processed finely.
An ink jet recording head and ink jet recording apparatus of the present invention are such that grooves formed on a board member thereof are processed by a laser processing apparatus of the present invention. Therefore, it is possible to form the grooves each with an extrusion by only a single processing. As a result, superior discharge properties can be obtained without marring productivity when a head is manufactured, as compared to those having no extrusions.
Also, the board member is formed by polymer resin while using a laser light source which can generate ultraviolet pulse laser as the one for the laser processing apparatus of the present invention. Hence the grooves can be processed finely, resulting in the provision of the stabilized ink discharges.
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|U.S. Classification||29/611, 29/890.1, 347/93, 347/65, 219/121.72|
|International Classification||B41J2/16, B23K26/06, B23K26/00, H05B3/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B23K26/066, B41J2/1637, B41J2/1604, B41J2/1634, B41J2002/14403, Y10T29/49083, Y10T29/49401|
|European Classification||B23K26/06C7, B41J2/16M7, B41J2/16M5L, B41J2/16B4|
|Feb 2, 2007||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jan 22, 2008||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jan 26, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12